Churchill resigns

Churchill resigns

Sir Winston Churchill, the British leader who guided Great Britain and the Allies through the crisis of World War II, retires as British prime minister. A daring soldier in the Boer War of 1899 to 1902, Churchill filled a number of government and military posts before being called to lead a war coalition government in 1940. With Britain standing alone against Adolf Hitler, he rallied the British people to a resolute resistance and expertly orchestrated Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin into an alliance that crushed the Axis. After a postwar Labor Party victory in 1945, he became leader of the opposition and in 1951 was again elected prime minister. In 1953, he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II and awarded the Nobel Prize in literature. After his retirement as prime minister, he remained in Parliament until 1964, the year before his death.