Marines Land on Guadalcanal

Marines Land on Guadalcanal

On August 7, 1942, 11,000 U.S. troops land on Guadalcanal, one of the Solomon Islands located east of New Guinea, and successfully take over the airfield. On the 2,510-square-mile island, Japan was building an air base so that it could eventually isolate the Australian continent. Despite the successful landing on the island, the Americans failed to achieve superiority at sea, and Japanese forces later re-infiltrated Guadalcanal and waged a bloody jungle battle that left thousands dead. The Japanese finally withdrew in February 1943.