February 05

This Day in History

1917

Mexican constitution proclaimed

After seven years of revolution and civil upheaval, Mexican President Venustiano Carranza proclaims the modern Mexican constitution, which promises the restoration of lands to native peoples, the … (more...)

1885

King Leopold II of Belgium takes the Congo

On this day in 1885, King Leopold II of Belgium established the Congo as a personal possession. Until the 1870s, few Europeans had ventured into the Congo. Mosquito-infested swamps and rainforests … (more...)

1852

Hermitage Museum Opens

On this day in 1852, the doors of the Imperial Hermitage Museum in St Petersburg were opened to the public for the first time. It gave access to a wealth of treasures that had been accrued by the … (more...)