Independence for India and Pakistan

Independence for India and Pakistan

On August 15, 1947, the former Mogul Empire is divided into the independent nations of India and Pakistan. Mohandas Gandhi struggled through decades of peaceful resistance before Britain finally accepted Indian independence. Self-rule had been promised during World War II, but after the war triangular negotiations between Gandhi, the British, and the Muslim League stalled over whether to partition India along religious lines. Eventually, Lord Mountbatten, the British viceroy of India, forced through the compromise plan. Gandhi called the agreement the “noblest act of the British nation,” but religious strife between Hindus and Muslims soon marred his exhilaration. Hundreds of thousands, including Gandhi, were killed before the fighting ended in 1949.