July 01

This Day in History


World’s Highest Rail Line Inaugurated

It was the railway they said couldn't be built: A 1,200-mile (1,900-kilometre) line crossing some of the most inhospitable terrain on Earth, traversing great mountain ranges, at temperatures that … (more...)


Hong Kong returned to China

Hong Kong reverts back to Chinese rule in a midnight ceremony attended by a host of British and Chinese dignitaries. Few on the island city protested the turnover. Britain gained control of Hong Kong … (more...)


Battle of the Somme Begins

At 7:30 a.m., the British launch a massive offensive against German forces in the Somme River region of France. During the preceding week, 250,000 Allied shells had pounded German positions near … (more...)