Bay of Pigs Invasion

Bay of Pigs Invasion

An army of 1,400 anti-Castro Cuban exiles who have been secretly recruited, trained, and funded by the United States invade their homeland at Bahía de Cochinos–the “Bay of Pigs.” U.S. President John F. Kennedy, disturbed by Fidel Castro’s two-year-old communist regime in Cuba, approved the invasion but at the last minute refused to order air support when it became apparent that the operation was doomed to failure. Within three days, the invasion force, abandoned by Kennedy and the American military, was forced to surrender to the communists. About 100 Cuban exiles were killed in the fighting. The disastrous operation was a great humiliation for the Kennedy administration and significantly increased Cold War tensions. Castro did not return the surviving Cuban exiles until the United States sent millions of dollars in humanitarian aid to Cuba.