Space Month 2019 – 50th Anniversary of the Moon Landing
50th ANNIVERSARY OF THE MOON LANDING
16th of July, 1969 – NASA launched Apollo 11, the first manned mission to the Moon.
20th of July, 1969 – The Apollo 11 lunar module landed on the Moon – the first manned Moon landing.
21th of July, 1969 – American astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin became the first people to walk on the surface of the Moon.
Apollo’s Moon Shot
When President Kennedy challenged NASA to reach for the moon in 1961, it had all of fifteen minutes of space flight experience. By 1969, Neil Armstrong’s famous boot print was in the moons dust. In between are extraordinary tales of politics, engineering, ego, tragedy, and triumph. They are told by key astronauts, historians, Smithsonian experts, and one-of-a kind artefacts. We reveal how the missions started, right through to the test runs of Apollo 1 to 6, what it was like getting to and exploring the moon with Apollo missions 7 to 16 and how Apollo 17 greatly contributed to the understanding of the Moon’s geological history as well as advancing many areas of new technology. This six part series sheds new light on one of the most compelling chapters of the American storybook: Project Apollo.
Tank on the Moon
During the 1960s, the United States and the Soviet Union were engaged in a feverish competition: which of the two Cold War empires would be the first to set foot on the Moon?
We know who won this race, but less about a secret chapter: the Soviets may not have sent a man to the Moon, but they successfully guided two small robots by remote control from the Earth. For sixteen months between 1970 and 1973, these “Lunookhods” traveled more than thirty miles over the Moon’s surface!
“Tank on the Moon” tells the incredible story of these vehicles designed in the utmost secrecy by Soviet laboratories—one of the greatest technological achievements in the history of the USSR. These pioneering robots were back in the news in 1986, when a newer model was sent to clean up the radioactive debris in the rubble of the Chernobyl nuclear reactor. In the 1990s, American scientists were finally able to meet their Russian counterparts, and drew on the Soviets’ research to design and construct their Martian Rovers.
With the declassification of the former USSR space archives, along with recollections by several of the key participants in the Lunokhod program, the true story of the Russian lunar robots, which remained secret for more than two decades, can finally be told!
It’s possible that in the near future the Earth could become uninhabitable due to climate change or overpopulation. In addition, natural resources might become more and more scarce, and humankind could be forced to search for them somewhere else. It would be even possible for an asteroid impact to cause a planetary catastrophe.
As a result, we may need to move to an orbital space colony, much bigger than the present International Space Station, or to another planet like the Moon or Mars, and create a new home in alternate, distant space colonies.
Another option that has long been suggested as possible sites for human colonization, is to settle on the asteroids, the potential first step of space colonization.
The first aim of the colonization of the asteroids would be the mining, in fact, nowadays, there are several private companies developing technology that allows us to mine on the near-Earth asteroids in the near future.
Battle for the Moon: 1957 – 1969, from Sputnik to Apollo
First Part – Mercury: The battle for the conquest of Space between Americans and Soviets starts in the late fifties, while the Cold War is already well settled. Since the USSR multiplies its first successes, Americans responds by creating the NASA and launching the Mercury program. Objective: catch up with the Russians and send a man into Space. From then on, Mercury astronauts become the new heroes of the U.S.A while the public follow their wives ‘adventures in the new.
Second Part – Gemini et Apollo: In 1962, J.F Kennedy declared that an American shall go to the Moon before the end of the decade and the Country is doing its best to make the dream comes true. After the Gemini program, which allowed NASA to catch up with its Soviet rival, USA launches the Apollo program began. The program went through a hard beginning with the drama of Apollo 1 – where three astronauts died during an exercise – but finally led to the triumph of Apollo 11: on July 20, 1969, the American Neil Armstrong was the first man to step on the Moon. The success was celebrated all over the world.
Apollo’s Daring Mission
Apollo astronauts and engineers tell the inside story of Apollo 8, the first manned mission to the moon. The U.S. space program suffered a bitter setback when Apollo 1 ended in a deadly fire during a pre-launch run-through. In disarray, and threatened by the prospect of a Soviet Union victory in the space race, NASA decided upon a radical and risky change of plan: turn Apollo 8 from an earth-orbit mission into a daring sprint to the moon while relying on untried new technologies. Fifty years after the historic mission, the Apollo 8 astronauts and engineers recount the feats of engineering that paved the way to the moon.
Moon Landing: World’s Greatest Hoax?
When Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin took their first steps on the moon in July 1969, the world was suddenly split into two categories – those who believe the Apollo 11 landings, and those who don’t. We’ll investigate both sides of this debate – in fact 52% of the British public still believe the landings were an elaborate hoax designed to trump Russia in the space race!
In this show we’ll search for a definitive answer by recreating the moon landing for ourselves, testing the various competing theories against each other. Featuring interviews with leading experts, conspiracy theorists, archive material and highly detailed reconstructions of the landing, we put this debate to bed once and for all.
The Apollo Experience
Between 1968 and 1972, NASA successfully sent 24 men where no human beings had been before or have been since. Across seven Apollo landing missions 12 men walked upon the surface of the Moon
Using spectacular NASA high-definition archive footage, mission audio and rare astronaut interviews, this is a unique documentary film that comprehensively chronicles one of the greatest moments in mankind’s history; immersing the audience inside the action as it happened on the day, just over 40 years ago.
When We Were Apollo
When We Were Apollo is an intimate and personal look at the Apollo Space Program through the lives and experiences of some of its most inspiring behind-the-scenes figures: engineers, technicians, builders and contractors who spent the better part of a decade working to get us to the moon and back.
The Moon Landing and The Nazis
The fact that Neil Armstrong was the first man to set foot on the moon on July 19, 1969, was also the success of Wernher von Braun and a team of more than 100 NASA technicians and engineers from Germany.
But the success story is shrouded in dark shadows: Many of the Germans had a Nazi past and were part of the development of the infamous V2 rocket. Some 20,000 forced labourers lost their lives during the production under the inhumane working conditions at several Nazi underground weapons factories. In a secret operation to secure German rocket technology, the Americans brought the scientists to the USA in 1945. Only decades later were classified documents released, detailing the involvement of German NASA employees with the Third Reich.
Genius – Space Race – U.S.A Vs U.S.S.R
As soon as World War II ended, another conflict began. But this war wasn’t a battle of bullets: it was a battle of minds. The Americans and Soviets, deadlocked in the Cold War, set their sites on ‘the final frontier’ in the race to space, only one side could get there first.
Is Anybody Out There?
The recent discovery by Kepler satellite of thousands of Earth-like planets were life could be possible, has given a big boost to the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence –SETI-. In 2011, for the first time ever, Kepler provided us with a census of the Milky Way. We can calculate now how many stars in the Milky Way could have a planet like ours: around a billion.
There were several unexplained and intriguing signals detected in SETI experiments. But no SETI Search has yet received a confirmed extraterrestrial signal. On the other hand, several messages have been sent into space in the hope that they will be picked up by an alien intelligence. METI -Messaging Extraterrestrial Intelligence- is the attempt to send messages that can be understood by an extraterrestrial civilization.
Will anyone receive these messages? Will we have an answer? But, above all, what will those who receive this message be like?
The absolute ignorance about the possible aims of an extraterrestrial intelligence is what has led some scientists to voice their misgivings about announcing our existence to extraterrestrials. In 2011, Stephen Hawkins said that, if we ever find an extraterrestrial civilization, it will be more advanced than ours and could represent a danger to our existence. Anyway, what is clear is that, since the moment that we find evidence, our conception of the world, the life, and our own consciousness, would be profoundly transformed.
The Sky Is Not The Limit: The Chris Hadfield Story
In “The Sky is Not the Limit”, we will learn about what it takes to be an astronaut, going behind the scenes to understand the training, skills and preparation essential to Command the International Space Station. We’ll get an incredible view of planet Earth through the eyes of someone who had the unique perspective of having orbited our world 370 km above its surface, at a speed of 28,000km per hour.
Moon Landing: The Lost Tapes
When Neil Armstrong’s boot touched lunar soil on July 20, 1969, it was our momentous, first foray into the universe around us. But the real truth of how we got to the moon, the inelegant, messy and often harrowing reality of regular people actually doing the thing that was thought to be impossible…the fits and starts and mistakes and explosions… that story hasn’t been told. For the 50th anniversary of man’s most audacious technological achievement, Moon Landing: The Lost Tapes will mine previously unexplored primary source material: audio interviews with astronauts and engineers locked away in NASA’s vaults, camera reels featuring lunar footage thought to be lost for a generation, home movies that have gathered dust for decades. Working with producer Nicole Rittenmeyer (102 MINUTES THAT CHANGED AMERICA), we’ll weave a fully immersive narrative from this material, exclusively, to create a taut, seamless, tick-tock style countdown. By forgoing sit-down interviews and relying instead on footage you’ve never seen to tell surprising stories you’ve never heard before, we’ll take viewers inside man’s voyage to the moon.
Apollo 17: The Untold Story Of The Last Men On The Moon
On the 25th May 1961, President John F. Kennedy of the United States of America committed the resources of his nation and launched PROJECT APOLLO – the greatest technological undertaking in history of mankind.
But in 1972, only two years after Neil Armstrong first walked on the moon, public and political interest in Apollo had dwindled. NASA was forced to cancel their last three missions, making Apollo 17 man’s final mission to the moon.
Astronauts Eugene Cernan, Harrison Schmitt and Ronald Evans were the three brave men chosen to fly NASA’s final mission. They have been written up in history books and acknowledged by the space and scientific communities, but have never received the public recognition they truly deserved.
The World knows how the Apollo program began, but very few truly understand how it ended. Yet Apollo 17’s voyage to the moon was the crowning glory of man’s lunar exploration.
Featuring spectacular NASA footage and exclusive interviews with space scientists who worked on the Apollo programme during the 60’s and 70’s.This is the remarkable story of the determination and courage of a generation. A tribute to three brave astronauts and the thousands of men and women behind them during the final days of NASA’s Apollo program.
Beyond A Year In Space
The journey into Deep Space will be one of humanity’s greatest scientific achievements and it will only be accomplished through a series of bold steps. Scott Kelly’s Year in Space was one of those. Now a new generation of astronauts is training to take the next ones. Jessica Meir and Victor Glover are in line to be among the few human beings to venture out of Earth orbit – this time beyond the moon, into deep space and possibly to Mars.
The V2 Nazi Rocket
When the first V2 strikes, stories from three countries collide. In England, Reginald Victor Jones is an analyst at MI6 tracking top secret reports to outsmart the Nazi Rocket. In Germany, Wernher von Braun is a scientist whose dreams of stardust have now caused destruction. And in America, James Hamill is a young soldier sent to snag the German scientists and bring them back as a part of Operation Paperclip. An explosive story of the technology that will contribute to even landing man on the moon.
The Last Man On The Moon
Astronaut Eugene Cernan discusses his two missions to the moon, and what he loved and lost in the process.