TV Guide

Fri 26th May

Morning

Battlefield

In the summer of 1943, more than two million men of the German and Russian armies and over 6000 tanks gathered near the Russian town of Kirsch, the scene was set for one of the war's most crucial engagements. Code named Operation Citadel, the German plan was to achieve a double envelopment of the Russian forces to the north and south of the Kursk salient, but the Russians had learned much from their bitter struggle with the German army. The area was heavily mined and reinforced and the German tanks were met with murderous artillery fire. Kursk was the largest tank battle in history. The Germans were unable to resist the sheer power of the Russian counter attacks as they broke through the many weak points in the German lines, Army Group South was saved only by Manstein's decision to withdraw it to the River Dnieper, a fighting retreat made against Hitler's express orders. The battle of Kursk began the inexorable advance to the west of the Red Army.

Fri 26th May

World War II in Colour

The end of the War in the Pacific is one of the great and most terrible tales of modern history. The Japanese simply would not surrender and continued to fight island by island, foxhole by foxhole. The US Air Force commander tried bombing Japan into submission, firebombing Tokyo. Over 200,000 people died, yet still Japan clung on. In the end, President Truman had to go nuclear, and the fates of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were sealed. The films end with Japan subdued and the revelation of Japanese war crimes. Conventional wisdom has recently changed as more and more secrets have been revealed particularly in the last five to 10 years, when documents, files and photographs have been released. Code-breaking revelations and newly released government papers on both sides of the Atlantic have added a very insightful new dimension to the understanding of this, the world's greatest ever conflict. With the very latest satellite-delivered terrain mapping and state-of-the-art graphics, this story can now be told with the very latest access to information which was not previously available.

Fri 26th May

Cities of the Underworld

As we descend beneath our modern day cities, we are met with ancient and hidden secrets. Journey with us back through history and rediscover cities of the underworld.

Fri 26th May

The Great Underground War

This fascinating five-part series unearths the untold story about how the Great War went underground - the tales of tunnellers and miners who dug under the enemy when there was no other choice but to attack from beneath. Five legendary battles. Five tales of human sacrifice and tenacity. Five bloody battles that involved men from all over the world.

Fri 26th May

Ancient Aliens

If ancient aliens visited earth, what was their legacy, and did they leave behind clues that exist in plain sight such as sophisticated aircraft, complex electrical grids, and intricate construction machinery? Indian Sanskrit texts, dating back to 6000 BC, describe in varying but vivid detail flying machines called Vimanas. Megalithic stone structures in Egypt reveal evidence of precision saw work. Interpretations of the Jewish Zohar writings offer depictions of a life-sustaining manna machine, eerily similar to chlorella algae processing systems today. Are these examples of modern technology, or is there evidence that these incredible mechanisms existed on earth thousands of years ago?

Fri 26th May

The Universe

Earth may seem like the most hospitable planet in the solar system. But look again. Startling new discoveries reveal the blue planet has been plagued by more chaos and destruction than scientists once imagined.

Fri 26th May

Haunted History

In 1969, Hollywood was at the centre of a brutal and sadistic killing spree. Charles Manson and his cult of followers began a prolific reign of terror on Tinsel Town, when they viciously killed more than half a dozen innocent people. Today, the sites of these horrific murders are host to claims of the paranormal. The restless spirit of Jay Sebring and Sharon Tate, are believed to haunt a house on Cielo Drive. Not far from the house is another famous Hollywood home, where Sharon Tate is believed to have witnessed a premonition of her own death. And at the Manson Family hideout, an apparition of a headless Donald 'Shorty' Shea is seen standing on a rocky ledge. Decades after the senseless killings, these locations are still plagued by these paranormal events.

Fri 26th May

Time Team

Athelney, Somerset Graham Dixon 16 January 1994. Recorded between 16 and 18 April 1993, this episode's dig tries to find evidence of what the site's settlement looked like in the time of Alfred the Great, focusing on the search for Alfred's abbey and fort.

Fri 26th May

Cities of the Underworld

As we descend beneath our modern day cities, we are met with ancient and hidden secrets. Journey with us back through history and rediscover cities of the underworld.

Fri 26th May

Ancient Discoveries

We discover the ancient Roman navy SEAL technique of capturing enemy ships from underwater and replicate the feat with a champion free-diver who will work with ancient tools underwater on one breath for six minutes. We attempt to solve one of History's greatest mysteries, the tactics of ancient Roman war dog units; we meet a historically savage breed of dog, the Mastiff, which may have been used on the battlefields of antiquity. We learn the secrets of the samurai sword, how it was made and became the most legendary blade in History. Finally, we build and test an ancient Horro, a Japanese device that could protect a galloping cavalryman from arrow fire, yet was only made from a billowing layer of thin silk.

Fri 26th May

Ancient Top 10

A smart, fun countdown that details how ancient technology worked, how surprisingly advanced it was, and how it was kind of awesome.

Fri 26th May

Noon

The Universe

Earth may seem like the most hospitable planet in the solar system. But look again. Startling new discoveries reveal the blue planet has been plagued by more chaos and destruction than scientists once imagined.

Fri 26th May

Battlefield

The RAF struggled hard to find a way to take the war to Germany after the Luftwaffe's attacks tailed off during 1941. The Strategic Bombing Campaign was designed primarily to disrupt German war production and undermine civilian morale, but ultimately its greatest benefit was to divert the resources of the Luftwaffe almost solely to home defence. The air war over Germany cost many thousands of lives, in fact, RAF losses were so high during 1941, 1942 and 1943 that operations were almost suspended. With the arrival of the USAAF, however, the initiative was seized and the raids were prosecuted with relative impunity from 1944 onwards, causing terrible loss of life and great destruction.

Fri 26th May

Scorched Earth

It was a sight and sound that spelt terror from the skies the Stuka was at the very heart of Blitzkreig, Hitler's lightening war. Flown by skilful and highly motivated pilots, the full force of the Fuhrer's premier weapon of the air was felt by soldiers and all civilians all over Europe. The Stuka tells the story of an awesome weapon of war. Featuring very rare colour footage of the Stuka in action, the programme also includes brand new 3D graphics and new footage of the last surviving aircraft, housed at RAF Hendon.

Fri 26th May

The War Diaries

In this penultimate film, we chart the progress of the Allies, who were constantly regaining ground throughout Italy, while the Russians pushed ever westwards towards Poland, forcing the Nazi occupiers to head for home. However, the most important event of 1944 was the Allied Landings of D-Day, June the 6th, on the beaches of Normandy. Despite there still being many miles to go before the Allies reached Berlin, Hitler's days were definitely numbered.

Fri 26th May

Dead Men's Secrets

Examine Germany's Kammhuber Line, a World War II system of air defences employing search lights, radar and fighter planes.

Fri 26th May

Evening

Ancient Discoveries

We discover a book that has never been seen in the west until now. In a world exclusive we track down the secret manual that explained how the Vietnamese defeated not only the US in the 20th century, but the Mongols 700 years earlier, including a revelation of the largest booby trap in history, one that snagged an entire battle fleet. We discover how king Mithridates used a substance called burning mud in his revolt against Rome. We discover what it is and how it worked by burning a full set of Roman armour. We learn how the terrorist booby-traps and letter bombs of today were invented hundreds of years ago. We build a replica of the earliest known parcel bomb and set it off. We investigate the legend that the Christians wiped out paganism in an attack on their temples with fire so hot it could melt bronze. We learn the secret ingredients of how they did it.

Fri 26th May

Engineering an Empire

Twenty-five hundred years before the reign of Julius Caesar - a span of time longer than that which separates us from him - the ancient Egyptians were deftly harnessing the power of engineering on an unprecedented scale. Their ingenuity and manpower was already yielding the world's first stone superstructures - one of which would stand as the world's tallest building until the 19th century. This high-definition special uses cinematic recreations and cutting-edge CGI to profile the greatest engineering achievements of ancient Egypt, and the pharaohs and architects who were behind them. Segments include: Djoser's step pyramid at Saqqara, Senusret's Nubian superfortresses, Hatshepsut's mortuary temple at Dier el-Bahari, Akhenaten's city at Amarna, and the temples of Ramesses the Great at Abu Simbel.

Fri 26th May

Ghosts of the Mary Rose

One of the biggest unsolved mysteries in British history: the identity of the crew of the Mary Rose. Ghosts of the Mary Rose uses the latest forensic techniques to investigate one of the biggest unsolved mysteries in British history: the identity of the crew of the Mary Rose. It reveals a startling new explanation for why the Mary Rose sank. The Mary Rose sank to the bottom of the sea on July 19, 1545. Almost the entire crew of around 400 sailors and soldiers died. Yet despite the massive loss of life, only one name for certain is known of the ill-fated crew: the vice-admiral, George Carew. This film follows Dr Hugh Montgomery, a former diver on the Mary Rose and an intensive care doctor at Whittington Hospital NHS Trust, as he tries to learn more about the men of the Mary Rose.

Fri 26th May

The Kennedy Files

Becoming president isn't just a matter of what you show America, but what you hide as well. Once inside the White House, the truth behind the Kennedy mystique requires extensive cover-ups that threaten to undo the family forever. When confronted with political peril - from mob connections to sexual encounters with possible spies - Bobby Kennedy writes a virtual magician's handbook on how cover-ups are done.

Fri 26th May

The Men Who Built America

The United States of America wasn't discovered; it was built. Rockefeller, Vanderbilt, Carnegie, Astor, Ford, Morgan - these are the men who built it, and their names became synonymous with the American dream. At the height of the Industrial Age, these men constructed a bold vision for a modern nation and transformed the greatest industries of our time: oil, rail, steel, shipping, automobiles, and finance. Rising from poverty, their paths crossed repeatedly as they elected presidents, set economic policies, and influenced every major event of their day - from the Civil War to the Great Depression. This series also profiles the millions of American workers, from the steel mills of Pennsylvania to the assembly lines of Detroit, who turned those dreams into a reality.

Sat 27th May

Morning

Forbidden History

Featuring true stories of great treasures, long-held conspiracies, and lost civilisations, this series looks at the most controversial and mysterious parts of our history and re-examines them. Hosted by Jamie Theakston. This series attempts to get to the very heart of what we think we know, scrutinising, considering, investigating and analysing along the way. Visiting locations from Petra in Jordan to Oak Island in Canada, each episode includes archive and interviews with leading historians, archaeologists, and scientists. Covering great conspiracies such as The Third Secret of Fatima, the mysteries of Templar treasure and a race of giants that seems to have been eradicated from history - all are contentious issues among religious and historical establishments.

Sat 27th May

Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura

Jesse tracks down a mysterious man who claims to have visited many iconic moments in American history - and influenced the course of history in doing so. Could our government be hiding the secret to time travel, and possibly even using it as a weapon? And what can we do, should the technology fall into the wrong hands ... or has it already?

Sat 27th May

Ancient Aliens

Explore new directions on alien intervention, including sightings and phenomena from ancient times all the way up to the present, as well as possible connections between overall UFO phenomena and information included in ancient texts and decoded from ancient artefacts.

Sat 27th May

UFO Hunters

In 1956, an object was detected over the North Sea heading toward Bentwaters RAF base, a base with nuclear weapons. Two Venom fighters made contact with the object, but their weapons and electrical systems were rendered useless. Both ground crew and base radar witnessed the event. In January 1980, British and American soldiers stationed at NATO/RAF bases near Rendlesham Forest observed a mysterious object in the sky. Listen to a dramatic audio recording of the event made by USAF Colonel Charles Halt. Was there a cover-up about these events involving the military and intelligence agencies? Former British Minister of Defense spokesman Nick Pope will provide the British government's response.

Sat 27th May

Engineering an Empire

Twenty-five hundred years before the reign of Julius Caesar - a span of time longer than that which separates us from him - the ancient Egyptians were deftly harnessing the power of engineering on an unprecedented scale. Their ingenuity and manpower was already yielding the world's first stone superstructures - one of which would stand as the world's tallest building until the 19th century. This high-definition special uses cinematic recreations and cutting-edge CGI to profile the greatest engineering achievements of ancient Egypt, and the pharaohs and architects who were behind them. Segments include: Djoser's step pyramid at Saqqara, Senusret's Nubian superfortresses, Hatshepsut's mortuary temple at Dier el-Bahari, Akhenaten's city at Amarna, and the temples of Ramesses the Great at Abu Simbel.

Sat 27th May

Ghosts of the Mary Rose

One of the biggest unsolved mysteries in British history: the identity of the crew of the Mary Rose. Ghosts of the Mary Rose uses the latest forensic techniques to investigate one of the biggest unsolved mysteries in British history: the identity of the crew of the Mary Rose. It reveals a startling new explanation for why the Mary Rose sank. The Mary Rose sank to the bottom of the sea on July 19, 1545. Almost the entire crew of around 400 sailors and soldiers died. Yet despite the massive loss of life, only one name for certain is known of the ill-fated crew: the vice-admiral, George Carew. This film follows Dr Hugh Montgomery, a former diver on the Mary Rose and an intensive care doctor at Whittington Hospital NHS Trust, as he tries to learn more about the men of the Mary Rose.

Sat 27th May

The Kennedy Files

Becoming president isn't just a matter of what you show America, but what you hide as well. Once inside the White House, the truth behind the Kennedy mystique requires extensive cover-ups that threaten to undo the family forever. When confronted with political peril - from mob connections to sexual encounters with possible spies - Bobby Kennedy writes a virtual magician's handbook on how cover-ups are done.

Sat 27th May

The Men Who Built America

The United States of America wasn't discovered; it was built. Rockefeller, Vanderbilt, Carnegie, Astor, Ford, Morgan - these are the men who built it, and their names became synonymous with the American dream. At the height of the Industrial Age, these men constructed a bold vision for a modern nation and transformed the greatest industries of our time: oil, rail, steel, shipping, automobiles, and finance. Rising from poverty, their paths crossed repeatedly as they elected presidents, set economic policies, and influenced every major event of their day - from the Civil War to the Great Depression. This series also profiles the millions of American workers, from the steel mills of Pennsylvania to the assembly lines of Detroit, who turned those dreams into a reality.

Sat 27th May

Time Team

Another close-up look at the process of archaeological discovery - at Ribchester, Lancashire, a site which, for the first 100 years of Roman rule in Britain, was part of the northern frontier.

Sat 27th May

Cities of the Underworld

As we descend beneath our modern day cities, we are met with ancient and hidden secrets. Journey with us back through history and rediscover cities of the underworld.

Sat 27th May

Ancient Discoveries

We discover a book that has never been seen in the west until now. In a world exclusive we track down the secret manual that explained how the Vietnamese defeated not only the US in the 20th century, but the Mongols 700 years earlier, including a revelation of the largest booby trap in history, one that snagged an entire battle fleet. We discover how king Mithridates used a substance called burning mud in his revolt against Rome. We discover what it is and how it worked by burning a full set of Roman armour. We learn how the terrorist booby-traps and letter bombs of today were invented hundreds of years ago. We build a replica of the earliest known parcel bomb and set it off. We investigate the legend that the Christians wiped out paganism in an attack on their temples with fire so hot it could melt bronze. We learn the secret ingredients of how they did it.

Sat 27th May

Engineering an Empire

Twenty-five hundred years before the reign of Julius Caesar - a span of time longer than that which separates us from him - the ancient Egyptians were deftly harnessing the power of engineering on an unprecedented scale. Their ingenuity and manpower was already yielding the world's first stone superstructures - one of which would stand as the world's tallest building until the 19th century. This high-definition special uses cinematic recreations and cutting-edge CGI to profile the greatest engineering achievements of ancient Egypt, and the pharaohs and architects who were behind them. Segments include: Djoser's step pyramid at Saqqara, Senusret's Nubian superfortresses, Hatshepsut's mortuary temple at Dier el-Bahari, Akhenaten's city at Amarna, and the temples of Ramesses the Great at Abu Simbel.

Sat 27th May

Noon

Ghosts of the Mary Rose

One of the biggest unsolved mysteries in British history: the identity of the crew of the Mary Rose. Ghosts of the Mary Rose uses the latest forensic techniques to investigate one of the biggest unsolved mysteries in British history: the identity of the crew of the Mary Rose. It reveals a startling new explanation for why the Mary Rose sank. The Mary Rose sank to the bottom of the sea on July 19, 1545. Almost the entire crew of around 400 sailors and soldiers died. Yet despite the massive loss of life, only one name for certain is known of the ill-fated crew: the vice-admiral, George Carew. This film follows Dr Hugh Montgomery, a former diver on the Mary Rose and an intensive care doctor at Whittington Hospital NHS Trust, as he tries to learn more about the men of the Mary Rose.

Sat 27th May

The Kennedy Files

Becoming president isn't just a matter of what you show America, but what you hide as well. Once inside the White House, the truth behind the Kennedy mystique requires extensive cover-ups that threaten to undo the family forever. When confronted with political peril - from mob connections to sexual encounters with possible spies - Bobby Kennedy writes a virtual magician's handbook on how cover-ups are done.

Sat 27th May

The Nazi Exiles

In the aftermath of WWII, most Nazi leaders managed to escape international justice. Many flew to South America, but there is another destination that remained little-known until now: the Middle-East. What ties did the Nazis have to that region? What local activities and organisations were they involved in? Thanks to the combined efforts of historians, witnesses and former Nazi officers, and building on exceptional access to German State archives, the film sheds new light on this secret hideout and on the active role of Arab leaders who deliberately recruited Nazis. The Syrian and Egyptian governments wanted to take advantage of their know-how to rebuild their armies and intelligence services in order to fight against Israel. Key contributors include Walter Rauff, an SS officer who was hired by Damascus to recruit from amongst his former comrades-in-arms, Gerhard Mertins, a former Waffen-SS officer who trained Egyptian guerrillas in Cairo, and Johann von Leers, known later as Omar Amin, who served as a high-ranking propaganda ministry official in Egypt. A well documented and eye-opening film that explores the origins of the links between National-Socialism and the Arab world under the Third Reich, and reveals the secrets of Hitler's Arabian Plan.

Sat 27th May

The Quizeum

This is the quiz show that celebrates unique and fascinating museums around Britain with every episode set in a different museum. From natural history, to science, this educational quiz show delves into the most famous museums around the country. We see teams of expert panellists made up of historians, scientists and cultural scholars pit their knowledgeable wits against each other in a series of rounds informed by the amazing contents of the museum. Where possible, the artefacts are brought to the table for the competitors to investigate further. Be it dinosaurs, dolls or dragons you will learn more than you could imagine.

Sat 27th May

The World From Above

A breathtaking series of aerial programs offering an entirely different view of the world. From 10,000 feet down to just a few feet above ground, discover new perspectives through thrilling journeys, from mountains and great cities to fantastic castles and the great natural wonders of the globe. This series travels everywhere from Spain to South Africa, from the north of Iceland to North Carolina in the USA.

Sat 27th May

Wild Ireland

Christine Bleakley is going home to Ireland on a very special trip. She'll drive, climb, walk and swim her way along the longest continuous coastal route in the world, Ireland's 1500 mile long Wild Atlantic Way. She'll meet a host of fascinating characters as she explores the entire route from Malin Head in the north to Clonakilty in the south. Along the way she uncovers a landscape of natural wonders right on Britain's doorstep and reveals its hidden treasures.

Sat 27th May

Evening

Dan Snow's Norman Walks

Dan Snow uncovers the forgotten Norman Empire, one that has been largely overlooked, yet laid the foundation for modern Britain.

Sat 27th May

The Cars That Made Us

From the sleek Aston Martin to the irrepressible Porsche 911, we enjoy cars of all shapes and sizes. Join us as we relive the stories of the thousands of iconic motors that have hit the international tarmac over the years.

Sat 27th May

JFK

Forever enshrined in myth by an assassin's bullet, John F Kennedy's presidency has often defied objective appraisal. This portrait offers a fresh assessment of the man, his accomplishments and his unfulfilled promise. This film features interviews with Kennedy family members and historians including Robert Dallek, Robert Caro, and Evan Thomas. Beginning with Kennedy's childhood years as the privileged but sickly second son of one of the wealthiest men in America, the film explores his early political career as a lacklustre congressman, his successful run for the US Senate, and the game-changing presidential campaign that made him the youngest elected president in US history. This probing, definitive biography provides a fresh look at an enigmatic man who has become one of the nation's most beloved and mourned leaders. With the benefit of recently opened archives, this program re-evaluates Kennedy's strengths and weaknesses in the Oval Office as he navigated some of the most explosive events of the mid-20th-century: the disastrous failure at the Bay of Pigs, the urgent demands of an increasingly impatient civil rights movement, the Cuban Missile Crisis, and the escalating conflict in Southeast Asia. The film also recounts his struggles with life-threatening illnesses, and his efforts to keep them hidden from the public. This program will offer a new perspective on his complicated private life, including his relationship with his wife, and his close connection to his younger brother, Robert.

Sat 27th May

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

After the collapse of the USSR SAS faces a challenge from within - it has lost much of its vital unconventionality. But as it rallies to become truly postmodern, disaster intervenes when two CT Black Hawk helicopters collide and crash in flames.

Sat 27th May

Jackie Without Jack

In 1963, Patrick Jeudy recorded a series of conversations with Jackie, only a few months after JFK's assassination.

Sat 27th May

Inside The Vietnam War

The Vietnam War was a decade-long struggle that humbled America. It has never before been told start to finish purely as a first person military chronicle: the raw, horrifying war as experienced by the men who fought it, believing they were there to win. Their experiences revolve around "tipping points", affecting the crucial events that shaped military decisions and, ultimately, determined the outcome of the war. From the rise of Ho Chi Minh in 1959 and the subsequent formation of the Vietcong to the deadly battle in La Drang valley in 1965 through to the quagmire of the Vietnam War in the late 1960s and its eventual conclusion in 1975, no detail is spared in this three-part, back to back special.

Sat 27th May

The Mystery of the Nevada Triangle

Using meteorology, forensic archaeology and pathology, we attempt to solve the riddle of the Nevada sands once and for all. When American tycoon Steve Fossett failed to return from a solo flight over Nevada in September 2007 no-one could understand how such an experienced pilot could vanish into thin air. When Fossetts wreckage was found in the Sierra Nevada Mountains by a lone hiker in October 2008, many believed the story was over. However, we can reveal that Fossetts plane is one of hundreds to have vanished from the skies above Nevada in the last 50 years. The Mystery of the Nevada Triangle reveals how more than 800 planes have crashed or disappeared in a triangular area of Nevada - that's far more than the Bermuda triangle - and in an area half its size. We'll examine the theories behind these missing and crashed planes. These range from military intervention over Area 51 to suicide and extraordinary climatic conditions.

Sun 28th May

Morning

Ancient Top 10

A smart, fun countdown that details how ancient technology worked, how surprisingly advanced it was, and how it was kind of awesome.

Sun 28th May

The Conspiracy Show

Richard interviews several researchers in the field of End Times Prophecy who offer clues as to the existence and identity of the Final Anti-Christ. A former occultist turned Christian denies any scriptural basis for the existence of an Anti-Christ.

Sun 28th May

Great Mysteries and Myths

A documentary series for those who believe there can be nothing in the world more fascinating than the search for truth behind the most extraordinary mysteries and myths of the 20th century. A truly unique collection of stories shrouded in superstition and tragedy, this series brings to light a new perspective on these compelling and dark secrets.

Sun 28th May

Ancient Aliens

Explore new directions on alien intervention, including sightings and phenomena from ancient times all the way up to the present, as well as possible connections between overall UFO phenomena and information included in ancient texts and decoded from ancient artefacts.

Sun 28th May

Haunted History

In 1969, Hollywood was at the centre of a brutal and sadistic killing spree. Charles Manson and his cult of followers began a prolific reign of terror on Tinsel Town, when they viciously killed more than half a dozen innocent people. Today, the sites of these horrific murders are host to claims of the paranormal. The restless spirit of Jay Sebring and Sharon Tate, are believed to haunt a house on Cielo Drive. Not far from the house is another famous Hollywood home, where Sharon Tate is believed to have witnessed a premonition of her own death. And at the Manson Family hideout, an apparition of a headless Donald 'Shorty' Shea is seen standing on a rocky ledge. Decades after the senseless killings, these locations are still plagued by these paranormal events.

Sun 28th May

JFK

Forever enshrined in myth by an assassin's bullet, John F Kennedy's presidency has often defied objective appraisal. This portrait offers a fresh assessment of the man, his accomplishments and his unfulfilled promise. This film features interviews with Kennedy family members and historians including Robert Dallek, Robert Caro, and Evan Thomas. Beginning with Kennedy's childhood years as the privileged but sickly second son of one of the wealthiest men in America, the film explores his early political career as a lacklustre congressman, his successful run for the US Senate, and the game-changing presidential campaign that made him the youngest elected president in US history. This probing, definitive biography provides a fresh look at an enigmatic man who has become one of the nation's most beloved and mourned leaders. With the benefit of recently opened archives, this program re-evaluates Kennedy's strengths and weaknesses in the Oval Office as he navigated some of the most explosive events of the mid-20th-century: the disastrous failure at the Bay of Pigs, the urgent demands of an increasingly impatient civil rights movement, the Cuban Missile Crisis, and the escalating conflict in Southeast Asia. The film also recounts his struggles with life-threatening illnesses, and his efforts to keep them hidden from the public. This program will offer a new perspective on his complicated private life, including his relationship with his wife, and his close connection to his younger brother, Robert.

Sun 28th May

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

After the collapse of the USSR SAS faces a challenge from within - it has lost much of its vital unconventionality. But as it rallies to become truly postmodern, disaster intervenes when two CT Black Hawk helicopters collide and crash in flames.

Sun 28th May

Jackie Without Jack

In 1963, Patrick Jeudy recorded a series of conversations with Jackie, only a few months after JFK's assassination.

Sun 28th May

Inside The Vietnam War

The Vietnam War was a decade-long struggle that humbled America. It has never before been told start to finish purely as a first person military chronicle: the raw, horrifying war as experienced by the men who fought it, believing they were there to win. Their experiences revolve around "tipping points", affecting the crucial events that shaped military decisions and, ultimately, determined the outcome of the war. From the rise of Ho Chi Minh in 1959 and the subsequent formation of the Vietcong to the deadly battle in La Drang valley in 1965 through to the quagmire of the Vietnam War in the late 1960s and its eventual conclusion in 1975, no detail is spared in this three-part, back to back special.

Sun 28th May

The Mystery of the Nevada Triangle

Using meteorology, forensic archaeology and pathology, we attempt to solve the riddle of the Nevada sands once and for all. When American tycoon Steve Fossett failed to return from a solo flight over Nevada in September 2007 no-one could understand how such an experienced pilot could vanish into thin air. When Fossetts wreckage was found in the Sierra Nevada Mountains by a lone hiker in October 2008, many believed the story was over. However, we can reveal that Fossetts plane is one of hundreds to have vanished from the skies above Nevada in the last 50 years. The Mystery of the Nevada Triangle reveals how more than 800 planes have crashed or disappeared in a triangular area of Nevada - that's far more than the Bermuda triangle - and in an area half its size. We'll examine the theories behind these missing and crashed planes. These range from military intervention over Area 51 to suicide and extraordinary climatic conditions.

Sun 28th May

The Cars That Made Us

From the sleek Aston Martin to the irrepressible Porsche 911, we enjoy cars of all shapes and sizes. Join us as we relive the stories of the thousands of iconic motors that have hit the international tarmac over the years.

Sun 28th May

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

After the collapse of the USSR SAS faces a challenge from within - it has lost much of its vital unconventionality. But as it rallies to become truly postmodern, disaster intervenes when two CT Black Hawk helicopters collide and crash in flames.

Sun 28th May

Jackie Without Jack

In 1963, Patrick Jeudy recorded a series of conversations with Jackie, only a few months after JFK's assassination.

Sun 28th May

Inside The Vietnam War

The Vietnam War was a decade-long struggle that humbled America. It has never before been told start to finish purely as a first person military chronicle: the raw, horrifying war as experienced by the men who fought it, believing they were there to win. Their experiences revolve around "tipping points", affecting the crucial events that shaped military decisions and, ultimately, determined the outcome of the war. From the rise of Ho Chi Minh in 1959 and the subsequent formation of the Vietcong to the deadly battle in La Drang valley in 1965 through to the quagmire of the Vietnam War in the late 1960s and its eventual conclusion in 1975, no detail is spared in this three-part, back to back special.

Sun 28th May

Noon

The Mystery of the Nevada Triangle

Using meteorology, forensic archaeology and pathology, we attempt to solve the riddle of the Nevada sands once and for all. When American tycoon Steve Fossett failed to return from a solo flight over Nevada in September 2007 no-one could understand how such an experienced pilot could vanish into thin air. When Fossetts wreckage was found in the Sierra Nevada Mountains by a lone hiker in October 2008, many believed the story was over. However, we can reveal that Fossetts plane is one of hundreds to have vanished from the skies above Nevada in the last 50 years. The Mystery of the Nevada Triangle reveals how more than 800 planes have crashed or disappeared in a triangular area of Nevada - that's far more than the Bermuda triangle - and in an area half its size. We'll examine the theories behind these missing and crashed planes. These range from military intervention over Area 51 to suicide and extraordinary climatic conditions.

Sun 28th May

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

After the collapse of the USSR SAS faces a challenge from within - it has lost much of its vital unconventionality. But as it rallies to become truly postmodern, disaster intervenes when two CT Black Hawk helicopters collide and crash in flames.

Sun 28th May

Dig World War II

Digging up crashed aircraft and battle-damaged tanks, exploring secret bunkers and long-forgotten wrecks, this groundbreaking series casts fresh light on some of the most compelling stories of World War Two. Seventy years on, a wealth of artefacts still lies untouched around the world, from the fields of Normandy to the hills of Monte Cassino in Italy. But these remarkable time capsules, and the protagonists whose lives are inextricably linked with them, will soon disappear for ever. Ambitious, rich and multi-layered, this program enriches military archaeology with powerful personal testimony, expert 'show and tell' sequences, contemporary archive and world-class CGI.

Sun 28th May

Les Darcy: The Maitland Wonder

In an era when boxing champions held a celebrity status even greater than that of today, one man's success made him a legend in his lifetime - Les Darcy. Using archival footage and accounts from people who shared his life and saw him fight reveal the man behind the legend. Uncover his progress from the blacksmiths workshop in Maitland to the thunderous applause before a full house at Sydney's Rushcutters Bay Stadium. A hero to some, a coward to others. This is one of the most amazing stories in Australia's sporting history.

Sun 28th May

Hidden Houses Of Wales

Laurence explores Trevor Hall - a fine Georgian mansion on the outskirts of Llangollen in North East Wales. During a historical journey of discovery, Laurence finds out how Trevor Hall was saved from dereliction and transformed into a pop music mogul's personal pleasure palace.

Sun 28th May

Great Irish Journeys With Martha Kearney

Martha Kearney walks in the footsteps of 19th-century artist and geologist Georges Victor Du Noyer, who spent his life charting the landscape, people and buildings of Ireland.

Sun 28th May

Grand Tours of the Scottish Islands

Paul Murton sets out to experience island life today. He uncovers the past and reveals its connections with the present.

Sun 28th May

Evening

National Treasures With Griff Rhys Jones

In this series we go behind the scenes with presenter Griff Rhys Jones as he discovers how the National Trust in Wales deals with the complexities and conflicts involved in looking after some of Wales' best loved national treasures.

Sun 28th May

Joanna Lumley's Greek Odyssey

The much-loved British actress continues her extraordinary journey through the vast and varied landscape of Greece - the birthplace of drama, democracy, language, Western science and medicine, and the wellspring of civilisation and modern European culture. Making her way across the northern-most regions of Greece, Joanna travels through an area that has been vastly influenced by the world around it, more so than anywhere else in the country. Her route is from the western Ionian island of Corfu - where she discovers cricket, brass bands, ginger beer and some local anglophiles - through to the turbulent eastern border Greece shares with Turkey and Bulgaria. It's a frontier-land where foreign invasion and occupation have left a fascinating legacy.

Sun 28th May

Ancient Top 10

A smart, fun countdown that details how ancient technology worked, how surprisingly advanced it was, and how it was kind of awesome.

Sun 28th May

The Quintinshill Rail Disaster

Britain's worst rail disaster happened on 22 May, 1915, when two collisions and a devastating fire engulfed five trains, killing around 230 people, including at least 200 soldiers destined for Gallipoli. The massive crash not only shook the nation, but in smoke-filled rooms well away from the crash site, the terrible tragedy and full investigation into what caused it was also viewed as a potential disaster for the Railway Company and a real threat to government. In a documentary that for the first time recreates the awful events of the day, historian Neil Oliver, examines the crash and the series of bizarre investigations and trials that ensured the two signalmen on duty were blamed for the entire catastrophe.

Sun 28th May

Sinatra And The Jack Pack

Sinatra and Kennedy first met in 1956. The two men liked the good things in life and thrived on their mutual ability to attract women, admirers and adoring acolytes who would help to show them a good time. As Kennedy edged towards the Presidency, Sinatra assiduously courted the relationship and his loyalty was rewarded with exceptional access to the Kennedy White House, including JFK's trust to allow him to accompany Jackie to a number of celebratory balls on the night of the inauguration, but one evening Frank was unexpectedly and abruptly ejected from Jacks gang. This is the story of how and why.

Sun 28th May

Cracking the Maya Code

The ancient Maya civilisation of Central America left behind an intricate and mysterious hieroglyphic script, carved on monuments, painted on pottery, and drawn in handmade bark-paper books. For centuries, scholars considered it too complex ever to understand, until recently, when an ingenious series of breakthroughs finally cracked the code and unleashed a torrent of new insights into the Mayas' turbulent past. For the first time, we present the epic inside story of how the decoding was done, travelling to the remote jungles of southern Mexico and Central America to investigate how the code was broken and what Maya writings now reveal. The Maya script is the New World's most highly developed ancient writing system, and it is our one and only opportunity to peer into the Americas before the arrival of Europeans and hear these people speaking to us says Simon Martin, a specialist in Maya inscriptions at the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. Yet records of this written language were all but destroyed by European conquerors, who burned an untold number of Maya books. Today, only four known, partial examples survive.

Sun 28th May

Combat Trains

During the American Civil War the nature of conflict changed fundamentally. Both Union and Confederate Generals used trains to bring thousands of reinforcements, leading to longer and more frequent battles. It was the north who exploited the railroads the better - through geniuses such as Herman Haupt, who developed techniques of swift railroad construction - and destruction. The episode tells the story of the Great Locomotive Chase - an attempt by northern spies to steal the locomotive The General. The conflict that divided America helped its unification - the lessons learnt in the war were used to build the Transcontinental Railroad that opened four years after the fighting ceased.

Mon 29th May

Morning

Battlefield

The RAF struggled hard to find a way to take the war to Germany after the Luftwaffe's attacks tailed off during 1941. The Strategic Bombing Campaign was designed primarily to disrupt German war production and undermine civilian morale, but ultimately its greatest benefit was to divert the resources of the Luftwaffe almost solely to home defence. The air war over Germany cost many thousands of lives, in fact, RAF losses were so high during 1941, 1942 and 1943 that operations were almost suspended. With the arrival of the USAAF, however, the initiative was seized and the raids were prosecuted with relative impunity from 1944 onwards, causing terrible loss of life and great destruction.

Mon 29th May

Scorched Earth

It was a sight and sound that spelt terror from the skies the Stuka was at the very heart of Blitzkreig, Hitler's lightening war. Flown by skilful and highly motivated pilots, the full force of the Fuhrer's premier weapon of the air was felt by soldiers and all civilians all over Europe. The Stuka tells the story of an awesome weapon of war. Featuring very rare colour footage of the Stuka in action, the programme also includes brand new 3D graphics and new footage of the last surviving aircraft, housed at RAF Hendon.

Mon 29th May

Cities of the Underworld

As we descend beneath our modern day cities, we are met with ancient and hidden secrets. Journey with us back through history and rediscover cities of the underworld.

Mon 29th May

The Great Underground War

This fascinating five-part series unearths the untold story about how the Great War went underground - the tales of tunnellers and miners who dug under the enemy when there was no other choice but to attack from beneath. Five legendary battles. Five tales of human sacrifice and tenacity. Five bloody battles that involved men from all over the world.

Mon 29th May

The Quintinshill Rail Disaster

Britain's worst rail disaster happened on 22 May, 1915, when two collisions and a devastating fire engulfed five trains, killing around 230 people, including at least 200 soldiers destined for Gallipoli. The massive crash not only shook the nation, but in smoke-filled rooms well away from the crash site, the terrible tragedy and full investigation into what caused it was also viewed as a potential disaster for the Railway Company and a real threat to government. In a documentary that for the first time recreates the awful events of the day, historian Neil Oliver, examines the crash and the series of bizarre investigations and trials that ensured the two signalmen on duty were blamed for the entire catastrophe.

Mon 29th May

Sinatra And The Jack Pack

Sinatra and Kennedy first met in 1956. The two men liked the good things in life and thrived on their mutual ability to attract women, admirers and adoring acolytes who would help to show them a good time. As Kennedy edged towards the Presidency, Sinatra assiduously courted the relationship and his loyalty was rewarded with exceptional access to the Kennedy White House, including JFK's trust to allow him to accompany Jackie to a number of celebratory balls on the night of the inauguration, but one evening Frank was unexpectedly and abruptly ejected from Jacks gang. This is the story of how and why.

Mon 29th May

Cracking the Maya Code

The ancient Maya civilisation of Central America left behind an intricate and mysterious hieroglyphic script, carved on monuments, painted on pottery, and drawn in handmade bark-paper books. For centuries, scholars considered it too complex ever to understand, until recently, when an ingenious series of breakthroughs finally cracked the code and unleashed a torrent of new insights into the Mayas' turbulent past. For the first time, we present the epic inside story of how the decoding was done, travelling to the remote jungles of southern Mexico and Central America to investigate how the code was broken and what Maya writings now reveal. The Maya script is the New World's most highly developed ancient writing system, and it is our one and only opportunity to peer into the Americas before the arrival of Europeans and hear these people speaking to us says Simon Martin, a specialist in Maya inscriptions at the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. Yet records of this written language were all but destroyed by European conquerors, who burned an untold number of Maya books. Today, only four known, partial examples survive.

Mon 29th May

Combat Trains

During the American Civil War the nature of conflict changed fundamentally. Both Union and Confederate Generals used trains to bring thousands of reinforcements, leading to longer and more frequent battles. It was the north who exploited the railroads the better - through geniuses such as Herman Haupt, who developed techniques of swift railroad construction - and destruction. The episode tells the story of the Great Locomotive Chase - an attempt by northern spies to steal the locomotive The General. The conflict that divided America helped its unification - the lessons learnt in the war were used to build the Transcontinental Railroad that opened four years after the fighting ceased.

Mon 29th May

Joanna Lumley's Greek Odyssey

The much-loved British actress continues her extraordinary journey through the vast and varied landscape of Greece - the birthplace of drama, democracy, language, Western science and medicine, and the wellspring of civilisation and modern European culture. Making her way across the northern-most regions of Greece, Joanna travels through an area that has been vastly influenced by the world around it, more so than anywhere else in the country. Her route is from the western Ionian island of Corfu - where she discovers cricket, brass bands, ginger beer and some local anglophiles - through to the turbulent eastern border Greece shares with Turkey and Bulgaria. It's a frontier-land where foreign invasion and occupation have left a fascinating legacy.

Mon 29th May

Grand Tours of the Scottish Islands

Paul Murton sets out to experience island life today. He uncovers the past and reveals its connections with the present.

Mon 29th May

National Treasures With Griff Rhys Jones

In this series we go behind the scenes with presenter Griff Rhys Jones as he discovers how the National Trust in Wales deals with the complexities and conflicts involved in looking after some of Wales' best loved national treasures.

Mon 29th May

Ancient Top 10

A smart, fun countdown that details how ancient technology worked, how surprisingly advanced it was, and how it was kind of awesome.

Mon 29th May

The Quintinshill Rail Disaster

Britain's worst rail disaster happened on 22 May, 1915, when two collisions and a devastating fire engulfed five trains, killing around 230 people, including at least 200 soldiers destined for Gallipoli. The massive crash not only shook the nation, but in smoke-filled rooms well away from the crash site, the terrible tragedy and full investigation into what caused it was also viewed as a potential disaster for the Railway Company and a real threat to government. In a documentary that for the first time recreates the awful events of the day, historian Neil Oliver, examines the crash and the series of bizarre investigations and trials that ensured the two signalmen on duty were blamed for the entire catastrophe.

Mon 29th May

Noon

Sinatra And The Jack Pack

Sinatra and Kennedy first met in 1956. The two men liked the good things in life and thrived on their mutual ability to attract women, admirers and adoring acolytes who would help to show them a good time. As Kennedy edged towards the Presidency, Sinatra assiduously courted the relationship and his loyalty was rewarded with exceptional access to the Kennedy White House, including JFK's trust to allow him to accompany Jackie to a number of celebratory balls on the night of the inauguration, but one evening Frank was unexpectedly and abruptly ejected from Jacks gang. This is the story of how and why.

Mon 29th May

Battlefield

The remarkable Soviet victory over the once-mighty Japanese Kwangtung Army in the mountains of Manchuria is one of the least known of the Second World War. The Russian triumph was achieved in little more than a fortnight and there is no doubt that the hard lessons learned fighting the Germans in the East were put to good use in the vital Asian province. This was no steamroller victory, it was more a tribute to superior weaponry, tactical surprise and bold command.

Mon 29th May

Scorched Earth

Perhaps the most important victory won by the allies in the West was the triumph over the deadly German U-boat. Once a harbinger of death for merchant shipping and its escorts, by 1943 the British and American fleets had gained the upper hand and the U-boat had become the hunted rather than the hunter. This film features extensive footage from the Battle of the Atlantic, and of U-534 the last surviving U-Boat in Western Europe. She was sunk in the Baltic in 1945 and raised again to the surface intact in 1993. On board U-534 the treasures of World War II were preserved as if in aspic. Now for the first time in over 50 years we can experience again the claustrophobic world of the U-boats.

Mon 29th May

The War Diaries

The end of the war was now truly in sight. Yet there were still hurdles to overcome, and with the completion of the Battle of the Bulge still to test the Allies, the race for Berlin was on. Discover what happened in Hitler's final hours, and enjoy the VE Day celebrations with Winston Churchill and the people of Britain, as the dream of Victory in Europe became a reality.

Mon 29th May

Dead Men's Secrets

Joe Kennedy Jr, the pilot of an US Navy Liberator on a top-secret mission at the end of WWII, was thought to be destined to be president until he became the first of the Kennedy dynasty to be killed prematurely. Why did Kennedy's aircraft explode? Why were the facts of his death so carefully covered up? We re-open the file on the death of Joe Jr and, using computer graphics and archive footage, analyze the purpose of his mission and the possible causes of the tragedy.

Mon 29th May

Evening

Engineering an Empire

The Ancient Maya - at the height of its glory, this mysterious civilisation ruled a territory of 125,000 square miles across parts of Guatemala, Mexico, Honduras, El Salvador and Belize. What began as a modest population of hunters and gatherers expanded into more than forty flourishing city-states built within lush rainforests and ruled by dynasties of mighty kings. In an extraordinary burst of creativity from 250 AD to 900 AD, without the use of metal, pack animals or even the wheel, the Maya engineered sky-high temple-pyramids, ornate palaces and advanced hydraulic systems - all to appease their gods and support their growing populations.

Mon 29th May

Race For The White House

Narrated by Kevin Spacey, using rare archival footage, each episode in this series tells the story of one iconic campaign for President of the United States. This episode tells the story of the remarkable, nail-biting campaign between Republican Vice President Richard Nixon and the Massachusetts Senator John F Kennedy.

Mon 29th May

The Search for Kennedy's PT109

On a sultry night in August, 1943, PT-109, under the command of Lt. Jack Kennedy, was rammed and sunk by a Japanese destroyer in the Solomon Islands. Nearly 60 years of history - of victory, valour and tragedy - have passed since that night. And now Robert Ballard returns to Blackett Strait to find the wreck of PT-109.

Mon 29th May

JFK & LBJ: A Time For Greatness

Remembered only as the President who took America deeper and deeper into a war it could not win, we have all forgotten that Lyndon Baines Johnson was the man who championed two laws that changed America and the world - the Civil Rights Acts of 1964 and 1965. Narrated by Morgan Freeman, we use secret White House recordings to show how LBJ took on the legacy of John Fitzgerald Kennedy after he was gunned down in Dallas. To many he shared all the bigotry and hatred of his fellow southern senators, but his actions, along with the telephone conversations that he secretly taped, tell a different story. We will hear eyewitness accounts from those who were closest to LBJ revealing how he worked relentlessly with Martin Luther King, of the Civil Rights movement, and how over the next eighteen months they worked together to transform America.

Mon 29th May

[email protected]

In 1863, Abraham Lincoln proved himself a master of a new frontier - not on the battlefields of the Civil War, but in his 'high-tech' command centre, the War Department Telegraph Office. The telegraph was the 'Internet' of the 19th-century, and it gave Lincoln new powers to reshape leadership and wield personal control across distant battlefields. The results of Lincoln's pioneering experiment in electronic leadership led to the rebirth of America on the fields of Gettysburg - both in the battle that turned the tide of the Civil War, and the few words that recast the American ideal as a national creed: the Gettysburg Address. This program unfolds the greatest turning point in American history, the rebirth of a nation, and the dawn of the information age.

Mon 29th May

Clash of Warriors

With Allied merchant ships transporting vital supplies and Nazi submarines patrolling in wolf packs intent on destruction, victory in the Battle of the Atlantic was essential for the invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe. In May 1943, as British Naval Commander Sir Max Horton and the Admiralty Submarine Tracking Room looked on, 43 merchant vessels in Allied Convoy ONS 5 left Britain for North America. Waiting for them was the largest wolf pack German Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz had ever deployed.

Tue 30th May

Morning

Battlefield

The remarkable Soviet victory over the once-mighty Japanese Kwangtung Army in the mountains of Manchuria is one of the least known of the Second World War. The Russian triumph was achieved in little more than a fortnight and there is no doubt that the hard lessons learned fighting the Germans in the East were put to good use in the vital Asian province. This was no steamroller victory, it was more a tribute to superior weaponry, tactical surprise and bold command.

Tue 30th May

Scorched Earth

Perhaps the most important victory won by the allies in the West was the triumph over the deadly German U-boat. Once a harbinger of death for merchant shipping and its escorts, by 1943 the British and American fleets had gained the upper hand and the U-boat had become the hunted rather than the hunter. This film features extensive footage from the Battle of the Atlantic, and of U-534 the last surviving U-Boat in Western Europe. She was sunk in the Baltic in 1945 and raised again to the surface intact in 1993. On board U-534 the treasures of World War II were preserved as if in aspic. Now for the first time in over 50 years we can experience again the claustrophobic world of the U-boats.

Tue 30th May

Cities of the Underworld

As we descend beneath our modern day cities, we are met with ancient and hidden secrets. Journey with us back through history and rediscover cities of the underworld.

Tue 30th May

The Great Underground War

This fascinating 5-part series unearths the untold story about how the Great War went underground - the tales of tunnellers and miners who dug under the enemy when there was no other choice but to attack from beneath. Five legendary battles. Five tales of human sacrifice and tenacity. Five bloody battles that involved men from all over the world.

Tue 30th May

The Search for Kennedy's PT109

On a sultry night in August, 1943, PT-109, under the command of Lt. Jack Kennedy, was rammed and sunk by a Japanese destroyer in the Solomon Islands. Nearly 60 years of history - of victory, valour and tragedy - have passed since that night. And now Robert Ballard returns to Blackett Strait to find the wreck of PT-109.

Tue 30th May

JFK & LBJ: A Time For Greatness

Remembered only as the President who took America deeper and deeper into a war it could not win, we have all forgotten that Lyndon Baines Johnson was the man who championed two laws that changed America and the world - the Civil Rights Acts of 1964 and 1965. Narrated by Morgan Freeman, we use secret White House recordings to show how LBJ took on the legacy of John Fitzgerald Kennedy after he was gunned down in Dallas. To many he shared all the bigotry and hatred of his fellow southern senators, but his actions, along with the telephone conversations that he secretly taped, tell a different story. We will hear eyewitness accounts from those who were closest to LBJ revealing how he worked relentlessly with Martin Luther King, of the Civil Rights movement, and how over the next eighteen months they worked together to transform America.

Tue 30th May

[email protected]

In 1863, Abraham Lincoln proved himself a master of a new frontier - not on the battlefields of the Civil War, but in his 'high-tech' command centre, the War Department Telegraph Office. The telegraph was the 'Internet' of the 19th-century, and it gave Lincoln new powers to reshape leadership and wield personal control across distant battlefields. The results of Lincoln's pioneering experiment in electronic leadership led to the rebirth of America on the fields of Gettysburg - both in the battle that turned the tide of the Civil War, and the few words that recast the American ideal as a national creed: the Gettysburg Address. This program unfolds the greatest turning point in American history, the rebirth of a nation, and the dawn of the information age.

Tue 30th May

Clash of Warriors

With Allied merchant ships transporting vital supplies and Nazi submarines patrolling in wolf packs intent on destruction, victory in the Battle of the Atlantic was essential for the invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe. In May 1943, as British Naval Commander Sir Max Horton and the Admiralty Submarine Tracking Room looked on, 43 merchant vessels in Allied Convoy ONS 5 left Britain for North America. Waiting for them was the largest wolf pack German Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz had ever deployed.

Tue 30th May

Time Team

Much Wenlock, Shropshire Graham Dixon 30 January 1994. Recorded between 9 and 11 April 1993, this episode tries to discover why Much Wenlock grew into a busy medieval market town.

Tue 30th May

Cities of the Underworld

As we descend beneath our modern day cities, we are met with ancient and hidden secrets. Journey with us back through history and rediscover cities of the underworld.

Tue 30th May

Engineering an Empire

The Ancient Maya - at the height of its glory, this mysterious civilisation ruled a territory of 125,000 square miles across parts of Guatemala, Mexico, Honduras, El Salvador and Belize. What began as a modest population of hunters and gatherers expanded into more than forty flourishing city-states built within lush rainforests and ruled by dynasties of mighty kings. In an extraordinary burst of creativity from 250 AD to 900 AD, without the use of metal, pack animals or even the wheel, the Maya engineered sky-high temple-pyramids, ornate palaces and advanced hydraulic systems - all to appease their gods and support their growing populations.

Tue 30th May

Race For The White House

Narrated by Kevin Spacey, using rare archival footage, each episode in this series tells the story of one iconic campaign for President of the United States. This episode tells the story of the remarkable, nail-biting campaign between Republican Vice President Richard Nixon and the Massachusetts Senator John F Kennedy.

Tue 30th May

Noon

The Search for Kennedy's PT109

On a sultry night in August, 1943, PT-109, under the command of Lt. Jack Kennedy, was rammed and sunk by a Japanese destroyer in the Solomon Islands. Nearly 60 years of history - of victory, valour and tragedy - have passed since that night. And now Robert Ballard returns to Blackett Strait to find the wreck of PT-109.

Tue 30th May

Battlefield

The infamous Japanese attack on the US naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii was one of the most significant events of World War II. Brilliantly planned and executed though it was, the assault was as much a surprise to Hitler and Mussolini as the Americans, and they quite needlessly declared war on the USA. Opinion in the States was therefore polarised against the Axis powers. It was on December 7, 1941, that 350 carrier-borne Japanese aircraft made their lightning attack. It was all over quickly, and as the Japanese aircraft returned to base, the American survivors of the ferocious assault looked over the harbour to see that not one battleship had been left undamaged, 200 aircraft had been destroyed and 2400 people killed. Japan had lost a mere 29 aircraft in the attack.

Tue 30th May

Scorched Earth

The Panzer was a vital cog in Hitler's awesome war machine, a decisive weapon at the cutting edge of Blitzkrieg. At Kursk, the tank would have a major influence on the eventual outcome of the war. Made with the co-operation of the Bovington Tank Museum, this film features rare action footage of the Panzers, including the famous Tiger Tank, in action and unique footage of the last surviving Panzers to produce a powerful record of the evolution of massed armoured warfare from 1939 to 1943.

Tue 30th May

Europe's Secret Armies

An exploration of the stories behind the resistance groups that formed to fight the Third Reich during WWII. These took many practical forms. Guerrilla forces of all sizes fought military actions against Axis troops; clandestine civilian organisations performed acts of sabotage or espionage; religious groups led acts of civil disruption and protest and underground presses spread prohibited ideas and information. Who were the men and women who made up the resistance movements?

Tue 30th May

Dead Men's Secrets

On May 10, 1941, a lone Messerschmitt fighter-bomber flew over Scotland. When the pilot parachuted out, his captors were astonished to discover that he was no ordinary German, but Rudolph Hess, the Deputy Fuehrer of Nazi Germany. He had come to visit members of the Royal Family on a secret peace mission that he hoped would end the war. Instead, he spent the rest of his life in Spandau prison, where he died at age 92. However, theories have surfaced suggesting that it was not Hess who died in prison.

Tue 30th May

Evening

Ancient Discoveries

Explore the leech as an ancient medical cure and test one on a live patient to see how much blood comes out. The electric torpedo ray cure: We travel to Spain to take a reading from a live torpedo fish and do a pain test with the same level of electricity on a live volunteer. Investigate trepanning, the ancient Inca art of relieving pressure on the brain by cutting open a hole in the skull. Finally, investigate Roman battlefield surgery techniques and tools. We investigate how snake venom was used as medicine in the ancient world - an technique medics are re-learning today.

Tue 30th May

Great Continental Railway Journeys

Michael Portillo embarks on a nostalgic railway adventure, which takes him across the heart of Europe.

Tue 30th May

Hitler's Women

Women have been among the strongest pillars of Hitlerism from its very inception. If some historians underline the complicity between women and the government, others present them as victims of propaganda and Nazi population policy. Through exceptional footage, this documentary sheds light on the complex relations between Hitler and women.

Tue 30th May

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

After three decades of peace, SAS plunges into 15 years of continuous action. Its versatility is challenged in delicate operations in 1999 in East Timor and in the controversial boarding of the refugee rescue ship Tampa.

Tue 30th May

Burning Down Paris

On August 25, 1944, when the bells of Notre Dame rang out to signal that Paris had been liberated, few among the population knew how close the city had come to total destruction by the Nazis. In Berlin, with the course of the war turning against him, Hitler had pledged that Paris would be razed to the ground rather than surrendered to the Allies. The bridges, the Louvre, Sacre Coeur, even the Eiffel Tower were to be destroyed. Who saved Paris from the Fuhrer's orders? The German general Dietrich von Choltitz, the governor of Paris, played a key role as the Resistance uprising gathered pace and France's General Leclerc sped towards the city with reinforcements. Archive footage forms the backdrop of this gripping story, but the key action scenes are told through re-enactments, with actors playing the protagonists as they face decisions that would ultimately decide the fate of a city.

Tue 30th May

The War

July 1943 - December 1943: On daylight bombing missions American airmen gamble their lives against preposterous odds to bring the war to the heart of Hitler's enormous domain. Allied forces invade Sicily and then Italy but as they grind their way towards Rome, the weather turns bad and the terrain grows more and more forbidding - twisting mountain roads, blown bridges - all under constant German fire. This series tells the story of the Second World War through the personal accounts of a handful of men and women from four quintessentially American towns. The series explores the most intimate human dimensions of the greatest cataclysm in history, a worldwide catastrophe that touched the lives of every family on every street in every town in America and demonstrates that in extraordinary times, there are no ordinary lives. Throughout the series, the indelible experience of combat is brought vividly to life as veterans describe what it was like to fight and kill and see men die at places like Monte Cassino and Anzio and Omaha Beach; the Hurtgen Forest and the Vosges Mountains and the Ardennes; and on the other side of the world at Guadalcanal and Tarawa and Saipan; Peleliu and the Philippine Sea and Okinawa. In all of the battle scenes, dramatic historical footage and photographs are combined with extraordinarily realistic sound effects to give the film a terrifying, visceral immediacy. The film honours the bravery, endurance, and sacrifice of the generation of Americans who lived through what will always be known simply as The War.

Wed 31st May

Morning

Battlefield

The infamous Japanese attack on the US naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii was one of the most significant events of World War II. Brilliantly planned and executed though it was, the assault was as much a surprise to Hitler and Mussolini as the Americans, and they quite needlessly declared war on the USA. Opinion in the States was therefore polarised against the Axis powers. It was on December 7, 1941, that 350 carrier-borne Japanese aircraft made their lightning attack. It was all over quickly, and as the Japanese aircraft returned to base, the American survivors of the ferocious assault looked over the harbour to see that not one battleship had been left undamaged, 200 aircraft had been destroyed and 2400 people killed. Japan had lost a mere 29 aircraft in the attack.

Wed 31st May

Scorched Earth

The Panzer was a vital cog in Hitler's awesome war machine, a decisive weapon at the cutting edge of Blitzkrieg. At Kursk, the tank would have a major influence on the eventual outcome of the war. Made with the co-operation of the Bovington Tank Museum, this film features rare action footage of the Panzers, including the famous Tiger Tank, in action and unique footage of the last surviving Panzers to produce a powerful record of the evolution of massed armoured warfare from 1939 to 1943.

Wed 31st May

Legendary Hotels

Architecture and design meet historical events and celebrities. Explore the luxury, location and comfort of eight hotels, looking at their culture, art, history, glamour and mystery.

Wed 31st May

Alan Jones' Great Australians

This is not a talk show and certainly not a chat show. Witness Alan Jones in deeply researched conversations with his guests from all areas of public life - business, politics, the media, entertainment, sport and the arts. Interested in discovering how history has influenced the choices, conduct, achievements and failures of his guests, Alan will discover new insights into - and new facts about - Great Australian and prominent international figures who have themselves played - or are still playing - a role in the history of our times.

Wed 31st May

Hitler's Women

Women have been among the strongest pillars of Hitlerism from its very inception. If some historians underline the complicity between women and the government, others present them as victims of propaganda and Nazi population policy. Through exceptional footage, this documentary sheds light on the complex relations between Hitler and women.

Wed 31st May

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

After three decades of peace, SAS plunges into 15 years of continuous action. Its versatility is challenged in delicate operations in 1999 in East Timor and in the controversial boarding of the refugee rescue ship Tampa.

Wed 31st May

Burning Down Paris

On August 25, 1944, when the bells of Notre Dame rang out to signal that Paris had been liberated, few among the population knew how close the city had come to total destruction by the Nazis. In Berlin, with the course of the war turning against him, Hitler had pledged that Paris would be razed to the ground rather than surrendered to the Allies. The bridges, the Louvre, Sacre Coeur, even the Eiffel Tower were to be destroyed. Who saved Paris from the Fuhrer's orders? The German general Dietrich von Choltitz, the governor of Paris, played a key role as the Resistance uprising gathered pace and France's General Leclerc sped towards the city with reinforcements. Archive footage forms the backdrop of this gripping story, but the key action scenes are told through re-enactments, with actors playing the protagonists as they face decisions that would ultimately decide the fate of a city.

Wed 31st May

The War

July 1943 - December 1943: On daylight bombing missions American airmen gamble their lives against preposterous odds to bring the war to the heart of Hitler's enormous domain. Allied forces invade Sicily and then Italy but as they grind their way towards Rome, the weather turns bad and the terrain grows more and more forbidding - twisting mountain roads, blown bridges - all under constant German fire. This series tells the story of the Second World War through the personal accounts of a handful of men and women from four quintessentially American towns. The series explores the most intimate human dimensions of the greatest cataclysm in history, a worldwide catastrophe that touched the lives of every family on every street in every town in America and demonstrates that in extraordinary times, there are no ordinary lives. Throughout the series, the indelible experience of combat is brought vividly to life as veterans describe what it was like to fight and kill and see men die at places like Monte Cassino and Anzio and Omaha Beach; the Hurtgen Forest and the Vosges Mountains and the Ardennes; and on the other side of the world at Guadalcanal and Tarawa and Saipan; Peleliu and the Philippine Sea and Okinawa. In all of the battle scenes, dramatic historical footage and photographs are combined with extraordinarily realistic sound effects to give the film a terrifying, visceral immediacy. The film honours the bravery, endurance, and sacrifice of the generation of Americans who lived through what will always be known simply as The War.

Wed 31st May

Time Team

Llangorse Lake, Powys Graham Dixon 6 February 1994. Recorded between 16 and 18 September 1993, the team try to discover what happened to a Dark Ages palace located on a man-made island in the middle of a lake.

Wed 31st May

Cities of the Underworld

As we descend beneath our modern day cities, we are met with ancient and hidden secrets. Journey with us back through history and rediscover cities of the underworld.

Wed 31st May

Ancient Discoveries

Explore the leech as an ancient medical cure and test one on a live patient to see how much blood comes out. The electric torpedo ray cure: We travel to Spain to take a reading from a live torpedo fish and do a pain test with the same level of electricity on a live volunteer. Investigate trepanning, the ancient Inca art of relieving pressure on the brain by cutting open a hole in the skull. Finally, investigate Roman battlefield surgery techniques and tools. We investigate how snake venom was used as medicine in the ancient world - an technique medics are re-learning today.

Wed 31st May

Hitler's Women

Women have been among the strongest pillars of Hitlerism from its very inception. If some historians underline the complicity between women and the government, others present them as victims of propaganda and Nazi population policy. Through exceptional footage, this documentary sheds light on the complex relations between Hitler and women.

Wed 31st May

Noon

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

After three decades of peace, SAS plunges into 15 years of continuous action. Its versatility is challenged in delicate operations in 1999 in East Timor and in the controversial boarding of the refugee rescue ship Tampa.

Wed 31st May

Battlefield

The attack on Pearl Harbor was supposed to obviate the need for the grinding and appalling attritional battle that was the hallmark of the fighting for Guadalcanal. The capture of this strategically crucial island in the Solomons was the key to victory in the Philippines, more than 25,000 Japanese lost their lives during the battle. It was the first time the Americans had encountered the Japanese code of Bushido, the ancient Samurai warrior code of conduct which explicitly detailed the soldier's duty to die rather than face the disgrace of capture, in the service of the Emperor. Guadalcanal also saw the amazing fighting retreat of Edson's Raiders, who held off an attack by 2000 Japanese troops.

Wed 31st May

Scorched Earth

Throughout World War Two, there were many dramatic and spectacular seaborne invasions, some of which would have a major bearing on the course and eventual outcome of the conflict. Much blood was spilt as men attacked beachheads from Tunisia to Normandy. Amphibious Warfare is a remarkable record of seaborne invasions throughout World War Two. The programme features powerful action footage, including extensive images from the decisive Normandy landings and brand new state-of-the-art computer graphics.

Wed 31st May

Europe's Secret Armies

An exploration of the stories behind the resistance groups that formed to fight the Third Reich during WWII. These took many practical forms. Guerrilla forces of all sizes fought military actions against Axis troops; clandestine civilian organisations performed acts of sabotage or espionage; religious groups led acts of civil disruption and protest and underground presses spread prohibited ideas and information. Who were the men and women who made up the resistance movements?

Wed 31st May

Dead Men's Secrets

Bandleader Glenn Miller joined the flood of young Americans enlisting in the army in 1942 and was ordered to form a new 42-piece all-star band to entertain service personnel. With the liberation of Paris in 1944, a series of Miller concerts was planned. But when Captain Miller took off on a short hop across the English Channel to Paris on December 15, he was never seen again. No wreckage was found and no official explanation given. Did his aircraft simply fail, or was there a military cover-up?

Wed 31st May

Evening

Codebreakers: Bletchley Park's Lost Hero

The extraordinary, but previously hidden, story of a British engineer, Tommy Flowers, and a talented British mathematician, Bill Tutte. Tutte's code-breaking skill, and the engineering genius of Flowers, gave rise to Colossus, the world's first programmable computer. Tutte is revealed as having been responsible for what experts have described as the single most important intellectual feat of World War Two - without this work, D Day would never have happened. Tutte broke a code ten times tougher than Enigma and, with a handful of brilliant men, allowed Churchill to "hack in" to Hitler's own hotline, win the War and usher in the age of computers. Tutte's breathtaking genius was exploited by an amazing array of talent at Bletchley Park (the UK's top secret intelligence base) who then broke into Hitler's own communications network, changing the War and the world.

Wed 31st May

The Cars That Made Us

From the sleek Aston Martin to the irrepressible Porsche 911, we enjoy cars of all shapes and sizes. Join us as we relive the stories of the thousands of iconic motors that have hit the international tarmac over the years.

Wed 31st May

Sydney at War

Director Claude Gonzalez had always been interested in Sydney folklore and this particular story from Sydney's recent past had never, he believed, been fully explored. "Over the years I'd seen a lot of news reports about the incident but it wasn't until I actually met one of the survivors from the Kuttabul, Neil Roberts, that my interest was sparked." This program interviews remaining survivors of the mission - both Australian and Japanese - as well as family members of the Japanese submariners. The film also uses archival footage to recall the events of that night. In Japan the subject of war is taboo. Rarely do films dealing with these issues have the opportunity to present the other side of the story, and over the last 63 years, no-one has filmed or presented the Japanese perspective of the attack. Gonzalez draws out stories from the interviewees as to what their involvement was on that night. He was struck by how much this event meant to them at the time and how it has stayed with them over the years. "They had all taken part in an event that at the time was quickly swept under the carpet but they were left with strong feelings that have never been resolved." One of the little-known incidences that occurred after the attack was the funeral of the dead Japanese submariners on Tuesday, June 9, 1941. The Australian military at the time wanted to create an act of goodwill that would possibly give Australian POWs some leniency with their captors in Changi and Burma. Today, some of the Japanese servicemen regard Australia as a very compassionate nation that showed great respect to their war dead at a time when that sort of act was unthinkable.

Wed 31st May

Air Warriors

These are America's undisputed kings of the sky, witness their turbulent journeys, brought to life through rarely seen combat footage and the stories of the dedicated pilots and teams who fly and maintain these ultimate air warriors.

Wed 31st May

Jutland: WW1's Greatest Sea Battle

Join the intriguing present day quest of the grandson of the British commander, Admiral Jellicoe. Nick Jellicoe is on a mission to discover the truth behind the controversial reputation of his ancestor whom Churchill described as the only man on either side who could lose the war in an afternoon. In the course of his journey, Nick uncovers both unknown aspects of the battle itself and clues that throw official accounts into doubt.

Wed 31st May

Keep The Cold War Cold

One of the most incredible sources of military intelligence in history. On the front lines of the Cold War, on German territory, agents operated every day on both sides of the iron curtain during half a century of tension between the two biggest military powers in history. Thanks to hitherto unseen, clandestinely shot images, this film reveals the inside story of the daily confrontation at the heart of a divided Germany, in an ultra sensitive area that reverberated from the shock waves of every international crisis: a territory where the two blocs faced off, each side assembling the greatest possible number of weapons and troops, where the slightest false move could have set things off. Through the thrilling footage shot by crews from the three Allied military missions stationed in West Germany for over 40 years, history becomes personal and is lived from within. What makes these images unique is that they were taken secretly during risky reconnaissance operations in hostile territory, within range of Russian tanks, helicopters, troops and fighter planes transport. Taken by military personnel on duty, these shots show the reality of the Cold War. Nothing was staged or censored because this raw material was initially intended for military intelligence. This program brings this material back to life, with up-to-date comments from the selfsame French, British and American officers who were on the spot, at the heart of the 'enemy' system, as well as their Russian counterparts. Far from glorified spy stories, this chronicle unveils through these actual eyewitness accounts, revealing what the daily lives of Intelligence Agents on a front line really was like.

Thu 1st June

Morning

Battlefield

The attack on Pearl Harbor was supposed to obviate the need for the grinding and appalling attritional battle that was the hallmark of the fighting for Guadalcanal. The capture of this strategically crucial island in the Solomons was the key to victory in the Philippines, more than 25,000 Japanese lost their lives during the battle. It was the first time the Americans had encountered the Japanese code of Bushido, the ancient Samurai warrior code of conduct which explicitly detailed the soldier's duty to die rather than face the disgrace of capture, in the service of the Emperor. Guadalcanal also saw the amazing fighting retreat of Edson's Raiders, who held off an attack by 2000 Japanese troops.

Thu 1st June

Scorched Earth

Throughout World War Two, there were many dramatic and spectacular seaborne invasions, some of which would have a major bearing on the course and eventual outcome of the conflict. Much blood was spilt as men attacked beachheads from Tunisia to Normandy. Amphibious Warfare is a remarkable record of seaborne invasions throughout World War Two. The programme features powerful action footage, including extensive images from the decisive Normandy landings and brand new state-of-the-art computer graphics.

Thu 1st June

Cities of the Underworld

As we descend beneath our modern day cities, we are met with ancient and hidden secrets. Journey with us back through history and rediscover cities of the underworld.

Thu 1st June

The Great Underground War

This fascinating five-part series unearths the untold story about how the Great War went underground - the tales of tunnellers and miners who dug under the enemy when there was no other choice but to attack from beneath. Five legendary battles. Five tales of human sacrifice and tenacity. Five bloody battles that involved men from all over the world.

Thu 1st June

Sydney at War

Director Claude Gonzalez had always been interested in Sydney folklore and this particular story from Sydney's recent past had never, he believed, been fully explored. "Over the years I'd seen a lot of news reports about the incident but it wasn't until I actually met one of the survivors from the Kuttabul, Neil Roberts, that my interest was sparked." This program interviews remaining survivors of the mission - both Australian and Japanese - as well as family members of the Japanese submariners. The film also uses archival footage to recall the events of that night. In Japan the subject of war is taboo. Rarely do films dealing with these issues have the opportunity to present the other side of the story, and over the last 63 years, no-one has filmed or presented the Japanese perspective of the attack. Gonzalez draws out stories from the interviewees as to what their involvement was on that night. He was struck by how much this event meant to them at the time and how it has stayed with them over the years. "They had all taken part in an event that at the time was quickly swept under the carpet but they were left with strong feelings that have never been resolved." One of the little-known incidences that occurred after the attack was the funeral of the dead Japanese submariners on Tuesday, June 9, 1941. The Australian military at the time wanted to create an act of goodwill that would possibly give Australian POWs some leniency with their captors in Changi and Burma. Today, some of the Japanese servicemen regard Australia as a very compassionate nation that showed great respect to their war dead at a time when that sort of act was unthinkable.

Thu 1st June

Air Warriors

These are America's undisputed kings of the sky, witness their turbulent journeys, brought to life through rarely seen combat footage and the stories of the dedicated pilots and teams who fly and maintain these ultimate air warriors.

Thu 1st June

Jutland: WW1's Greatest Sea Battle

Join the intriguing present day quest of the grandson of the British commander, Admiral Jellicoe. Nick Jellicoe is on a mission to discover the truth behind the controversial reputation of his ancestor whom Churchill described as the only man on either side who could lose the war in an afternoon. In the course of his journey, Nick uncovers both unknown aspects of the battle itself and clues that throw official accounts into doubt.

Thu 1st June

Keep The Cold War Cold

One of the most incredible sources of military intelligence in history. On the front lines of the Cold War, on German territory, agents operated every day on both sides of the iron curtain during half a century of tension between the two biggest military powers in history. Thanks to hitherto unseen, clandestinely shot images, this film reveals the inside story of the daily confrontation at the heart of a divided Germany, in an ultra sensitive area that reverberated from the shock waves of every international crisis: a territory where the two blocs faced off, each side assembling the greatest possible number of weapons and troops, where the slightest false move could have set things off. Through the thrilling footage shot by crews from the three Allied military missions stationed in West Germany for over 40 years, history becomes personal and is lived from within. What makes these images unique is that they were taken secretly during risky reconnaissance operations in hostile territory, within range of Russian tanks, helicopters, troops and fighter planes transport. Taken by military personnel on duty, these shots show the reality of the Cold War. Nothing was staged or censored because this raw material was initially intended for military intelligence. This program brings this material back to life, with up-to-date comments from the selfsame French, British and American officers who were on the spot, at the heart of the 'enemy' system, as well as their Russian counterparts. Far from glorified spy stories, this chronicle unveils through these actual eyewitness accounts, revealing what the daily lives of Intelligence Agents on a front line really was like.

Thu 1st June

Time Team

Finlaggan, Islay Graham Dixon 8 January 1995. Recorded between 24 and 26 June 1994, the team helps the National Museums of Scotland to search for any secrets of Finlaggan, the centre of the kingdom of the Lord of the Isles.

Thu 1st June

Cities of the Underworld

As we descend beneath our modern day cities, we are met with ancient and hidden secrets. Journey with us back through history and rediscover cities of the underworld.

Thu 1st June

Codebreakers: Bletchley Park's Lost Hero

The extraordinary, but previously hidden, story of a British engineer, Tommy Flowers, and a talented British mathematician, Bill Tutte. Tutte's code-breaking skill, and the engineering genius of Flowers, gave rise to Colossus, the world's first programmable computer. Tutte is revealed as having been responsible for what experts have described as the single most important intellectual feat of World War Two - without this work, D Day would never have happened. Tutte broke a code ten times tougher than Enigma and, with a handful of brilliant men, allowed Churchill to "hack in" to Hitler's own hotline, win the War and usher in the age of computers. Tutte's breathtaking genius was exploited by an amazing array of talent at Bletchley Park (the UK's top secret intelligence base) who then broke into Hitler's own communications network, changing the War and the world.

Thu 1st June

The Cars That Made Us

From the sleek Aston Martin to the irrepressible Porsche 911, we enjoy cars of all shapes and sizes. Join us as we relive the stories of the thousands of iconic motors that have hit the international tarmac over the years.

Thu 1st June

Noon

Sydney at War

Director Claude Gonzalez had always been interested in Sydney folklore and this particular story from Sydney's recent past had never, he believed, been fully explored. "Over the years I'd seen a lot of news reports about the incident but it wasn't until I actually met one of the survivors from the Kuttabul, Neil Roberts, that my interest was sparked." This program interviews remaining survivors of the mission - both Australian and Japanese - as well as family members of the Japanese submariners. The film also uses archival footage to recall the events of that night. In Japan the subject of war is taboo. Rarely do films dealing with these issues have the opportunity to present the other side of the story, and over the last 63 years, no-one has filmed or presented the Japanese perspective of the attack. Gonzalez draws out stories from the interviewees as to what their involvement was on that night. He was struck by how much this event meant to them at the time and how it has stayed with them over the years. "They had all taken part in an event that at the time was quickly swept under the carpet but they were left with strong feelings that have never been resolved." One of the little-known incidences that occurred after the attack was the funeral of the dead Japanese submariners on Tuesday, June 9, 1941. The Australian military at the time wanted to create an act of goodwill that would possibly give Australian POWs some leniency with their captors in Changi and Burma. Today, some of the Japanese servicemen regard Australia as a very compassionate nation that showed great respect to their war dead at a time when that sort of act was unthinkable.

Thu 1st June

Battlefield

The siege of the Soviet Union's second city lasted for 890 days and provided the Second World War with one of its most harrowing episodes. Conditions inside the city are hard to imagine, after bitter street fighting, Leningrad was cut off from its main supply lines and constant aerial bombardment combined with dwindling food supplies meant strict rationing, transgressors were shot. Numerous attempts were made by the Soviets to recapture the city, all failed. Hitler displayed only sporadic interest in the situation at Leningrad until the Russian attack, code-named Iskra, in 1943. The city was finally liberated by Soviet troops on 19 January 1944. During the siege, 600,000 of its citizens had starved to death and 200,000 had perished in the bombing.

Thu 1st June

Scorched Earth

The sudden and dramatic appearance of the German Paratrooper, the Fallschirmjager, brought a new and unexpected dimension to the nature of warfare during the Second World War. These new warriors of the air were to make critical contributions to some of the most famous battles of the conflict. The indomitable German paratroopers, the Fallschirmjager, established an enduring legend with their dogged defence of Monte Cassino. The allies were quick to imitate their deadly enemy, the Fallschirmjager were the inspiration, the British Paratroop Battalions and American's Screaming Eagles were the result. Airborne Warfare tells the fascinating story of war from the skies and how the combat from the air changed and evolved. The programme features extensive rare archive footage and state-of-the-art illustrative 3D graphics, and visits the silent graves of Monte Cassino today.

Thu 1st June

Europe's Secret Armies

After the German invasion of 1940, the Norwegian government fled to London, leaving the country in the hands of the collaborator Quisling. But there were many willing people to fight back.

Thu 1st June

The Sixties

A provocative documentary series exploring the most transformative decade of the modern era in America.

Thu 1st June

Evening

Ancient Discoveries

In Mexico explorers use a sacred ancient Mayan temple code to search for an occult underworld engineered in the depths of the earth at a mysterious site where no TV cameras have ever ventured before, until now. In Britain, investigators uncover the secret technologies behind a life size statue of Jesus Christ that miraculously came to life. Weapons experts reveal the science that saved a holy military order from certain annihilation in the bloodiest siege in history, and in Greece, archaeologists solve the mystery of the oracle of the dead, an eerie sanctuary where flying ghosts appeared from the depths of hell.

Thu 1st June

Conspiracy

History tells us that Hitler killed himself in 1945, but as we will find out, a UK journalist believes he escaped, and that the body found in the bunker was a double. If this sensational theory is right, then where did Hitler go?

Thu 1st June

Ancient Aliens

If ancient aliens visited earth, who were they and where did they come from? Ancient astronaut theorists believe that extraterrestrials not only interacted with us, but changed the course of human history.

Thu 1st June

The Universe

Could there be a monstrous, undiscovered star orbiting our own Sun? Could it be scattering killer comets throughout our Solar System like clockwork every 26 million years?

Thu 1st June

History's Secrets: CIA Experiments

November 28, 1953: A US Army scientist working on biological weapons, Dr. Frank Olson, falls to his death from his hotel window under suspicious circumstances. 1975: the US government offers Olson's family a $750,000 payout, revealing that he died because of his involvement in a secret CIA experiment studying the use of LSD and interrogation, an offshoot of a series of mind control experiments called MK-ULTRA. What was the true extent of these secret CIA experiments, and their casualties? We reveal the scale and scope of these hidden programmes, how they occurred not only in the U.S., but also in Canada and Europe. And we examine the claim that Robert F Kennedy's assassin, Sirhan Sirhan, could have been the product of MK-ULTRA. We hear from believers and sceptics alike.

Fri 2nd June

Morning

Battlefield

The siege of the Soviet Union's second city lasted for 890 days and provided the Second World War with one of its most harrowing episodes. Conditions inside the city are hard to imagine, after bitter street fighting, Leningrad was cut off from its main supply lines and constant aerial bombardment combined with dwindling food supplies meant strict rationing, transgressors were shot. Numerous attempts were made by the Soviets to recapture the city, all failed. Hitler displayed only sporadic interest in the situation at Leningrad until the Russian attack, code-named Iskra, in 1943. The city was finally liberated by Soviet troops on 19 January 1944. During the siege, 600,000 of its citizens had starved to death and 200,000 had perished in the bombing.

Fri 2nd June

Scorched Earth

The sudden and dramatic appearance of the German Paratrooper, the Fallschirmjager, brought a new and unexpected dimension to the nature of warfare during the Second World War. These new warriors of the air were to make critical contributions to some of the most famous battles of the conflict. The indomitable German paratroopers, the Fallschirmjager, established an enduring legend with their dogged defence of Monte Cassino. The allies were quick to imitate their deadly enemy, the Fallschirmjager were the inspiration, the British Paratroop Battalions and American's Screaming Eagles were the result. Airborne Warfare tells the fascinating story of war from the skies and how the combat from the air changed and evolved. The programme features extensive rare archive footage and state-of-the-art illustrative 3D graphics, and visits the silent graves of Monte Cassino today.

Fri 2nd June

The Sixties

A provocative documentary series exploring the most transformative decade of the modern era in America.

Fri 2nd June

Conspiracy

History tells us that Hitler killed himself in 1945, but as we will find out, a UK journalist believes he escaped, and that the body found in the bunker was a double. If this sensational theory is right, then where did Hitler go?

Fri 2nd June

Ancient Aliens

If ancient aliens visited earth, who were they and where did they come from? Ancient astronaut theorists believe that extraterrestrials not only interacted with us, but changed the course of human history.

Fri 2nd June

The Universe

Could there be a monstrous, undiscovered star orbiting our own Sun? Could it be scattering killer comets throughout our Solar System like clockwork every 26 million years?

Fri 2nd June

History's Secrets: CIA Experiments

November 28, 1953: A US Army scientist working on biological weapons, Dr. Frank Olson, falls to his death from his hotel window under suspicious circumstances. 1975: the US government offers Olson's family a $750,000 payout, revealing that he died because of his involvement in a secret CIA experiment studying the use of LSD and interrogation, an offshoot of a series of mind control experiments called MK-ULTRA. What was the true extent of these secret CIA experiments, and their casualties? We reveal the scale and scope of these hidden programmes, how they occurred not only in the U.S., but also in Canada and Europe. And we examine the claim that Robert F Kennedy's assassin, Sirhan Sirhan, could have been the product of MK-ULTRA. We hear from believers and sceptics alike.

Fri 2nd June

Time Team

Winterbourne Gunner, Wiltshire Robert Marshall 15 January 1995. Recorded between 6 and 8 May 1994, the team excavate a Saxon burial ground in a Wiltshire village.

Fri 2nd June

The Sixties

A provocative documentary series exploring the most transformative decade of the modern era in America.

Fri 2nd June

Ancient Discoveries

In Mexico explorers use a sacred ancient Mayan temple code to search for an occult underworld engineered in the depths of the earth at a mysterious site where no TV cameras have ever ventured before, until now. In Britain, investigators uncover the secret technologies behind a life size statue of Jesus Christ that miraculously came to life. Weapons experts reveal the science that saved a holy military order from certain annihilation in the bloodiest siege in history, and in Greece, archaeologists solve the mystery of the oracle of the dead, an eerie sanctuary where flying ghosts appeared from the depths of hell.

Fri 2nd June

Conspiracy

History tells us that Hitler killed himself in 1945, but as we will find out, a UK journalist believes he escaped, and that the body found in the bunker was a double. If this sensational theory is right, then where did Hitler go?

Fri 2nd June

Noon

The Universe

Could there be a monstrous, undiscovered star orbiting our own Sun? Could it be scattering killer comets throughout our Solar System like clockwork every 26 million years?

Fri 2nd June

Battlefield

The campaign in Tunisia saw the battles that finally ended the brutal war in the desert. Not for the first time, the Allies argued among themselves over strategy, if the French had co-operated with the Operation Torch landings in northwest Africa in November 1942, the combined landings into Tunisia would have been made much sooner. The Allies eventually landed unopposed, but the three-pronged offensive soon ran into trouble as they were faced with complete Axis air supremacy. The small German armoured unit (made up of only 40 tanks) drove the Allies back to Medjez el Bab. Meanwhile, Rommel's army was retreating towards Tunisia, pursued by the British Army under Montgomery, where it gave the British the slip by bypassing Tripoli.

Fri 2nd June

Scorched Earth

It was in the late summer of 1943 that the American Navy launched its operation to drive the Japanese from the Central Pacific. The Aircraft Carrier was to play a crucial role in its success, for not only did the new carriers give the Americans enormous fire-power, the US shipyards were turning them out at the rate of one per month. This programme tells the dramatic story of the desperate struggle for the Pacific. It features rare footage of Aircraft Carriers in action and examines their role in this vital theatre of the war. Carrier Warfare also includes informative 3D computer graphics.

Fri 2nd June

Europe's Secret Armies

The Polish people were among the first to feel the full heart-stopping force of the German Wermacht. This is the story of the ways in which they fought back, including the Ghetto Uprising of 1943.

Fri 2nd June

The Sixties

A provocative documentary series exploring the most transformative decade of the modern era in America.

Fri 2nd June

Evening

Ancient Discoveries

From conquering the depths of the oceans to defending the freedoms of the seas, ancient man pushed the technological boundaries to the limits in the mega battle for the oceans. New discoveries will reveal how an ancient destroyer rammed its way to victory in one of the most significant battles in human history. In Denmark, a team of divers build and test the world's first ever deep sea diving suit that was designed 350 years before the history books tell us it was possible to walk along the seabed. Can CSI science unravel the mystery of a time travelling ghost ship? And in a groundbreaking sea cannon experiment, naval experts will discover how a 16th-century war fleet blasted their way to victory against an enemy armada seven miles wide, without the loss of a single ship.

Fri 2nd June

Last Secrets of the Axis

Explore the remarkable historical confluence that led to the rise of German-Japanese co-operation during World War II, we reveal the story of Karl Haushofer, the keeper of many Axis secrets.

Fri 2nd June

The Rosenbergs

In July 1950 Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, both American citizens, were arrested by the FBI for delivering vital information on the US nuclear program to the Soviet Union. They both insisted that they were innocent.

Fri 2nd June

The Kennedy Files

No family knows what a powerful image can do better than the Kennedy's. They created a carefully crafted image that helped catapult them to the forefront of American politics and into the hearts of the America people. From fashion statements to presidential mannerisms, here is how the Kennedy's redefine 'the image' of power, and set new standards for the rich and powerful.

Fri 2nd June

Is Anybody Out There?

In August 1977, the big ear radio-telescope in Ohio received a strange signal from the Sagittarius constellation while searching for intelligent extra-terrestrial life. It had a duration of 72 seconds and an intensity 30 times higher than usual. Named the WAW signal (as an engineer wrote "wow" on the data as it came in!), it is still being considered as one of the best examples of having being sent by intelligent extraterrestrial life. However, nothing has revolutionised the search for extra-terrestrial intelligent life as much as the recent discovery by the Kepler Satellite, of thousands of Earth-like planets where life could be possible. Join the debate with this stunning one-hour documentary as we ask is anybody out there?

Sat 3rd June

Morning

Forbidden History

Featuring true stories of great treasures, long-held conspiracies, and lost civilisations, this series looks at the most controversial and mysterious parts of our history and re-examines them. Hosted by Jamie Theakston. This series attempts to get to the very heart of what we think we know, scrutinising, considering, investigating and analysing along the way. Visiting locations from Petra in Jordan to Oak Island in Canada, each episode includes archive and interviews with leading historians, archaeologists, and scientists. Covering great conspiracies such as The Third Secret of Fatima, the mysteries of Templar treasure and a race of giants that seems to have been eradicated from history - all are contentious issues among religious and historical establishments.

Sat 3rd June

Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura

The team finds what appears to be construction on underground cities hidden in mountain caverns and tunnels, blocking off formerly public entrances with iron bars and heavy security. An apparent influx of banks in the rural region also seems suspect, but when they hear about round the clock construction on the biggest private house in America, reportedly built entirely of military grade materials and owned by a D.C. defense contractor, Jesse suspects something big may be happening here - just below the surface.

Sat 3rd June

Ancient Aliens

Explore new directions on alien intervention, including sightings and phenomena from ancient times all the way up to the present, as well as possible connections between overall UFO phenomena and information included in ancient texts and decoded from ancient artefacts.

Sat 3rd June

UFO Hunters

Alien abduction is a common and highly documented phenomenon; proof of alien abduction in the form of objects implanted in people's bodies is not. This episode chronicles several close encounters with alien abductees who have been held captive, probed, examined and had objects implanted in their bodies. For the first time, viewers can observe surgery that removed an alien implant from an abductee's body. With the help of accredited doctors and scientists, the team will examine this object and if possible, determine its origin and composition to reveal just exactly what happened.

Sat 3rd June

Last Secrets of the Axis

Explore the remarkable historical confluence that led to the rise of German-Japanese co-operation during World War II, we reveal the story of Karl Haushofer, the keeper of many Axis secrets.

Sat 3rd June

The Rosenbergs

In July 1950 Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, both American citizens, were arrested by the FBI for delivering vital information on the US nuclear program to the Soviet Union. They both insisted that they were innocent.

Sat 3rd June

The Kennedy Files

No family knows what a powerful image can do better than the Kennedy's. They created a carefully crafted image that helped catapult them to the forefront of American politics and into the hearts of the America people. From fashion statements to presidential mannerisms, here is how the Kennedy's redefine 'the image' of power, and set new standards for the rich and powerful.

Sat 3rd June

Is Anybody Out There?

In August 1977, the big ear radio-telescope in Ohio received a strange signal from the Sagittarius constellation while searching for intelligent extra-terrestrial life. It had a duration of 72 seconds and an intensity 30 times higher than usual. Named the WAW signal (as an engineer wrote "wow" on the data as it came in!), it is still being considered as one of the best examples of having being sent by intelligent extraterrestrial life. However, nothing has revolutionised the search for extra-terrestrial intelligent life as much as the recent discovery by the Kepler Satellite, of thousands of Earth-like planets where life could be possible. Join the debate with this stunning one-hour documentary as we ask is anybody out there?

Sat 3rd June

Time Team

Tockenham, Wiltshire. Robert Marshall, 22 January 1995. Recorded between 23 and 25 April 1994, the team try to discover why a 15th century village church has a small pagan Roman statue embedded within its walls.

Sat 3rd June

The Sixties

A provocative documentary series exploring the most transformative decade of the modern era in America.

Sat 3rd June

Ancient Discoveries

From conquering the depths of the oceans to defending the freedoms of the seas, ancient man pushed the technological boundaries to the limits in the mega battle for the oceans. New discoveries will reveal how an ancient destroyer rammed its way to victory in one of the most significant battles in human history. In Denmark, a team of divers build and test the world's first ever deep sea diving suit that was designed 350 years before the history books tell us it was possible to walk along the seabed. Can CSI science unravel the mystery of a time travelling ghost ship? And in a groundbreaking sea cannon experiment, naval experts will discover how a 16th-century war fleet blasted their way to victory against an enemy armada seven miles wide, without the loss of a single ship.

Sat 3rd June

Last Secrets of the Axis

Explore the remarkable historical confluence that led to the rise of German-Japanese co-operation during World War II, we reveal the story of Karl Haushofer, the keeper of many Axis secrets.

Sat 3rd June

Noon

The Rosenbergs

In July 1950 Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, both American citizens, were arrested by the FBI for delivering vital information on the US nuclear program to the Soviet Union. They both insisted that they were innocent.

Sat 3rd June

The Kennedy Files

No family knows what a powerful image can do better than the Kennedy's. They created a carefully crafted image that helped catapult them to the forefront of American politics and into the hearts of the America people. From fashion statements to presidential mannerisms, here is how the Kennedy's redefine 'the image' of power, and set new standards for the rich and powerful.

Sat 3rd June

Dead Men's Secrets

Reinhard Heydrich was the ideal Nazi - tall, blonde, athletic, and evil. Hitler called him the "man with the iron heart". As head of the Security Police, ehe made even loyal Nazis fear him. In Czechoslovakia, he was known simply as the 'Hangman of Prague' - a mastermind who helped design the mass slaughter of Jews. But on May 27, 1942, Heydrich was shot dead in an ambush in Prague. Using archive footage and detailed maps, the program reveals how the assassins trained and plotted to kill Gestapo chief.

Sat 3rd June

The Quizeum

This is the quiz show that celebrates unique and fascinating museums around Britain with every episode set in a different museum. From natural history, to science, this educational quiz show delves into the most famous museums around the country. We see teams of expert panellists made up of historians, scientists and cultural scholars pit their knowledgeable wits against each other in a series of rounds informed by the amazing contents of the museum. Where possible, the artefacts are brought to the table for the competitors to investigate further. Be it dinosaurs, dolls or dragons you will learn more than you could imagine.

Sat 3rd June

The World From Above

A breathtaking series of aerial programs offering an entirely different view of the world. From 10,000 feet down to just a few feet above ground, discover new perspectives through thrilling journeys, from mountains and great cities to fantastic castles and the great natural wonders of the globe. This series travels everywhere from Spain to South Africa, from the north of Iceland to North Carolina in the USA.

Sat 3rd June

RFK Must Die

RFK Must Die explores the assassination of Bobby Kennedy on June 5, 1968. Kennedy won the California Democratic primary and looked set to challenge Nixon for the White House. Moments later Kennedy is shot from an inch behind his right ear and slumps to the floor, assassinated. 24-year-old Palestinian Sirhan Sirhan is convicted as the lone assassin, but Sirhan has never been able to remember the shooting. And world authority on hypnosis Dr Herbert Spiegel believes he was hypnotically programmed to kill Kennedy. Not one witness saw Sirhan's gun an inch from Kennedy's right ear, suggesting a second gunman was involved. New audio evidence also proves at least ten shots were fired that night - Sirhan's gun only held eight. Newly discovered film and photographs appear to show three senior CIA operatives at the crime scene, suggesting the CIA was behind the assassination. Writer-director Shane O'Sullivan, highly sceptical of the official report, conducted his own exhaustive investigation. Through exclusive interviews with eyewitnesses, investigators and survivors of the assassination as well as rare archival footage and a wealth of expert testimony, this disturbing documentary sheds new light on the murder of one of America's most beloved politicians. Today, Sirhan is still in the same California prison as Charles Manson, with no imminent hope of parole. This new feature documentary thoroughly investigates one of America's most bizarre and enduring murder mysteries and calls for a reopening of the case in the lead up to the fortieth anniversary of his assassination in June 2008.

Sat 3rd June

Evening

The Cars That Made Us

From the sleek Aston Martin to the irrepressible Porsche 911, we enjoy cars of all shapes and sizes. Join us as we relive the stories of the thousands of iconic motors that have hit the international tarmac over the years.

Sat 3rd June

Coast Australia

In Australia's extreme North, Neil Oliver arrives on Horn Island to uncover the role of Australia's only indigenous battalion, a World War II fighting force of Torres Strait Islanders. On Possession Island Tim Flannery stands where James Cook finally claimed Australia for Great Britain, and discovers the riches that he missed. Xanthe Mallett ventures into the treacherous Adolphus Channel, the scene of Queensland's worst peacetime maritime disaster. Neil Oliver visits Mer Island to tell the story of its most famous son, Eddie Mabo, who spearheaded Australia's land rights' revolution. On Yam and Tudu Islands Tim Flannery is on the trail of fearsome headhunters to unearth the significance of their historic practice. Alice Garner joins an unusual border patrol on Saibai Island, less than four kilometres from Papua New Guinea, and finally Neil Oliver meets the Torres Strait's most prominent musician, who started recording at the age of 70.

Sat 3rd June

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

After three decades of peace, SAS plunges into 15 years of continuous action. Its versatility is challenged in delicate operations in 1999 in East Timor and in the controversial boarding of the refugee rescue ship Tampa.

Sat 3rd June

WWII: Countdown to Victory

It was time for the American navy to get back on course after Pearl Harbor, and in the four-day Battle for the Coral Sea, they claimed victory over the Japanese.

Sat 3rd June

Battle 360

In one of the greatest Naval Battles in History, USS Enterprise and sister carriers Yorktown and Hornet, turn the tide of the Pacific War. In just a few violent days in the waters off Midway Island, the American Carrier fleet pulverises the Imperial Japanese Navy. Enterprise helps secure one of America's first victories in WWII.

Sat 3rd June

Dogfights

At the end of the Vietnam War, the USS Midway's pilots and airmen engaged in some of the most thrilling and intense air combat. Six F4 Phantoms launched from the deck of the USS Midway engage with North Vietnamese MiGs. The Phantoms destroy two MiGs. Watch as American pilots Bartholomay and Arwood down enemy MiG-19s over their home base at Kep. Then flight lead Vic Kovaleski brings down a MiG-17, scoring the last MiG kill of the war. Midway served honourably throughout Vietnam and even in Desert Storm, but time finally caught up with her, and the USS Midway was converted to a museum and now resides in San Diego, California.

Sun 4th June

Morning

Conspiracy

History tells us that Hitler killed himself in 1945, but as we will find out, a UK journalist believes he escaped, and that the body found in the bunker was a double. If this sensational theory is right, then where did Hitler go?

Sun 4th June

The Conspiracy Show

Richard speaks with victims of alleged electronic harassment, the supposed use of electronic devices to harass, torture, and/or physically harm a person. Some victims allege that the government is behind it. Richard also speaks with a private investigator who specialises in electronic counter measures and a social psychologist who dismisses such claims as fantasy and paranoia.

Sun 4th June

Great Mysteries and Myths

A documentary series for those who believe there can be nothing in the world more fascinating than the search for truth behind the most extraordinary mysteries and myths of the 20th century. A truly unique collection of stories shrouded in superstition and tragedy, this series brings to light a new perspective on these compelling and dark secrets.

Sun 4th June

Ancient Aliens

Explore new directions on alien intervention, including sightings and phenomena from ancient times all the way up to the present, as well as possible connections between overall UFO phenomena and information included in ancient texts and decoded from ancient artefacts.

Sun 4th June

UFO Hunters

Analysis of video taken of an alleged UFO over Illinois suggests the object could have been as large as 1500 feet across. The video, featured on UFO Hunters, captured three bright lights in a triangular pattern. It was part of a mass sighting of over fifty reports near Tinley Park, Illinois in 2004. Upon investigating, the team discovered that similar objects were reported all over the world in the days surrounding this event, from Australia to Canada. Sightings of triangular-shaped UFOs have been on the rise in recent decades, but was the Tinley Park mass sighting a solid object, or as some believe, a hoax involving weather balloons and flares? Analysis of the video suggests it could have been a solid object larger than any known craft.

Sun 4th June

Coast Australia

In Australia's extreme North, Neil Oliver arrives on Horn Island to uncover the role of Australia's only indigenous battalion, a World War II fighting force of Torres Strait Islanders. On Possession Island Tim Flannery stands where James Cook finally claimed Australia for Great Britain, and discovers the riches that he missed. Xanthe Mallett ventures into the treacherous Adolphus Channel, the scene of Queensland's worst peacetime maritime disaster. Neil Oliver visits Mer Island to tell the story of its most famous son, Eddie Mabo, who spearheaded Australia's land rights' revolution. On Yam and Tudu Islands Tim Flannery is on the trail of fearsome headhunters to unearth the significance of their historic practice. Alice Garner joins an unusual border patrol on Saibai Island, less than four kilometres from Papua New Guinea, and finally Neil Oliver meets the Torres Strait's most prominent musician, who started recording at the age of 70.

Sun 4th June

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

After three decades of peace, SAS plunges into 15 years of continuous action. Its versatility is challenged in delicate operations in 1999 in East Timor and in the controversial boarding of the refugee rescue ship Tampa.

Sun 4th June

WWII: Countdown to Victory

It was time for the American navy to get back on course after Pearl Harbor, and in the four-day Battle for the Coral Sea, they claimed victory over the Japanese.

Sun 4th June

Battle 360

In one of the greatest Naval Battles in History, USS Enterprise and sister carriers Yorktown and Hornet, turn the tide of the Pacific War. In just a few violent days in the waters off Midway Island, the American Carrier fleet pulverises the Imperial Japanese Navy. Enterprise helps secure one of America's first victories in WWII.

Sun 4th June

Dogfights

At the end of the Vietnam War, the USS Midway's pilots and airmen engaged in some of the most thrilling and intense air combat. Six F4 Phantoms launched from the deck of the USS Midway engage with North Vietnamese MiGs. The Phantoms destroy two MiGs. Watch as American pilots Bartholomay and Arwood down enemy MiG-19s over their home base at Kep. Then flight lead Vic Kovaleski brings down a MiG-17, scoring the last MiG kill of the war. Midway served honourably throughout Vietnam and even in Desert Storm, but time finally caught up with her, and the USS Midway was converted to a museum and now resides in San Diego, California.

Sun 4th June

The Cars That Made Us

From the sleek Aston Martin to the irrepressible Porsche 911, we enjoy cars of all shapes and sizes. Join us as we relive the stories of the thousands of iconic motors that have hit the international tarmac over the years.

Sun 4th June

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

After three decades of peace, SAS plunges into 15 years of continuous action. Its versatility is challenged in delicate operations in 1999 in East Timor and in the controversial boarding of the refugee rescue ship Tampa.

Sun 4th June

WWII: Countdown to Victory

It was time for the American navy to get back on course after Pearl Harbor, and in the four-day Battle for the Coral Sea, they claimed victory over the Japanese.

Sun 4th June

Battle 360

In one of the greatest Naval Battles in History, USS Enterprise and sister carriers Yorktown and Hornet, turn the tide of the Pacific War. In just a few violent days in the waters off Midway Island, the American Carrier fleet pulverises the Imperial Japanese Navy. Enterprise helps secure one of America's first victories in WWII.

Sun 4th June

Noon

Dogfights

At the end of the Vietnam War, the USS Midway's pilots and airmen engaged in some of the most thrilling and intense air combat. Six F4 Phantoms launched from the deck of the USS Midway engage with North Vietnamese MiGs. The Phantoms destroy two MiGs. Watch as American pilots Bartholomay and Arwood down enemy MiG-19s over their home base at Kep. Then flight lead Vic Kovaleski brings down a MiG-17, scoring the last MiG kill of the war. Midway served honourably throughout Vietnam and even in Desert Storm, but time finally caught up with her, and the USS Midway was converted to a museum and now resides in San Diego, California.

Sun 4th June

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

After three decades of peace, SAS plunges into 15 years of continuous action. Its versatility is challenged in delicate operations in 1999 in East Timor and in the controversial boarding of the refugee rescue ship Tampa.

Sun 4th June

Dig World War II

Digging up crashed aircraft and battle-damaged tanks, exploring secret bunkers and long-forgotten wrecks, this groundbreaking series casts fresh light on some of the most compelling stories of World War Two. Seventy years on, a wealth of artefacts still lies untouched around the world, from the fields of Normandy to the hills of Monte Cassino in Italy. But these remarkable time capsules, and the protagonists whose lives are inextricably linked with them, will soon disappear for ever. Ambitious, rich and multi-layered, this program enriches military archaeology with powerful personal testimony, expert 'show and tell' sequences, contemporary archive and world-class CGI.

Sun 4th June

Genius

Joseph Pulitzer built himself up from a penniless immigrant, to the pre-eminent newspaper giant of New York City. His insistence on accuracy and ground-breaking headlines made his New York World the top selling newspaper in the country. But Pulitzer's journalistic integrity is tested when young millionaire, William Randolph Hearst, sets out to steal the throne with his own newspaper. Hearst's gossip rag spawns a publishing empire, and the competition between the newspaper titans revolutionises journalism for the modern era.

Sun 4th June

Hidden Houses Of Wales

Laurence visits Plas Penmynydd - a medieval mansion house in the heart of rural Anglesey. He makes the remarkable discovery that this country house was actually the birthplace of the royal dynasty that spawned Henry VIII and Elizabeth I. There's certainly nothing mock Tudor about his house.

Sun 4th June

Great Irish Journeys With Martha Kearney

Martha Kearney retraces the footsteps of Georges Victor Du Noyer. Martha travels north, taking in Dunluce Castle, Mussenden Temple and Kearney Point, before visiting Dunmoe.

Sun 4th June

Grand Tours of the Scottish Islands

Paul Murton sets out to experience island life today. He uncovers the past and reveals its connections with the present.

Sun 4th June

Evening

National Treasures With Griff Rhys Jones

In this series we go behind the scenes with presenter Griff Rhys Jones as he discovers how the National Trust in Wales deals with the complexities and conflicts involved in looking after some of Wales' best loved national treasures.

Sun 4th June

Joanna Lumley's Greek Odyssey

The actress explores the Greek islands, beginning in Crete where she spends time in the mountains with shepherds and then to Cos, where she visits the birthplace of Hippocrates.

Sun 4th June

Inside Buckingham Palace

Buckingham Palace is one of the most famous buildings in the world. With the help of former Palace staff, royal confidantes and celebrities, this program reveals what life is really like behind its imposing walls, exploring the scandals, tragedies and triumphs that have taken place over the decades and made the place what it is today.

Sun 4th June

Prohibition

Since the pilgrims loaded the hold of the Mayflower with beer, alcohol and its attendant rituals have been at least as American as apple pie; however, as a wave of ideological fervour sweeps the country, many begin to see alcohol as a scourge, an impediment to a Protestant utopia of clean and righteous living. From the church-based temperance campaigns to the xenophobic Anti-Saloon League lobby, Americans argue fiercely about alcohol, eventually outlawing it in the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution, Prohibition.

Sun 4th June

D-Day Lost Films

This special event features the most critical military operation of World War II. This program presents this iconic battle using newly discovered colour footage, much of which has never been seen. For the first time, viewers can see the largest amphibious assault in history - 5000 Allied ships landing over 160,000 soldiers across a 50 mile stretch of Normandy beaches. This film is presented through the personal accounts of soldiers on both sides, focusing on three specific units: the American 1st Division at Omaha Beach, the American 507th Paratroopers, and the German 352nd Division. This program will tell the story in the first person, in the words of those who lived it, with actor voices reading from soldier diaries, oral histories, and immediate post-combat interviews - from famous leaders like Eisenhower, Rommel, Omar Bradley, and Adolph Hitler, to the unknown boots-on-the-ground soldiers, both American and German, who fought and died in one of history's bloodiest battles.

Sun 4th June

Combat Trains

Four railway journeys that changed modern history: 24-year-old Winston Churchill boarded an armoured train during the Boer War hoping for a newspaper scoop. He was captured, but became world famous after escaping. In 1917 Lenin crossed Europe in a sealed train, aided by the Germans who hoped that he would drag Russia out of the war. The infamous Hungarian Gold Train that contained plundered Jewish jewellery and gold was an exercise in naked greed at the end of the Second World War, whilst the Kindertransport saved almost 10,000 Jewish children from certain death. John Fieldsend and Dame Stephanie Shirley give a moving account of their journeys.

Mon 5th June

Morning

Battlefield

The campaign in Tunisia saw the battles that finally ended the brutal war in the desert. Not for the first time, the Allies argued among themselves over strategy, if the French had co-operated with the Operation Torch landings in northwest Africa in November 1942, the combined landings into Tunisia would have been made much sooner. The Allies eventually landed unopposed, but the three-pronged offensive soon ran into trouble as they were faced with complete Axis air supremacy. The small German armoured unit (made up of only 40 tanks) drove the Allies back to Medjez el Bab. Meanwhile, Rommel's army was retreating towards Tunisia, pursued by the British Army under Montgomery, where it gave the British the slip by bypassing Tripoli.

Mon 5th June

Scorched Earth

It was in the late summer of 1943 that the American Navy launched its operation to drive the Japanese from the Central Pacific. The Aircraft Carrier was to play a crucial role in its success, for not only did the new carriers give the Americans enormous fire-power, the US shipyards were turning them out at the rate of one per month. This programme tells the dramatic story of the desperate struggle for the Pacific. It features rare footage of Aircraft Carriers in action and examines their role in this vital theatre of the war. Carrier Warfare also includes informative 3D computer graphics.

Mon 5th June

The Sixties

A provocative documentary series exploring the most transformative decade of the modern era in America.

Mon 5th June

National Trust: National Treasures

Treasures of the Trust is a celebration of some of the finest National Trust properties from across Britain and Northern Ireland. Each program brings to life an individual property, featuring the stories of the people who built it, who added to it, and who collected the treasures within. With beautiful photography and lavish attention to detail, the series also re-tells stories of historic intrigue and hauntings.

Mon 5th June

Prohibition

Since the pilgrims loaded the hold of the Mayflower with beer, alcohol and its attendant rituals have been at least as American as apple pie; however, as a wave of ideological fervour sweeps the country, many begin to see alcohol as a scourge, an impediment to a Protestant utopia of clean and righteous living. From the church-based temperance campaigns to the xenophobic Anti-Saloon League lobby, Americans argue fiercely about alcohol, eventually outlawing it in the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution, Prohibition.

Mon 5th June

D-Day Lost Films

This special event features the most critical military operation of World War II. This program presents this iconic battle using newly discovered colour footage, much of which has never been seen. For the first time, viewers can see the largest amphibious assault in history - 5000 Allied ships landing over 160,000 soldiers across a 50 mile stretch of Normandy beaches. This film is presented through the personal accounts of soldiers on both sides, focusing on three specific units: the American 1st Division at Omaha Beach, the American 507th Paratroopers, and the German 352nd Division. This program will tell the story in the first person, in the words of those who lived it, with actor voices reading from soldier diaries, oral histories, and immediate post-combat interviews - from famous leaders like Eisenhower, Rommel, Omar Bradley, and Adolph Hitler, to the unknown boots-on-the-ground soldiers, both American and German, who fought and died in one of history's bloodiest battles.

Mon 5th June

Combat Trains

Four railway journeys that changed modern history: 24-year-old Winston Churchill boarded an armoured train during the Boer War hoping for a newspaper scoop. He was captured, but became world famous after escaping. In 1917 Lenin crossed Europe in a sealed train, aided by the Germans who hoped that he would drag Russia out of the war. The infamous Hungarian Gold Train that contained plundered Jewish jewellery and gold was an exercise in naked greed at the end of the Second World War, whilst the Kindertransport saved almost 10,000 Jewish children from certain death. John Fieldsend and Dame Stephanie Shirley give a moving account of their journeys.

Mon 5th June

Joanna Lumley's Greek Odyssey

The actress explores the Greek islands, beginning in Crete where she spends time in the mountains with shepherds and then to Cos, where she visits the birthplace of Hippocrates.

Mon 5th June

Grand Tours of the Scottish Islands

Paul Murton sets out to experience island life today. He uncovers the past and reveals its connections with the present.

Mon 5th June

National Treasures With Griff Rhys Jones

In this series we go behind the scenes with presenter Griff Rhys Jones as he discovers how the National Trust in Wales deals with the complexities and conflicts involved in looking after some of Wales' best loved national treasures.

Mon 5th June

Inside Buckingham Palace

Buckingham Palace is one of the most famous buildings in the world. With the help of former Palace staff, royal confidantes and celebrities, this program reveals what life is really like behind its imposing walls, exploring the scandals, tragedies and triumphs that have taken place over the decades and made the place what it is today.

Mon 5th June

D-Day Lost Films

This special event features the most critical military operation of World War II. This program presents this iconic battle using newly discovered colour footage, much of which has never been seen. For the first time, viewers can see the largest amphibious assault in history - 5000 Allied ships landing over 160,000 soldiers across a 50 mile stretch of Normandy beaches. This film is presented through the personal accounts of soldiers on both sides, focusing on three specific units: the American 1st Division at Omaha Beach, the American 507th Paratroopers, and the German 352nd Division. This program will tell the story in the first person, in the words of those who lived it, with actor voices reading from soldier diaries, oral histories, and immediate post-combat interviews - from famous leaders like Eisenhower, Rommel, Omar Bradley, and Adolph Hitler, to the unknown boots-on-the-ground soldiers, both American and German, who fought and died in one of history's bloodiest battles.

Mon 5th June

Noon

Battlefield

Before Alamein we never had a victory. After Alamein we never had a defeat. Winston Churchill's words illustrate clearly why the two battles fought near the Egyptian coastal town in the western desert during 1942 were a turning point of World War Two. Up until July 1942, the situation in the desert for the Allies was dire, with the British Army in full retreat and vital bases at Alexandria and Cairo threatened by the lightening advances made by Rommel's hitherto all-conquering armoured divisions. The position changed when, in a battle that lasted nearly a month, the British under General Sir Claude Auchinleck not only held off the German and Italian forces, but gained the strategic advantage of shorter supply lines that enabled them to reinforce their position faster than the Germans. For the AfrikaKorps, it was the first taste of what was to come, for the Allies it was proof positive that the enemy was no superman and could be beaten. In October, their men rested and well trained, the Allies struck. A diversionary attack to the south was intended to draw Axis forces into the area leaving the way clear for the real attack in the north, but the assault became bogged down in minefields. Montgomery, the Allied commander, changed tactics by constantly switching the point of attack. The end came in early November, when the Australian division finally broke through and a major push to the south forced the Germans to fight what became an enormous tank battle. By November 3, Rommel had only 30 tanks left with which to fight and a withdrawal began, pursued by the British, who were badly hampered by heavy rain and a shortage of fuel.

Mon 5th June

Scorched Earth

In 1944, Hitler ordered the full-scale production of, what he called the Miracle Weapons. A new breed of aircraft designed to change Germany's declining military fortunes. As a result, the first Jet Fighters were unleashed on the world. The potentially devastating ME262 and Arado 234 were underdeveloped and their moderate successes could not prevent the desperate situation which resulted in the introduction of the dangerous ME163 Kommet and the disastrous Heinkel HE162 the Peoples Defender, more dangerous to its pilot than the enemy. Featuring rare archive footage, stunning 3-D computer graphics and rare film of the last surviving jet aircraft, this is a sinister glimpse into what might have been.

Mon 5th June

Europe's Secret Armies

The story of the mistakes and miscalculations made by both the British and German armies as they fought for control of Crete in 1941.

Mon 5th June

The Sixties

A provocative documentary series exploring the most transformative decade of the modern era in America.

Mon 5th June

Evening

Engineering an Empire

The story of the Aztec empire is one wrapped in myth and legend. In less than 200 years they transformed themselves from a band of wandering nomads to the greatest civilization the New World had ever known. What records remain of this amazing feat indicate they did it through brilliant military campaigns and by ingeniously applying technology to master the harsh environment they faced. They built their capital city where no city should have been possible: in the middle of a lake. They quickly transformed marshes into rich agricultural land surrounding an urban center that rivaled any city in the world at the time. They called it Tenochtitlan. When the Spanish conquistadors arrived there in 1519, and saw its gleaming pyramids, temples and places, grand canals filled with boats, enormous causeways crossing miles of lake from the mainland with aqueducts bringing fresh running water to the massive city, they actually thought they were dreaming.

Mon 5th June

D-Day: The Lost Secret of Omaha Beach

D-Day was the largest amphibious military operation ever mounted and proved to be the turning point of World War II. But what if it had all gone wrong? On one beach it very nearly did and it could have cost the Allies the ultimate price.

Mon 5th June

The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution was one of the greatest transformative moments in history, revolutionising the way humans worked, how they ordered their societies and how they thought about their lives all over the world. But was it really a happy coincidence that a handful of geniuses unleashed the fruits of their inventiveness on a grateful nation at roughly the same time? And if so why did it happen in Britain as opposed to France or Germany or even the United States? Told with an international perspective, Professor Jeremy Black explores how a unique international position allowed 19th century Britain to become the richest, most powerful nation on earth and to set in motion the changes that soon swept over the planet.

Mon 5th June

D-Day Lost Films

This special event features the most critical military operation of World War II. This program presents this iconic battle using newly discovered colour footage, much of which has never been seen. For the first time, viewers can see the largest amphibious assault in history - 5000 Allied ships landing over 160,000 soldiers across a 50 mile stretch of Normandy beaches. This film is presented through the personal accounts of soldiers on both sides, focusing on three specific units: the American 1st Division at Omaha Beach, the American 507th Paratroopers, and the German 352nd Division. This program will tell the story in the first person, in the words of those who lived it, with actor voices reading from soldier diaries, oral histories, and immediate post-combat interviews - from famous leaders like Eisenhower, Rommel, Omar Bradley, and Adolph Hitler, to the unknown boots-on-the-ground soldiers, both American and German, who fought and died in one of history's bloodiest battles.

Mon 5th June

Clash of Warriors

The German offensive in 1918 on the Western Front was the country's last great gamble in WWI. The crucial opening phase would hit the British Expeditionary Force and pit Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig against General Erich Ludendorff. The success or failure of the offensive would prove to be as much about the character and experience of the commanders as it was about their strategies.

Tue 6th June

Morning

Battlefield

Before Alamein we never had a victory. After Alamein we never had a defeat. Winston Churchill's words illustrate clearly why the two battles fought near the Egyptian coastal town in the western desert during 1942 were a turning point of World War Two. Up until July 1942, the situation in the desert for the Allies was dire, with the British Army in full retreat and vital bases at Alexandria and Cairo threatened by the lightening advances made by Rommel's hitherto all-conquering armoured divisions. The position changed when, in a battle that lasted nearly a month, the British under General Sir Claude Auchinleck not only held off the German and Italian forces, but gained the strategic advantage of shorter supply lines that enabled them to reinforce their position faster than the Germans. For the AfrikaKorps, it was the first taste of what was to come, for the Allies it was proof positive that the enemy was no superman and could be beaten. In October, their men rested and well trained, the Allies struck. A diversionary attack to the south was intended to draw Axis forces into the area leaving the way clear for the real attack in the north, but the assault became bogged down in minefields. Montgomery, the Allied commander, changed tactics by constantly switching the point of attack. The end came in early November, when the Australian division finally broke through and a major push to the south forced the Germans to fight what became an enormous tank battle. By November 3, Rommel had only 30 tanks left with which to fight and a withdrawal began, pursued by the British, who were badly hampered by heavy rain and a shortage of fuel.

Tue 6th June

Scorched Earth

In 1944, Hitler ordered the full-scale production of, what he called the Miracle Weapons. A new breed of aircraft designed to change Germany's declining military fortunes. As a result, the first Jet Fighters were unleashed on the world. The potentially devastating ME262 and Arado 234 were underdeveloped and their moderate successes could not prevent the desperate situation which resulted in the introduction of the dangerous ME163 Kommet and the disastrous Heinkel HE162 the Peoples Defender, more dangerous to its pilot than the enemy. Featuring rare archive footage, stunning 3-D computer graphics and rare film of the last surviving jet aircraft, this is a sinister glimpse into what might have been.

Tue 6th June

The Sixties

A provocative documentary series exploring the most transformative decade of the modern era in America.

Tue 6th June

National Trust: National Treasures

Treasures of the Trust is a celebration of some of the finest National Trust properties from across Britain and Northern Ireland. Each program brings to life an individual property, featuring the stories of the people who built it, who added to it, and who collected the treasures within. With beautiful photography and lavish attention to detail, the series also re-tells stories of historic intrigue and hauntings.

Tue 6th June

The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution was one of the greatest transformative moments in history, revolutionising the way humans worked, how they ordered their societies and how they thought about their lives all over the world. But was it really a happy coincidence that a handful of geniuses unleashed the fruits of their inventiveness on a grateful nation at roughly the same time? And if so why did it happen in Britain as opposed to France or Germany or even the United States? Told with an international perspective, Professor Jeremy Black explores how a unique international position allowed 19th century Britain to become the richest, most powerful nation on earth and to set in motion the changes that soon swept over the planet.

Tue 6th June

D-Day Lost Films

This special event features the most critical military operation of World War II. This program presents this iconic battle using newly discovered colour footage, much of which has never been seen. For the first time, viewers can see the largest amphibious assault in history - 5000 Allied ships landing over 160,000 soldiers across a 50 mile stretch of Normandy beaches. This film is presented through the personal accounts of soldiers on both sides, focusing on three specific units: the American 1st Division at Omaha Beach, the American 507th Paratroopers, and the German 352nd Division. This program will tell the story in the first person, in the words of those who lived it, with actor voices reading from soldier diaries, oral histories, and immediate post-combat interviews - from famous leaders like Eisenhower, Rommel, Omar Bradley, and Adolph Hitler, to the unknown boots-on-the-ground soldiers, both American and German, who fought and died in one of history's bloodiest battles.

Tue 6th June

Clash of Warriors

The German offensive in 1918 on the Western Front was the country's last great gamble in WWI. The crucial opening phase would hit the British Expeditionary Force and pit Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig against General Erich Ludendorff. The success or failure of the offensive would prove to be as much about the character and experience of the commanders as it was about their strategies.

Tue 6th June

Time Team

Lambeth Palace, London Robert Marshall 29 January 1995 recorded between 8 and 10 July 1994. This episode the team try to determine whether the Roman road into London crossed the Thames at Lambeth or Tower Bridge, and if Lambeth or the City was the site of the first Roman settlement.

Tue 6th June

The Sixties

A provocative documentary series exploring the most transformative decade of the modern era in America.

Tue 6th June

Engineering an Empire

The story of the Aztec empire is one wrapped in myth and legend. In less than 200 years they transformed themselves from a band of wandering nomads to the greatest civilization the New World had ever known. What records remain of this amazing feat indicate they did it through brilliant military campaigns and by ingeniously applying technology to master the harsh environment they faced. They built their capital city where no city should have been possible: in the middle of a lake. They quickly transformed marshes into rich agricultural land surrounding an urban center that rivaled any city in the world at the time. They called it Tenochtitlan. When the Spanish conquistadors arrived there in 1519, and saw its gleaming pyramids, temples and places, grand canals filled with boats, enormous causeways crossing miles of lake from the mainland with aqueducts bringing fresh running water to the massive city, they actually thought they were dreaming.

Tue 6th June

D-Day Lost Films

This special event features the most critical military operation of World War II. This program presents this iconic battle using newly discovered colour footage, much of which has never been seen. For the first time, viewers can see the largest amphibious assault in history - 5000 Allied ships landing over 160,000 soldiers across a 50 mile stretch of Normandy beaches. This film is presented through the personal accounts of soldiers on both sides, focusing on three specific units: the American 1st Division at Omaha Beach, the American 507th Paratroopers, and the German 352nd Division. This program will tell the story in the first person, in the words of those who lived it, with actor voices reading from soldier diaries, oral histories, and immediate post-combat interviews - from famous leaders like Eisenhower, Rommel, Omar Bradley, and Adolph Hitler, to the unknown boots-on-the-ground soldiers, both American and German, who fought and died in one of history's bloodiest battles.

Tue 6th June

Noon

Battlefield

During 1944, the Allies launched one of the largest amphibious assaults of the war at Anzio. Codenamed Operation Shingle, it has come to be regarded as one of the great lost opportunities of the entire conflict. Thereafter, the Allies tried desperately to break through the German winter defensive line that blocked the advance to Rome. At the centre of the line was the heavily fortified town of Cassino, which was dominated by a sixth century Benedictine monastery. This imposing hilltop site became the subject of bitter controversy and a symbol of some of the most savage fighting of World War Two. There were major disagreements between the Allies over strategy and tactics. In the first two months of 1944, attacks by the British Corps, US Corps and the French Corps were all repulsed with terrible losses, and the decision was taken to bomb the monastery itself, the cause of much argument on both sides. The Indian Division and New Zealand Division made some headway on Monastery Hill but it took a ferocious artillery bombardment which flattened the town to clear the way for the capture of the railway station. The final battle began on May 11, when after yet another enormous artillery bombardment by 2000 Allied guns, the Polish 2nd Corps made their famous attack on Monastery Hill as British, French and US troops attacked positions to the west and south. By May 18, both town and monastery were in Allied hands, but at the most appalling cost of human lives.

Tue 6th June

Scorched Earth

B y 1942 the tide of war had finally started to swing in the favour of the Allied forces. As the industrial might and great cities of Germany suffered as never before, Hitler promised revenge. Soon vengeance weapons were developed and deployed, a turning point in the technological history of warfare. The V1, otherwise known as the Doodle Bug would cause havoc in the streets of Britain's capital. However, as the Allied forces closed in on the Third Reich, in a desperate attempt to stop the onslaught the V2 was launched for the first time. In the dying days of the Third Reich, who would have believed that such a weapon could have been produced? A weapon, if given more time, that could have completely altered the outcome of the war. Featuring rare archive footage, stunning 3-D computer graphics and rare film of the last surviving rockets, this is a privileged glimpse into the world of Hitler's arsenal.

Tue 6th June

Europe's Secret Armies

An exploration of the stories behind the resistance groups that formed to fight the Third Reich during WWII. These took many practical forms. Guerrilla forces of all sizes fought military actions against Axis troops; clandestine civilian organisations performed acts of sabotage or espionage; religious groups led acts of civil disruption and protest and underground presses spread prohibited ideas and information. Who were the men and women who made up the resistance movements?

Tue 6th June

The Sixties

A provocative documentary series exploring the most transformative decade of the modern era in America.

Tue 6th June

Evening

Ancient Discoveries

Some of the strangest and deadliest weapons ever built were prototypes of the modern gun. This program finds out whether a simple bamboo tube could have been the world's first gun. Hidden in an ancient manuscript lays a secret recipe for ancient tracer fire, but does it really work? How far and how high could the mega-mortar Roaring Meg have fired its shots to take out a Royalist stronghold? Can a team of experts discover the truth behind the bizarre battlefield phenomena of wind of the cannonball when men were seen to drop dead without apparently having been touched by a shot? And did a nine-barrelled medieval volley gun mark the birth of the modern machine gun?

Tue 6th June

Great Continental Railway Journeys

Michael Portillo embarks on a nostalgic railway adventure, which takes him across the heart of Europe.

Tue 6th June

Top Tens of Warfare

This is the story of warfare in the modern age. From the legendary Spitfire to the stealth bombers of the second Iraq conflict, see stories from the conflicts of the 20th- and 21st-century, ranked by the impact they have had.

Tue 6th June

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

After 9/11 SAS joins the American-led Coalition invading Afghanistan in search of Osama bin Laden, aiming to destroy his terrorist support base. In the Taliban the SAS faces its toughest enemy ever in the shooting war in Afghanistan.

Tue 6th June

America's Secret D-Day Disaster

Six weeks before D-day, nearly 700 Americans were lost in one night, in friendly waters within sight of the English coast, during a top secret rehearsal for D-day.

Tue 6th June

The War

November 1943 - February 1944: The Marines take the tiny Pacific atoll of Tarawa, but at a terrible cost. Back home, Japanese-Americans are permitted to form a special segregated infantry unit, and begin to train for combat. As the war economy booms, ugly racial violence erupts in cities across the country. Overseas, in the mountains south of Rome, the allies try to fight their way around the edges of Monte Cassino, but are stopped cold. The War, a series directed and produced by Ken Burns and Lynn Novick, tells the story of the Second World War through the personal accounts of a handful of men and women from four quintessentially American towns. The series explores the most intimate human dimensions of the greatest cataclysm in history, a worldwide catastrophe that touched the lives of every family on every street in every town in America and demonstrates that in extraordinary times, there are no ordinary lives. Throughout the series, the indelible experience of combat is brought vividly to life as veterans describe what it was like to fight and kill and see men die at places like Monte Cassino and Anzio and Omaha Beach; the Hurtgen Forest and the Vosges Mountains and the Ardennes; and on the other side of the world at Guadalcanal and Tarawa and Saipan; Peleliu and the Philippine Sea and Okinawa. In all of the battle scenes, dramatic historical footage and photographs are combined with extraordinarily realistic sound effects to give the film a terrifying, visceral immediacy. The film honours the bravery, endurance, and sacrifice of the generation of Americans who lived through what will always be known simply as the War.

Wed 7th June

Morning

Battlefield

During 1944, the Allies launched one of the largest amphibious assaults of the war at Anzio. Codenamed Operation Shingle, it has come to be regarded as one of the great lost opportunities of the entire conflict. Thereafter, the Allies tried desperately to break through the German winter defensive line that blocked the advance to Rome. At the centre of the line was the heavily fortified town of Cassino, which was dominated by a sixth century Benedictine monastery. This imposing hilltop site became the subject of bitter controversy and a symbol of some of the most savage fighting of World War Two. There were major disagreements between the Allies over strategy and tactics. In the first two months of 1944, attacks by the British Corps, US Corps and the French Corps were all repulsed with terrible losses, and the decision was taken to bomb the monastery itself, the cause of much argument on both sides. The Indian Division and New Zealand Division made some headway on Monastery Hill but it took a ferocious artillery bombardment which flattened the town to clear the way for the capture of the railway station. The final battle began on May 11, when after yet another enormous artillery bombardment by 2000 Allied guns, the Polish 2nd Corps made their famous attack on Monastery Hill as British, French and US troops attacked positions to the west and south. By May 18, both town and monastery were in Allied hands, but at the most appalling cost of human lives.

Wed 7th June

Scorched Earth

B y 1942 the tide of war had finally started to swing in the favour of the Allied forces. As the industrial might and great cities of Germany suffered as never before, Hitler promised revenge. Soon vengeance weapons were developed and deployed, a turning point in the technological history of warfare. The V1, otherwise known as the Doodle Bug would cause havoc in the streets of Britain's capital. However, as the Allied forces closed in on the Third Reich, in a desperate attempt to stop the onslaught the V2 was launched for the first time. In the dying days of the Third Reich, who would have believed that such a weapon could have been produced? A weapon, if given more time, that could have completely altered the outcome of the war. Featuring rare archive footage, stunning 3-D computer graphics and rare film of the last surviving rockets, this is a privileged glimpse into the world of Hitler's arsenal.

Wed 7th June

Grand Tours of the Scottish Islands

Paul Murton sets out to experience island life today. He uncovers the past and reveals its connections with the present.

Wed 7th June

Alan Jones' Great Australians

This is not a talk show and certainly not a chat show. Witness Alan Jones in deeply researched conversations with his guests from all areas of public life - business, politics, the media, entertainment, sport and the arts. Interested in discovering how history has influenced the choices, conduct, achievements and failures of his guests, Alan will discover new insights into - and new facts about - Great Australian and prominent international figures who have themselves played - or are still playing - a role in the history of our times.

Wed 7th June

Top Tens of Warfare

This is the story of warfare in the modern age. From the legendary Spitfire to the stealth bombers of the second Iraq conflict, see stories from the conflicts of the 20th- and 21st-century, ranked by the impact they have had.

Wed 7th June

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

After 9/11 SAS joins the American-led Coalition invading Afghanistan in search of Osama bin Laden, aiming to destroy his terrorist support base. In the Taliban the SAS faces its toughest enemy ever in the shooting war in Afghanistan.

Wed 7th June

America's Secret D-Day Disaster

Six weeks before D-day, nearly 700 Americans were lost in one night, in friendly waters within sight of the English coast, during a top secret rehearsal for D-day.

Wed 7th June

The War

November 1943 - February 1944: The Marines take the tiny Pacific atoll of Tarawa, but at a terrible cost. Back home, Japanese-Americans are permitted to form a special segregated infantry unit, and begin to train for combat. As the war economy booms, ugly racial violence erupts in cities across the country. Overseas, in the mountains south of Rome, the allies try to fight their way around the edges of Monte Cassino, but are stopped cold. The War, a series directed and produced by Ken Burns and Lynn Novick, tells the story of the Second World War through the personal accounts of a handful of men and women from four quintessentially American towns. The series explores the most intimate human dimensions of the greatest cataclysm in history, a worldwide catastrophe that touched the lives of every family on every street in every town in America and demonstrates that in extraordinary times, there are no ordinary lives. Throughout the series, the indelible experience of combat is brought vividly to life as veterans describe what it was like to fight and kill and see men die at places like Monte Cassino and Anzio and Omaha Beach; the Hurtgen Forest and the Vosges Mountains and the Ardennes; and on the other side of the world at Guadalcanal and Tarawa and Saipan; Peleliu and the Philippine Sea and Okinawa. In all of the battle scenes, dramatic historical footage and photographs are combined with extraordinarily realistic sound effects to give the film a terrifying, visceral immediacy. The film honours the bravery, endurance, and sacrifice of the generation of Americans who lived through what will always be known simply as the War.

Wed 7th June

Time Team

Hylton Castle, Sunderland Graham Dixon 5 February 1995 recorded between 10 and 12 June 1994. This episode focuses on Hylton Castle, now in the middle of a Sunderland housing estate, and how extensive the castle originally was.

Wed 7th June

The Sixties

A provocative documentary series exploring the most transformative decade of the modern era in America.

Wed 7th June

Ancient Discoveries

Some of the strangest and deadliest weapons ever built were prototypes of the modern gun. This program finds out whether a simple bamboo tube could have been the world's first gun. Hidden in an ancient manuscript lays a secret recipe for ancient tracer fire, but does it really work? How far and how high could the mega-mortar Roaring Meg have fired its shots to take out a Royalist stronghold? Can a team of experts discover the truth behind the bizarre battlefield phenomena of wind of the cannonball when men were seen to drop dead without apparently having been touched by a shot? And did a nine-barrelled medieval volley gun mark the birth of the modern machine gun?

Wed 7th June

Top Tens of Warfare

This is the story of warfare in the modern age. From the legendary Spitfire to the stealth bombers of the second Iraq conflict, see stories from the conflicts of the 20th- and 21st-century, ranked by the impact they have had.

Wed 7th June

Noon

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

After 9/11 SAS joins the American-led Coalition invading Afghanistan in search of Osama bin Laden, aiming to destroy his terrorist support base. In the Taliban the SAS faces its toughest enemy ever in the shooting war in Afghanistan.

Wed 7th June

Battlefield

I am the greatest fortress builder of all time. I built the West Wall, I built the Atlantic Wall Hitler's boastful words give some idea of the importance of the West Wall. This is the story of the construction and defence of Hitler's three mile deep web of fortifications, pillboxes, troop shelters and anti-tank obstacles that ran along Germany's western frontier opposite the French Maginot Line. Also known as the Siegried Line, the construction of the West Wall was still unfinished at the start of World War Two. But as the war progressed and the tide turned against the Reich, it became clear that breaching the West Wall would present the Allies with a huge problem as they pushed for final victory. The defences were not truly tested until after the Allied invasion of Northwest Europe in 1944 had cleared the way for liberation of Paris. Despite the successful advance, the Allied supply lines were seriously overstretched running back as far as the Normandy beaches. Eisenhower's decision to drive on was therefore a calculated risk that provoked many arguments within Allied ranks, particularly with Montgomery to the north and Bradley in the south. As the Allies fought their way ever nearer, Hitler, eschewing the alternative of a tactical withdrawal to the Rhine ordered his exhausted troops to stand and fight in defence of the Wall. Gathering their 63 depleted divisions together for a last stand in compliance with the Fuhrer's orders, the German Field Commanders were unaware that Hitler was planning a counter-attack that would culminate in the Battle of the Bulge. It was to no avail. Within months the Wall had been breached and the way to Berlin was open.

Wed 7th June

Scorched Earth

In the late 1800s the father of submarines, Mr John Holland hit upon the idea of powering a submarine with an internal combustion engine and an electric motor. For over a hundred years, since the first semi-successful attempts during the American Civil War, submarine warfare had been fraught with difficulties and failure. In 1901 the Holland I was launched as the first Royal Navy Submarine and submarines have been an integral part of the Navy ever since. The Second World War showed the first widespread use of these under water vessels and their major advantages. Today nuclear submarines roam the waters all over the world for exploration and to keep the peace. Featuring rare archive footage, stunning 3-D computer graphics and rare film of the last surviving submarines, this is a privileged glimpse into the world of submarine warfare.

Wed 7th June

Weapons at War

From man's earliest battles to the combat visions of the future, these documentaries richly illustrate the history of weaponry throughout the ages - and what weapons will be in the future.

Wed 7th June

The Sixties

A provocative documentary series exploring the most transformative decade of the modern era in America.

Wed 7th June

Evening

Operation Crossbow

The heroic tales of World War Two are legendary, but Operation Crossbow is a little known story that deserves to join the hall of fame. While Hitler was pumping a fortune into his new-fangled V weapons, RAF Medmenham had a secret weapon of its own: a simple stereoscope which brought to life every contour of the enemy landscape in perfect 3D. This film brings together the heroic Spitfire pilots who took the photographs and the brilliant minds of Medmenham who made sense of the jigsaw of clues hidden within them. Together with extraordinary personal testimonies, the film uses modern computer graphics to show just how the photo interpreters were able to thwart the Nazis' weapons of mass destruction before they could obliterate Britain.

Wed 7th June

The Cars That Made Us

From the sleek Aston Martin to the irrepressible Porsche 911, we enjoy cars of all shapes and sizes. Join us as we relive the stories of the thousands of iconic motors that have hit the international tarmac over the years.

Wed 7th June

Ancient Discoveries

Explore ancient inventions and engineering that were previously believed to have been created only in modern times. Experts and archaeological digs continue to reveal new evidence into these inventions, which will be reconstructed.

Wed 7th June

Air Warriors

These are America's undisputed kings of the sky, witness their turbulent journeys, brought to life through rarely seen combat footage and the stories of the dedicated pilots and teams who fly and maintain these ultimate air warriors.

Wed 7th June

Ancient Black Ops

The specialist hit squads that wreaked havoc against the Roman invaders in Jerusalem. This deadly band of stealthy assassins would eventually be cornered in the mighty hilltop fortress of Masada. What happened next has horrified and fascinated the world ever since.

Wed 7th June

Churchill & The Fascist Plot

In May 1940, Britain was in great peril. New prime minister Winston Churchill was facing a Nazi invasion and the threat of Britain's own fascist sympathisers, the "fifth column." Within days, MI5 swooped on addresses in London. The targets were members of The Right Club, a pro-Nazi group led by an aristocrat in Churchill's own party, Archibald Ramsay. On stumbling across documents that could discredit Churchill and prevent America from entering the war, The Right Club thought they'd hit the jackpot. They didn't realise it was a trap set by the genius spymaster Maxwell Knight. This film brilliantly highlights a decisive but little-known episode in British history.

Thu 8th June

Morning

Battlefield

I am the greatest fortress builder of all time. I built the West Wall, I built the Atlantic Wall Hitler's boastful words give some idea of the importance of the West Wall. This is the story of the construction and defence of Hitler's three mile deep web of fortifications, pillboxes, troop shelters and anti-tank obstacles that ran along Germany's western frontier opposite the French Maginot Line. Also known as the Siegried Line, the construction of the West Wall was still unfinished at the start of World War Two. But as the war progressed and the tide turned against the Reich, it became clear that breaching the West Wall would present the Allies with a huge problem as they pushed for final victory. The defences were not truly tested until after the Allied invasion of Northwest Europe in 1944 had cleared the way for liberation of Paris. Despite the successful advance, the Allied supply lines were seriously overstretched running back as far as the Normandy beaches. Eisenhower's decision to drive on was therefore a calculated risk that provoked many arguments within Allied ranks, particularly with Montgomery to the north and Bradley in the south. As the Allies fought their way ever nearer, Hitler, eschewing the alternative of a tactical withdrawal to the Rhine ordered his exhausted troops to stand and fight in defence of the Wall. Gathering their 63 depleted divisions together for a last stand in compliance with the Fuhrer's orders, the German Field Commanders were unaware that Hitler was planning a counter-attack that would culminate in the Battle of the Bulge. It was to no avail. Within months the Wall had been breached and the way to Berlin was open.

Thu 8th June

Scorched Earth

In the late 1800s the father of submarines, Mr John Holland hit upon the idea of powering a submarine with an internal combustion engine and an electric motor. For over a hundred years, since the first semi-successful attempts during the American Civil War, submarine warfare had been fraught with difficulties and failure. In 1901 the Holland I was launched as the first Royal Navy Submarine and submarines have been an integral part of the Navy ever since. The Second World War showed the first widespread use of these under water vessels and their major advantages. Today nuclear submarines roam the waters all over the world for exploration and to keep the peace. Featuring rare archive footage, stunning 3-D computer graphics and rare film of the last surviving submarines, this is a privileged glimpse into the world of submarine warfare.

Thu 8th June

The Sixties

A provocative documentary series exploring the most transformative decade of the modern era in America.

Thu 8th June

National Trust: National Treasures

Treasures of the Trust is a celebration of some of the finest National Trust properties from across Britain and Northern Ireland. Each program brings to life an individual property, featuring the stories of the people who built it, who added to it, and who collected the treasures within. With beautiful photography and lavish attention to detail, the series also re-tells stories of historic intrigue and hauntings.

Thu 8th June

Ancient Discoveries

Explore ancient inventions and engineering that were previously believed to have been created only in modern times. Experts and archaeological digs continue to reveal new evidence into these inventions, which will be reconstructed.

Thu 8th June

Air Warriors

These are America's undisputed kings of the sky, witness their turbulent journeys, brought to life through rarely seen combat footage and the stories of the dedicated pilots and teams who fly and maintain these ultimate air warriors.

Thu 8th June

Ancient Black Ops

The specialist hit squads that wreaked havoc against the Roman invaders in Jerusalem. This deadly band of stealthy assassins would eventually be cornered in the mighty hilltop fortress of Masada. What happened next has horrified and fascinated the world ever since.

Thu 8th June

Churchill & The Fascist Plot

In May 1940, Britain was in great peril. New prime minister Winston Churchill was facing a Nazi invasion and the threat of Britain's own fascist sympathisers, the "fifth column." Within days, MI5 swooped on addresses in London. The targets were members of The Right Club, a pro-Nazi group led by an aristocrat in Churchill's own party, Archibald Ramsay. On stumbling across documents that could discredit Churchill and prevent America from entering the war, The Right Club thought they'd hit the jackpot. They didn't realise it was a trap set by the genius spymaster Maxwell Knight. This film brilliantly highlights a decisive but little-known episode in British history.

Thu 8th June

Time Team

Recorded between 17 and 19 March 1995, the team try to discover what a 2000-year-old underground chamber (fogou) was used for.