TV Guide

Thu 17th August

Morning

Unsealed: Alien Files

UFO sightings happen almost every day. But in the court of public opinion the most credible witnesses come from law enforcement. Join us as we investigate the most important police sightings of UFOs.

Thu 17th August

Russia's War: Blood Upon the Snow

Brings to life the story of the people of the Soviet Union during World War II who struggle to survive the tyrannical reign of Joseph Stalin. A compelling story of dictatorship, bloody battles, and endless courage as the Soviet people combat not only Hitler and the Germany Army, but their own leader as well. Hosted by former US Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, this 10-hour program features never-before-seen Russian images, once-secret documents, and leading Russian historians to explore Russia from 1924 through 1953.

Thu 17th August

Dead Men's Secrets

On May 10, 1941, a lone Messerschmitt fighter-bomber flew over Scotland. When the pilot parachuted out, his captors were astonished to discover that he was no ordinary German, but Rudolph Hess, the Deputy Fuehrer of Nazi Germany. He had come to visit members of the Royal Family on a secret peace mission that he hoped would end the war. Instead, he spent the rest of his life in Spandau prison, where he died at age 92. However, theories have surfaced suggesting that it was not Hess who died in prison.

Thu 17th August

World at War

Britain stands alone with France now fallen and Russia still in alliance with Germany.

Thu 17th August

Weapons at War

From man's earliest battles to the combat visions of the future, these documentaries richly illustrate the history of weaponry throughout the ages - and what weapons will be in the future.

Thu 17th August

The 101 Who Made The Twentieth Century

The history of mankind is a never-ending story of change, revolution, evolution - but surely no span of a hundred years can claim to have changed the world so dramatically, so rapidly and so irreversibly as the 20thcentury: a century where the empires of the past crumbled to make way for new superpowers and a new age; built on science, exploration, and a desire to express new creative possibilities. A century where the world was drawn into one war after another, but where radio, film, television, cars, planes and finally computers drew us closer together than at any other point in history. It was a century of unprecedented change: change that was born out of the actions of individuals - what they created, what they discovered, what they destroyed. Who were the 101 people who drove the changes in every aspect of life that made the 20th century and set up the 21st? A decade and a half since the close of the century we can take a considered look at the people most responsible for the events that changed their world and made ours. In this series we count down - from 101 to number one - the names of those who, in the judgement of experts, including those who contribute to the series, most influentially shaped the century and our world. From a painter who changed the face of modern art to the most recognised figure of WWII, this episode spans the century, highlighting people of such profound influence that they can reasonably be termed 'iconic'. Whether they're reshaping a nation or reinventing the tools that will forever change the way we live, no one could argue that the top 20 are all people who made the twentieth century.

Thu 17th August

CIA: Secret Wars

In the first episode, we find out how the CIA was founded, how it recruited its first agents (former Nazis), and how it became a genuine force for political destabilisation in the service of American economic interests. After its first operation in Iran in 1953, codenamed 'Ajax', in which the CIA installed the Shah in power, subsequent operations took place in Guatemala, the Congo, and Cuba. After the assassination of John F Kennedy in Dallas, there were strong suspicions that the CIA was involved, but deft manoeuvring by its former director, Allan Dulles, meant the investigation was stymied. Later, during the Vietnam War, the CIA organised a full-blown purge of intellectuals who supported the communist region, but it was the Watergate scandal that brought an end to the 'golden age' during which the agency wielded vast, unchecked powers.

Thu 17th August

How the World Ends

The Cold War might be long gone, but the nuclear threat has re-emerged. North Korea, terrorism and a newly belligerent Russia are all new and unpredictable players on the international nuclear stage. As tensions with the West reach new heights, we reveal the chequered history of the atomic accidents and missteps, and reality behind the fog of nuclear war. Discover the moment-by-moment damage a single nuke can wreak. Meet nuclear preparedness enthusiasts as they dig their bunkers and stockpile supplies. They'll explain how they expect to survive what they see as the next global apocalypse: an all-out thermonuclear conflict and the collapse and chaos that will follow in its wake.

Thu 17th August

Monsters & Mysteries

In Columbus, Indiana, a swampy beast's terrifying attacks lead to the largest monster hunt in US history. Bizarre gel-like rain sickens residents in one town; could the military be to blame? Hungry Devil Dogs guard a cursed Wisconsin island.

Thu 17th August

Unsealed: Alien Files

In 1947, a series of UFO sightings triggers an unprecedented analysis that propels the UFO phenomenon on to the world stage. Join us as we investigate how the US Air Force comes to the stunning conclusion that UFOs may not be from Earth, but from another world.

Thu 17th August

Unsealed: Alien Files

UFO sightings happen almost every day. But in the court of public opinion the most credible witnesses come from law enforcement. Join us as we investigate the most important police sightings of UFOs.

Thu 17th August

Time Team

In September 1999, local farmer Douglas Paterson, of Tankerness in Orkney, rediscovered a remarkable underground structure which had remained half forgotten and almost consigned to the annals of local folklore since its original discovery over 50 years ago. Time Team geophysicist John Gater gave viewers a taster of this enigmatic structure in the 1999 Time Team Christmas Special, and this summer Time Team filmed the excavation of the Mine Howe site for a special documentary shown at Christmas 2000.

Thu 17th August

Inside Secret Societies

Hitler and the key officers of the Nazi High Command were all members of three main secret societies which had a strong belief in the occult; the Vril Society, the Thule society and the Ahnenerbe. The Vril Society was based on a novel written in 1871 by Edward Bulwer-Lytton called The Power of the Coming Race, which talks of a superior subterranean master race and the energy-form called Vril which powers UFO's from hidden bases beneath the arctic ice. It sounds crazy but Hitler, Himmler and other leading Nazis took it very seriously. The Thule Society was named after a mythical northern country from Greek legend which was the origins of the Aryan Race, also thought to have been the mythical Atlantis. It had about 2000 members, insisting on intense loyalty and secrecy, as well pure white blood, untainted by any other race, or colour. This belief in the Aryan race and its connection to Atlantis led to the foundation of the Ahnenerbe by Heinrich Himmler to research the archaeological and racial heritage of the Aryan race. It conducted experiments and launched expeditions in an attempt to find the lost city of Atlantis, and prove that mythological Aryan populations had once ruled the world. Although the Vril and Thule societies, as well as the Ahnenerbe were officially disbanded at the end of WWll, there are reports that they continued for many decades afterwards through, surviving Nazi officers in Europe, America and South America. Today, it's believed that several Neo-Nazi groups made up of descendants of former German soldiers, politicians and new, younger recruits, keep the flame alive, with regular meetings and the same beliefs.

Thu 17th August

Keep The Cold War Cold

One of the most incredible sources of military intelligence in history. On the front lines of the Cold War, on German territory, agents operated every day on both sides of the iron curtain during half a century of tension between the two biggest military powers in history. Thanks to hitherto unseen, clandestinely shot images, this film reveals the inside story of the daily confrontation at the heart of a divided Germany, in an ultra sensitive area that reverberated from the shock waves of every international crisis: a territory where the two blocs faced off, each side assembling the greatest possible number of weapons and troops, where the slightest false move could have set things off. Through the thrilling footage shot by crews from the three Allied military missions stationed in West Germany for over 40 years, history becomes personal and is lived from within. What makes these images unique is that they were taken secretly during risky reconnaissance operations in hostile territory, within range of Russian tanks, helicopters, troops and fighter planes transport. Taken by military personnel on duty, these shots show the reality of the Cold War. Nothing was staged or censored because this raw material was initially intended for military intelligence. This program brings this material back to life, with up-to-date comments from the selfsame French, British and American officers who were on the spot, at the heart of the 'enemy' system, as well as their Russian counterparts. Far from glorified spy stories, this chronicle unveils through these actual eyewitness accounts, revealing what the daily lives of Intelligence Agents on a front line really was like.

Thu 17th August

The 101 Who Made The Twentieth Century

The history of mankind is a never-ending story of change, revolution, evolution - but surely no span of a hundred years can claim to have changed the world so dramatically, so rapidly and so irreversibly as the 20thcentury: a century where the empires of the past crumbled to make way for new superpowers and a new age; built on science, exploration, and a desire to express new creative possibilities. A century where the world was drawn into one war after another, but where radio, film, television, cars, planes and finally computers drew us closer together than at any other point in history. It was a century of unprecedented change: change that was born out of the actions of individuals - what they created, what they discovered, what they destroyed. Who were the 101 people who drove the changes in every aspect of life that made the 20th century and set up the 21st? A decade and a half since the close of the century we can take a considered look at the people most responsible for the events that changed their world and made ours. In this series we count down - from 101 to number one - the names of those who, in the judgement of experts, including those who contribute to the series, most influentially shaped the century and our world. From a painter who changed the face of modern art to the most recognised figure of WWII, this episode spans the century, highlighting people of such profound influence that they can reasonably be termed 'iconic'. Whether they're reshaping a nation or reinventing the tools that will forever change the way we live, no one could argue that the top 20 are all people who made the twentieth century.

Thu 17th August

Noon

CIA: Secret Wars

In the first episode, we find out how the CIA was founded, how it recruited its first agents (former Nazis), and how it became a genuine force for political destabilisation in the service of American economic interests. After its first operation in Iran in 1953, codenamed 'Ajax', in which the CIA installed the Shah in power, subsequent operations took place in Guatemala, the Congo, and Cuba. After the assassination of John F Kennedy in Dallas, there were strong suspicions that the CIA was involved, but deft manoeuvring by its former director, Allan Dulles, meant the investigation was stymied. Later, during the Vietnam War, the CIA organised a full-blown purge of intellectuals who supported the communist region, but it was the Watergate scandal that brought an end to the 'golden age' during which the agency wielded vast, unchecked powers.

Thu 17th August

Russia's War: Blood Upon the Snow

Brings to life the story of the people of the Soviet Union during World War II who struggle to survive the tyrannical reign of Joseph Stalin. A compelling story of dictatorship, bloody battles, and endless courage as the Soviet people combat not only Hitler and the Germany Army, but their own leader as well. Hosted by former US Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, this 10-hour program features never-before-seen Russian images, once-secret documents, and leading Russian historians to explore Russia from 1924 through 1953.

Thu 17th August

Dead Men's Secrets

On May 10, 1941, a lone Messerschmitt fighter-bomber flew over Scotland. When the pilot parachuted out, his captors were astonished to discover that he was no ordinary German, but Rudolph Hess, the Deputy Fuehrer of Nazi Germany. He had come to visit members of the Royal Family on a secret peace mission that he hoped would end the war. Instead, he spent the rest of his life in Spandau prison, where he died at age 92. However, theories have surfaced suggesting that it was not Hess who died in prison.

Thu 17th August

World at War

Britain stands alone with France now fallen and Russia still in alliance with Germany.

Thu 17th August

Weapons at War

From man's earliest battles to the combat visions of the future, these documentaries richly illustrate the history of weaponry throughout the ages - and what weapons will be in the future.

Thu 17th August

Inside Secret Societies

Every Easter across France, Spain and much of Europe a secret 'confrerie' or 'brotherhood' marches in silence through the old medieval streets wearing dark, hooded robes, their faces and identities concealed. So who are they? They are members of a little known and extremely secretive Catholic religious society known as the 'The Brotherhoods of the Blood'. The organisation can trace its roots back to the middle ages when they were used as part of the bloody Inquisition across Europe. The passionately Roman Catholic groups used to help hunt down, torture and burn 'heretics' across Europe, working with the local Dominican Inquisitors. They then marched the accused to their execution wearing the same robes as today. Today, the Brotherhood is a part time calling for its members, but when called to do so, they still work with the local Bishops and Cardinals to do the Catholic church's work across Europe, much of which is done behind closed doors. This includes investigations, recruitment, finances and enforcement of Rome's edicts and punishments.

Thu 17th August

Evening

Cold Case JFK

Fifty years later, what can science tell us about the Kennedy assassination - and the investigations that followed? The 1963 murder, in broad daylight in front of hundreds of witnesses, might seem to be a homicide investigator's best-case scenario. Yet somehow the JFK assassination became a forensic nightmare, plagued by a controversial autopsy and, incredibly, a prime suspect murdered on live television while in police custody, before he could be tried. As a result, today millions of Americans suspect a conspiracy. Now, NOVA launches a fresh investigation into the physical evidence, using state-of-the-art forensics, including laser scanning, new ballistics tests, and a 3D digital reconstruction of the president's skull, all to try to solve the murder of the century.

Thu 17th August

Conspiracy

Take a walk through the shadowy boundaries that lay between fact and fiction. From the media mogul undercover MI6 and Mossad spy, alleged UFO sighting cover-ups by the UK government, to the murky world of Hollywood - each chapter connects the conspiracy theory dots. Each episode will select an historical 'fact' and examine it through a conspiracy theorist's lens. These theories seek to expose as myth much of what we accept as truth. Did Hitler really die in 1945? Did a Russian nuclear submarine attempt to launch a nuclear missile at Hawaii in 1968? And was Diana ruthlessly murdered by members of her own family? These theories, as we'll find out are, for some, far closer to the truth than you would have ever imagined.

Thu 17th August

World War Weird

This program explains the most mysterious and bizarre events of both the World Wars. In the chaos of battle,men claim to have witnessed some of history's strangest sightings, and in the minds of their leaders,ludicrous military plans have been hatched. From unexplained sea monsters spotted by U-boat captains,to some of the weirdest weaponry of the wars, each episode will examine the stories in fascinating detail. Despite decades of research by historians and experts, many accounts still remain a complete mystery. Using de-classified documents and military historians, this program attempts to explain the unexplainable and explore the fascinating history associated with some of the darkest periods in human history. In this episode, were strange glowing orbs spotted by night pilots in WWII a secret German weapon, or alien life? Tune in to hear about some wartime weirdness, including an army of killer bats.

Thu 17th August

Ancient Aliens

In the south-west corner of the Wiltshire, England countryside lies the mysterious structure known as Rudloe Manor. On the surface, it appears to be nothing more than a quaint English manor house, but researchers have argued for years that it has been the epicentre of British research into UFOs since World War II. British Ministry of Defence (MOD) insiders claim that an astounding 2.2 million square feet of vast caverns divided into many smaller chambers lie buried underneath Rudloe Manor. What might be hidden behind the gates of this enigmatic facility? Ancient astronaut theorists suggest that important files related to the history of the UFO phenomenon are being kept under lock and key at Rudloe Manor - and even go so far as to suggest that recovered extraterrestrial craft are being analysed and reverse engineered there. Could the MOD cover ups of extraterrestrial contact from the Berwyn Mountains incident in 1974 and the Rendlesham forest encounter in 1980 be just the tip of the iceberg? Are there even greater truths to be uncovered once the public has full access to the secrets being held by the MOD? Perhaps the answers will be brought to light when we finally solve the mystery of Rudloe Manor.

Thu 17th August

Monsters & Mysteries

In a small Vermont town, the legendary Pigman unleashes a wrath upon trespassing teenagers, an alluring hitchhiker has monstrous plans for anyone who gives her a ride, and the classified details of a secret government program using spies.

Thu 17th August

Ancient Aliens

Ancient Astronaut theorists suggest that evidence of extraterrestrial visitation exists in every corner of the Earth, but some say the most compelling can be found in one of the world's least accessible places - China. China is the cradle to one of mankind's earliest and most influential civilisations. The advents of gunpowder, paper, the compass, and countless other major innovations form the technological base on which our modern societies function. But historically, China has also had a policy of isolationism. From the Great Wall erected thousands of years ago to the 'Great Firewall' of today, China has long prevented both people and information from entering or exiting its domain. While China has long been a secretive and isolationist country, new evidence suggest that aliens walked among us in the ancient past, and may have been with us all the way up to today, hiding among us.

Fri 18th August

Morning

Russia's War: Blood Upon the Snow

Brings to life the story of the people of the Soviet Union during World War II who struggle to survive the tyrannical reign of Joseph Stalin. A compelling story of dictatorship, bloody battles, and endless courage as the Soviet people combat not only Hitler and the Germany Army, but their own leader as well. Hosted by former US Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, this 10-hour program features never-before-seen Russian images, once-secret documents, and leading Russian historians to explore Russia from 1924 through 1953.

Fri 18th August

The Battle of Long Tan

This exclusive documentary honours the true story behind the heroic deeds of a group of young Australian and NZ soldiers in one of the most pivotal, dramatic and shocking engagements of the Vietnam War. Now 40 years on, their bravery places a new glow on the ANZAC legend and public perceptions of our role in the Vietnam War.

Fri 18th August

Weapons at War

From man's earliest battles to the combat visions of the future, these documentaries richly illustrate the history of weaponry throughout the ages - and what weapons will be in the future.

Fri 18th August

Conspiracy

Take a walk through the shadowy boundaries that lay between fact and fiction. From the media mogul undercover MI6 and Mossad spy, alleged UFO sighting cover-ups by the UK government, to the murky world of Hollywood - each chapter connects the conspiracy theory dots. Each episode will select an historical 'fact' and examine it through a conspiracy theorist's lens. These theories seek to expose as myth much of what we accept as truth. Did Hitler really die in 1945? Did a Russian nuclear submarine attempt to launch a nuclear missile at Hawaii in 1968? And was Diana ruthlessly murdered by members of her own family? These theories, as we'll find out are, for some, far closer to the truth than you would have ever imagined.

Fri 18th August

World War Weird

This program explains the most mysterious and bizarre events of both the World Wars. In the chaos of battle,men claim to have witnessed some of history's strangest sightings, and in the minds of their leaders,ludicrous military plans have been hatched. From unexplained sea monsters spotted by U-boat captains,to some of the weirdest weaponry of the wars, each episode will examine the stories in fascinating detail. Despite decades of research by historians and experts, many accounts still remain a complete mystery. Using de-classified documents and military historians, this program attempts to explain the unexplainable and explore the fascinating history associated with some of the darkest periods in human history. In this episode, were strange glowing orbs spotted by night pilots in WWII a secret German weapon, or alien life? Tune in to hear about some wartime weirdness, including an army of killer bats.

Fri 18th August

Ancient Aliens

In the south-west corner of the Wiltshire, England countryside lies the mysterious structure known as Rudloe Manor. On the surface, it appears to be nothing more than a quaint English manor house, but researchers have argued for years that it has been the epicentre of British research into UFOs since World War II. British Ministry of Defence (MOD) insiders claim that an astounding 2.2 million square feet of vast caverns divided into many smaller chambers lie buried underneath Rudloe Manor. What might be hidden behind the gates of this enigmatic facility? Ancient astronaut theorists suggest that important files related to the history of the UFO phenomenon are being kept under lock and key at Rudloe Manor - and even go so far as to suggest that recovered extraterrestrial craft are being analysed and reverse engineered there. Could the MOD cover ups of extraterrestrial contact from the Berwyn Mountains incident in 1974 and the Rendlesham forest encounter in 1980 be just the tip of the iceberg? Are there even greater truths to be uncovered once the public has full access to the secrets being held by the MOD? Perhaps the answers will be brought to light when we finally solve the mystery of Rudloe Manor.

Fri 18th August

Monsters & Mysteries

In a small Vermont town, the legendary Pigman unleashes a wrath upon trespassing teenagers, an alluring hitchhiker has monstrous plans for anyone who gives her a ride, and the classified details of a secret government program using spies.

Fri 18th August

Great British Ghosts

Great Britian is steeped in history - a past that is rich with bloodshed, deception, intrigue, and mystery - abundant too with tales of ghosts and ghouls. Headless horsemen riding through the courtyards of coaching inns in the wee hours, ghostly spectres walking down corridors, and the eerie creak of the hangman's noose echoing around a ruined castle. This series is packed with history, mystery, and suspense - the hauntings and the greatest ghost stories, all brought to life through spine-tingling storytelling. Michaela's strength is her affinity with the public, and in this series she is both storyteller and interviewer, drawing incredible and spine-chilling tales from firsthand witnesses, while at the same time revealing remarkable and historically accurate accounts of these ghostly experiences.

Fri 18th August

Time Team

For six months in the latter half of 2000, Time Team followed an excavation in Ely, Cambridgeshire, for a special 90-minute documentary. The excavation, carried out by the Cambridge Archaeological Unit, covered a strip of land the size of two football pitches, running down to the river Ouse from Broad Street in the centre of the town. It revealed a remarkable picture of Ely in past centuries: channels where boats used to moor to load and unload goods; a medieval kiln with huge quantities of high-quality pottery finds; and a series of buildings from different periods fronting the road at Broad Street. What could the dig tell us about the history of the island of the eels? And how far back could it trace the origins of this cathedral city?

Fri 18th August

Inside Secret Societies

Every Easter across France, Spain and much of Europe a secret 'confrerie' or 'brotherhood' marches in silence through the old medieval streets wearing dark, hooded robes, their faces and identities concealed. So who are they? They are members of a little known and extremely secretive Catholic religious society known as the 'The Brotherhoods of the Blood'. The organisation can trace its roots back to the middle ages when they were used as part of the bloody Inquisition across Europe. The passionately Roman Catholic groups used to help hunt down, torture and burn 'heretics' across Europe, working with the local Dominican Inquisitors. They then marched the accused to their execution wearing the same robes as today. Today, the Brotherhood is a part time calling for its members, but when called to do so, they still work with the local Bishops and Cardinals to do the Catholic church's work across Europe, much of which is done behind closed doors. This includes investigations, recruitment, finances and enforcement of Rome's edicts and punishments.

Fri 18th August

Cold Case JFK

Fifty years later, what can science tell us about the Kennedy assassination - and the investigations that followed? The 1963 murder, in broad daylight in front of hundreds of witnesses, might seem to be a homicide investigator's best-case scenario. Yet somehow the JFK assassination became a forensic nightmare, plagued by a controversial autopsy and, incredibly, a prime suspect murdered on live television while in police custody, before he could be tried. As a result, today millions of Americans suspect a conspiracy. Now, NOVA launches a fresh investigation into the physical evidence, using state-of-the-art forensics, including laser scanning, new ballistics tests, and a 3D digital reconstruction of the president's skull, all to try to solve the murder of the century.

Fri 18th August

World War Weird

This program explains the most mysterious and bizarre events of both the World Wars. In the chaos of battle,men claim to have witnessed some of history's strangest sightings, and in the minds of their leaders,ludicrous military plans have been hatched. From unexplained sea monsters spotted by U-boat captains,to some of the weirdest weaponry of the wars, each episode will examine the stories in fascinating detail. Despite decades of research by historians and experts, many accounts still remain a complete mystery. Using de-classified documents and military historians, this program attempts to explain the unexplainable and explore the fascinating history associated with some of the darkest periods in human history. In this episode, were strange glowing orbs spotted by night pilots in WWII a secret German weapon, or alien life? Tune in to hear about some wartime weirdness, including an army of killer bats.

Fri 18th August

Noon

Ancient Aliens

In the south-west corner of the Wiltshire, England countryside lies the mysterious structure known as Rudloe Manor. On the surface, it appears to be nothing more than a quaint English manor house, but researchers have argued for years that it has been the epicentre of British research into UFOs since World War II. British Ministry of Defence (MOD) insiders claim that an astounding 2.2 million square feet of vast caverns divided into many smaller chambers lie buried underneath Rudloe Manor. What might be hidden behind the gates of this enigmatic facility? Ancient astronaut theorists suggest that important files related to the history of the UFO phenomenon are being kept under lock and key at Rudloe Manor - and even go so far as to suggest that recovered extraterrestrial craft are being analysed and reverse engineered there. Could the MOD cover ups of extraterrestrial contact from the Berwyn Mountains incident in 1974 and the Rendlesham forest encounter in 1980 be just the tip of the iceberg? Are there even greater truths to be uncovered once the public has full access to the secrets being held by the MOD? Perhaps the answers will be brought to light when we finally solve the mystery of Rudloe Manor.

Fri 18th August

Russia's War: Blood Upon the Snow

Brings to life the story of the people of the Soviet Union during World War II who struggle to survive the tyrannical reign of Joseph Stalin. A compelling story of dictatorship, bloody battles, and endless courage as the Soviet people combat not only Hitler and the Germany Army, but their own leader as well. Hosted by former US Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, this 10-hour program features never-before-seen Russian images, once-secret documents, and leading Russian historians to explore Russia from 1924 through 1953.

Fri 18th August

The Battle of Long Tan

This exclusive documentary honours the true story behind the heroic deeds of a group of young Australian and NZ soldiers in one of the most pivotal, dramatic and shocking engagements of the Vietnam War. Now 40 years on, their bravery places a new glow on the ANZAC legend and public perceptions of our role in the Vietnam War.

Fri 18th August

Weapons at War

From man's earliest battles to the combat visions of the future, these documentaries richly illustrate the history of weaponry throughout the ages - and what weapons will be in the future.

Fri 18th August

Unexplained with Tony Robinson

From the archaeological secrets of Glastonbury Abbey to the Bath housewives who claimed to be possessed by the spirits of the 13th-century religious sect, Robinson and McCall try to get to the bottom of classic mysteries with the help of historians, scientists and archaeologists. Throughout the series, Tony tries out some psychic experiences himself, including past-life regression, psychometry, seances and automatic writing. In program one, Tony and Becky investigate the case of Helen Duncan, the World War II psychic who was one of the last people to be jailed under the Witchcraft Act of 1735. Program two looks at one of the most controversial archaeological claims of the 20th century in the ghosts of Glastonbury Abbey. The series concludes with a mysterious claim of mass reincarnation in 1960s Bath.

Fri 18th August

Evening

Science and the Swastika

Germans are known for their high standards and attention to detail. From early progress in the link between smoking and cancer, to triumphs in aviation - their scientists have been among the greatest in the world. This program examines the effect Hitler's Nazi regime had on the scientific progress in the country, from world leaders to crumbled ruins.

Fri 18th August

History's Greatest Lies

In 1979, in the midst of an oil crisis, two eccentric inventors proposed to the French industrial oil giant, Elf, a concept for an aircraft able to detect oil deposits underground. Encouraged by promising demonstrations, the French state administration eagerly backed the 'avion renifleurs', or 'sniffer planes', which turned out to be a complete hoax, and a financial swindle that would soon become a national scandal.

Fri 18th August

National Park: Secrets & Legends

Mysterious lights, mechanical sounds from deep within the earth and the disappearance of dozens of aircraft over Great Smokey Mountains National Park could be evidence that a powerful secret society has an underground base in the area.

Fri 18th August

National Park: Secrets & Legends

Mark Twain National Forest, haunted by hell-hounds and other demonic creatures, may also conceal treasures from a lost civilisation, pointing to the area's importance as a locus of dark, mysterious energies.

Fri 18th August

Empire

The Empire saw the growth of a particular type of British hero: adventurer, gentleman, sportsman. The gospel of sport spread through the Empire's public schools, laying the foundations for almost all the major sports of today. This series uncovers a world of incredible contradictions, including piracy, war, slavery, sex, railways, medicine, rebellion and religion. This major five-part series tells the story of the British Empire in a new way, tracing not only the rise and fall of the Empire but also the complex effects of the empire on the modern world - political, technological and social - and on Britain.

Fri 18th August

The Queen Mary

This documentary tells the remarkable true story of cruise liner The Queen Mary and her journey from the shipyards of Glasgow, to Long Beach USA.

Fri 18th August

Long Tan: The True Story

Investigate the battle of Long Tan, when an infantry company of untried Australians and New Zealanders held off repeated attacks by two heavily armed North Vietnamese Army and Viet Cong units outnumbering them 20 to one.

Sat 19th August

Morning

National Park: Secrets & Legends

A bizarre series of incidents in Big Bend National Park suggests that extraterrestrials are present in this remote wilderness area, leading experts to conclude that aliens have been secretly mining rare minerals there.

Sat 19th August

National Park: Secrets & Legends

A series of disturbing deaths and disappearances, plus the unearthing of artefacts from an ancient race of people in Death Valley National Park leads to the discovery of malevolent forces that are believed to inhabit the park's secret underworld.

Sat 19th August

Great British Ghosts

Great Britian is steeped in history - a past that is rich with bloodshed, deception, intrigue, and mystery - abundant too with tales of ghosts and ghouls. Headless horsemen riding through the courtyards of coaching inns in the wee hours, ghostly spectres walking down corridors, and the eerie creak of the hangman's noose echoing around a ruined castle. This series is packed with history, mystery, and suspense - the hauntings and the greatest ghost stories, all brought to life through spine-tingling storytelling. Michaela's strength is her affinity with the public, and in this series she is both storyteller and interviewer, drawing incredible and spine-chilling tales from firsthand witnesses, while at the same time revealing remarkable and historically accurate accounts of these ghostly experiences.

Sat 19th August

Great British Ghosts

Great Britian is steeped in history - a past that is rich with bloodshed, deception, intrigue, and mystery - abundant too with tales of ghosts and ghouls. Headless horsemen riding through the courtyards of coaching inns in the wee hours, ghostly spectres walking down corridors, and the eerie creak of the hangman's noose echoing around a ruined castle. This series is packed with history, mystery, and suspense - the hauntings and the greatest ghost stories, all brought to life through spine-tingling storytelling. Michaela's strength is her affinity with the public, and in this series she is both storyteller and interviewer, drawing incredible and spine-chilling tales from firsthand witnesses, while at the same time revealing remarkable and historically accurate accounts of these ghostly experiences.

Sat 19th August

Myth Hunters

As the famed archaeologist stared into an empty pit, had he finally realised his boyhood ambition and found the final resting place of King Arthur? The search for the bones of King Arthur reached fever pitch at the turn of the 20th-century. Frederick Bligh Bond was one of Britain's leading archaeologists and he was determined to prove that King Arthur, the wielder of Excalibur, the founder of Camelot and the Lord of the Round Table, had been real. The story goes that, in 1191, the monks of Glastonbury Abbey uncovered the body of a gigantic man. Wounded several times in the head, he had succumbed to one last fatal blow. The bones of his wife, along with a tress of her beautiful golden hair, shared his large oak coffin. An ancient lead cross found with the burial was inscribed "Here lies buried the famous king Arthur with Guinevere his second wife, in the Isle of Avalon." To find the grave, Bligh Bond pioneered new techniques in archaeology, which revealed stunning details of the Abbey. During the excavation, he's visited by colleagues - and a 10-year-old boy, Ralegh Radford, who's captivated by his mission. Bligh Bond's findings amaze the Church, but later he confesses that he'd been communicating with the Abbey's long dead, medieval monks in seances. The Church was outraged and Bligh Bond was pulled off the site, disgraced, and the excavation closed down. Thirty years on and the quest is taken up by Ralegh Radford, an ambitious and talented archaeologist. Excavating under the Abbey, he came upon a pit - and found himself staring into that gigantic man's grave - the grave of King Arthur. Had he really found the legendary king's final resting place?

Sat 19th August

Ancient Aliens

In the south-west corner of the Wiltshire, England countryside lies the mysterious structure known as Rudloe Manor. On the surface, it appears to be nothing more than a quaint English manor house, but researchers have argued for years that it has been the epicentre of British research into UFOs since World War II. British Ministry of Defence (MOD) insiders claim that an astounding 2.2 million square feet of vast caverns divided into many smaller chambers lie buried underneath Rudloe Manor. What might be hidden behind the gates of this enigmatic facility? Ancient astronaut theorists suggest that important files related to the history of the UFO phenomenon are being kept under lock and key at Rudloe Manor - and even go so far as to suggest that recovered extraterrestrial craft are being analysed and reverse engineered there. Could the MOD cover ups of extraterrestrial contact from the Berwyn Mountains incident in 1974 and the Rendlesham forest encounter in 1980 be just the tip of the iceberg? Are there even greater truths to be uncovered once the public has full access to the secrets being held by the MOD? Perhaps the answers will be brought to light when we finally solve the mystery of Rudloe Manor.

Sat 19th August

The Queen Mary

This documentary tells the remarkable true story of cruise liner The Queen Mary and her journey from the shipyards of Glasgow, to Long Beach USA.

Sat 19th August

Long Tan: The True Story

Investigate the battle of Long Tan, when an infantry company of untried Australians and New Zealanders held off repeated attacks by two heavily armed North Vietnamese Army and Viet Cong units outnumbering them 20 to one.

Sat 19th August

History's Greatest Lies

In 1979, in the midst of an oil crisis, two eccentric inventors proposed to the French industrial oil giant, Elf, a concept for an aircraft able to detect oil deposits underground. Encouraged by promising demonstrations, the French state administration eagerly backed the 'avion renifleurs', or 'sniffer planes', which turned out to be a complete hoax, and a financial swindle that would soon become a national scandal.

Sat 19th August

National Park: Secrets & Legends

Mysterious lights, mechanical sounds from deep within the earth and the disappearance of dozens of aircraft over Great Smokey Mountains National Park could be evidence that a powerful secret society has an underground base in the area.

Sat 19th August

National Park: Secrets & Legends

Mark Twain National Forest, haunted by hell-hounds and other demonic creatures, may also conceal treasures from a lost civilisation, pointing to the area's importance as a locus of dark, mysterious energies.

Sat 19th August

Empire

The Empire saw the growth of a particular type of British hero: adventurer, gentleman, sportsman. The gospel of sport spread through the Empire's public schools, laying the foundations for almost all the major sports of today. This series uncovers a world of incredible contradictions, including piracy, war, slavery, sex, railways, medicine, rebellion and religion. This major five-part series tells the story of the British Empire in a new way, tracing not only the rise and fall of the Empire but also the complex effects of the empire on the modern world - political, technological and social - and on Britain.

Sat 19th August

Time Team

Time Team is back for a brand new series. At low tide each day, near Vauxhall Bridge in London, the Thames reveals the tops of a mysterious group of prehistoric timbers buried on the shore in central London. TONY ROBINSON and the Team have just two hours a day of frantic digging, fighting against the tide for three days to excavate at least one timber. In this race against time, that's more desperate than usual, the Team piece together a picture of life beside the river 4000 years ago and succeed in revealing the fascinating secrets of these ancient timbers.

Sat 19th August

Unexplained with Tony Robinson

From the archaeological secrets of Glastonbury Abbey to the Bath housewives who claimed to be possessed by the spirits of the 13th-century religious sect, Robinson and McCall try to get to the bottom of classic mysteries with the help of historians, scientists and archaeologists. Throughout the series, Tony tries out some psychic experiences himself, including past-life regression, psychometry, seances and automatic writing. In program one, Tony and Becky investigate the case of Helen Duncan, the World War II psychic who was one of the last people to be jailed under the Witchcraft Act of 1735. Program two looks at one of the most controversial archaeological claims of the 20th century in the ghosts of Glastonbury Abbey. The series concludes with a mysterious claim of mass reincarnation in 1960s Bath.

Sat 19th August

Science and the Swastika

Germans are known for their high standards and attention to detail. From early progress in the link between smoking and cancer, to triumphs in aviation - their scientists have been among the greatest in the world. This program examines the effect Hitler's Nazi regime had on the scientific progress in the country, from world leaders to crumbled ruins.

Sat 19th August

History's Greatest Lies

In 1979, in the midst of an oil crisis, two eccentric inventors proposed to the French industrial oil giant, Elf, a concept for an aircraft able to detect oil deposits underground. Encouraged by promising demonstrations, the French state administration eagerly backed the 'avion renifleurs', or 'sniffer planes', which turned out to be a complete hoax, and a financial swindle that would soon become a national scandal.

Sat 19th August

Noon

National Park: Secrets & Legends

Mysterious lights, mechanical sounds from deep within the earth and the disappearance of dozens of aircraft over Great Smokey Mountains National Park could be evidence that a powerful secret society has an underground base in the area.

Sat 19th August

National Park: Secrets & Legends

Mark Twain National Forest, haunted by hell-hounds and other demonic creatures, may also conceal treasures from a lost civilisation, pointing to the area's importance as a locus of dark, mysterious energies.

Sat 19th August

Empire

The Empire saw the growth of a particular type of British hero: adventurer, gentleman, sportsman. The gospel of sport spread through the Empire's public schools, laying the foundations for almost all the major sports of today. This series uncovers a world of incredible contradictions, including piracy, war, slavery, sex, railways, medicine, rebellion and religion. This major five-part series tells the story of the British Empire in a new way, tracing not only the rise and fall of the Empire but also the complex effects of the empire on the modern world - political, technological and social - and on Britain.

Sat 19th August

Citizenfour

In January 2013, Poitras was several years into making a film about surveillance in the post-9/11 era when she started receiving encrypted emails from someone identifying himself as 'citizen four', who was ready to blow the whistle on the massive covert surveillance programs run by the NSA and other intelligence agencies. In June 2013, she and Greenwald flew to Hong Kong for the first of many meetings with the man who turned out to be Edward Snowden. She brought her camera with her. The film that resulted from this series of tense encounters is absolutely sui generis in the history of cinema: a 100 percent real-life thriller unfolding minute by minute before our eyes.

Sat 19th August

The World From Above

A breathtaking series of aerial programs offering an entirely different view of the world. From 10,000 feet down to just a few feet above ground, discover new perspectives through thrilling journeys, from mountains and great cities to fantastic castles and the great natural wonders of the globe. This series travels everywhere from Spain to South Africa, from the north of Iceland to North Carolina in the USA.

Sat 19th August

Great American Railway Journeys

Michael follows America's iconic River Hudson north through New York State. Beginning at New York City's Penn Station, Michael rides the national rail carrier service, Amtrak. He hears from Amtrak's police chief how railroad policing began to tackle the nation's most notorious train robbers, among them Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid. Upriver at Tarrytown, Michael is spooked by a famous American ghost story, the Legend of Sleepy Hollow. On the east bank of the Hudson he stops at Garrison, where he hears about the greatest turncoat in American history and the many generals trained at West Point, the United States Military Academy. In Poughkeepsie, Michael visits a university built just for women. Now co-educational, as a women's college, Vassar counted Jackie Kennedy Onassis and Meryl Streep among its former students. He discovers the tumultuous history of the Poughkeepsie-Highland Railroad Bridge and follows the train line to the Catskill Mountains, where he bravely admires the scenery from an altogether different type of line: a zip wire. Back on safe ground, he learns how the magnificent landscape inspired artists of the Hudson River School. Arriving in New York's state capital, Albany, he samples a drop of Albany Ale before rubbing shoulders with the state senator.

Sat 19th August

Evening

The Weapon Hunter

Host Paul Shull goes on a journey into the past to earn his stripes as an American Civil War cannoneer. He travels through the backwoods of Tennessee, the hills of Kentucky and the mountains of Oregon in the hopes of finding and firing the two deadliest pieces of light artillery of the conflict: the 10 lb Parrott and the three-inch Ordnance. Both rifled guns were state-of-the-art when they first appeared on American battlefields at the beginning of the war.

Sat 19th August

History's Raiders

As dawn broke on August 19, 1942, 2nd Canadian Infantry Division troops, supported by British Commandos and US Rangers, launched a major raid on the German-held French port of Dieppe. The action proved a disaster from the start - the Canadians, pinned down on the beach under savage fire, had inadequate naval and air support and their tanks couldn't cope with the shingle beach. Though only a fraction of the men made it back to England, the lessons learned there were put to good use on D-Day.

Sat 19th August

How the World Ends

The Cold War might be long gone, but the nuclear threat has re-emerged. North Korea, terrorism and a newly belligerent Russia are all new and unpredictable players on the international nuclear stage. As tensions with the West reach new heights, we reveal the chequered history of the atomic accidents and missteps, and reality behind the fog of nuclear war. Discover the moment-by-moment damage a single nuke can wreak. Meet nuclear preparedness enthusiasts as they dig their bunkers and stockpile supplies. They'll explain how they expect to survive what they see as the next global apocalypse: an all-out thermonuclear conflict and the collapse and chaos that will follow in its wake.

Sat 19th August

World War Weird

This program explains the most mysterious and bizarre events of both the World Wars. In the chaos of battle,men claim to have witnessed some of history's strangest sightings, and in the minds of their leaders,ludicrous military plans have been hatched. From unexplained sea monsters spotted by U-boat captains,to some of the weirdest weaponry of the wars, each episode will examine the stories in fascinating detail. Despite decades of research by historians and experts, many accounts still remain a complete mystery. Using de-classified documents and military historians, this program attempts to explain the unexplainable and explore the fascinating history associated with some of the darkest periods in human history. In this episode, were strange glowing orbs spotted by night pilots in WWII a secret German weapon, or alien life? Tune in to hear about some wartime weirdness, including an army of killer bats.

Sat 19th August

Ancient Aliens

In the south-west corner of the Wiltshire, England countryside lies the mysterious structure known as Rudloe Manor. On the surface, it appears to be nothing more than a quaint English manor house, but researchers have argued for years that it has been the epicentre of British research into UFOs since World War II. British Ministry of Defence (MOD) insiders claim that an astounding 2.2 million square feet of vast caverns divided into many smaller chambers lie buried underneath Rudloe Manor. What might be hidden behind the gates of this enigmatic facility? Ancient astronaut theorists suggest that important files related to the history of the UFO phenomenon are being kept under lock and key at Rudloe Manor - and even go so far as to suggest that recovered extraterrestrial craft are being analysed and reverse engineered there. Could the MOD cover ups of extraterrestrial contact from the Berwyn Mountains incident in 1974 and the Rendlesham forest encounter in 1980 be just the tip of the iceberg? Are there even greater truths to be uncovered once the public has full access to the secrets being held by the MOD? Perhaps the answers will be brought to light when we finally solve the mystery of Rudloe Manor.

Sat 19th August

History's Secrets: CIA Experiments

November 28, 1953. A US Army scientist working on biological weapons, Dr Frank Olson, falls to his death from his hotel window under suspicious circumstances. 1975: the US government offers Olson's family a $750,000 payout, revealing that he died because of his involvement in a secret CIA experiment studying the use of LSD and interrogation, an offshoot of a series of mind control experiments called MK-ULTRA. What was the true extent of these secret CIA experiments and their casualties? We reveal the scale and scope of these hidden programs, how they occurred not only in the US, but also in Canada and Europe. And we examine the claim that Robert F Kennedy's assassin, Sirhan Sirhan, could have been the product of MK-ULTRA. We hear from believers and sceptics alike.

Sun 20th August

Morning

Conspiracy

Take a walk through the shadowy boundaries that lay between fact and fiction. From the media mogul undercover MI6 and Mossad spy, alleged UFO sighting cover-ups by the UK government, to the murky world of Hollywood - each chapter connects the conspiracy theory dots. Each episode will select an historical 'fact' and examine it through a conspiracy theorist's lens. These theories seek to expose as myth much of what we accept as truth. Did Hitler really die in 1945? Did a Russian nuclear submarine attempt to launch a nuclear missile at Hawaii in 1968? And was Diana ruthlessly murdered by members of her own family? These theories, as we'll find out are, for some, far closer to the truth than you would have ever imagined.

Sun 20th August

Hangar 1: The UFO Files

This program reveals top-secret evidence that indicates the government has been operating bases on the Moon and Mars. Some of this evidence dates back to the 1950s and suggests that NASA may be behind a long existing, secret mission to establish off-planet outposts. If these bases do exist, what is their purpose and why are they being kept a secret?

Sun 20th August

Ancient Aliens

Ancient Astronaut theorists suggest that evidence of extraterrestrial visitation exists in every corner of the Earth, but some say the most compelling can be found in one of the world's least accessible places - China. China is the cradle to one of mankind's earliest and most influential civilisations. The advents of gunpowder, paper, the compass, and countless other major innovations form the technological base on which our modern societies function. But historically, China has also had a policy of isolationism. From the Great Wall erected thousands of years ago to the 'Great Firewall' of today, China has long prevented both people and information from entering or exiting its domain. While China has long been a secretive and isolationist country, new evidence suggest that aliens walked among us in the ancient past, and may have been with us all the way up to today, hiding among us.

Sun 20th August

UFO Hunters

In the early morning hours of May 14, 2008, witnesses in Needles, California saw a turquoise glowing object in a rapid descent over the Colorado River. Soon after, military helicopters carried away an object that appeared to be glowing, and military personnel canvassed the town, intimidating witnesses and townspeople. But cover-ups of strange crashes are nothing new, from Flatwoods, West Virginia to Kecksburg, Pennsylvania, reports of UFO clean-ups are rampant. The team visits the site of the most current UFO crash in the world to search for signs of what the government keeps trying to hide.

Sun 20th August

History's Raiders

As dawn broke on August 19, 1942, 2nd Canadian Infantry Division troops, supported by British Commandos and US Rangers, launched a major raid on the German-held French port of Dieppe. The action proved a disaster from the start - the Canadians, pinned down on the beach under savage fire, had inadequate naval and air support and their tanks couldn't cope with the shingle beach. Though only a fraction of the men made it back to England, the lessons learned there were put to good use on D-Day.

Sun 20th August

How the World Ends

The Cold War might be long gone, but the nuclear threat has re-emerged. North Korea, terrorism and a newly belligerent Russia are all new and unpredictable players on the international nuclear stage. As tensions with the West reach new heights, we reveal the chequered history of the atomic accidents and missteps, and reality behind the fog of nuclear war. Discover the moment-by-moment damage a single nuke can wreak. Meet nuclear preparedness enthusiasts as they dig their bunkers and stockpile supplies. They'll explain how they expect to survive what they see as the next global apocalypse: an all-out thermonuclear conflict and the collapse and chaos that will follow in its wake.

Sun 20th August

World War Weird

This program explains the most mysterious and bizarre events of both the World Wars. In the chaos of battle,men claim to have witnessed some of history's strangest sightings, and in the minds of their leaders,ludicrous military plans have been hatched. From unexplained sea monsters spotted by U-boat captains,to some of the weirdest weaponry of the wars, each episode will examine the stories in fascinating detail. Despite decades of research by historians and experts, many accounts still remain a complete mystery. Using de-classified documents and military historians, this program attempts to explain the unexplainable and explore the fascinating history associated with some of the darkest periods in human history. In this episode, were strange glowing orbs spotted by night pilots in WWII a secret German weapon, or alien life? Tune in to hear about some wartime weirdness, including an army of killer bats.

Sun 20th August

Ancient Aliens

In the south-west corner of the Wiltshire, England countryside lies the mysterious structure known as Rudloe Manor. On the surface, it appears to be nothing more than a quaint English manor house, but researchers have argued for years that it has been the epicentre of British research into UFOs since World War II. British Ministry of Defence (MOD) insiders claim that an astounding 2.2 million square feet of vast caverns divided into many smaller chambers lie buried underneath Rudloe Manor. What might be hidden behind the gates of this enigmatic facility? Ancient astronaut theorists suggest that important files related to the history of the UFO phenomenon are being kept under lock and key at Rudloe Manor - and even go so far as to suggest that recovered extraterrestrial craft are being analysed and reverse engineered there. Could the MOD cover ups of extraterrestrial contact from the Berwyn Mountains incident in 1974 and the Rendlesham forest encounter in 1980 be just the tip of the iceberg? Are there even greater truths to be uncovered once the public has full access to the secrets being held by the MOD? Perhaps the answers will be brought to light when we finally solve the mystery of Rudloe Manor.

Sun 20th August

History's Secrets: CIA Experiments

November 28, 1953. A US Army scientist working on biological weapons, Dr Frank Olson, falls to his death from his hotel window under suspicious circumstances. 1975: the US government offers Olson's family a $750,000 payout, revealing that he died because of his involvement in a secret CIA experiment studying the use of LSD and interrogation, an offshoot of a series of mind control experiments called MK-ULTRA. What was the true extent of these secret CIA experiments and their casualties? We reveal the scale and scope of these hidden programs, how they occurred not only in the US, but also in Canada and Europe. And we examine the claim that Robert F Kennedy's assassin, Sirhan Sirhan, could have been the product of MK-ULTRA. We hear from believers and sceptics alike.

Sun 20th August

Time Team

Time Team is back for a brand new series. The pupils of Ancaster School in Lincolnshire have assembled enough Roman finds to start their own museum. But the story of their town, which straddled the great northbound road, Ermine Street, has never been told. TONY ROBINSON and the team investigate why a huge town wall was thrown up in the third century, search for the likely location of a pagan temple and uncover the remarkable secret of an old man buried nearby in the Third Century.

Sun 20th August

How the World Ends

The Cold War might be long gone, but the nuclear threat has re-emerged. North Korea, terrorism and a newly belligerent Russia are all new and unpredictable players on the international nuclear stage. As tensions with the West reach new heights, we reveal the chequered history of the atomic accidents and missteps, and reality behind the fog of nuclear war. Discover the moment-by-moment damage a single nuke can wreak. Meet nuclear preparedness enthusiasts as they dig their bunkers and stockpile supplies. They'll explain how they expect to survive what they see as the next global apocalypse: an all-out thermonuclear conflict and the collapse and chaos that will follow in its wake.

Sun 20th August

World War Weird

This program explains the most mysterious and bizarre events of both the World Wars. In the chaos of battle,men claim to have witnessed some of history's strangest sightings, and in the minds of their leaders,ludicrous military plans have been hatched. From unexplained sea monsters spotted by U-boat captains,to some of the weirdest weaponry of the wars, each episode will examine the stories in fascinating detail. Despite decades of research by historians and experts, many accounts still remain a complete mystery. Using de-classified documents and military historians, this program attempts to explain the unexplainable and explore the fascinating history associated with some of the darkest periods in human history. In this episode, were strange glowing orbs spotted by night pilots in WWII a secret German weapon, or alien life? Tune in to hear about some wartime weirdness, including an army of killer bats.

Sun 20th August

Ancient Aliens

In the south-west corner of the Wiltshire, England countryside lies the mysterious structure known as Rudloe Manor. On the surface, it appears to be nothing more than a quaint English manor house, but researchers have argued for years that it has been the epicentre of British research into UFOs since World War II. British Ministry of Defence (MOD) insiders claim that an astounding 2.2 million square feet of vast caverns divided into many smaller chambers lie buried underneath Rudloe Manor. What might be hidden behind the gates of this enigmatic facility? Ancient astronaut theorists suggest that important files related to the history of the UFO phenomenon are being kept under lock and key at Rudloe Manor - and even go so far as to suggest that recovered extraterrestrial craft are being analysed and reverse engineered there. Could the MOD cover ups of extraterrestrial contact from the Berwyn Mountains incident in 1974 and the Rendlesham forest encounter in 1980 be just the tip of the iceberg? Are there even greater truths to be uncovered once the public has full access to the secrets being held by the MOD? Perhaps the answers will be brought to light when we finally solve the mystery of Rudloe Manor.

Sun 20th August

Noon

History's Secrets: CIA Experiments

November 28, 1953. A US Army scientist working on biological weapons, Dr Frank Olson, falls to his death from his hotel window under suspicious circumstances. 1975: the US government offers Olson's family a $750,000 payout, revealing that he died because of his involvement in a secret CIA experiment studying the use of LSD and interrogation, an offshoot of a series of mind control experiments called MK-ULTRA. What was the true extent of these secret CIA experiments and their casualties? We reveal the scale and scope of these hidden programs, how they occurred not only in the US, but also in Canada and Europe. And we examine the claim that Robert F Kennedy's assassin, Sirhan Sirhan, could have been the product of MK-ULTRA. We hear from believers and sceptics alike.

Sun 20th August

History's Raiders

As dawn broke on August 19, 1942, 2nd Canadian Infantry Division troops, supported by British Commandos and US Rangers, launched a major raid on the German-held French port of Dieppe. The action proved a disaster from the start - the Canadians, pinned down on the beach under savage fire, had inadequate naval and air support and their tanks couldn't cope with the shingle beach. Though only a fraction of the men made it back to England, the lessons learned there were put to good use on D-Day.

Sun 20th August

History's Secrets

Reveal the fascinating untold stories from the investigation of the legendary escape from Alcatraz, including a shocking deathbed confession that led authorities in search of a burial site, and a postcard a prison guard received, supposedly signed by one of the escapees - and postmarked Argentina.

Sun 20th August

Great Continental Railway Journeys

Michael Portillo embarks on a nostalgic railway adventure, which takes him across the heart of Europe.

Sun 20th August

Byzantium: A Tale of Three Cities

In this series, historian Simon Sebag Montefiore traces the sacred history of Istanbul.

Sun 20th August

After Braveheart

Ever wondered what happened after the epic events that are portrayed in the Hollywood movie Braveheart? This riveting two-part docudrama series reveals the untold story of how a Scottish king tried to drive the English out of Ireland in 1315. Braveheart ends with the Battle of Bannockburn, in which the Scots finally defeat their English oppressors. This monumental victory, claimed by Scotland's king Robert Bruce 700 years ago, should have ensured Scottish freedom - but it didn't. Even after Bannockburn, Robert Bruce and his brother Edward remained uneasy about the threat of a renewed English invasion. The best form of defence was attack. In a real-life Game of Thrones, they decided to invade Ireland and make Edward high king there. In this way they would unite the Celtic nations and drive the hated English back to their homeland.

Sun 20th August

Evening

Walt Disney

Never has a person held such a commanding place in American life. Yet as familiar as his work was to young and old alike, Disney himself was something of an enigma. To his fierce defenders, Disney was a visionary artist and entrepreneur who had changed American popular culture for the better, grounding it once again in a spirit of hopeful promise and shared values. To his detractors, Disney represented everything that was wrong with American culture, from its saccharine sentimentality and simplification of history to its redirection of our attention from reality to fantasy. His life and legacy are unravelled in this intimate biography.

Sun 20th August

Vienna: Empire, Dynasty, and Dream

Vienna was the capital of the Habsburg dynasty and home to the Holy Roman Emperors. From here, they dominated middle Europe for nearly 1000 years. In this series, historian Simon Sebag Montefiore describes how the Habsburg's transformed Vienna into a multi-national city of music, culture and ideas. Napoleon, Hitler, Mozart, Strauss, Freud, Stalin and Klimt all played their part. In this episode, we follow the Habsburgs' rise to power and discover how Vienna marked Europe's front line in the struggle to defend both Christendom from the Ottomans and the Catholic Church from the Protestant revolutionaries that plotted to destroy it.

Sun 20th August

The 101 Who Made The Twentieth Century

The history of mankind is a never-ending story of change, revolution, evolution - but surely no span of a hundred years can claim to have changed the world so dramatically, so rapidly and so irreversibly as the 20thcentury: a century where the empires of the past crumbled to make way for new superpowers and a new age; built on science, exploration, and a desire to express new creative possibilities. A century where the world was drawn into one war after another, but where radio, film, television, cars, planes and finally computers drew us closer together than at any other point in history. It was a century of unprecedented change: change that was born out of the actions of individuals - what they created, what they discovered, what they destroyed. Who were the 101 people who drove the changes in every aspect of life that made the 20th century and set up the 21st? A decade and a half since the close of the century we can take a considered look at the people most responsible for the events that changed their world and made ours. In this series we count down - from 101 to number one - the names of those who, in the judgement of experts, including those who contribute to the series, most influentially shaped the century and our world. From a painter who changed the face of modern art to the most recognised figure of WWII, this episode spans the century, highlighting people of such profound influence that they can reasonably be termed 'iconic'. Whether they're reshaping a nation or reinventing the tools that will forever change the way we live, no one could argue that the top 20 are all people who made the twentieth century.

Sun 20th August

CIA: Secret Wars

In the first episode, we find out how the CIA was founded, how it recruited its first agents (former Nazis), and how it became a genuine force for political destabilisation in the service of American economic interests. After its first operation in Iran in 1953, codenamed 'Ajax', in which the CIA installed the Shah in power, subsequent operations took place in Guatemala, the Congo, and Cuba. After the assassination of John F Kennedy in Dallas, there were strong suspicions that the CIA was involved, but deft manoeuvring by its former director, Allan Dulles, meant the investigation was stymied. Later, during the Vietnam War, the CIA organised a full-blown purge of intellectuals who supported the communist region, but it was the Watergate scandal that brought an end to the 'golden age' during which the agency wielded vast, unchecked powers.

Sun 20th August

Engineering an Empire

As much of the world descended into the Dark Ages after the fall of Rome, one civilisation shone brilliantly: the Byzantine Empire. With ruthless might and supreme ingenuity, the Byzantines ruled over vast swaths of Europe and Asia for more than a thousand years. A bridge to antiquity, it was Byzantium that preserved the classical learning and science that would one day give rise to the Renaissance. Led by rulers who exercised absolute power and architects who pushed beyond Rome's engineering marvels, the Byzantines constructed the ancient world's longest aqueduct, virtually invincible city walls, a massive stadium, and a colossal domed cathedral that defied the laws of nature.

Sun 20th August

Unsealed: Alien Files

Between 1981 and 2011, NASA's Space Shuttles flew 135 missions. The space shuttle cameras, manned and unmanned, have recorded astounding footage of UFOs that many experts find almost impossible to explain. Join us as we investigate key space shuttle encounters.

Mon 21st August

Morning

Unsealed: Alien Files

Many famous UFO sightings occur in remote locations with just a single eyewitness. But some sightings have taken place over large cities with hundreds of witnesses. Join us as we investigate the most famous mass sightings of UFOs.

Mon 21st August

Russia's War: Blood Upon the Snow

Brings to life the story of the people of the Soviet Union during World War II who struggle to survive the tyrannical reign of Joseph Stalin. A compelling story of dictatorship, bloody battles, and endless courage as the Soviet people combat not only Hitler and the Germany Army, but their own leader as well. Hosted by former US Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, this 10-hour program features never-before-seen Russian images, once-secret documents, and leading Russian historians to explore Russia from 1924 through 1953.

Mon 21st August

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

HISTORY reveals the authorised and complete history of the Australian SAS. Raised in 1957 during Communist subversion in South East Asia, the small and little understood SAS quickly became the Ugly Duckling of the Australian Army. The SAS proved itself in 1965 in the undeniable jungle war in Borneo during Indonesian Konfrontasi. Follow the Australian SAS missions from inception through to the 2015 rise of the brutal ISIS caliphate.

Mon 21st August

World at War

The Germans crush all in their path and then advance into Russia with devasting speed.

Mon 21st August

Weapons at War

From man's earliest battles to the combat visions of the future, these documentaries richly illustrate the history of weaponry throughout the ages - and what weapons will be in the future.

Mon 21st August

Vienna: Empire, Dynasty, and Dream

Vienna was the capital of the Habsburg dynasty and home to the Holy Roman Emperors. From here, they dominated middle Europe for nearly 1000 years. In this series, historian Simon Sebag Montefiore describes how the Habsburg's transformed Vienna into a multi-national city of music, culture and ideas. Napoleon, Hitler, Mozart, Strauss, Freud, Stalin and Klimt all played their part. In this episode, we follow the Habsburgs' rise to power and discover how Vienna marked Europe's front line in the struggle to defend both Christendom from the Ottomans and the Catholic Church from the Protestant revolutionaries that plotted to destroy it.

Mon 21st August

The 101 Who Made The Twentieth Century

The history of mankind is a never-ending story of change, revolution, evolution - but surely no span of a hundred years can claim to have changed the world so dramatically, so rapidly and so irreversibly as the Twentieth Century. A century where the empires of the past crumbled to make way for new superpowers and a new age. Built on science, exploration, and a desire to express new creative possibilities. A century where the world was drawn into one war after another. But where radio, film, television, cars, planes and finally computers drew us closer together than at any other point in history. It was a century of unprecedented change. Change that was born out of the actions of individuals - what they created, what they discovered, what they destroyed.Who were the 101 people who drove the changes in every aspect of life that made the Twentieth Century and set-up the Twenty-First? A decade and a half since the close of the century we can take a considered look at the people most responsible for the events that changed their world and made ours. In this series we count down - from a hundred-and-one to number one - the names of those who, in the judgement of experts, including those who contribute to the series, most influentially shaped the century and our world. From a painter who changed the face of modern art to the most recognised figure of WWII, this episode spans the century, highlighting people of such profound influence that they can reasonably be termed "iconic". Whether they're reshaping a nation or reinventing the tools that will forever change the way we live, no one could argue that the Top Twenty are all people who made the twentieth century.

Mon 21st August

CIA: Secret Wars

In the first episode, we find out how the CIA was founded, how it recruited its first agents (former Nazis), and how it became a genuine force for political destabilisation in the service of American economic interests. After its first operation in Iran in 1953, codenamed 'Ajax', in which the CIA installed the Shah in power, subsequent operations took place in Guatemala, the Congo, and Cuba. After the assassination of John F. Kennedy in Dallas, there were strong suspicions that the CIA was involved, but deft manoeuvring by its former director, Allan Dulles, meant the investigation was stymied. Later, during the Vietnam War, the CIA organised a full-blown purge of intellectuals who supported the communist region, but it was the Watergate scandal that brought an end to the 'golden age' during which the agency wielded vast, unchecked powers.

Mon 21st August

Engineering an Empire

As much of the world descended into the Dark Ages after the fall of Rome, one civilisation shone brilliantly: the Byzantine Empire. With ruthless might and supreme ingenuity, the Byzantines ruled over vast swaths of Europe and Asia for more than a thousand years. A bridge to antiquity, it was Byzantium that preserved the classical learning and science that would one day give rise to the Renaissance. Led by rulers who exercised absolute power and architects who pushed beyond Rome's engineering marvels, the Byzantines constructed the ancient world's longest aqueduct, virtually invincible city walls, a massive stadium, and a colossal domed cathedral that defied the laws of nature.

Mon 21st August

Unsealed: Alien Files

Between 1981 and 2011, NASA's Space Shuttles flew 135 missions. The space shuttle cameras, manned and unmanned, have recorded astounding footage of UFOs that many experts find almost impossible to explain. Join us as we investigate key space shuttle encounters.

Mon 21st August

Unsealed: Alien Files

Many famous UFO sightings occur in remote locations with just a single eyewitness. But some sightings have taken place over large cities with hundreds of witnesses. Join us as we investigate the most famous mass sightings of UFOs.

Mon 21st August

Time Team

Time Team is back for a brand new series. Encrusted cannon, a huge anchor and a remarkable collection of rare 16th century pottery lie scattered on the seabed just off the West coast of Scotland. Battling the sea and the weather, Tony Robinson and the Team work with RAF divers and specialist underwater archaeologists to salvage what they can of the wrecked ship. It's certainly a Mediterranean vessel but the key question is, could this be one of the lost ships of the Spanish Armada?

Mon 21st August

Vienna: Empire, Dynasty, and Dream

Vienna was the capital of the Habsburg dynasty and home to the Holy Roman Emperors. From here, they dominated middle Europe for nearly 1000 years. In this series, historian Simon Sebag Montefiore describes how the Habsburg's transformed Vienna into a multi-national city of music, culture and ideas. Napoleon, Hitler, Mozart, Strauss, Freud, Stalin and Klimt all played their part. In this episode, we follow the Habsburgs' rise to power and discover how Vienna marked Europe's front line in the struggle to defend both Christendom from the Ottomans and the Catholic Church from the Protestant revolutionaries that plotted to destroy it.

Mon 21st August

The 101 Who Made The Twentieth Century

The history of mankind is a never-ending story of change, revolution, evolution - but surely no span of a hundred years can claim to have changed the world so dramatically, so rapidly and so irreversibly as the Twentieth Century. A century where the empires of the past crumbled to make way for new superpowers and a new age. Built on science, exploration, and a desire to express new creative possibilities. A century where the world was drawn into one war after another. But where radio, film, television, cars, planes and finally computers drew us closer together than at any other point in history. It was a century of unprecedented change. Change that was born out of the actions of individuals - what they created, what they discovered, what they destroyed.Who were the 101 people who drove the changes in every aspect of life that made the Twentieth Century and set-up the Twenty-First? A decade and a half since the close of the century we can take a considered look at the people most responsible for the events that changed their world and made ours. In this series we count down - from a hundred-and-one to number one - the names of those who, in the judgement of experts, including those who contribute to the series, most influentially shaped the century and our world. From a painter who changed the face of modern art to the most recognised figure of WWII, this episode spans the century, highlighting people of such profound influence that they can reasonably be termed "iconic". Whether they're reshaping a nation or reinventing the tools that will forever change the way we live, no one could argue that the Top Twenty are all people who made the twentieth century.

Mon 21st August

CIA: Secret Wars

In the first episode, we find out how the CIA was founded, how it recruited its first agents (former Nazis), and how it became a genuine force for political destabilisation in the service of American economic interests. After its first operation in Iran in 1953, codenamed 'Ajax', in which the CIA installed the Shah in power, subsequent operations took place in Guatemala, the Congo, and Cuba. After the assassination of John F. Kennedy in Dallas, there were strong suspicions that the CIA was involved, but deft manoeuvring by its former director, Allan Dulles, meant the investigation was stymied. Later, during the Vietnam War, the CIA organised a full-blown purge of intellectuals who supported the communist region, but it was the Watergate scandal that brought an end to the 'golden age' during which the agency wielded vast, unchecked powers.

Mon 21st August

Noon

Engineering an Empire

As much of the world descended into the Dark Ages after the fall of Rome, one civilisation shone brilliantly: the Byzantine Empire. With ruthless might and supreme ingenuity, the Byzantines ruled over vast swaths of Europe and Asia for more than a thousand years. A bridge to antiquity, it was Byzantium that preserved the classical learning and science that would one day give rise to the Renaissance. Led by rulers who exercised absolute power and architects who pushed beyond Rome's engineering marvels, the Byzantines constructed the ancient world's longest aqueduct, virtually invincible city walls, a massive stadium, and a colossal domed cathedral that defied the laws of nature.

Mon 21st August

Russia's War: Blood Upon the Snow

Brings to life the story of the people of the Soviet Union during World War II who struggle to survive the tyrannical reign of Joseph Stalin. A compelling story of dictatorship, bloody battles, and endless courage as the Soviet people combat not only Hitler and the Germany Army, but their own leader as well. Hosted by former US Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, this 10-hour program features never-before-seen Russian images, once-secret documents, and leading Russian historians to explore Russia from 1924 through 1953.

Mon 21st August

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

HISTORY reveals the authorised and complete history of the Australian SAS. Raised in 1957 during Communist subversion in South East Asia, the small and little understood SAS quickly became the Ugly Duckling of the Australian Army. The SAS proved itself in 1965 in the undeniable jungle war in Borneo during Indonesian Konfrontasi. Follow the Australian SAS missions from inception through to the 2015 rise of the brutal ISIS caliphate.

Mon 21st August

World at War

The Germans crush all in their path and then advance into Russia with devasting speed.

Mon 21st August

Weapons at War

From man's earliest battles to the combat visions of the future, these documentaries richly illustrate the history of weaponry throughout the ages - and what weapons will be in the future.

Mon 21st August

History's Ultimate Spies

As Walsingham was to Elizabeth, Robert Cecil was to her successor James I. Cecil was a formidable political operator who devised and established an extraordinary web of spies and informers, designed to ensure the King's security. Cecil's greatest triumph was the thwarting of the infamous catholic Gunpowder Plot. We look at the theory that the great spymaster knew all about it from day one and orchestrated the whole plot in order to bring maximum discredit on Catholics.

Mon 21st August

Evening

The Spy in the Hanoi Hilton

American POWs in Vietnam kept a secret for 40 years. A secret they can now finally reveal. This documentary brings together the highest-ranking POWs from the infamous 'Hanoi Hilton' prison camp to reveal harrowing tales of torture, interrogation and brutal treatment. In the midst of this hellish existence, a handful of POWs created a clandestine movement that eventually led to major rescue attempts and a spy ring whose top secret connections can only now be revealed.

Mon 21st August

Vienna: Empire, Dynasty, and Dream

Simon Sebag Montefiore tells the story of Vienna triumphant, after the Ottoman threat receded at the end of the 17th-century. The city was rebuilt. No longer an outpost defending the West from Islamic invaders, the Habsburg's vowed their empire and imperial capital would become the most glittering in the world. The Habsburg emperors transformed the city from a fortress into a great cultural capital. Vienna became a city that would define the arts; a magnet for musicians including Mozart, Haydn and Beethoven.

Mon 21st August

Amelia Earhart: The Lost Evidence

Former FBI official Shawn Henry investigates new, shocking evidence that aviator Amelia Earhart was captured by the Japanese military, including a photograph that purports to show Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan alive after their disappearance. Evidence includes documents containing new information indicating that the U.S. government knew that she was in the custody of a foreign power, and may have covered it up.

Mon 21st August

A Fierce Green Fire

A big-picture exploration of the environmental movement - grassroots and global activism - spanning fifty years from conservation to climate change. Narrated by Robert Redford, Ashley Judd, Van Jones, Isabel Allende and Meryl Streep. Inspired by the book of the same name by Philip Shabecoff and informed by advisors like Edward O. Wilson, this program chronicles the largest movement of the 20th century and one of the keys to the 21st. It brings together all the major parts of environmentalism and connects them. It focuses on activism, people fighting to save their homes, their lives, the future - and succeeding against all odds.

Mon 21st August

History's Secrets: The Moon Landing

In July 1969, 600 million people around the world watched Neil Armstrong become the first human being to set foot on another planet. Apollo 11's mission and the five moon landings that followed were the most costly and dangerous single expeditions ever undertaken by any government at any time in history. For those who volunteered for the job, the risk of death was many times greater than a tour of duty in Vietnam. In all, 24 remarkably brave men ventured a quarter-million miles from home, relying on just a single engine. Failure of that engine would mean being stranded until their last supplies of oxygen ran out. These are the untold stories of Apollo: the rarely remembered breakthroughs, harrowing escapes and heartbreaking disasters.

Tue 22nd August

Morning

Russia's War: Blood Upon the Snow

Brings to life the story of the people of the Soviet Union during World War II who struggle to survive the tyrannical reign of Joseph Stalin. A compelling story of dictatorship, bloody battles, and endless courage as the Soviet people combat not only Hitler and the Germany Army, but their own leader as well. Hosted by former US Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, this 10-hour program features never-before-seen Russian images, once-secret documents, and leading Russian historians to explore Russia from 1924 through 1953.

Tue 22nd August

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

In Vietnam, the SAS attacks the Viet Cong infrastructure, and plays the savage Viet Cong at their own game - terrorising and demoralising the jungle enemy. But after Tet, anti-war Western politics frustrate the SAS.

Tue 22nd August

World at War

Japan launches her unsuspected and destructive attack on Pearl Harbour.

Tue 22nd August

Weapons at War

From man's earliest battles to the combat visions of the future, these documentaries richly illustrate the history of weaponry throughout the ages - and what weapons will be in the future.

Tue 22nd August

Vienna: Empire, Dynasty, and Dream

Simon Sebag Montefiore tells the story of Vienna triumphant, after the Ottoman threat receded at the end of the 17th-century. The city was rebuilt. No longer an outpost defending the West from Islamic invaders, the Habsburg's vowed their empire and imperial capital would become the most glittering in the world. The Habsburg emperors transformed the city from a fortress into a great cultural capital. Vienna became a city that would define the arts; a magnet for musicians including Mozart, Haydn and Beethoven.

Tue 22nd August

Amelia Earhart: The Lost Evidence

Former FBI official Shawn Henry investigates new, shocking evidence that aviator Amelia Earhart was captured by the Japanese military, including a photograph that purports to show Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan alive after their disappearance. Evidence includes documents containing new information indicating that the U.S. government knew that she was in the custody of a foreign power, and may have covered it up.

Tue 22nd August

A Fierce Green Fire

A big-picture exploration of the environmental movement - grassroots and global activism - spanning fifty years from conservation to climate change. Narrated by Robert Redford, Ashley Judd, Van Jones, Isabel Allende and Meryl Streep. Inspired by the book of the same name by Philip Shabecoff and informed by advisors like Edward O. Wilson, this program chronicles the largest movement of the 20th century and one of the keys to the 21st. It brings together all the major parts of environmentalism and connects them. It focuses on activism, people fighting to save their homes, their lives, the future - and succeeding against all odds.

Tue 22nd August

History's Secrets: The Moon Landing

In July 1969, 600 million people around the world watched Neil Armstrong become the first human being to set foot on another planet. Apollo 11's mission and the five moon landings that followed were the most costly and dangerous single expeditions ever undertaken by any government at any time in history. For those who volunteered for the job, the risk of death was many times greater than a tour of duty in Vietnam. In all, 24 remarkably brave men ventured a quarter-million miles from home, relying on just a single engine. Failure of that engine would mean being stranded until their last supplies of oxygen ran out. These are the untold stories of Apollo: the rarely remembered breakthroughs, harrowing escapes and heartbreaking disasters.

Tue 22nd August

Time Team

The new series of Time Team continues. Under the watchful eyes of the guardians of one of the RAF's most secretive bases, TONY ROBINSON and the Team have just three days to investigate a most unusual 13th century monastery. Gilbertine monasteries housed not just monks, but nuns as well. Strict rules kept them apart, except for the odd scandal of course. But all that's left in the heart of RAF Chicksands is one small cloister building. The archaeologists devastate the beautifully kept lawns in search of the rest of the buildings and the cemeteries. And in a revealing experiment, excavator Jenni Butterworth is charged with living like a 13th century nun for 24 hours.

Tue 22nd August

History's Ultimate Spies

As Walsingham was to Elizabeth, Robert Cecil was to her successor James I. Cecil was a formidable political operator who devised and established an extraordinary web of spies and informers, designed to ensure the King's security. Cecil's greatest triumph was the thwarting of the infamous catholic Gunpowder Plot. We look at the theory that the great spymaster knew all about it from day one and orchestrated the whole plot in order to bring maximum discredit on Catholics.

Tue 22nd August

The Spy in the Hanoi Hilton

American POWs in Vietnam kept a secret for 40 years. A secret they can now finally reveal. This documentary brings together the highest-ranking POWs from the infamous 'Hanoi Hilton' prison camp to reveal harrowing tales of torture, interrogation and brutal treatment. In the midst of this hellish existence, a handful of POWs created a clandestine movement that eventually led to major rescue attempts and a spy ring whose top secret connections can only now be revealed.

Tue 22nd August

Amelia Earhart: The Lost Evidence

Former FBI official Shawn Henry investigates new, shocking evidence that aviator Amelia Earhart was captured by the Japanese military, including a photograph that purports to show Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan alive after their disappearance. Evidence includes documents containing new information indicating that the U.S. government knew that she was in the custody of a foreign power, and may have covered it up.

Tue 22nd August

Noon

Russia's War: Blood Upon the Snow

Brings to life the story of the people of the Soviet Union during World War II who struggle to survive the tyrannical reign of Joseph Stalin. A compelling story of dictatorship, bloody battles, and endless courage as the Soviet people combat not only Hitler and the Germany Army, but their own leader as well. Hosted by former US Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, this 10-hour program features never-before-seen Russian images, once-secret documents, and leading Russian historians to explore Russia from 1924 through 1953.

Tue 22nd August

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

In Vietnam, the SAS attacks the Viet Cong infrastructure, and plays the savage Viet Cong at their own game - terrorising and demoralising the jungle enemy. But after Tet, anti-war Western politics frustrate the SAS.

Tue 22nd August

World at War

Japan launches her unsuspected and destructive attack on Pearl Harbour.

Tue 22nd August

Weapons at War

From man's earliest battles to the combat visions of the future, these documentaries richly illustrate the history of weaponry throughout the ages - and what weapons will be in the future.

Tue 22nd August

History's Ultimate Spies

The all-powerful Cardinal Richelieu was feared and hated in equal measure, mainly because of the extraordinarily complex and very effective spy network that dominated the court of Louis XIII. In this episode we explain how the Cardinal operated and examine the role he may have played in the death of the English Duke of Buckingham, James I's unpopular favourite.

Tue 22nd August

Evening

Treasures Decoded

Using forensic testing and experimental archaeology, the series unlocks secrets that have remained hidden for centuries. It sheds new light on moments in history that have long been shrouded in myth-making and controversy. Is the golden raft found in a remote Columbian cave the key to a legendary city of gold? Is the Turin Shroud the world's oldest photograph? Do we have the first piece of ancient scripture to mention a sexual relationship between Jesus and Mary Magdalene? Can we finally say whose face adorns the great Sphinx? This series takes viewers on a riveting journey of discovery and revelation.

Tue 22nd August

The Weapon Hunter

Paul goes on a quest to find and fire one of the most incredible weapons of the Second World War: the legendary FG-42 assault rifle. Developed during the height of WW2, the FG-42 light machine gun was designed to be carried into battle by Hitler's crack paratroopers, the dreaded Fallschirmjager. But getting his hands on one won't be easy. Only a few dozen FG-42s are known to exist in North America and these rare firearms can sell for $300,000 at auction. Even if he can track one down, convincing the owner to let him fire this valuable weapon may be an impossible task.

Tue 22nd August

Stalingrad

The World War II Battle of Stalingrad, from the initial attack to the repatriation of the survivors after the war.

Tue 22nd August

VICE Special Report: A World In Disarray

In the decades following World War II, the United States led the way in shaping the world order. But with the end of the Cold War, old alliances have fractured and new rivalries arisen, resulting in a world increasingly in disarray, where weak states threaten global stability as much as strong ones. In this film, VICE co-founder Suroosh Alvi, Michael Moynihan and other VICE correspondents examine the foreign policies that have shaped the modern world, and meet people living through today's major conflicts. Starting with Moynihan's interview with Richard Haass, president of the Council on Foreign Relations and author of 'A World in Disarray,' the special looks at America's role in a post-Cold War world and the unfolding consequences of an emerging "America First" policy. Correspondents Sebastian Walker, Ben Ferguson, Isobel Yeung and Alvi provide exclusive, never-before-seen footage as they journey through Syria, Ukraine, China and South Korea for first-hand accounts of ongoing humanitarian crises and political struggles in these and neighbouring countries. The special also features interviews with Condoleezza Rice, Tony Blair, Samantha Power, Ash Carter and others.

Tue 22nd August

Code Name "Junior"

October 1998. In the last Cold War spy trial, three US citizens were convicted of working as agents for East Germany: Kurt Stand ('Junior'), his wife Theresa Squillacote ('Swan'), and James Clark ('the Professor'). The verdict ended their long careers as 'Kundschafter'. Very few Americans sympathised with Communist East Germany. Spying for the country was unthinkable. Why did these three individuals believe they were fighting for a just cause? Kurt Stand's parents fled from Nazi Germany to the US where his father became an important source of information for the East German government. He remained undetected all his life. Stand's parents also put their son in contact with the East German intelligence. 'Junior' was instructed to search for collaborators, and he found the 'Swan' and the 'Professor'. They were trained in spying techniques and expected to infiltrate high levels of the US power structure. This film was 16 years in the making and developed into a unique story about the fall of the Wall. It meets the agents, their handlers, relatives and friends, and features one of the last interviews with legendary singer Pete Seeger. A spy tale, a story about lost hope and betrayal, mistakes and misjudgements, idealism and naivete.

Wed 23rd August

Morning

Soviet Storm: WW2 In The East

On 28th June, 1943, German troops launched Case Blue. They dashed towards Voronezh, Stalingrad, Rostov-on-Don. The insufficiently embattled south sector of the Soviet-German front was breached. The retreat of the Soviet troops eastwards was going on when a famous order later called "Not a step back!" was issued. Special anti-retreat detachments were supposed to stop fleeing military units. German 6th Army commanded by Friedrich Paulus reached Stalingrad but it unexpectedly met with a strong repulse that brought their advance to a halt. Reserve army commanded by marshals Vasilevsky and Zhukov were moved closer up to the encircled city by the Soviet Command. The bombardments of the city went on and on with every building being fought for, nevertheless the city held up. The Soviet troops started Operation Uranus and encircled the German grouping.

Wed 23rd August

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

When global terrorism mushrooms, Australia turns to the SAS 'Black' role of counter-terrorism (CT). This gives the Regiment a future. But the 'Green War' roles of free falling, diving and motorised patrols are preserved and perfected.

Wed 23rd August

World at War

Initial success in Russia causes Hitler to be reckless and sees the German Sixth Army slowly destroyed.

Wed 23rd August

Weapons at War

From man's earliest battles to the combat visions of the future, these documentaries richly illustrate the history of weaponry throughout the ages - and what weapons will be in the future.

Wed 23rd August

The Weapon Hunter

Paul goes on a quest to find and fire one of the most incredible weapons of the Second World War: the legendary FG-42 assault rifle. Developed during the height of WW2, the FG-42 light machine gun was designed to be carried into battle by Hitler's crack paratroopers, the dreaded Fallschirmjager. But getting his hands on one won't be easy. Only a few dozen FG-42s are known to exist in North America and these rare firearms can sell for $300,000 at auction. Even if he can track one down, convincing the owner to let him fire this valuable weapon may be an impossible task.

Wed 23rd August

Stalingrad

The World War II Battle of Stalingrad, from the initial attack to the repatriation of the survivors after the war.

Wed 23rd August

Last Secrets Of The Third Reich

A celebrated Nazi general who plots Hitler's assassination. A sunken U-boat that mysteriously vanishes. An Alpine fortress that may house millions in lost Nazi gold. Decades after World War II, there are still many secrets of the Third Reich unfolding. We go into the minds of some of the conflict's most prominent events and notorious figures, and uncover the little-known stories that played a large role in determining the fate of the WWII and those who fought in it.

Wed 23rd August

Taliban Oil

This is the unknown story of secret negotiations between the Taliban and America to build a pipeline through Afghanistan. When America invaded Afghanistan in 2001, the stated aim was to dismantle Al-Qaeda, denying it a safe base of operations by removing the Taliban from power. But Al-Qaeda claimed that the attack on the Twin Towers was a response to the Bush administration's threats to attack Afghanistan if its demands for pipeline rights were not met. According to sources, Taliban officials were told they could accept a 'carpet of gold' or a 'carpet of bombs.' What we know for sure is that in 1997, a delegation of Taliban officials visited Texas to discuss the possibility of a pipeline from Turkmenistan to Pakistan via Afghanistan. Negotiations continued for years and as late as July 2001, just months before 9/11, the Taliban again met with top US representatives. What happened during those talks remains a mystery but, as this film shows, the pipeline played a key role in shaping US - Afghanistan relations pre-9/11.

Wed 23rd August

Code Name "Junior"

October 1998. In the last Cold War spy trial, three US citizens were convicted of working as agents for East Germany: Kurt Stand ('Junior'), his wife Theresa Squillacote ('Swan'), and James Clark ('the Professor'). The verdict ended their long careers as 'Kundschafter'. Very few Americans sympathised with Communist East Germany. Spying for the country was unthinkable. Why did these three individuals believe they were fighting for a just cause? Kurt Stand's parents fled from Nazi Germany to the US where his father became an important source of information for the East German government. He remained undetected all his life. Stand's parents also put their son in contact with the East German intelligence. 'Junior' was instructed to search for collaborators, and he found the 'Swan' and the 'Professor'. They were trained in spying techniques and expected to infiltrate high levels of the US power structure. This film was 16 years in the making and developed into a unique story about the fall of the Wall. It meets the agents, their handlers, relatives and friends, and features one of the last interviews with legendary singer Pete Seeger. A spy tale, a story about lost hope and betrayal, mistakes and misjudgements, idealism and naivete.

Wed 23rd August

Time Team

In the cellar of a Shropshire pub lies the opening to an 18th-century blast furnace. Was this village one of the places which led the way through the technological changes which transformed Britain and made the area the heart of the Industrial Revolution? The answer should lie under the pub car park. Under the watchful eye of the landlady and aided by a few pints, Tony Robinson and the team waste no time in their quest.

Wed 23rd August

History's Ultimate Spies

The all-powerful Cardinal Richelieu was feared and hated in equal measure, mainly because of the extraordinarily complex and very effective spy network that dominated the court of Louis XIII. In this episode we explain how the Cardinal operated and examine the role he may have played in the death of the English Duke of Buckingham, James I's unpopular favourite.

Wed 23rd August

Treasures Decoded

Using forensic testing and experimental archaeology, the series unlocks secrets that have remained hidden for centuries. It sheds new light on moments in history that have long been shrouded in myth-making and controversy. Is the golden raft found in a remote Columbian cave the key to a legendary city of gold? Is the Turin Shroud the world's oldest photograph? Do we have the first piece of ancient scripture to mention a sexual relationship between Jesus and Mary Magdalene? Can we finally say whose face adorns the great Sphinx? This series takes viewers on a riveting journey of discovery and revelation.

Wed 23rd August

The Weapon Hunter

Paul goes on a quest to find and fire one of the most incredible weapons of the Second World War: the legendary FG-42 assault rifle. Developed during the height of WW2, the FG-42 light machine gun was designed to be carried into battle by Hitler's crack paratroopers, the dreaded Fallschirmjager. But getting his hands on one won't be easy. Only a few dozen FG-42s are known to exist in North America and these rare firearms can sell for $300,000 at auction. Even if he can track one down, convincing the owner to let him fire this valuable weapon may be an impossible task.

Wed 23rd August

Noon

Stalingrad

The World War II Battle of Stalingrad, from the initial attack to the repatriation of the survivors after the war.

Wed 23rd August

Soviet Storm: WW2 In The East

On 28th June, 1943, German troops launched Case Blue. They dashed towards Voronezh, Stalingrad, Rostov-on-Don. The insufficiently embattled south sector of the Soviet-German front was breached. The retreat of the Soviet troops eastwards was going on when a famous order later called "Not a step back!" was issued. Special anti-retreat detachments were supposed to stop fleeing military units. German 6th Army commanded by Friedrich Paulus reached Stalingrad but it unexpectedly met with a strong repulse that brought their advance to a halt. Reserve army commanded by marshals Vasilevsky and Zhukov were moved closer up to the encircled city by the Soviet Command. The bombardments of the city went on and on with every building being fought for, nevertheless the city held up. The Soviet troops started Operation Uranus and encircled the German grouping.

Wed 23rd August

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

When global terrorism mushrooms, Australia turns to the SAS 'Black' role of counter-terrorism (CT). This gives the Regiment a future. But the 'Green War' roles of free falling, diving and motorised patrols are preserved and perfected.

Wed 23rd August

World at War

Initial success in Russia causes Hitler to be reckless and sees the German Sixth Army slowly destroyed.

Wed 23rd August

Weapons at War

From man's earliest battles to the combat visions of the future, these documentaries richly illustrate the history of weaponry throughout the ages - and what weapons will be in the future.

Wed 23rd August

Inside Secret Societies

With its origins in the Samurai culture of 17th century Japan, the Yakusa are one of the most infamous, secret and feared of all Asian secret societies. They call themselves a 'chivalrous organisation', and are notorious for their strict codes of conduct and highly organised structure, with an estimated 100,000 members today. They started as hired security men for local festivals, markets and gambling dens, before slowly growing in power and prestige. Today they are a vast organisation and their leaders, known as Oyabun, maintain strict rules within the ranks. No disloyalty is permitted. Yubitsume, or the cutting off of a finger, is a form of penance or apology. Upon a first offence, the transgressor must cut off the tip of his left little finger and give the severed portion to his boss. Its origin stems from the traditional way of holding a Japanese sword. The removal of digits starting with the little finger moving up the hand to the index finger progressively weakens a person's sword grip. Many Yakusa have full-body tattoos known as Irezumi which are often "hand-poked", that is, the ink is inserted beneath the skin using non-electrical, hand-made and hand-held tools with needles of sharpened bamboo or steel. The Yakusa are a very powerful organisation in Japan who's tentacles of influence reach the very highest levels of power. Drawing on their rich Samurai heritage they believe they can operate above and beyond modern laws and government, bringing what they see as a purer form of justice and control to a corrupt country.

Wed 23rd August

Evening

Invisible Universe Revealed

Follow the historic rescue of Hubble - the space telescope that unveiled the cosmos.

Wed 23rd August

The 101 Who Made The Twentieth Century

The history of mankind is a never-ending story of change, revolution, evolution - but surely no span of a hundred years can claim to have changed the world so dramatically, so rapidly and so irreversibly as the Twentieth Century. A century where the empires of the past crumbled to make way for new superpowers and a new age. Built on science, exploration, and a desire to express new creative possibilities. A century where the world was drawn into one war after another. But where radio, film, television, cars, planes and finally computers drew us closer together than at any other point in history. It was a century of unprecedented change. Change that was born out of the actions of individuals - what they created, what they discovered, what they destroyed.Who were the 101 people who drove the changes in every aspect of life that made the Twentieth Century and set-up the Twenty-First? A decade and a half since the close of the century we can take a considered look at the people most responsible for the events that changed their world and made ours. In this series we count down - from a hundred-and-one to number one - the names of those who, in the judgement of experts, including those who contribute to the series, most influentially shaped the century and our world. What would the world we live in look like without our Top Ten? It is hard to imagine but one things for sure, in making the twentieth century they have indelibly influenced the world we know today. In our final episode we reveal our picks for the most significant people "Who Made the Twentieth Century". The results will surprise many. Some will disagree with the choices, everyone will remain gripped up to the final reveal.

Wed 23rd August

CIA: Secret Wars

When Jimmy Carter came to power, the CIA became more discreet. The agency completely failed to spot the rise of Islamic fundamentalism, and failed to foresee the fall of the Shah and the advent of the Ayatollah Khomeini. After an attempted intervention turned into a disaster, Carter was going to dismantle the agency. But the USSR's invasion of Afghanistan forced the US government to intervene and to reactivate the CIA. The agency would, for a while, concentrate its activities in Latin America. But under the Reagan presidency, the CIA convinced the leadership that the USSR had huge weaponry, rekindling an arms race that proved fatal for the Moscow regime. With the fall of the Soviet bloc, the CIA found itself deprived of its chief enemy.

Wed 23rd August

How the World Ends

Smallpox, the Black Death, Spanish Flu, AIDS, Zika. History has taught us that in the face of a new killer bacteria or virus, humankind is still vulnerable, despite the best efforts of modern medicine. Discover the true microbial threat facing the world today: a highly infectious airborne super-flu that could kill hundreds of millions of people within the space of just a few months. Meet people who are determined to survive the next global pandemic and the chaos that will ensue. Will their stockpiled supplies and survival skills be enough to ride out one of the most dangerous threats to our species?

Wed 23rd August

Monsters & Mysteries

A cold-blooded reptilian beast preys upon unsuspecting campers along the South Carolina coast. A seductive succubus with a taste for terror targets a young rock musician. A mad scientist's monstrous flying monkeys unleash their wrath upon Napa Valley.

Wed 23rd August

Unsealed: Alien Files

Scientists have never been closer to proving that life once lived on Mars. But is it still there? And if so, how has it evolved? Join us as we investigate the red planet and the possibility that alien life may live within our own galaxy.

Thu 24th August

Morning

Unsealed: Alien Files

Scientists and Ufologists are scouring the vast regions of space for signs of extraterrestrial life. But if it takes millions of years for light from distant stars to reach Earth, how long could it take for aliens to answer our call? Or are they contacting us right now? Join us as we investigate how scientists are sending - and receiving alien communications.

Thu 24th August

Russia's War: Blood Upon the Snow

Brings to life the story of the people of the Soviet Union during World War II who struggle to survive the tyrannical reign of Joseph Stalin. A compelling story of dictatorship, bloody battles, and endless courage as the Soviet people combat not only Hitler and the Germany Army, but their own leader as well. Hosted by former US Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, this 10-hour program features never-before-seen Russian images, once-secret documents, and leading Russian historians to explore Russia from 1924 through 1953.

Thu 24th August

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

As the novelty of CT wears off, the SAS finds other outlets for its talents in training foreign forces in The Philippines, and in small peacekeeping in Somalia, Rwanda, Bougainville, Cambodia, and the Solomon Islands.

Thu 24th August

World at War

After Pearl Harbor, America is now prepared to go to war. Narrated by Sir Laurence Olivier.

Thu 24th August

Weapons at War

From man's earliest battles to the combat visions of the future, these documentaries richly illustrate the history of weaponry throughout the ages - and what weapons will be in the future.

Thu 24th August

The 101 Who Made The Twentieth Century

The history of mankind is a never-ending story of change, revolution, evolution - but surely no span of a hundred years can claim to have changed the world so dramatically, so rapidly and so irreversibly as the Twentieth Century. A century where the empires of the past crumbled to make way for new superpowers and a new age. Built on science, exploration, and a desire to express new creative possibilities. A century where the world was drawn into one war after another. But where radio, film, television, cars, planes and finally computers drew us closer together than at any other point in history. It was a century of unprecedented change. Change that was born out of the actions of individuals - what they created, what they discovered, what they destroyed.Who were the 101 people who drove the changes in every aspect of life that made the Twentieth Century and set-up the Twenty-First? A decade and a half since the close of the century we can take a considered look at the people most responsible for the events that changed their world and made ours. In this series we count down - from a hundred-and-one to number one - the names of those who, in the judgement of experts, including those who contribute to the series, most influentially shaped the century and our world. What would the world we live in look like without our Top Ten? It is hard to imagine but one things for sure, in making the twentieth century they have indelibly influenced the world we know today. In our final episode we reveal our picks for the most significant people "Who Made the Twentieth Century". The results will surprise many. Some will disagree with the choices, everyone will remain gripped up to the final reveal.

Thu 24th August

CIA: Secret Wars

When Jimmy Carter came to power, the CIA became more discreet. The agency completely failed to spot the rise of Islamic fundamentalism, and failed to foresee the fall of the Shah and the advent of the Ayatollah Khomeini. After an attempted intervention turned into a disaster, Carter was going to dismantle the agency. But the USSR's invasion of Afghanistan forced the US government to intervene and to reactivate the CIA. The agency would, for a while, concentrate its activities in Latin America. But under the Reagan presidency, the CIA convinced the leadership that the USSR had huge weaponry, rekindling an arms race that proved fatal for the Moscow regime. With the fall of the Soviet bloc, the CIA found itself deprived of its chief enemy.

Thu 24th August

How the World Ends

Smallpox, the Black Death, Spanish Flu, AIDS, Zika. History has taught us that in the face of a new killer bacteria or virus, humankind is still vulnerable, despite the best efforts of modern medicine. Discover the true microbial threat facing the world today: a highly infectious airborne super-flu that could kill hundreds of millions of people within the space of just a few months. Meet people who are determined to survive the next global pandemic and the chaos that will ensue. Will their stockpiled supplies and survival skills be enough to ride out one of the most dangerous threats to our species?

Thu 24th August

Monsters & Mysteries

A cold-blooded reptilian beast preys upon unsuspecting campers along the South Carolina coast. A seductive succubus with a taste for terror targets a young rock musician. A mad scientist's monstrous flying monkeys unleash their wrath upon Napa Valley.

Thu 24th August

Unsealed: Alien Files

Scientists have never been closer to proving that life once lived on Mars. But is it still there? And if so, how has it evolved? Join us as we investigate the red planet and the possibility that alien life may live within our own galaxy.

Thu 24th August

Unsealed: Alien Files

Scientists and Ufologists are scouring the vast regions of space for signs of extraterrestrial life. But if it takes millions of years for light from distant stars to reach Earth, how long could it take for aliens to answer our call? Or are they contacting us right now? Join us as we investigate how scientists are sending - and receiving alien communications.

Thu 24th August

Time Team

In this week's Time Team a wealth of Roman artefacts are un-earthed by amateurs, but there are no obvious buildings. The major Roman highway, Ermine Street is somewhere nearby but its actual location is a puzzle. And, to confuse things further, it's all on the site of a demolished Victorian mansion. This provides the perfect mystery for Tony Robinson and the Team to solve, so they head for Cheshunt in Hertfordshire with a squad of Roman soldiers on hand to help.

Thu 24th August

Inside Secret Societies

With its origins in the Samurai culture of 17th century Japan, the Yakusa are one of the most infamous, secret and feared of all Asian secret societies. They call themselves a 'chivalrous organisation', and are notorious for their strict codes of conduct and highly organised structure, with an estimated 100,000 members today. They started as hired security men for local festivals, markets and gambling dens, before slowly growing in power and prestige. Today they are a vast organisation and their leaders, known as Oyabun, maintain strict rules within the ranks. No disloyalty is permitted. Yubitsume, or the cutting off of a finger, is a form of penance or apology. Upon a first offence, the transgressor must cut off the tip of his left little finger and give the severed portion to his boss. Its origin stems from the traditional way of holding a Japanese sword. The removal of digits starting with the little finger moving up the hand to the index finger progressively weakens a person's sword grip. Many Yakusa have full-body tattoos known as Irezumi which are often "hand-poked", that is, the ink is inserted beneath the skin using non-electrical, hand-made and hand-held tools with needles of sharpened bamboo or steel. The Yakusa are a very powerful organisation in Japan who's tentacles of influence reach the very highest levels of power. Drawing on their rich Samurai heritage they believe they can operate above and beyond modern laws and government, bringing what they see as a purer form of justice and control to a corrupt country.

Thu 24th August

Invisible Universe Revealed

Follow the historic rescue of Hubble - the space telescope that unveiled the cosmos.

Thu 24th August

The 101 Who Made The Twentieth Century

The history of mankind is a never-ending story of change, revolution, evolution - but surely no span of a hundred years can claim to have changed the world so dramatically, so rapidly and so irreversibly as the Twentieth Century. A century where the empires of the past crumbled to make way for new superpowers and a new age. Built on science, exploration, and a desire to express new creative possibilities. A century where the world was drawn into one war after another. But where radio, film, television, cars, planes and finally computers drew us closer together than at any other point in history. It was a century of unprecedented change. Change that was born out of the actions of individuals - what they created, what they discovered, what they destroyed.Who were the 101 people who drove the changes in every aspect of life that made the Twentieth Century and set-up the Twenty-First? A decade and a half since the close of the century we can take a considered look at the people most responsible for the events that changed their world and made ours. In this series we count down - from a hundred-and-one to number one - the names of those who, in the judgement of experts, including those who contribute to the series, most influentially shaped the century and our world. What would the world we live in look like without our Top Ten? It is hard to imagine but one things for sure, in making the twentieth century they have indelibly influenced the world we know today. In our final episode we reveal our picks for the most significant people "Who Made the Twentieth Century". The results will surprise many. Some will disagree with the choices, everyone will remain gripped up to the final reveal.

Thu 24th August

Noon

CIA: Secret Wars

When Jimmy Carter came to power, the CIA became more discreet. The agency completely failed to spot the rise of Islamic fundamentalism, and failed to foresee the fall of the Shah and the advent of the Ayatollah Khomeini. After an attempted intervention turned into a disaster, Carter was going to dismantle the agency. But the USSR's invasion of Afghanistan forced the US government to intervene and to reactivate the CIA. The agency would, for a while, concentrate its activities in Latin America. But under the Reagan presidency, the CIA convinced the leadership that the USSR had huge weaponry, rekindling an arms race that proved fatal for the Moscow regime. With the fall of the Soviet bloc, the CIA found itself deprived of its chief enemy.

Thu 24th August

Russia's War: Blood Upon the Snow

Brings to life the story of the people of the Soviet Union during World War II who struggle to survive the tyrannical reign of Joseph Stalin. A compelling story of dictatorship, bloody battles, and endless courage as the Soviet people combat not only Hitler and the Germany Army, but their own leader as well. Hosted by former US Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, this 10-hour program features never-before-seen Russian images, once-secret documents, and leading Russian historians to explore Russia from 1924 through 1953.

Thu 24th August

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

As the novelty of CT wears off, the SAS finds other outlets for its talents in training foreign forces in The Philippines, and in small peacekeeping in Somalia, Rwanda, Bougainville, Cambodia, and the Solomon Islands.

Thu 24th August

World at War

After Pearl Harbor, America is now prepared to go to war. Narrated by Sir Laurence Olivier.

Thu 24th August

Weapons at War

From man's earliest battles to the combat visions of the future, these documentaries richly illustrate the history of weaponry throughout the ages - and what weapons will be in the future.

Thu 24th August

Inside Secret Societies

The Assassins are a legend in the Muslim world. Part freedom fighters, part special forces and part Islamic fundamentalists, they were set up back in the 11th century in today's Syria around the time of the First Christian Crusade in the Holy Land. They were an elite sect of highly trained killers who often operated behind enemy lines, in deep cover, assassinating military leaders and rulers. Their covert tactics and ruthless operations spread fear & terror across the medieval world. Assassinations were primarily carried out with a dagger, which was sometimes tipped with poison. As their legend and infamy grew they started to carry out their assassinations in public spaces so as to instil terror in their foes. They would often assimilate themselves in the cities, palaces & fortresses of their targets and, over time, stealthily insert themselves into strategic positions. Although many scholars believe that they died out after the Crusades, there are those who say that they simply went 'underground' with reports of their activities in the early 20th century. Certainly, the Assassins have inspired, and possibly given rise to, many of today's Islamic fundamentalist groups, including the Taliban in Afghanistan, Al Qaeda and even ISIS. The training methods, secrecy, ruthlessness and covert operations of all these groups are directly the result of The Assassins.

Thu 24th August

Evening

The Secret History Of ISIS

The inside story of the radicals who became the leaders of ISIS, the missed warning signs and the US failures to stop the group's brutal rise.

Thu 24th August

I Killed JFK

Featuring interviews with experts and historians, we delve behind the mystery of the world's greatest unsolved murder case. We investigate the viability of the confession of the alleged killer from the now infamous 'grassy knoll'.

Thu 24th August

World War Weird

World War Weird explains the most mysterious and bizarre events of both the World Wars. In the chaos of battle men claim to have witnessed some of history's strangest sightings and in the minds of their leaders; ludicrous military plans have been hatched. From unexplained sea monsters spotted by U-boat captains to some of the weirdest weaponry of the Wars, each episode will examine the stories in fascinating detail. Despite decades of research by historians and experts, many accounts still remain a complete mystery. Using de-classified documents and military historians World War Weird attempts to explain the unexplainable and explore the fascinating history associated with some of the darkest periods in human history. In this episode, Stalin's canine army, Rommel's hidden hoard of Nazi gold, and mysterious circles reported by RAF pilots across Britain. Hear about war at its weirdest in this intriguing series.

Thu 24th August

Ancient Aliens

Many of the architectural marvels of the ancient world bear striking similarities to one another, even though they were built by civilisations that were separated by thousands of miles and are believed to have had no contact with one another. These remarkably advanced structures have stood for millennia and are eerily alike in design, building techniques, and alignments with both cardinal directions and heavenly bodies. Separated by more than 7500 miles, the Giza pyramid complex in Egypt and the Avenue of the Dead in Teotihuacan, Mexico contain pyramids that are aligned with the constellation of Orion's belt. An ancient pyramid temple in Cambodia known as Baksei Chamkrong is an almost identical match for the Temple of the Jaguar in Guatemala. Many structures - like Puma Punku in Bolivia and Stonehenge in England - were built using stone slabs that weighed over a hundred tonnes. But how did primitive people achieve such extraordinary feats? And why do we see such similarities? Could these sites have all been designed by alien architects? Is it possible that our ancestors were working with a much larger blueprint than mainstream archaeologists previously thought possible? Ancient Astronaut theorists say yes, and suggest that these sites are all interconnected to serve a purpose that we are only just beginning to understand.

Thu 24th August

Monsters & Mysteries

An entire family takes up arms in a rooftop showdown with the Spottsville Monster, a vicious beast with a taste for flesh. Eerie phantoms protect survivors of one of America's most deadly tornadoes and New Jersey fishermen face off with a gigantic bug.

Thu 24th August

Ancient Aliens

It was mankind's finest hour, the greatest technological achievement of the 20th Century, the Apollo 11 mission to the Moon. But the Apollo program was short-lived, and after Apollo 17 in 1972, we never went back. Could it be that we encountered something, or someone on the Moon? Did the Apollo astronauts witness more than NASA wants us to know? The Moon is the most visible celestial body in the night sky and is essential to life on Earth. But what if the Moon is not the natural object we believe it to be? Unidentified lunar objects in NASA photography may point to extraterrestrial structures on the moon, and possibly evidence of what lies beneath the surface. Some Ancient Astronaut theorists have even suggested that the Moon is actually an artificial object, placed in its current position by otherworldly beings thousands of years ago.

Fri 25th August

Morning

Russia's War: Blood Upon the Snow

Brings to life the story of the people of the Soviet Union during World War II who struggle to survive the tyrannical reign of Joseph Stalin. A compelling story of dictatorship, bloody battles, and endless courage as the Soviet people combat not only Hitler and the Germany Army, but their own leader as well. Hosted by former US Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, this 10-hour program features never-before-seen Russian images, once-secret documents, and leading Russian historians to explore Russia from 1924 through 1953.

Fri 25th August

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

After the collapse of the USSR SAS faces a challenge from within - it has lost much of its vital unconventionality. But as it rallies to become truly postmodern, disaster intervenes when two CT Black Hawk helicopters collide and crash in flames.

Fri 25th August

World at War

At the Battle of El Alemain, the British Desert Rats finally put Rommel's Afrika Korps to flight.

Fri 25th August

Weapons at War

From man's earliest battles to the combat visions of the future, these documentaries richly illustrate the history of weaponry throughout the ages - and what weapons will be in the future.

Fri 25th August

I Killed JFK

Featuring interviews with experts and historians, we delve behind the mystery of the world's greatest unsolved murder case. We investigate the viability of the confession of the alleged killer from the now infamous 'grassy knoll'.

Fri 25th August

World War Weird

World War Weird explains the most mysterious and bizarre events of both the World Wars. In the chaos of battle men claim to have witnessed some of history's strangest sightings and in the minds of their leaders; ludicrous military plans have been hatched. From unexplained sea monsters spotted by U-boat captains to some of the weirdest weaponry of the Wars, each episode will examine the stories in fascinating detail. Despite decades of research by historians and experts, many accounts still remain a complete mystery. Using de-classified documents and military historians World War Weird attempts to explain the unexplainable and explore the fascinating history associated with some of the darkest periods in human history. In this episode, Stalin's canine army, Rommel's hidden hoard of Nazi gold, and mysterious circles reported by RAF pilots across Britain. Hear about war at its weirdest in this intriguing series.

Fri 25th August

Ancient Aliens

Many of the architectural marvels of the ancient world bear striking similarities to one another, even though they were built by civilisations that were separated by thousands of miles and are believed to have had no contact with one another. These remarkably advanced structures have stood for millennia and are eerily alike in design, building techniques, and alignments with both cardinal directions and heavenly bodies. Separated by more than 7500 miles, the Giza pyramid complex in Egypt and the Avenue of the Dead in Teotihuacan, Mexico contain pyramids that are aligned with the constellation of Orion's belt. An ancient pyramid temple in Cambodia known as Baksei Chamkrong is an almost identical match for the Temple of the Jaguar in Guatemala. Many structures - like Puma Punku in Bolivia and Stonehenge in England - were built using stone slabs that weighed over a hundred tonnes. But how did primitive people achieve such extraordinary feats? And why do we see such similarities? Could these sites have all been designed by alien architects? Is it possible that our ancestors were working with a much larger blueprint than mainstream archaeologists previously thought possible? Ancient Astronaut theorists say yes, and suggest that these sites are all interconnected to serve a purpose that we are only just beginning to understand.

Fri 25th August

Monsters & Mysteries

An entire family takes up arms in a rooftop showdown with the Spottsville Monster, a vicious beast with a taste for flesh. Eerie phantoms protect survivors of one of America's most deadly tornadoes and New Jersey fishermen face off with a gigantic bug.

Fri 25th August

Ancient Aliens

It was mankind's finest hour, the greatest technological achievement of the 20th Century, the Apollo 11 mission to the Moon. But the Apollo program was short-lived, and after Apollo 17 in 1972, we never went back. Could it be that we encountered something, or someone on the Moon? Did the Apollo astronauts witness more than NASA wants us to know? The Moon is the most visible celestial body in the night sky and is essential to life on Earth. But what if the Moon is not the natural object we believe it to be? Unidentified lunar objects in NASA photography may point to extraterrestrial structures on the moon, and possibly evidence of what lies beneath the surface. Some Ancient Astronaut theorists have even suggested that the Moon is actually an artificial object, placed in its current position by otherworldly beings thousands of years ago.

Fri 25th August

Time Team

Tony Robinson heads west to investigate Cornwall's most important Iron Age site. A farmer has a houseful of Iron Age finds from a huge field overlooking the Helston River. It is clearly an Iron Age enclosure, it's clearly been fortified, but it is so large that its purpose is a mystery. And to make the task even harder, there's another fortified area nearby. What was going on here 2000 years ago? As usual, the team have three days to find out and are able to draw some quite unusual conclusions.

Fri 25th August

Inside Secret Societies

The Assassins are a legend in the Muslim world. Part freedom fighters, part special forces and part Islamic fundamentalists, they were set up back in the 11th century in today's Syria around the time of the First Christian Crusade in the Holy Land. They were an elite sect of highly trained killers who often operated behind enemy lines, in deep cover, assassinating military leaders and rulers. Their covert tactics and ruthless operations spread fear & terror across the medieval world. Assassinations were primarily carried out with a dagger, which was sometimes tipped with poison. As their legend and infamy grew they started to carry out their assassinations in public spaces so as to instil terror in their foes. They would often assimilate themselves in the cities, palaces & fortresses of their targets and, over time, stealthily insert themselves into strategic positions. Although many scholars believe that they died out after the Crusades, there are those who say that they simply went 'underground' with reports of their activities in the early 20th century. Certainly, the Assassins have inspired, and possibly given rise to, many of today's Islamic fundamentalist groups, including the Taliban in Afghanistan, Al Qaeda and even ISIS. The training methods, secrecy, ruthlessness and covert operations of all these groups are directly the result of The Assassins.

Fri 25th August

I Killed JFK

Featuring interviews with experts and historians, we delve behind the mystery of the world's greatest unsolved murder case. We investigate the viability of the confession of the alleged killer from the now infamous 'grassy knoll'.

Fri 25th August

World War Weird

World War Weird explains the most mysterious and bizarre events of both the World Wars. In the chaos of battle men claim to have witnessed some of history's strangest sightings and in the minds of their leaders; ludicrous military plans have been hatched. From unexplained sea monsters spotted by U-boat captains to some of the weirdest weaponry of the Wars, each episode will examine the stories in fascinating detail. Despite decades of research by historians and experts, many accounts still remain a complete mystery. Using de-classified documents and military historians World War Weird attempts to explain the unexplainable and explore the fascinating history associated with some of the darkest periods in human history. In this episode, Stalin's canine army, Rommel's hidden hoard of Nazi gold, and mysterious circles reported by RAF pilots across Britain. Hear about war at its weirdest in this intriguing series.

Fri 25th August

Noon

Ancient Aliens

Many of the architectural marvels of the ancient world bear striking similarities to one another, even though they were built by civilisations that were separated by thousands of miles and are believed to have had no contact with one another. These remarkably advanced structures have stood for millennia and are eerily alike in design, building techniques, and alignments with both cardinal directions and heavenly bodies. Separated by more than 7500 miles, the Giza pyramid complex in Egypt and the Avenue of the Dead in Teotihuacan, Mexico contain pyramids that are aligned with the constellation of Orion's belt. An ancient pyramid temple in Cambodia known as Baksei Chamkrong is an almost identical match for the Temple of the Jaguar in Guatemala. Many structures - like Puma Punku in Bolivia and Stonehenge in England - were built using stone slabs that weighed over a hundred tonnes. But how did primitive people achieve such extraordinary feats? And why do we see such similarities? Could these sites have all been designed by alien architects? Is it possible that our ancestors were working with a much larger blueprint than mainstream archaeologists previously thought possible? Ancient Astronaut theorists say yes, and suggest that these sites are all interconnected to serve a purpose that we are only just beginning to understand.

Fri 25th August

Russia's War: Blood Upon the Snow

Brings to life the story of the people of the Soviet Union during World War II who struggle to survive the tyrannical reign of Joseph Stalin. A compelling story of dictatorship, bloody battles, and endless courage as the Soviet people combat not only Hitler and the Germany Army, but their own leader as well. Hosted by former US Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, this 10-hour program features never-before-seen Russian images, once-secret documents, and leading Russian historians to explore Russia from 1924 through 1953.

Fri 25th August

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

After the collapse of the USSR SAS faces a challenge from within - it has lost much of its vital unconventionality. But as it rallies to become truly postmodern, disaster intervenes when two CT Black Hawk helicopters collide and crash in flames.

Fri 25th August

World at War

At the Battle of El Alemain, the British Desert Rats finally put Rommel's Afrika Korps to flight.

Fri 25th August

Weapons at War

From man's earliest battles to the combat visions of the future, these documentaries richly illustrate the history of weaponry throughout the ages - and what weapons will be in the future.

Fri 25th August

Unexplained with Tony Robinson

From the archaeological secrets of Glastonbury Abbey to the Bath housewives who claimed to be possessed by the spirits of the 13th-century religious sect, Robinson and McCall try to get to the bottom of classic mysteries with the help of historians, scientists and archaeologists. Throughout the series, Tony tries out some psychic experiences himself, including past-life regression, psychometry, seances and automatic writing. In program one, Tony and Becky investigate the case of Helen Duncan, the World War II psychic who was one of the last people to be jailed under the Witchcraft Act of 1735. Program two looks at one of the most controversial archaeological claims of the 20th century in the ghosts of Glastonbury Abbey. The series concludes with a mysterious claim of mass reincarnation in 1960s Bath.

Fri 25th August

Evening

Science and the Swastika

Germans are known for their high standards and attention to detail. From early progress in the link between smoking and cancer, to triumphs in aviation - their scientists have been among the greatest in the world. This program examines the effect Hitler's Nazi regime had on the scientific progress in the country, from world leaders to crumbled ruins.

Fri 25th August

Roanoke: A Mystery Carved in Stone

For centuries, the disappearance of 117 colonists from Roanoke Island has been America's oldest mystery. Now, stonework experts Jim and Bill Vieira will use cutting-edge technology to take a deeper look at a mysterious inscription, which could finally lead to the truth about the lost colony.

Fri 25th August

National Park: Secrets & Legends

The ancient Anasazi built Chaco Canyon National Historical Park, but now the area is stalked by shape-shifting creatures known as Skinwalkers and visited by time-travelling Wingmakers who left behind a mysterious artefact.

Fri 25th August

National Park: Secrets & Legends

One of America's most beloved wilderness areas, Yosemite National Park, has a dark side - ghost and UFO sightings, mysterious disappearances and a pre-historic Pterodactyl - which experts believe is caused by a rift in the fabric of time.

Fri 25th August

Empire

This series tells the story of the British Empire in a new way, tracing not only the rise and fall of the Empire, but also the complex effects of the empire on the modern world - political, technological and social - and on Britain. A pirate's treasure hunt grew into an informal empire based on trade - and slavery. It formed the basis of the modern global financial network.

Fri 25th August

VICE Special Report: A World In Disarray

In the decades following World War II, the United States led the way in shaping the world order. But with the end of the Cold War, old alliances have fractured and new rivalries arisen, resulting in a world increasingly in disarray, where weak states threaten global stability as much as strong ones. In this film, VICE co-founder Suroosh Alvi, Michael Moynihan and other VICE correspondents examine the foreign policies that have shaped the modern world, and meet people living through today's major conflicts. Starting with Moynihan's interview with Richard Haass, president of the Council on Foreign Relations and author of 'A World in Disarray,' the special looks at America's role in a post-Cold War world and the unfolding consequences of an emerging "America First" policy. Correspondents Sebastian Walker, Ben Ferguson, Isobel Yeung and Alvi provide exclusive, never-before-seen footage as they journey through Syria, Ukraine, China and South Korea for first-hand accounts of ongoing humanitarian crises and political struggles in these and neighbouring countries. The special also features interviews with Condoleezza Rice, Tony Blair, Samantha Power, Ash Carter and others.

Sat 26th August

Morning

National Park: Secrets & Legends

Terrifying encounters with gun-wielding ghosts and strange savage creatures in Cleveland National Forest leads to the discovery of the area's bloody and tragic history, and its link to the existence of portals into other dimensions.

Sat 26th August

National Park: Secrets & Legends

An alien abduction and other strange encounters in Apache Sitgreaves National Forests point to a long time extraterrestrial presence in the area, which aliens may be using to monitor nearby nuclear weapons facilities.

Sat 26th August

Great British Ghosts

Great Britian is steeped in history - a past that is rich with bloodshed, deception, intrigue, and mystery - abundant too with tales of ghosts and ghouls. Headless horsemen riding through the courtyards of coaching inns in the wee hours, ghostly spectres walking down corridors, and the eerie creak of the hangman's noose echoing around a ruined castle. This series is packed with history, mystery, and suspense - the hauntings and the greatest ghost stories, all brought to life through spine-tingling storytelling. Michaela's strength is her affinity with the public, and in this series she is both storyteller and interviewer, drawing incredible and spine-chilling tales from firsthand witnesses, while at the same time revealing remarkable and historically accurate accounts of these ghostly experiences.

Sat 26th August

Great British Ghosts

Great Britian is steeped in history - a past that is rich with bloodshed, deception, intrigue, and mystery - abundant too with tales of ghosts and ghouls. Headless horsemen riding through the courtyards of coaching inns in the wee hours, ghostly spectres walking down corridors, and the eerie creak of the hangman's noose echoing around a ruined castle. This series is packed with history, mystery, and suspense - the hauntings and the greatest ghost stories, all brought to life through spine-tingling storytelling. Michaela's strength is her affinity with the public, and in this series she is both storyteller and interviewer, drawing incredible and spine-chilling tales from firsthand witnesses, while at the same time revealing remarkable and historically accurate accounts of these ghostly experiences.

Sat 26th August

Myth Hunters

In the Wild West, one legend of lost gold endures above all others. The story begins after a few years after the American civil war. A young cowhand, raised in the Wild West hears of a tale from a stranger as he sits around a camp fire. It's a story of greed, duplicity and cold-blooded murder all fuelled by an insatiable lust for gold. Dick Holmes is hooked. A mysterious German - or was he a Dutchman - struggled out of the Superstition Mountains in Arizona in 1868. His name, he said, was Jacob Waltz, and in his pockets were samples of rock filled with gold. There was, he said, a mine with the richest seam imaginable deep in the mountains. Later, as Jacob Waltz falls critically ill, Dick Holmes seizes his chance to hear his deathbed confession. He manages to tell Holmes a few cryptic clues before dying. Underneath the Dutchman's bed Brownie finds a box. It contains 48 hundred dollars worth of high-grade ore. Proof that the mine is real. But Dick Holmes has to stop his search when he is injured by a horse. The mantle is passed to his son, Brownie. He meets up with a famous amateur treasure hunter, Adolph Ruth. Ruth sets off into the Superstition Mountains. He never returns. An expedition is mounted to find him. It came across his clothes, containing a detailed map of the where the mine was and a note with the words "veni, vidi, vici"- "I came. I saw I conquered". He must have found the mine. Weeks later his body was discovered, crumpled in a gully. It had two bullets in the head. What had happened? And had he found the mine?

Sat 26th August

Ancient Aliens

Many of the architectural marvels of the ancient world bear striking similarities to one another, even though they were built by civilisations that were separated by thousands of miles and are believed to have had no contact with one another. These remarkably advanced structures have stood for millennia and are eerily alike in design, building techniques, and alignments with both cardinal directions and heavenly bodies. Separated by more than 7500 miles, the Giza pyramid complex in Egypt and the Avenue of the Dead in Teotihuacan, Mexico contain pyramids that are aligned with the constellation of Orion's belt. An ancient pyramid temple in Cambodia known as Baksei Chamkrong is an almost identical match for the Temple of the Jaguar in Guatemala. Many structures - like Puma Punku in Bolivia and Stonehenge in England - were built using stone slabs that weighed over a hundred tonnes. But how did primitive people achieve such extraordinary feats? And why do we see such similarities? Could these sites have all been designed by alien architects? Is it possible that our ancestors were working with a much larger blueprint than mainstream archaeologists previously thought possible? Ancient Astronaut theorists say yes, and suggest that these sites are all interconnected to serve a purpose that we are only just beginning to understand.

Sat 26th August

7 New Signs Of The Apocalypse

Every day our planet faces cataclysmic events that threaten our very existence. Whether from natural or man-made forces, rising from the earth or menacing from space, the world seems beset by more catastrophes than ever. Some believe the signs of the coming Apocalypse are all around us as outlined in the bible's most compelling book of prophecies: Revelation. And even the non-religious can't ignore what appears to be a growing rate of globe-threatening disasters. Are we approaching a biblical 'end of times'? And if so how will it happen? Will it come from an act of God? Or will it be due to a colossal misstep of man? Get an uncomfortably-close front row seat to some of the most likely apocalyptic scenarios our world faces today and the history, both scientific and biblical, behind them.

Sat 26th August

Roanoke: A Mystery Carved in Stone

For centuries, the disappearance of 117 colonists from Roanoke Island has been America's oldest mystery. Now, stonework experts Jim and Bill Vieira will use cutting-edge technology to take a deeper look at a mysterious inscription, which could finally lead to the truth about the lost colony.

Sat 26th August

National Park: Secrets & Legends

The ancient Anasazi built Chaco Canyon National Historical Park, but now the area is stalked by shape-shifting creatures known as Skinwalkers and visited by time-travelling Wingmakers who left behind a mysterious artefact.

Sat 26th August

National Park: Secrets & Legends

One of America's most beloved wilderness areas, Yosemite National Park, has a dark side - ghost and UFO sightings, mysterious disappearances and a pre-historic Pterodactyl - which experts believe is caused by a rift in the fabric of time.

Sat 26th August

Empire

This series tells the story of the British Empire in a new way, tracing not only the rise and fall of the Empire, but also the complex effects of the empire on the modern world - political, technological and social - and on Britain. A pirate's treasure hunt grew into an informal empire based on trade - and slavery. It formed the basis of the modern global financial network.

Sat 26th August

Time Team

Huge defensive earthworks, remnants of one of the bloodiest Civil War sieges, surround a forbidding manor house in High Ercoll in Shropshire. But if records of the time are to be believed, half the house is missing, probably destroyed soon after the Royalists were overrun. TONY ROBINSON and the team have three days to find the missing building and reconstruct the events that led to their demolition. Testing some 17th Century weapons is, of course, an essential part of their investigation!

Sat 26th August

Unexplained with Tony Robinson

From the archaeological secrets of Glastonbury Abbey to the Bath housewives who claimed to be possessed by the spirits of the 13th-century religious sect, Robinson and McCall try to get to the bottom of classic mysteries with the help of historians, scientists and archaeologists. Throughout the series, Tony tries out some psychic experiences himself, including past-life regression, psychometry, seances and automatic writing. In program one, Tony and Becky investigate the case of Helen Duncan, the World War II psychic who was one of the last people to be jailed under the Witchcraft Act of 1735. Program two looks at one of the most controversial archaeological claims of the 20th century in the ghosts of Glastonbury Abbey. The series concludes with a mysterious claim of mass reincarnation in 1960s Bath.

Sat 26th August

Science and the Swastika

Germans are known for their high standards and attention to detail. From early progress in the link between smoking and cancer, to triumphs in aviation - their scientists have been among the greatest in the world. This program examines the effect Hitler's Nazi regime had on the scientific progress in the country, from world leaders to crumbled ruins.

Sat 26th August

Roanoke: A Mystery Carved in Stone

For centuries, the disappearance of 117 colonists from Roanoke Island has been America's oldest mystery. Now, stonework experts Jim and Bill Vieira will use cutting-edge technology to take a deeper look at a mysterious inscription, which could finally lead to the truth about the lost colony.

Sat 26th August

Noon

National Park: Secrets & Legends

The ancient Anasazi built Chaco Canyon National Historical Park, but now the area is stalked by shape-shifting creatures known as Skinwalkers and visited by time-travelling Wingmakers who left behind a mysterious artefact.

Sat 26th August

National Park: Secrets & Legends

One of America's most beloved wilderness areas, Yosemite National Park, has a dark side - ghost and UFO sightings, mysterious disappearances and a pre-historic Pterodactyl - which experts believe is caused by a rift in the fabric of time.

Sat 26th August

Empire

This series tells the story of the British Empire in a new way, tracing not only the rise and fall of the Empire, but also the complex effects of the empire on the modern world - political, technological and social - and on Britain. A pirate's treasure hunt grew into an informal empire based on trade - and slavery. It formed the basis of the modern global financial network.

Sat 26th August

Amelia Earhart: The Lost Evidence

Former FBI official Shawn Henry investigates new, shocking evidence that aviator Amelia Earhart was captured by the Japanese military, including a photograph that purports to show Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan alive after their disappearance. Evidence includes documents containing new information indicating that the U.S. government knew that she was in the custody of a foreign power, and may have covered it up.

Sat 26th August

Byzantium: A Tale of Three Cities

Simon Sebag Montefiore explores modern Istanbul in search of the Christian Byzantium, in which the once glorious city was buffeted by enemies in both East and West, and yet still produced a golden artistic renaissance.

Sat 26th August

Great American Railway Journeys

Michael Portillo braves the awesome power and drenching spray of Niagara Falls in the "Maid of the Mist" to share what artists, daredevils and millions of tourists have billed as one of the most spectacular experiences on the planet. Continuing his American journey heading west through New York State, Michael has a lightbulb moment in Schenectady, when he discovers how Thomas Edison's General Electric Company also leads the way in modern rail technology. In Utica, he investigates Lock 20 of 57 along the early 19th century Erie Canal - 325 miles of waterway which connected the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Coast via the Hudson River. A yellow brick road beckons Michael to Chittenango, where a Kansas farm girl introduces him to a lion, and a tin man. On a hillside near Palmyra, Michael finds out about a farm boy, Joseph Smith, and his Book of Mormon, from one of the 15 million believers who follow his religion today. Further west in Rochester, Michael discovers a famous 19th century name still trading today: George Eastman, who launched mass market photography with his Eastman Kodak company. Reaching Buffalo, he lunches on the city's famous Buffalo wings and discovers it was once the centre of the world's grain trade. Touring Silo City, Michael learns about the invention which propelled the port of Buffalo into its dominant position - the grain elevator - and how the railroads sealed the deal.

Sat 26th August

Evening

The Weapon Hunter

Paul goes on a quest to find and fire one of the most incredible weapons of the Second World War: the legendary FG-42 assault rifle. Developed during the height of WW2, the FG-42 light machine gun was designed to be carried into battle by Hitler's crack paratroopers, the dreaded Fallschirmjager. But getting his hands on one won't be easy. Only a few dozen FG-42s are known to exist in North America and these rare firearms can sell for $300,000 at auction. Even if he can track one down, convincing the owner to let him fire this valuable weapon may be an impossible task.

Sat 26th August

I Killed JFK

Featuring interviews with experts and historians, we delve behind the mystery of the world's greatest unsolved murder case. We investigate the viability of the confession of the alleged killer from the now infamous 'grassy knoll'.

Sat 26th August

How the World Ends

Smallpox, the Black Death, Spanish Flu, AIDS, Zika. History has taught us that in the face of a new killer bacteria or virus, humankind is still vulnerable, despite the best efforts of modern medicine. Discover the true microbial threat facing the world today: a highly infectious airborne super-flu that could kill hundreds of millions of people within the space of just a few months. Meet people who are determined to survive the next global pandemic and the chaos that will ensue. Will their stockpiled supplies and survival skills be enough to ride out one of the most dangerous threats to our species?

Sat 26th August

World War Weird

World War Weird explains the most mysterious and bizarre events of both the World Wars. In the chaos of battle men claim to have witnessed some of history's strangest sightings and in the minds of their leaders; ludicrous military plans have been hatched. From unexplained sea monsters spotted by U-boat captains to some of the weirdest weaponry of the Wars, each episode will examine the stories in fascinating detail. Despite decades of research by historians and experts, many accounts still remain a complete mystery. Using de-classified documents and military historians World War Weird attempts to explain the unexplainable and explore the fascinating history associated with some of the darkest periods in human history. In this episode, Stalin's canine army, Rommel's hidden hoard of Nazi gold, and mysterious circles reported by RAF pilots across Britain. Hear about war at its weirdest in this intriguing series.

Sat 26th August

Ancient Aliens

Many of the architectural marvels of the ancient world bear striking similarities to one another, even though they were built by civilisations that were separated by thousands of miles and are believed to have had no contact with one another. These remarkably advanced structures have stood for millennia and are eerily alike in design, building techniques, and alignments with both cardinal directions and heavenly bodies. Separated by more than 7500 miles, the Giza pyramid complex in Egypt and the Avenue of the Dead in Teotihuacan, Mexico contain pyramids that are aligned with the constellation of Orion's belt. An ancient pyramid temple in Cambodia known as Baksei Chamkrong is an almost identical match for the Temple of the Jaguar in Guatemala. Many structures - like Puma Punku in Bolivia and Stonehenge in England - were built using stone slabs that weighed over a hundred tonnes. But how did primitive people achieve such extraordinary feats? And why do we see such similarities? Could these sites have all been designed by alien architects? Is it possible that our ancestors were working with a much larger blueprint than mainstream archaeologists previously thought possible? Ancient Astronaut theorists say yes, and suggest that these sites are all interconnected to serve a purpose that we are only just beginning to understand.

Sat 26th August

Great British Ghosts Halloween Special

This Halloween special sets out to explore one of the most haunted properties in the country, Derbyshire's Carnfield Hall near Alfreton. The 15th-century property has a long and rich history with stories dating back to the time of Mary Queen of Scots, right through to World War II. Carnfield Hall is at the forefront of local history with many individuals having personal experiences of paranormal activities or others who relay stories passed down through the centuries. With many unexplained noises, thumps and bumps and the sounds of harpsichord music from the upstairs parlour (where there was once a music room in the 1700s) Carnfield Hall has many secrets and this Halloween special reveals some of its most infamous horrors. One of the most memorable stories is said to be that of Robert Revell, the Squire of Carnfield in the 1700s, who was "murdered in his bed by two of his servants." This story had been lost over the centuries and was found on an old family tree. There are many reports of furniture moving in his bedroom by those who have stayed overnight. On another occasion, some guests were locked in the bedroom by an unseen hand while footsteps could be heard outside the door. It is also thought that a 'ghost ball' takes place at Carnfield every year in the great parlour on the anniversary of a ball given by Robert Revell, when he was High Sheriff of Derbyshire. Police are often called to the Hall, alerted by concerned passers-by who had seen flickering lights in the windows. No one, nor any thing, was ever found except the smell of candle smoke. One of the most common paranormal sightings is that of full apparitions of three children in 18th-century clothes seen playing on the south lawn, before fading into the dusk. They have been seen so regularly that the staff at Carnfield often used to wait for them to appear.

Sun 27th August

Morning

I Killed JFK

Featuring interviews with experts and historians, we delve behind the mystery of the world's greatest unsolved murder case. We investigate the viability of the confession of the alleged killer from the now infamous 'grassy knoll'.

Sun 27th August

Hangar 1: The UFO Files

Texas has been a hotbed for extraordinary UFO activity for decades. As this program digs into some of the Lone Star State's most unusual and best-known cases, patterns point to Texas's unique role in a larger government conspiracy.

Sun 27th August

Ancient Aliens

It was mankind's finest hour, the greatest technological achievement of the 20th Century, the Apollo 11 mission to the Moon. But the Apollo program was short-lived, and after Apollo 17 in 1972, we never went back. Could it be that we encountered something, or someone on the Moon? Did the Apollo astronauts witness more than NASA wants us to know? The Moon is the most visible celestial body in the night sky and is essential to life on Earth. But what if the Moon is not the natural object we believe it to be? Unidentified lunar objects in NASA photography may point to extraterrestrial structures on the moon, and possibly evidence of what lies beneath the surface. Some Ancient Astronaut theorists have even suggested that the Moon is actually an artificial object, placed in its current position by otherworldly beings thousands of years ago.

Sun 27th August

UFO Hunters

On October 26, 1994, the US government made their first official acknowledgement of Area 51. Six months later, nearly 4000 acres of previously public land surrounding the base were closed. Now, over a decade later, satellite photos reveal new buildings, towers and runways finishing construction. Secret flights with blacked-out windows bring passengers from Las Vegas. And security surrounding the perimeter of the base is tighter than ever. The team heads to the epicentre of UFO and military conspiracy theories to visit new vantage points, speak with former base employees, and search the skies above America's most top-secret facility.

Sun 27th August

I Killed JFK

Featuring interviews with experts and historians, we delve behind the mystery of the world's greatest unsolved murder case. We investigate the viability of the confession of the alleged killer from the now infamous 'grassy knoll'.

Sun 27th August

How the World Ends

Smallpox, the Black Death, Spanish Flu, AIDS, Zika. History has taught us that in the face of a new killer bacteria or virus, humankind is still vulnerable, despite the best efforts of modern medicine. Discover the true microbial threat facing the world today: a highly infectious airborne super-flu that could kill hundreds of millions of people within the space of just a few months. Meet people who are determined to survive the next global pandemic and the chaos that will ensue. Will their stockpiled supplies and survival skills be enough to ride out one of the most dangerous threats to our species?

Sun 27th August

World War Weird

World War Weird explains the most mysterious and bizarre events of both the World Wars. In the chaos of battle men claim to have witnessed some of history's strangest sightings and in the minds of their leaders; ludicrous military plans have been hatched. From unexplained sea monsters spotted by U-boat captains to some of the weirdest weaponry of the Wars, each episode will examine the stories in fascinating detail. Despite decades of research by historians and experts, many accounts still remain a complete mystery. Using de-classified documents and military historians World War Weird attempts to explain the unexplainable and explore the fascinating history associated with some of the darkest periods in human history. In this episode, Stalin's canine army, Rommel's hidden hoard of Nazi gold, and mysterious circles reported by RAF pilots across Britain. Hear about war at its weirdest in this intriguing series.

Sun 27th August

Ancient Aliens

Many of the architectural marvels of the ancient world bear striking similarities to one another, even though they were built by civilisations that were separated by thousands of miles and are believed to have had no contact with one another. These remarkably advanced structures have stood for millennia and are eerily alike in design, building techniques, and alignments with both cardinal directions and heavenly bodies. Separated by more than 7500 miles, the Giza pyramid complex in Egypt and the Avenue of the Dead in Teotihuacan, Mexico contain pyramids that are aligned with the constellation of Orion's belt. An ancient pyramid temple in Cambodia known as Baksei Chamkrong is an almost identical match for the Temple of the Jaguar in Guatemala. Many structures - like Puma Punku in Bolivia and Stonehenge in England - were built using stone slabs that weighed over a hundred tonnes. But how did primitive people achieve such extraordinary feats? And why do we see such similarities? Could these sites have all been designed by alien architects? Is it possible that our ancestors were working with a much larger blueprint than mainstream archaeologists previously thought possible? Ancient Astronaut theorists say yes, and suggest that these sites are all interconnected to serve a purpose that we are only just beginning to understand.

Sun 27th August

Great British Ghosts Halloween Special

This Halloween special sets out to explore one of the most haunted properties in the country, Derbyshire's Carnfield Hall near Alfreton. The 15th-century property has a long and rich history with stories dating back to the time of Mary Queen of Scots, right through to World War II. Carnfield Hall is at the forefront of local history with many individuals having personal experiences of paranormal activities or others who relay stories passed down through the centuries. With many unexplained noises, thumps and bumps and the sounds of harpsichord music from the upstairs parlour (where there was once a music room in the 1700s) Carnfield Hall has many secrets and this Halloween special reveals some of its most infamous horrors. One of the most memorable stories is said to be that of Robert Revell, the Squire of Carnfield in the 1700s, who was "murdered in his bed by two of his servants." This story had been lost over the centuries and was found on an old family tree. There are many reports of furniture moving in his bedroom by those who have stayed overnight. On another occasion, some guests were locked in the bedroom by an unseen hand while footsteps could be heard outside the door. It is also thought that a 'ghost ball' takes place at Carnfield every year in the great parlour on the anniversary of a ball given by Robert Revell, when he was High Sheriff of Derbyshire. Police are often called to the Hall, alerted by concerned passers-by who had seen flickering lights in the windows. No one, nor any thing, was ever found except the smell of candle smoke. One of the most common paranormal sightings is that of full apparitions of three children in 18th-century clothes seen playing on the south lawn, before fading into the dusk. They have been seen so regularly that the staff at Carnfield often used to wait for them to appear.

Sun 27th August

Time Team

A disused Second World War airfield is designated as a mass burial site for cattle in the foot and mouth epidemic. But before the diggers move in archaeologists discover a string of mysterious circles, track ways and enclosures. All this points to a huge undiscovered prehistoric site. The cattle burial pit is dug elsewhere and Time Team are invited in to investigate. Will it turn out to be a Bronze Age burial site or an Iron Age village? Tony and the Team have three days to find out.

Sun 27th August

How the World Ends

Smallpox, the Black Death, Spanish Flu, AIDS, Zika. History has taught us that in the face of a new killer bacteria or virus, humankind is still vulnerable, despite the best efforts of modern medicine. Discover the true microbial threat facing the world today: a highly infectious airborne super-flu that could kill hundreds of millions of people within the space of just a few months. Meet people who are determined to survive the next global pandemic and the chaos that will ensue. Will their stockpiled supplies and survival skills be enough to ride out one of the most dangerous threats to our species?

Sun 27th August

World War Weird

World War Weird explains the most mysterious and bizarre events of both the World Wars. In the chaos of battle men claim to have witnessed some of history's strangest sightings and in the minds of their leaders; ludicrous military plans have been hatched. From unexplained sea monsters spotted by U-boat captains to some of the weirdest weaponry of the Wars, each episode will examine the stories in fascinating detail. Despite decades of research by historians and experts, many accounts still remain a complete mystery. Using de-classified documents and military historians World War Weird attempts to explain the unexplainable and explore the fascinating history associated with some of the darkest periods in human history. In this episode, Stalin's canine army, Rommel's hidden hoard of Nazi gold, and mysterious circles reported by RAF pilots across Britain. Hear about war at its weirdest in this intriguing series.

Sun 27th August

VICE Special Report: A World In Disarray

In the decades following World War II, the United States led the way in shaping the world order. But with the end of the Cold War, old alliances have fractured and new rivalries arisen, resulting in a world increasingly in disarray, where weak states threaten global stability as much as strong ones. In this film, VICE co-founder Suroosh Alvi, Michael Moynihan and other VICE correspondents examine the foreign policies that have shaped the modern world, and meet people living through today's major conflicts. Starting with Moynihan's interview with Richard Haass, president of the Council on Foreign Relations and author of 'A World in Disarray,' the special looks at America's role in a post-Cold War world and the unfolding consequences of an emerging "America First" policy. Correspondents Sebastian Walker, Ben Ferguson, Isobel Yeung and Alvi provide exclusive, never-before-seen footage as they journey through Syria, Ukraine, China and South Korea for first-hand accounts of ongoing humanitarian crises and political struggles in these and neighbouring countries. The special also features interviews with Condoleezza Rice, Tony Blair, Samantha Power, Ash Carter and others.

Sun 27th August

Noon

I Killed JFK

Featuring interviews with experts and historians, we delve behind the mystery of the world's greatest unsolved murder case. We investigate the viability of the confession of the alleged killer from the now infamous 'grassy knoll'.

Sun 27th August

Taliban Oil

This is the unknown story of secret negotiations between the Taliban and America to build a pipeline through Afghanistan. When America invaded Afghanistan in 2001, the stated aim was to dismantle Al-Qaeda, denying it a safe base of operations by removing the Taliban from power. But Al-Qaeda claimed that the attack on the Twin Towers was a response to the Bush administration's threats to attack Afghanistan if its demands for pipeline rights were not met. According to sources, Taliban officials were told they could accept a 'carpet of gold' or a 'carpet of bombs.' What we know for sure is that in 1997, a delegation of Taliban officials visited Texas to discuss the possibility of a pipeline from Turkmenistan to Pakistan via Afghanistan. Negotiations continued for years and as late as July 2001, just months before 9/11, the Taliban again met with top US representatives. What happened during those talks remains a mystery but, as this film shows, the pipeline played a key role in shaping US - Afghanistan relations pre-9/11.

Sun 27th August

Diana: Her Last 10 Days in Pictures

This documentary features dozens of candid photographs, many of which have never been seen before, and interviews that reveal and uncover the truth behind those iconic shots.

Sun 27th August

Byzantium: A Tale of Three Cities

The series concludes as historian Simon Sebag Montefiore traces the sacred history of Istanbul into its heyday. In this episode Simon discovers surprises in Istanbul as it rose to become the Imperial Capital and Islam's most powerful city.

Sun 27th August

The Queen's Worst Year

1992 was a year of scandal, tragedy and turmoil for the royal family that stretched the monarchy's credibility to near breaking point. From Fergie's topless scandal to Charles and Di's separation to the Great Fire at Windsor - to the point where no one could quite believe the Queen's bad luck. This programme argues that the impact of the events of 1992 threw the monarchy into a profound identity crisis. The Monarchy had long since lost its religious mandate, but in 1992 it lost something almost as profound - its 'fairytale' reputation, its glitz, glamour and romance, its image as the perfect model family. But what would it become instead, and how did the Queen weather the storm of 1992 to become more popular than ever in 2016?

Sun 27th August

Evening

Walt Disney

Never has a person held such a commanding place in American life. Yet as familiar as his work was to young and old alike, Disney himself was something of an enigma. To his fierce defenders, Disney was a visionary artist and entrepreneur who had changed American popular culture for the better, grounding it once again in a spirit of hopeful promise and shared values. To his detractors, Disney represented everything that was wrong with American culture, from its saccharine sentimentality and simplification of history to its redirection of our attention from reality to fantasy. His life and legacy are unravelled in this intimate biography.

Sun 27th August

Vienna: Empire, Dynasty, and Dream

Simon Sebag Montefiore tells the story of Vienna triumphant, after the Ottoman threat receded at the end of the 17th-century. The city was rebuilt. No longer an outpost defending the West from Islamic invaders, the Habsburg's vowed their empire and imperial capital would become the most glittering in the world. The Habsburg emperors transformed the city from a fortress into a great cultural capital. Vienna became a city that would define the arts; a magnet for musicians including Mozart, Haydn and Beethoven.

Sun 27th August

The 101 Who Made The Twentieth Century

The history of mankind is a never-ending story of change, revolution, evolution - but surely no span of a hundred years can claim to have changed the world so dramatically, so rapidly and so irreversibly as the Twentieth Century. A century where the empires of the past crumbled to make way for new superpowers and a new age. Built on science, exploration, and a desire to express new creative possibilities. A century where the world was drawn into one war after another. But where radio, film, television, cars, planes and finally computers drew us closer together than at any other point in history. It was a century of unprecedented change. Change that was born out of the actions of individuals - what they created, what they discovered, what they destroyed.Who were the 101 people who drove the changes in every aspect of life that made the Twentieth Century and set-up the Twenty-First? A decade and a half since the close of the century we can take a considered look at the people most responsible for the events that changed their world and made ours. In this series we count down - from a hundred-and-one to number one - the names of those who, in the judgement of experts, including those who contribute to the series, most influentially shaped the century and our world. What would the world we live in look like without our Top Ten? It is hard to imagine but one things for sure, in making the twentieth century they have indelibly influenced the world we know today. In our final episode we reveal our picks for the most significant people "Who Made the Twentieth Century". The results will surprise many. Some will disagree with the choices, everyone will remain gripped up to the final reveal.

Sun 27th August

CIA: Secret Wars

When Jimmy Carter came to power, the CIA became more discreet. The agency completely failed to spot the rise of Islamic fundamentalism, and failed to foresee the fall of the Shah and the advent of the Ayatollah Khomeini. After an attempted intervention turned into a disaster, Carter was going to dismantle the agency. But the USSR's invasion of Afghanistan forced the US government to intervene and to reactivate the CIA. The agency would, for a while, concentrate its activities in Latin America. But under the Reagan presidency, the CIA convinced the leadership that the USSR had huge weaponry, rekindling an arms race that proved fatal for the Moscow regime. With the fall of the Soviet bloc, the CIA found itself deprived of its chief enemy.

Sun 27th August

Stalingrad

The World War II Battle of Stalingrad, from the initial attack to the repatriation of the survivors after the war.

Sun 27th August

Unsealed: Alien Files

Some scientists believe the survival of mankind hinges upon the revolutionary science of artificial intelligence. Join us as we investigate the possibility that biological life may just be an evolutionary stepping-stone in a universe dominated by artificial alien intelligence.

Mon 28th August

Morning

Unsealed: Alien Files

For decades, scientists have been searching for proof that extraterrestrials exist. But just where does alien life exist? And what does it look like? Join us as we investigate just how close we are to first contact.

Mon 28th August

Russia's War: Blood Upon the Snow

Brings to life the story of the people of the Soviet Union during World War II who struggle to survive the tyrannical reign of Joseph Stalin. A compelling story of dictatorship, bloody battles, and endless courage as the Soviet people combat not only Hitler and the Germany Army, but their own leader as well. Hosted by former US Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, this 10-hour program features never-before-seen Russian images, once-secret documents, and leading Russian historians to explore Russia from 1924 through 1953.

Mon 28th August

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

After three decades of peace, SAS plunges into 15 years of continuous action. Its versatility is challenged in delicate operations in 1999 in East Timor and in the controversial boarding of the refugee rescue ship Tampa.

Mon 28th August

World at War

Battles on the Atlantic rage as Germany attempts to starve Britain by sinking supply ships from America.

Mon 28th August

Weapons at War

From man's earliest battles to the combat visions of the future, these documentaries richly illustrate the history of weaponry throughout the ages - and what weapons will be in the future.

Mon 28th August

Vienna: Empire, Dynasty, and Dream

Simon Sebag Montefiore tells the story of Vienna triumphant, after the Ottoman threat receded at the end of the 17th-century. The city was rebuilt. No longer an outpost defending the West from Islamic invaders, the Habsburg's vowed their empire and imperial capital would become the most glittering in the world. The Habsburg emperors transformed the city from a fortress into a great cultural capital. Vienna became a city that would define the arts; a magnet for musicians including Mozart, Haydn and Beethoven.

Mon 28th August

The 101 Who Made The Twentieth Century

The history of mankind is a never-ending story of change, revolution, evolution - but surely no span of a hundred years can claim to have changed the world so dramatically, so rapidly and so irreversibly as the Twentieth Century. A century where the empires of the past crumbled to make way for new superpowers and a new age. Built on science, exploration, and a desire to express new creative possibilities. A century where the world was drawn into one war after another. But where radio, film, television, cars, planes and finally computers drew us closer together than at any other point in history. It was a century of unprecedented change. Change that was born out of the actions of individuals - what they created, what they discovered, what they destroyed.Who were the 101 people who drove the changes in every aspect of life that made the Twentieth Century and set-up the Twenty-First? A decade and a half since the close of the century we can take a considered look at the people most responsible for the events that changed their world and made ours. In this series we count down - from a hundred-and-one to number one - the names of those who, in the judgement of experts, including those who contribute to the series, most influentially shaped the century and our world. What would the world we live in look like without our Top Ten? It is hard to imagine but one things for sure, in making the twentieth century they have indelibly influenced the world we know today. In our final episode we reveal our picks for the most significant people "Who Made the Twentieth Century". The results will surprise many. Some will disagree with the choices, everyone will remain gripped up to the final reveal.

Mon 28th August

CIA: Secret Wars

When Jimmy Carter came to power, the CIA became more discreet. The agency completely failed to spot the rise of Islamic fundamentalism, and failed to foresee the fall of the Shah and the advent of the Ayatollah Khomeini. After an attempted intervention turned into a disaster, Carter was going to dismantle the agency. But the USSR's invasion of Afghanistan forced the US government to intervene and to reactivate the CIA. The agency would, for a while, concentrate its activities in Latin America. But under the Reagan presidency, the CIA convinced the leadership that the USSR had huge weaponry, rekindling an arms race that proved fatal for the Moscow regime. With the fall of the Soviet bloc, the CIA found itself deprived of its chief enemy.

Mon 28th August

Stalingrad

The World War II Battle of Stalingrad, from the initial attack to the repatriation of the survivors after the war.

Mon 28th August

Unsealed: Alien Files

Some scientists believe the survival of mankind hinges upon the revolutionary science of artificial intelligence. Join us as we investigate the possibility that biological life may just be an evolutionary stepping-stone in a universe dominated by artificial alien intelligence.

Mon 28th August

Unsealed: Alien Files

For decades, scientists have been searching for proof that extraterrestrials exist. But just where does alien life exist? And what does it look like? Join us as we investigate just how close we are to first contact.

Mon 28th August

Time Team

Castleford, a former Yorkshire mining town, conceals a big secret. Local people believe their town should appear on the list of great Roman cities alongside Colchester, Bath and St Albans. Today it's known more for its rugby than its history, but 2000 years ago the great Roman highway of Ermine Street went through the centre and a huge fort dominated the town. Digging up the Co-op car park, the British Legion backyard and a local football pitch makes for a busy three days as Tony Robinson and the team help put Castleford on the map of Roman Britain.

Mon 28th August

Vienna: Empire, Dynasty, and Dream

Simon Sebag Montefiore tells the story of Vienna triumphant, after the Ottoman threat receded at the end of the 17th-century. The city was rebuilt. No longer an outpost defending the West from Islamic invaders, the Habsburg's vowed their empire and imperial capital would become the most glittering in the world. The Habsburg emperors transformed the city from a fortress into a great cultural capital. Vienna became a city that would define the arts; a magnet for musicians including Mozart, Haydn and Beethoven.

Mon 28th August

The 101 Who Made The Twentieth Century

The history of mankind is a never-ending story of change, revolution, evolution - but surely no span of a hundred years can claim to have changed the world so dramatically, so rapidly and so irreversibly as the Twentieth Century. A century where the empires of the past crumbled to make way for new superpowers and a new age. Built on science, exploration, and a desire to express new creative possibilities. A century where the world was drawn into one war after another. But where radio, film, television, cars, planes and finally computers drew us closer together than at any other point in history. It was a century of unprecedented change. Change that was born out of the actions of individuals - what they created, what they discovered, what they destroyed.Who were the 101 people who drove the changes in every aspect of life that made the Twentieth Century and set-up the Twenty-First? A decade and a half since the close of the century we can take a considered look at the people most responsible for the events that changed their world and made ours. In this series we count down - from a hundred-and-one to number one - the names of those who, in the judgement of experts, including those who contribute to the series, most influentially shaped the century and our world. What would the world we live in look like without our Top Ten? It is hard to imagine but one things for sure, in making the twentieth century they have indelibly influenced the world we know today. In our final episode we reveal our picks for the most significant people "Who Made the Twentieth Century". The results will surprise many. Some will disagree with the choices, everyone will remain gripped up to the final reveal.

Mon 28th August

CIA: Secret Wars

When Jimmy Carter came to power, the CIA became more discreet. The agency completely failed to spot the rise of Islamic fundamentalism, and failed to foresee the fall of the Shah and the advent of the Ayatollah Khomeini. After an attempted intervention turned into a disaster, Carter was going to dismantle the agency. But the USSR's invasion of Afghanistan forced the US government to intervene and to reactivate the CIA. The agency would, for a while, concentrate its activities in Latin America. But under the Reagan presidency, the CIA convinced the leadership that the USSR had huge weaponry, rekindling an arms race that proved fatal for the Moscow regime. With the fall of the Soviet bloc, the CIA found itself deprived of its chief enemy.

Mon 28th August

Noon

Stalingrad

The World War II Battle of Stalingrad, from the initial attack to the repatriation of the survivors after the war.

Mon 28th August

Russia's War: Blood Upon the Snow

Brings to life the story of the people of the Soviet Union during World War II who struggle to survive the tyrannical reign of Joseph Stalin. A compelling story of dictatorship, bloody battles, and endless courage as the Soviet people combat not only Hitler and the Germany Army, but their own leader as well. Hosted by former US Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, this 10-hour program features never-before-seen Russian images, once-secret documents, and leading Russian historians to explore Russia from 1924 through 1953.

Mon 28th August

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

After three decades of peace, SAS plunges into 15 years of continuous action. Its versatility is challenged in delicate operations in 1999 in East Timor and in the controversial boarding of the refugee rescue ship Tampa.

Mon 28th August

World at War

Battles on the Atlantic rage as Germany attempts to starve Britain by sinking supply ships from America.

Mon 28th August

Weapons at War

From man's earliest battles to the combat visions of the future, these documentaries richly illustrate the history of weaponry throughout the ages - and what weapons will be in the future.

Mon 28th August

History's Ultimate Spies

A bitter and very bloody war on the nation's very own doorstep meant that American Civil War spymasters faced and an even more difficult - and deadly - task than ever. The war was notable for its female spymasters, the most extraordinary of whom was Elizabeth van Lew, a Union spymaster who developed a spy network so efficient that she often had delivered to General Grant copies of the main Richmond newspaper and smuggled out cyphered messages to him in, bonnets and shoes and hollow eggs.

Mon 28th August

Evening

Nancy Wake: Gestapo's Most Wanted

This is the incredible true story of Nancy Wake, the daring allied spy who became the Gestapo's most wanted woman in WWII. Codenamed The White Mouse for her elusiveness, this international femme fatale was a key inspiration behind Sebastian Faulkes' celebrated fictional spy Charlotte Gray. In this first ever docudrama biopic on Wake, gripping dramatisations are combined with exclusive interviews with her closest friends, confidants and military historians to bring her legend to life. Born in New Zealand, Wake moved to Paris where she worked as a journalist reporting across Europe and married a French aristocrat, Henri Fiocca. When war broke out, she became a vital link in the French resistance, and hunted by Nazi spies, was forced to flee to London and leave her husband behind. She then embarked on a life of excitement and danger, returning to France as a British agent in Churchill's secret army, the Special Operations Executive. Nancy Wake became the Allies' most decorated service-woman - awarded British, French, Australian and New Zealand honours as well as the American Medal of Freedom.

Mon 28th August

Vienna: Empire, Dynasty, and Dream

In this episode, Simon Sebag Montefiore follows the Habsburg's to their dramatic demise. From his struggles with Napoleon III and Bismarck and the suicide of his son Rudolf, to the assassination of his beautiful wife Sisi, Emperor Franz Josef's empire and his family proved impossible to control. But while the Habsburg's headed for extinction, Vienna blossomed. As the theories of Freud and the sensuality of the secession artists like Klimt and Schiele ushered in the modern age, Hitler and Stalin stalked her streets. It was here that World War I was sparked, and it was here World War II was dreamed.

Mon 28th August

Diana: 20 Years On

Twenty years on, there are still questions about the terrible crash that killed Princess Diana, Dodi Al Fayed and the driver Henri Paul. This new documentary brings the story up to date with new evidence not seen before on TV. It reports allegations made by a French witness that there was a conspiracy to kill Princess Diana and the details of how that caused the fatal crash in the Alma Tunnel.

Mon 28th August

Fight Club: History of Violence

Throughout the centuries close physical combat has been used to entertain the public; to make fortunes for gamblers; to escape the bonds of slavery; to aid diplomatic relations; to settle scores and finish vendettas; to protect and maintain personal honour. The series looks at the realities of the realities of these ruthless one-on-one contests and how they affected the mind and the body. It puts them into social and historical context by painting a vivid picture of the time in which they took place.

Mon 28th August

Fire In The Sky: The Lockerbie Bombing

At 7.02 pm on Wednesday the 21st of December 1988, a device inside a Boeing 747 detonated at 31,000 feet killing all 259 people on board and a further 11 on the ground. Suddenly the eyes of the world were on the sleepy town of Lockerbie as it became witness and victim to one of the worst terrorist attacks in history. Now on its 25th anniversary, STV Productions presents an emotional documentary on the Lockerbie Bombing, piecing together the experience of the relatives and those involved in the investigation to examine a crime that linked two countries together in tragedy and changed the way we would travel forever.

Mon 28th August

History's Secrets

The ability to cause massive nuclear destruction has moved from the domain of major nations to those of small countries, groups and even individuals. How this happened is a story not just of science but of collusion among nations, of spies and stolen secrets, of double dealing and of espionage. Nuclear proliferation began at the beginning of World War II and still haunts us today. With new revelations from a former nuclear bomb designer, a former counter-intelligence director at Los Alamos and a former KGB General, among others, we'll show how the intelligence gathered by secret agents made its way from Russia on to China and then spread throughout the world. Among many new revelations, we will reveal how an obscure and secret meeting between two physicists in Copenhagen may have changed the course of World War II. And how one man, a timid physicist working for the Manhattan Project, became the most dangerous spy in history, freely giving nuclear secrets to the Soviet Union.

Tue 29th August

Morning

Fighting the Blue

A social history documentary series that features stories of human interest from 1940 and explores the courage and resilience of the human spirit during the Battle for Britain. People from all over the globe who joined the Royal Air Force explain what it was like to live through this fundamental conflict. We look at the saviour of the Battle of Britain, Hugh Dowding, who was instrumental in structuring an entire air defence force that could take on the massive aerial might of the Luftwaffe. We argue that it was primarily Dowding who saved Britain from defeat against Hitler in 1940, only to be ignominiously humiliated at the end of the conflict.

Tue 29th August

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

After 9/11, SAS joins the American-led coalition invading Afghanistan in search of Osama bin Laden, aiming to destroy his terrorist support base. In the Taliban, the SAS faces its toughest enemy ever in the shooting war in Afghanistan.

Tue 29th August

World at War

Russia's determination to defend their country is vividly illustrated by the siege of Leningrad.

Tue 29th August

Weapons at War

From man's earliest battles to the combat visions of the future, these documentaries richly illustrate the history of weaponry throughout the ages - and what weapons will be in the future.

Tue 29th August

Vienna: Empire, Dynasty, and Dream

In this episode, Simon Sebag Montefiore follows the Habsburg's to their dramatic demise. From his struggles with Napoleon III and Bismarck and the suicide of his son Rudolf, to the assassination of his beautiful wife Sisi, Emperor Franz Josef's empire and his family proved impossible to control. But while the Habsburg's headed for extinction, Vienna blossomed. As the theories of Freud and the sensuality of the secession artists like Klimt and Schiele ushered in the modern age, Hitler and Stalin stalked her streets. It was here that World War I was sparked, and it was here World War II was dreamed.

Tue 29th August

Diana: 20 Years On

Twenty years on, there are still questions about the terrible crash that killed Princess Diana, Dodi Al Fayed and the driver Henri Paul. This new documentary brings the story up to date with new evidence not seen before on TV. It reports allegations made by a French witness that there was a conspiracy to kill Princess Diana and the details of how that caused the fatal crash in the Alma Tunnel.

Tue 29th August

Fight Club: History of Violence

Throughout the centuries close physical combat has been used to entertain the public; to make fortunes for gamblers; to escape the bonds of slavery; to aid diplomatic relations; to settle scores and finish vendettas; to protect and maintain personal honour. The series looks at the realities of the realities of these ruthless one-on-one contests and how they affected the mind and the body. It puts them into social and historical context by painting a vivid picture of the time in which they took place.

Tue 29th August

Fire In The Sky: The Lockerbie Bombing

At 7.02 pm on Wednesday the 21st of December 1988, a device inside a Boeing 747 detonated at 31,000 feet killing all 259 people on board and a further 11 on the ground. Suddenly the eyes of the world were on the sleepy town of Lockerbie as it became witness and victim to one of the worst terrorist attacks in history. Now on its 25th anniversary, STV Productions presents an emotional documentary on the Lockerbie Bombing, piecing together the experience of the relatives and those involved in the investigation to examine a crime that linked two countries together in tragedy and changed the way we would travel forever.

Tue 29th August

History's Secrets

The ability to cause massive nuclear destruction has moved from the domain of major nations to those of small countries, groups and even individuals. How this happened is a story not just of science but of collusion among nations, of spies and stolen secrets, of double dealing and of espionage. Nuclear proliferation began at the beginning of World War II and still haunts us today. With new revelations from a former nuclear bomb designer, a former counter-intelligence director at Los Alamos and a former KGB General, among others, we'll show how the intelligence gathered by secret agents made its way from Russia on to China and then spread throughout the world. Among many new revelations, we will reveal how an obscure and secret meeting between two physicists in Copenhagen may have changed the course of World War II. And how one man, a timid physicist working for the Manhattan Project, became the most dangerous spy in history, freely giving nuclear secrets to the Soviet Union.

Tue 29th August

Time Team

A castle reputedly as grand and important as Warwick once dominated the Midlands village of Henley-in-Arden. Now there is just a hill. An eccentric American millionaire has bought himself the title of Lord of the Manor, and he's desperate to know what his castle might have looked like in its Norman and Medieval heydays. After three days, 10 trenches and one archery contest, Tony Robinson and the team believe they have the answer.

Tue 29th August

History's Ultimate Spies

A bitter and very bloody war on the nation's very own doorstep meant that American Civil War spymasters faced and an even more difficult - and deadly - task than ever. The war was notable for its female spymasters, the most extraordinary of whom was Elizabeth van Lew, a Union spymaster who developed a spy network so efficient that she often had delivered to General Grant copies of the main Richmond newspaper and smuggled out cyphered messages to him in, bonnets and shoes and hollow eggs.

Tue 29th August

Nancy Wake: Gestapo's Most Wanted

This is the incredible true story of Nancy Wake, the daring allied spy who became the Gestapo's most wanted woman in WWII. Codenamed The White Mouse for her elusiveness, this international femme fatale was a key inspiration behind Sebastian Faulkes' celebrated fictional spy Charlotte Gray. In this first ever docudrama biopic on Wake, gripping dramatisations are combined with exclusive interviews with her closest friends, confidants and military historians to bring her legend to life. Born in New Zealand, Wake moved to Paris where she worked as a journalist reporting across Europe and married a French aristocrat, Henri Fiocca. When war broke out, she became a vital link in the French resistance, and hunted by Nazi spies, was forced to flee to London and leave her husband behind. She then embarked on a life of excitement and danger, returning to France as a British agent in Churchill's secret army, the Special Operations Executive. Nancy Wake became the Allies' most decorated service-woman - awarded British, French, Australian and New Zealand honours as well as the American Medal of Freedom.

Tue 29th August

Vienna: Empire, Dynasty, and Dream

In this episode, Simon Sebag Montefiore follows the Habsburg's to their dramatic demise. From his struggles with Napoleon III and Bismarck and the suicide of his son Rudolf, to the assassination of his beautiful wife Sisi, Emperor Franz Josef's empire and his family proved impossible to control. But while the Habsburg's headed for extinction, Vienna blossomed. As the theories of Freud and the sensuality of the secession artists like Klimt and Schiele ushered in the modern age, Hitler and Stalin stalked her streets. It was here that World War I was sparked, and it was here World War II was dreamed.

Tue 29th August

Noon

Diana: 20 Years On

Twenty years on, there are still questions about the terrible crash that killed Princess Diana, Dodi Al Fayed and the driver Henri Paul. This new documentary brings the story up to date with new evidence not seen before on TV. It reports allegations made by a French witness that there was a conspiracy to kill Princess Diana and the details of how that caused the fatal crash in the Alma Tunnel.

Tue 29th August

Fighting the Blue

A social history documentary series that features stories of human interest from 1940 and explores the courage and resilience of the human spirit during the Battle for Britain. People from all over the globe who joined the Royal Air Force explain what it was like to live through this fundamental conflict. We look at the saviour of the Battle of Britain, Hugh Dowding, who was instrumental in structuring an entire air defence force that could take on the massive aerial might of the Luftwaffe. We argue that it was primarily Dowding who saved Britain from defeat against Hitler in 1940, only to be ignominiously humiliated at the end of the conflict.

Tue 29th August

The Australian SAS: The Untold History

After 9/11, SAS joins the American-led coalition invading Afghanistan in search of Osama bin Laden, aiming to destroy his terrorist support base. In the Taliban, the SAS faces its toughest enemy ever in the shooting war in Afghanistan.

Tue 29th August

World at War

Russia's determination to defend their country is vividly illustrated by the siege of Leningrad.

Tue 29th August

Weapons at War

From man's earliest battles to the combat visions of the future, these documentaries richly illustrate the history of weaponry throughout the ages - and what weapons will be in the future.

Tue 29th August

History's Ultimate Spies

These are the astonishing stories of Zofia Potocka and Mata Hari. Potocka, the Greek woman born in 1760, who was sold as a slave to the Polish ambassador in Istanbul at the age of 12, who became a prostitute, married a Polish commander, went to Paris where she became known as the most beautiful woman in Europe, travelled to Istanbul where she became the lover of Grigory Potemkin - the favourite of Catherine the Great. And Mata Hari, the beautiful exotic dancer and courtesan who bedded her way through World War One, was said to have caused the deaths of 'thousands of French soldiers' and was executed as a German spy in 1917.

Tue 29th August

Evening

Treasures Decoded

Using forensic testing and experimental archaeology, the series unlocks secrets that have remained hidden for centuries. It sheds new light on moments in history that have long been shrouded in myth-making and controversy. Is the golden raft found in a remote Columbian cave the key to a legendary city of gold? Is the Turin Shroud the world's oldest photograph? Do we have the first piece of ancient scripture to mention a sexual relationship between Jesus and Mary Magdalene? Can we finally say whose face adorns the great Sphinx? This series takes viewers on a riveting journey of discovery and revelation.

Tue 29th August

The Weapon Hunter

Host Paul Shull travels to the Deep South to rebuild a ferocious anti-aircraft weapon from the Second World War: the Quad 50. Consisting of four heavy barrelled .50 cal machine guns firing from an electronic turret, the Quad 50 once downed Luftwaffe aircraft, and obliterated sniper nests. Used extensively in the Korean War and later in Vietnam, the Quad 50 is rarely seen today and even fewer are found with live guns. Paul is more than up to the challenge to bring one back to life!

Tue 29th August

Stalingrad

The World War II Battle of Stalingrad, from the initial attack to the repatriation of the survivors after the war.

Tue 29th August

The Codebreaker Who Hacked Hitler

Meet Gordon Welchman, a key member of the British team that took on the Nazis, decoded the Enigma machine, and changed the course of World War II. An outcast in the very world he helped to build, the true legacy of his contributions to military intelligence are only now emerging. Discover his story told through recently released interviews from co-workers and letters from 'The Forgotten Genius of Bletchley Park' himself.