TV Guide

Tue 26th September

Morning

The Unseen Time Team Specials

In July 2009, amateur metal detectorist Terry Herbert found an Anglo-Saxon treasure hoard worth over three million pounds in a Staffordshire field. Now, with the initial phase of the post-excavation process nearing completion, archaeologists are beginning to unlock the secrets of the hoard. After further digging and carefully unpicking the jumble of finds, experts from Birmingham and Stoke-on-Trent Museums have realised there were over 3500 objects buried in this small area with the gold alone weighing 11 pounds. The gold itself was analysed by scientists at the British Museum, where a technique known as 'X-ray fluorescence' revealed it to be equivalent to 18 carats. The information the museum experts have extracted is changing our understanding of the so-called "Dark Ages". The evidence points to the existence of a large and wealthy elite warrior class, and reveals the remarkable skills of the Anglo-Saxon craftsmen who made these intricate treasures 13 centuries ago.

Tue 26th September

The Man Who Shot Tutankhamun

Margaret Mountford travels to Egypt's Valley of the Kings to discover the story of an unsung hero of British photography - Harry Burton, the man whose images of the Tutankhamun excavation created a global sensation in the 1920s. As she explores the spectacular locations where Burton worked, including Tutankhamun's tomb, she investigates how Burton's photographs inspired a craze for Egyptian designs and made the archaeologist Howard Carter an international celebrity. She discovers why Burton's images are still studied today by Egyptologists around the world. And she works with a present-day photographer, Harry Cory Wright, to find out how Burton pushed the boundaries of photographic art to create his extraordinary and influential pictures of the world's most famous archaeological discovery.

Tue 26th September

Noon

The Story of Egypt

This final episode charts how Egypt's enemies exploit a country weakened by internal strife, ultimately leading to its destruction. Joann leaves Egypt and journeys south to Sudan where she finds the remarkable story of the forgotten Nubian Kings. For a century they ruled Egypt from their southern homeland, even building their own pyramids to bury their Kings - there are more pyramids in Sudan than Egypt. Back in Upper Egypt Jo finds the next group of invaders, the Saites. They had taken the Egyptian tradition of mummification to new extremes by preserving millions of animals and in the Serapeaum of Sakkara Jo finds the ultimate mummified animal, the Apis Bull in his 60-ton sarcophagus. Finally in Luxor temple Jo finds Egypt's saviour, and founder of one the greatest cities on earth - Alexander the Great. Joann travels to Alexandria to find how it became the greatest city on earth under the opulent Ptolemies. Finally with this city of luxury rotten to the core, Egypt fell to the Romans.

Tue 26th September

WWI: The First Modern War

Tanks were the first armoured fighting machine to be used on the battlefield. These "land ships", as they were first called, were championed by Head of the British Admiralty Winston Churchill. Adapted from an American tractor with caterpillar tracks, the machine was designed in secrecy to break through the heavily fortified trenches and offer protection for troops that were being mowed down by heavy artillery. Though a massive failure in their first combat in the Battle of the Somme - they broke down and got stuck in the mud-British government propaganda reversed the story and paved the way for thousands of tanks to be built and become a decisive weapon in the war.

Tue 26th September

Dogfights

In pitch-black skies, brave pilots put their lives on the line in an effort to gain the ultimate advantage...the ability to attack, kill, and withdraw without ever being detected. It's a risky mission that depends heavily on technology. Night fighters pioneer the tactics and technology and pave the way for the future of air combat. Famous battles are recreated using state-of-the-art computer graphics.

Tue 26th September

Tales of the Gun

A look at the evolution of German "small arms" from the end of WWI, when the defeated nation was denied the right to rearm by the Treaty of Versailles, to the end of WWII, after Hitler had again supplied the country with the means to wage war. See how Lugers, P-38s, and Mausers wrote an agonising chapter in the gun's history.

Tue 26th September

Dead Men's Secrets

At the end of WWII, a large amount of gold was missing from Europe's coffers. As Hitler advanced across Europe, gold from defeated countries was shipped to Germany to fund the war machine. Hitler found other sources of income - Jewish prisoners lost everything- jewellery, savings, even their gold fillings. And Jews who stored money in "neutral" Swiss banks would never see that money again. We trace some of the millions of dollars of gold and dirty money that went missing following the war's end.

Tue 26th September

The Unseen Time Team Specials

Tony Robinson and geophys boffin John Gater look back over 200 digs at the extraordinary achievements of cutting-edge geophysics technology, which has uncovered lost Roman villas, tombs, temples and ancient monuments, as well as a host of old broken tractor bits and enigmatic ditches. The science of geophys has changed out of all recognition: 20 years ago the team huddled around a dotmatrix printer as it slowly produced a geophysical picture of an abbey hidden underground; now they can produce complex three-dimensional images of whole buildings within minutes. In an effort to finally understand what geophys actually means, Tony buries 10 objects in a field and challenges John to use his technological arsenal to identify them all, without digging. Can geophys now tell the difference between a bicycle and a toilet?

Tue 26th September

Evening

Egypt Unwrapped

There is one Egyptian pharaoh who towers above the rest: Ramesses II. A formidable warrior, builder and statesman, he declared himself a living god. For two centuries, Egyptologists have debated the secrets of his success. Now, startling discoveries mean that a new generation of archaeologists is looking again at Ramesses, in the hope of finding out more about the man behind the myth and whether he truly deserves to be remembered as Ramesses the Great.

Tue 26th September

The Weapon Hunter

Meet Paul Shull, rock 'n' roll promoter and expert swordsman. Backed by a crack team of experts with years of experience in tracking down the finest military specimens, he's in pursuit of North America's most collectable artefacts. He's hellbent on finding them and telling their remarkable stories.

Tue 26th September

Trump's Divided States Of America

This documentary looks back at events during President Barack Obama's years in office that revealed deep divisions within the United States, and the polarised America that Donald Trump inherits as president. We take an in-depth view of the partisan gridlock in Washington, the rise of populist anger on both sides of the aisle, and the racial tensions that erupted throughout the country.

Tue 26th September

The Panzer

Some 25,000 tanks were produced in Germany and more than 250,000 by the allies in the Second World War. Yet despite often overwhelming odds, the German Panzer Divisions became the feared opponents of those who faced them. The Panzer crews still vividly remember the effect they had on the enemy, but equally how easily the Panzer could become a steel coffin in one blazing moment.

Tue 26th September

The Great Commanders

Napoleon Bonaparte was a political and military genius who exploited the turmoil of revolution to become Emperor of France. He then used his command skills to conquer Europe. This programme focuses on the Battle of Austerlitz, a spectacular victory against Austria and Russia, which fully justifies his reputation as the greatest modern commander.

Wed 27th September

Morning

WWI: The First Modern War

The Germans, ignoring international treaties they signed, were first to weaponise a chemical. In this case it was chlorine - a highly toxic ingredient used in the manufacture of chemical dyes of which they had a huge supply. Their action unleashed an escalation of poison gas weapons as both sides developed different chemicals and more effective counter measures. Their use of culminated in a bold British plan that unfolded beneath the battlefield at Messine Ridge. British mining and explosive experts planted 450 tons of high explosive hidden in a network of tunnels under Messine ridge. When ignited, they created the biggest land mine in history - killing 10,000 German soldiers. The explosion rattled windows at 10 Downing St 140 miles away and registered as an earthquake in Switzerland.

Wed 27th September

Dogfights

May 10, 1972 - a day that would go down in history as the bloodiest day of the Vietnam air war. In the early morning hours of May 10th, Navy F-4 Phantom pilot Curt Dose and his back-seater Jim McDevitt streak towards North Vietnam with a powerful Alpha strike formation. Their target is the port city of Haiphong. Suddenly, Dose and Hawkins get a radio call...bandits. Dose quickly engages a MiG-21. He gets good tone on his Sidewinder missile and fires. Dose watches as the missile makes a final quick adjustment, then buries itself in the MiGs tail pipe. They go full afterburner, screaming out of the area at Mach 1.2. They streak over Kep airfield towards the coast.

Wed 27th September

Tales of the Gun

We examine a number of incidents where guns were used by 20th century assassins, including the murders of Martin Luther King, Robert Kennedy, Charles Whitman and John Lennon.

Wed 27th September

Dead Men's Secrets

Ernst Roehm was one of Hitler's best friends, they fought side by side in the streets in the early days of the Nazi party. When Hitler became the most powerful man in Germany, he appointed Roehm head of the Brown Shirts, the Nazi storm troopers. But in July 1934, Hitler gave the order to have his best friend killed. He was shot dead in a small cell in a Munich prison during the infamous Night of the Long Knives. Was Roehm too powerful? Had his homosexuality become a liability to Hitler's image?

Wed 27th September

The Weapon Hunter

Meet Paul Shull, rock 'n' roll promoter and expert swordsman. Backed by a crack team of experts with years of experience in tracking down the finest military specimens, he's in pursuit of North America's most collectable artefacts. He's hellbent on finding them and telling their remarkable stories.

Wed 27th September

Trump's Divided States Of America

This documentary looks back at events during President Barack Obama's years in office that revealed deep divisions within the United States, and the polarised America that Donald Trump inherits as president. We take an in-depth view of the partisan gridlock in Washington, the rise of populist anger on both sides of the aisle, and the racial tensions that erupted throughout the country.

Wed 27th September

The Panzer

Some 25,000 tanks were produced in Germany and more than 250,000 by the allies in the Second World War. Yet despite often overwhelming odds, the German Panzer Divisions became the feared opponents of those who faced them. The Panzer crews still vividly remember the effect they had on the enemy, but equally how easily the Panzer could become a steel coffin in one blazing moment.

Wed 27th September

The Great Commanders

Napoleon Bonaparte was a political and military genius who exploited the turmoil of revolution to become Emperor of France. He then used his command skills to conquer Europe. This programme focuses on the Battle of Austerlitz, a spectacular victory against Austria and Russia, which fully justifies his reputation as the greatest modern commander.

Wed 27th September

Time Team

Ogling a Grade One listed 15th-century manor would be enough for most people, but not for the Time Team. They rip up floorboards as there should be a fine Saxon hall that once belonged to no less a figure than King Cnut.

Wed 27th September

The Unseen Time Team Specials

Tony Robinson and geophys boffin John Gater look back over 200 digs at the extraordinary achievements of cutting-edge geophysics technology, which has uncovered lost Roman villas, tombs, temples and ancient monuments, as well as a host of old broken tractor bits and enigmatic ditches. The science of geophys has changed out of all recognition: 20 years ago the team huddled around a dotmatrix printer as it slowly produced a geophysical picture of an abbey hidden underground; now they can produce complex three-dimensional images of whole buildings within minutes. In an effort to finally understand what geophys actually means, Tony buries 10 objects in a field and challenges John to use his technological arsenal to identify them all, without digging. Can geophys now tell the difference between a bicycle and a toilet?

Wed 27th September

Egypt Unwrapped

There is one Egyptian pharaoh who towers above the rest: Ramesses II. A formidable warrior, builder and statesman, he declared himself a living god. For two centuries, Egyptologists have debated the secrets of his success. Now, startling discoveries mean that a new generation of archaeologists is looking again at Ramesses, in the hope of finding out more about the man behind the myth and whether he truly deserves to be remembered as Ramesses the Great.

Wed 27th September

The Weapon Hunter

Meet Paul Shull, rock 'n' roll promoter and expert swordsman. Backed by a crack team of experts with years of experience in tracking down the finest military specimens, he's in pursuit of North America's most collectable artefacts. He's hellbent on finding them and telling their remarkable stories.

Wed 27th September

Noon

The Panzer

Some 25,000 tanks were produced in Germany and more than 250,000 by the allies in the Second World War. Yet despite often overwhelming odds, the German Panzer Divisions became the feared opponents of those who faced them. The Panzer crews still vividly remember the effect they had on the enemy, but equally how easily the Panzer could become a steel coffin in one blazing moment.

Wed 27th September

WWI: The First Modern War

The Germans, ignoring international treaties they signed, were first to weaponise a chemical. In this case it was chlorine - a highly toxic ingredient used in the manufacture of chemical dyes of which they had a huge supply. Their action unleashed an escalation of poison gas weapons as both sides developed different chemicals and more effective counter measures. Their use of culminated in a bold British plan that unfolded beneath the battlefield at Messine Ridge. British mining and explosive experts planted 450 tons of high explosive hidden in a network of tunnels under Messine ridge. When ignited, they created the biggest land mine in history - killing 10,000 German soldiers. The explosion rattled windows at 10 Downing St 140 miles away and registered as an earthquake in Switzerland.

Wed 27th September

Dogfights

May 10, 1972 - a day that would go down in history as the bloodiest day of the Vietnam air war. In the early morning hours of May 10th, Navy F-4 Phantom pilot Curt Dose and his back-seater Jim McDevitt streak towards North Vietnam with a powerful Alpha strike formation. Their target is the port city of Haiphong. Suddenly, Dose and Hawkins get a radio call...bandits. Dose quickly engages a MiG-21. He gets good tone on his Sidewinder missile and fires. Dose watches as the missile makes a final quick adjustment, then buries itself in the MiGs tail pipe. They go full afterburner, screaming out of the area at Mach 1.2. They streak over Kep airfield towards the coast.

Wed 27th September

Tales of the Gun

We examine a number of incidents where guns were used by 20th century assassins, including the murders of Martin Luther King, Robert Kennedy, Charles Whitman and John Lennon.

Wed 27th September

Dead Men's Secrets

Ernst Roehm was one of Hitler's best friends, they fought side by side in the streets in the early days of the Nazi party. When Hitler became the most powerful man in Germany, he appointed Roehm head of the Brown Shirts, the Nazi storm troopers. But in July 1934, Hitler gave the order to have his best friend killed. He was shot dead in a small cell in a Munich prison during the infamous Night of the Long Knives. Was Roehm too powerful? Had his homosexuality become a liability to Hitler's image?

Wed 27th September

Mysteries At The Museum

No news story has been bigger than the attacks of September 11, 2001. But 9/11 wasn't the first time that an airplane flew into a New York City skyscraper. Within the Museum of the City of New York one artifact tells the incredible story of another incident that brought dread and destruction to this city. On display at Gerald Ford Museum in Grand Rapids, Michigan, a simple metal staircase from the US Embassy in Vietnam haunted Ford until the day he died. And at Yale University an old tin pie plate tells the tale of a pie maker, a UFO fanatic, and some Yale students and their collaboration to create one of the most used and most loved toys of all time.

Wed 27th September

Evening

Egypt Unwrapped

A new generation of experts and obsessives hunts the tomb of Alexander the Great, the ancient world's mightiest warrior, buried at the heart of its mightiest Empire. Now, after 2000 years, using new research, new techniques, and new thinking, can Alexander's lost tomb finally be found?

Wed 27th September

Cleopatra's Lost Tomb

Dr Kathleen Martinez, criminal lawyer turned maverick archaeologist is searching for Cleopatra's lost tomb.

Wed 27th September

The New Age Of Terror

The war on terror enters a new phase as home-grown lone wolves begin to strike in the US. The American military apparatus struggles to contain a threat that has moved to a new battlefield: the internet, where ISIS and other terror groups enlist and inspire individuals to commit acts of terror anywhere they can, posting instructions and even hit lists. Tragedies in Boston, San Bernardino and Orlando are stark reminders that despite all the increases in security, the threat lingers. New and unexpected allies join the counter offensive, including hackers and US businesses. But a climate of fear gives rise to more hate, and a new wave of domestic terror emerges, led by white nationalists.

Wed 27th September

Ancient Aliens

As ancient astronaut theorists continue to find more and more compelling clues that extraterrestrials have been visiting planet Earth since ancient times, astronomers are also finding an increasing number of planets in our galaxy that are capable of sustaining life. Is it possible that we are on the brink of a re-connection with our alien ancestors? This season, we uncover more astonishing new evidence of extraterrestrial intervention on Earth than ever before. According to legend, an ancient curse was placed upon the tomb of King Tutankhamun, and when that tomb was opened in 1922, a series of terrible events occurred. A curse was also placed on King Tut's father Akhenaten, and during the rehearsal of a play dramatising the lifting of this curse, similar tragedies followed. Could a curse truly exist, but in the form of alien technology that is protecting an incredible secret about our past? Is there hidden power in the words inscribed on so-called 'magic bricks' found in King Tut's tomb, or in those contained in the play to lift Akhenaten's curse that are connected to some extraterrestrial force? Ancient astronaut theorists suggest that The Pharaohs' Curse was put in place to protect not only the truth about an otherworldly event in our past, but also an extraterrestrial device - a device that some believe still exists today, buried deep beneath the Earth - on Oak Island.

Wed 27th September

American Ripper

At age 40, California attorney Jeff Mudgett is stunned to learn a gruesome family secret; his great-great-grandfather was Herman H Mudgett, aka Dr HH Holmes, the man considered to be America's first serial killer. Holmes' audacious acts of mass murder have become that of legend, inspiring hundreds of books and even a motion picture by Martin Scorsese entitled The Devil in The White City, starring Leonardo DiCaprio. Obsessed with learning more, Jeff follows a bloody trail of hidden clues and historical facts which will hopefully strengthen his case and prove his theory that Holmes had travelled to England to commit the Jack the Ripper murders. We start on the night Jeff's grandfather revealed the family's dark secret, which then sparked an extraordinary investigation guiding Jeff to infamous sites all around the United States, including the tunnels under a Chicago post office that now stands where Holmes's 'murder castle' once operated. Jeff will team up with a top-notch crime detective who will help link these two sinister historical characters together by connecting century-old clues with modern day methods of investigation. We watch the grisly story of HH Holmes and his 1000 targets unfold through disturbing, detailed recreations that are combined with first-person, doc-style story-telling, leading us all the way to England and back. Jeff is on the hunt to provide solid, never-before-seen, evidence that Holmes was, in fact, Jack the Ripper. In an attempt to finally shut the case on the greatest crime mystery in modern history, the remains of HH Holmes will be exhumed and subjected to a battery of tests to prove that he and The Ripper were truly one and the same. In this episode, The Jack the Ripper letters contain an unexpected link to HH Holmes; Scotland Yard's list of credible suspects uncovers a key detail of the manhunt; and eyewitness accounts reveal the face of a killer.

Thu 28th September

Morning

WWI: The First Modern War

While most people think the Blitz originated in WWII, the truth is that the first Blitz happened during WWI. Bombs were delivered from giant airships designed by Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin, who got his inspiration when he was a Germany Army observer in the US during the Civil War and rode in a hot air balloon for the first time. These lighter than air superstructures, two times longer than the Statue of Liberty is high, measured their flights in hundreds of miles when pioneering aviators measured their success in hundreds of yards.

Thu 28th September

Dogfights

A generational leap in technology and strategy is put to the ultimate test over enemy airspace in Iraq. The air combat of the future begins with America's first large scale air offensive since the Vietnam War. On the first night of the war an Iraqi Mirage F1 attacks an unarmed EF-111. Watch as F-15C pilots take on a pair of Iraqi MiG-25 interceptors. Finally Captain Cesar Rodriguez takes on MiGs, in a classic Beyond Visual Range engagement that illustrates the awe-striking power of modern weapons technology.

Thu 28th September

Tales of the Gun

Hop in the cockpit for a daring century-long ride through the history of aircraft weaponry - from the first handgun fired from a biplane. Features interviews with Chuck Yeager, Korean ace Major Frederick Blesse, and pilots from Desert Storm and Kosovo, and historic footage of "Red Flag" exercises, when German pilots flew Soviet MiGs.

Thu 28th September

Dead Men's Secrets

Bandleader Glenn Miller joined the flood of young Americans enlisting in the army in 1942 and was ordered to form a new 42-piece all-star band to entertain service personnel. With the liberation of Paris in 1944, a series of Miller concerts was planned. But when Captain Miller took off on a short hop across the English Channel to Paris on December 15, he was never seen again. No wreckage was found and no official explanation given. Did his aircraft simply fail, or was there a military cover-up?

Thu 28th September

Cleopatra's Lost Tomb

Dr Kathleen Martinez, criminal lawyer turned maverick archaeologist is searching for Cleopatra's lost tomb.

Thu 28th September

The New Age Of Terror

The war on terror enters a new phase as home-grown lone wolves begin to strike in the US. The American military apparatus struggles to contain a threat that has moved to a new battlefield: the internet, where ISIS and other terror groups enlist and inspire individuals to commit acts of terror anywhere they can, posting instructions and even hit lists. Tragedies in Boston, San Bernardino and Orlando are stark reminders that despite all the increases in security, the threat lingers. New and unexpected allies join the counter offensive, including hackers and US businesses. But a climate of fear gives rise to more hate, and a new wave of domestic terror emerges, led by white nationalists.

Thu 28th September

Ancient Aliens

As ancient astronaut theorists continue to find more and more compelling clues that extraterrestrials have been visiting planet Earth since ancient times, astronomers are also finding an increasing number of planets in our galaxy that are capable of sustaining life. Is it possible that we are on the brink of a re-connection with our alien ancestors? This season, we uncover more astonishing new evidence of extraterrestrial intervention on Earth than ever before. According to legend, an ancient curse was placed upon the tomb of King Tutankhamun, and when that tomb was opened in 1922, a series of terrible events occurred. A curse was also placed on King Tut's father Akhenaten, and during the rehearsal of a play dramatising the lifting of this curse, similar tragedies followed. Could a curse truly exist, but in the form of alien technology that is protecting an incredible secret about our past? Is there hidden power in the words inscribed on so-called 'magic bricks' found in King Tut's tomb, or in those contained in the play to lift Akhenaten's curse that are connected to some extraterrestrial force? Ancient astronaut theorists suggest that The Pharaohs' Curse was put in place to protect not only the truth about an otherworldly event in our past, but also an extraterrestrial device - a device that some believe still exists today, buried deep beneath the Earth - on Oak Island.

Thu 28th September

American Ripper

At age 40, California attorney Jeff Mudgett is stunned to learn a gruesome family secret; his great-great-grandfather was Herman H Mudgett, aka Dr HH Holmes, the man considered to be America's first serial killer. Holmes' audacious acts of mass murder have become that of legend, inspiring hundreds of books and even a motion picture by Martin Scorsese entitled The Devil in The White City, starring Leonardo DiCaprio. Obsessed with learning more, Jeff follows a bloody trail of hidden clues and historical facts which will hopefully strengthen his case and prove his theory that Holmes had travelled to England to commit the Jack the Ripper murders. We start on the night Jeff's grandfather revealed the family's dark secret, which then sparked an extraordinary investigation guiding Jeff to infamous sites all around the United States, including the tunnels under a Chicago post office that now stands where Holmes's 'murder castle' once operated. Jeff will team up with a top-notch crime detective who will help link these two sinister historical characters together by connecting century-old clues with modern day methods of investigation. We watch the grisly story of HH Holmes and his 1000 targets unfold through disturbing, detailed recreations that are combined with first-person, doc-style story-telling, leading us all the way to England and back. Jeff is on the hunt to provide solid, never-before-seen, evidence that Holmes was, in fact, Jack the Ripper. In an attempt to finally shut the case on the greatest crime mystery in modern history, the remains of HH Holmes will be exhumed and subjected to a battery of tests to prove that he and The Ripper were truly one and the same. In this episode, The Jack the Ripper letters contain an unexpected link to HH Holmes; Scotland Yard's list of credible suspects uncovers a key detail of the manhunt; and eyewitness accounts reveal the face of a killer.

Thu 28th September

Time Team

Back in the 1940s, Basil Brown, the man who discovered Sutton Hoo, uncovered enough Roman remains in an Ipswich suburb to believe he had found the largest villa in East Anglia. But the plans are tantalisingly vague and, what's more, the site of the villa is buried under numerous back gardens. Tony Robinson and the Team take on the task of locating the remains of Brown's villa and see if they can join up the dots, notwithstanding the garden sheds, fishponds, lawns and patios in the way. Was Brown right? They have three days to find the answer.

Thu 28th September

Mysteries At The Museum

No news story has been bigger than the attacks of September 11, 2001. But 9/11 wasn't the first time that an airplane flew into a New York City skyscraper. Within the Museum of the City of New York one artifact tells the incredible story of another incident that brought dread and destruction to this city. On display at Gerald Ford Museum in Grand Rapids, Michigan, a simple metal staircase from the US Embassy in Vietnam haunted Ford until the day he died. And at Yale University an old tin pie plate tells the tale of a pie maker, a UFO fanatic, and some Yale students and their collaboration to create one of the most used and most loved toys of all time.

Thu 28th September

Egypt Unwrapped

A new generation of experts and obsessives hunts the tomb of Alexander the Great, the ancient world's mightiest warrior, buried at the heart of its mightiest Empire. Now, after 2000 years, using new research, new techniques, and new thinking, can Alexander's lost tomb finally be found?

Thu 28th September

Cleopatra's Lost Tomb

Dr Kathleen Martinez, criminal lawyer turned maverick archaeologist is searching for Cleopatra's lost tomb.

Thu 28th September

Noon

Ancient Aliens

As ancient astronaut theorists continue to find more and more compelling clues that extraterrestrials have been visiting planet Earth since ancient times, astronomers are also finding an increasing number of planets in our galaxy that are capable of sustaining life. Is it possible that we are on the brink of a re-connection with our alien ancestors? This season, we uncover more astonishing new evidence of extraterrestrial intervention on Earth than ever before. According to legend, an ancient curse was placed upon the tomb of King Tutankhamun, and when that tomb was opened in 1922, a series of terrible events occurred. A curse was also placed on King Tut's father Akhenaten, and during the rehearsal of a play dramatising the lifting of this curse, similar tragedies followed. Could a curse truly exist, but in the form of alien technology that is protecting an incredible secret about our past? Is there hidden power in the words inscribed on so-called 'magic bricks' found in King Tut's tomb, or in those contained in the play to lift Akhenaten's curse that are connected to some extraterrestrial force? Ancient astronaut theorists suggest that The Pharaohs' Curse was put in place to protect not only the truth about an otherworldly event in our past, but also an extraterrestrial device - a device that some believe still exists today, buried deep beneath the Earth - on Oak Island.

Thu 28th September

WWI: The First Modern War

While most people think the Blitz originated in WWII, the truth is that the first Blitz happened during WWI. Bombs were delivered from giant airships designed by Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin, who got his inspiration when he was a Germany Army observer in the US during the Civil War and rode in a hot air balloon for the first time. These lighter than air superstructures, two times longer than the Statue of Liberty is high, measured their flights in hundreds of miles when pioneering aviators measured their success in hundreds of yards.

Thu 28th September

Dogfights

A generational leap in technology and strategy is put to the ultimate test over enemy airspace in Iraq. The air combat of the future begins with America's first large scale air offensive since the Vietnam War. On the first night of the war an Iraqi Mirage F1 attacks an unarmed EF-111. Watch as F-15C pilots take on a pair of Iraqi MiG-25 interceptors. Finally Captain Cesar Rodriguez takes on MiGs, in a classic Beyond Visual Range engagement that illustrates the awe-striking power of modern weapons technology.

Thu 28th September

Tales of the Gun

Hop in the cockpit for a daring century-long ride through the history of aircraft weaponry - from the first handgun fired from a biplane. Features interviews with Chuck Yeager, Korean ace Major Frederick Blesse, and pilots from Desert Storm and Kosovo, and historic footage of "Red Flag" exercises, when German pilots flew Soviet MiGs.

Thu 28th September

Dead Men's Secrets

Bandleader Glenn Miller joined the flood of young Americans enlisting in the army in 1942 and was ordered to form a new 42-piece all-star band to entertain service personnel. With the liberation of Paris in 1944, a series of Miller concerts was planned. But when Captain Miller took off on a short hop across the English Channel to Paris on December 15, he was never seen again. No wreckage was found and no official explanation given. Did his aircraft simply fail, or was there a military cover-up?

Thu 28th September

39/40: The War Through A Lens

It took Hitler less than 10 months to conquer Europe. The film gives a monthly record, from September 1939 to June 1940, of the inexorable plunge Europe took into chaos. The story is principally inspired by French, English and German newsreels. The story is told from these three nations' point of view, based on the information they gave their nations at the time. An original choice, a most fascinating one that gives us the opportunity to relive this era on a human scale, and watch whilst History unravels.

Thu 28th September

Evening

Alexandria: The Greatest City

Bettany Hughes goes to Alexandria, Egypt, to look at one of the great cities of history. Founded by Alexander the Great, Alexandria was once one of the intellectual and cultural hubs of the world.

Thu 28th September

American Ripper

At age 40, California attorney Jeff Mudgett is stunned to learn a gruesome family secret; his great-great-grandfather was Herman H Mudgett, aka Dr HH Holmes, the man considered to be America's first serial killer. Holmes' audacious acts of mass murder have become that of legend, inspiring hundreds of books and even a motion picture by Martin Scorsese entitled The Devil in The White City, starring Leonardo DiCaprio. Obsessed with learning more, Jeff follows a bloody trail of hidden clues and historical facts which will hopefully strengthen his case and prove his theory that Holmes had travelled to England to commit the Jack the Ripper murders. We start on the night Jeff's grandfather revealed the family's dark secret, which then sparked an extraordinary investigation guiding Jeff to infamous sites all around the United States, including the tunnels under a Chicago post office that now stands where Holmes's 'murder castle' once operated. Jeff will team up with a top-notch crime detective who will help link these two sinister historical characters together by connecting century-old clues with modern day methods of investigation. We watch the grisly story of HH Holmes and his 1000 targets unfold through disturbing, detailed recreations that are combined with first-person, doc-style story-telling, leading us all the way to England and back. Jeff is on the hunt to provide solid, never-before-seen, evidence that Holmes was, in fact, Jack the Ripper. In an attempt to finally shut the case on the greatest crime mystery in modern history, the remains of HH Holmes will be exhumed and subjected to a battery of tests to prove that he and The Ripper were truly one and the same. This episode, an investigation into the gruesome details of Holmes' infamous Murder Castle leads to the discovery that he may have been killing victims all over Chicago and beyond; while a report surfaces that the Ripper may have killed in the US.

Thu 28th September

Forbidden History

We lift the lid on some of history's great mysteries by tunnelling deeper, travelling wider, looking more closely, asking harder questions and searching for evidence with more determination than ever before. We are taken to places far and wide, and will encounter conspiracy theories, cover-ups, strange phenomena, unexplained happenings and mysterious findings - in short, a whole host of unusual goings on that have had a massive bearing on how we view history today. We know that the Vatican archives hold the personal documents of past popes and that they house important historical pieces such as Galileo's trial transcript, King Henry VIII's annulment request - even letters written by Abraham Lincoln. But what else is hidden away in the Vatican library - a place that is out of bounds even to cardinals? Why is this historical treasure trove so shrouded in secrecy?

Thu 28th September

Ancient Aliens

As ancient astronaut theorists continue to find more and more compelling clues that extraterrestrials have been visiting planet Earth since ancient times, astronomers are also finding an increasing number of planets in our galaxy that are capable of sustaining life. Is it possible that we are on the brink of a reconnection with our alien ancestors? On this season, we uncover more astonishing new evidence of extraterrestrial intervention on Earth than ever before. In 1984, a roll of 35mm film surfaced from an anonymous source that contained pictures of what is now known as the Eisenhower Briefing Document. This document is purported to be a memo sent from the director of the CIA in 1952 to president-elect Dwight Eisenhower, informing him of the existence of a top-secret group within the US government called The Majestic Twelve. Composed of top scientists, government officials, and military elite, this group's mission was to investigate reports of unidentified flying objects - and to examine crashed extraterrestrial craft. And more recently, in 2002, a major computer hack into Pentagon and NASA computers appears to reveal hard evidence that not only are the Majestic Twelve documents real, but that the government's interaction with extraterrestrials has led to the creation of a secret space program, that has already established bases on the moon, Mars, and other celestial bodies.

Thu 28th September

The Naked Terracotta Warriors

This insightful documentary is an in-depth look at the lost burial site of Emperor Jing Dis hidden army. It reveals the lesser-known subterranean army, built to protect the 5th Han Emperor, Jing Di, in his afterlife. Lost for over 2000 years, it was only discovered in the late 1990s. This immense site covers 81 burial pits, each containing various goods for the afterlife, and as many as 100,000 terracotta figures, all with extremely detailed faces and sexual organs. The film takes the viewer to the breathtaking excavation site, where the sheer scale and beauty of the figures is revealed. Graphic realisation shows us how this vast scheme was created, while dramatic reconstruction takes us back 2000 years to a time when one man held together a sprawling empire and planned in exquisite detail the path of his own afterlife.

Thu 28th September

Ancient Aliens

Of the millions of Hindu gods, none is more important than Shiva - the great destroyer. Ancient astronaut theorists suggest this powerful being that possessed flying machines, incredible weapons, and had supernatural abilities may, in fact, have been the leader of an extraterrestrial faction that came to Earth wielding advanced technology. The evidence, they say, comes not just from the incredible stories of the ancient Vedic texts, but is also carved in stone throughout the Hindu world. The megalithic Kailasa Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva is carved from a single rock cliff, and it is said that it took just 18 years to chisel out the estimated 400,000 tonnes of rock excavated in its construction. But how was this accomplished over a thousand years ago, when modern engineers say such a feat is not even possible with today's technology? Could it be connected to the mysterious tunnels that lead beneath the structure and a magical tunnelling device described in the ancient Vedic texts? Or possibly the thousands of Shiva Linga idols found throughout India, which are said to represent Shiva, but are eerily reminiscent of nuclear reactors? Could the strange energy experienced by pilgrims who travel to Mount Kailash in Tibet, the mythical home of Shiva, be connected to an ancient drawing of what looks like a particle accelerator contained within the peak? Perhaps Shiva is more than just a mythical figure, and still resides here on Earth today. But if so, should mankind be concerned that he might perform his dance of destruction once again?

Fri 29th September

Morning

WWI: The First Modern War

The Atlantic became a killing field as German submarines took on the might of the dominant British Navy. The stealth and silent killers were able to sink 5200 ships by war's end, and nearly brought Britain to its knees. But in their frenzy of attacks, the Germans sink the US passenger liner Lusitania, killing nearly 2000 on board. American outrage helped President Wilson get Congress to finally agree to enter the war. In the end, the Allied Atlantic blockade forces Germany to surrender, but the submarine was established as an effective military weapon.

Fri 29th September

Dogfights

In the face of the wholesale destruction of their homeland, young Germans were motivated to destroy American bombers by any means necessary.

Fri 29th September

Tales of the Gun

The most powerful assault rifle ever used in combat, the M-16 became the symbol of the lost war in Vietnam and can easily be called America's most unloved gun. Yet, 30 years after its introduction, it stands as a potent icon of US military strength worldwide. The program will also explain how it almost ended up on the scrap heap!

Fri 29th September

Dead Men's Secrets

At the beginning of WWII, America wasn't yet fighting, but her support for the Allies was clear. The 1941 Lend-Lease Act enabled FDR to ship weapons and essential materials to England. But were US harbours being watched? In 1942, fire broke out on The Normandie, a luxury liner turned troop carrier. Was it Nazi sabotage? Decades later, Lucky Luciano claimed the Mafia had burnt The Normandie, and in the aftermath struck a protection deal with the government to prevent further "Nazi sabotage".

Fri 29th September

American Ripper

At age 40, California attorney Jeff Mudgett is stunned to learn a gruesome family secret; his great-great-grandfather was Herman H Mudgett, aka Dr HH Holmes, the man considered to be America's first serial killer. Holmes' audacious acts of mass murder have become that of legend, inspiring hundreds of books and even a motion picture by Martin Scorsese entitled The Devil in The White City, starring Leonardo DiCaprio. Obsessed with learning more, Jeff follows a bloody trail of hidden clues and historical facts which will hopefully strengthen his case and prove his theory that Holmes had travelled to England to commit the Jack the Ripper murders. We start on the night Jeff's grandfather revealed the family's dark secret, which then sparked an extraordinary investigation guiding Jeff to infamous sites all around the United States, including the tunnels under a Chicago post office that now stands where Holmes's 'murder castle' once operated. Jeff will team up with a top-notch crime detective who will help link these two sinister historical characters together by connecting century-old clues with modern day methods of investigation. We watch the grisly story of HH Holmes and his 1000 targets unfold through disturbing, detailed recreations that are combined with first-person, doc-style story-telling, leading us all the way to England and back. Jeff is on the hunt to provide solid, never-before-seen, evidence that Holmes was, in fact, Jack the Ripper. In an attempt to finally shut the case on the greatest crime mystery in modern history, the remains of HH Holmes will be exhumed and subjected to a battery of tests to prove that he and The Ripper were truly one and the same. This episode, an investigation into the gruesome details of Holmes' infamous Murder Castle leads to the discovery that he may have been killing victims all over Chicago and beyond; while a report surfaces that the Ripper may have killed in the US.

Fri 29th September

Forbidden History

We lift the lid on some of history's great mysteries by tunnelling deeper, travelling wider, looking more closely, asking harder questions and searching for evidence with more determination than ever before. We are taken to places far and wide, and will encounter conspiracy theories, cover-ups, strange phenomena, unexplained happenings and mysterious findings - in short, a whole host of unusual goings on that have had a massive bearing on how we view history today. We know that the Vatican archives hold the personal documents of past popes and that they house important historical pieces such as Galileo's trial transcript, King Henry VIII's annulment request - even letters written by Abraham Lincoln. But what else is hidden away in the Vatican library - a place that is out of bounds even to cardinals? Why is this historical treasure trove so shrouded in secrecy?

Fri 29th September

Ancient Aliens

As ancient astronaut theorists continue to find more and more compelling clues that extraterrestrials have been visiting planet Earth since ancient times, astronomers are also finding an increasing number of planets in our galaxy that are capable of sustaining life. Is it possible that we are on the brink of a reconnection with our alien ancestors? On this season, we uncover more astonishing new evidence of extraterrestrial intervention on Earth than ever before. In 1984, a roll of 35mm film surfaced from an anonymous source that contained pictures of what is now known as the Eisenhower Briefing Document. This document is purported to be a memo sent from the director of the CIA in 1952 to president-elect Dwight Eisenhower, informing him of the existence of a top-secret group within the US government called The Majestic Twelve. Composed of top scientists, government officials, and military elite, this group's mission was to investigate reports of unidentified flying objects - and to examine crashed extraterrestrial craft. And more recently, in 2002, a major computer hack into Pentagon and NASA computers appears to reveal hard evidence that not only are the Majestic Twelve documents real, but that the government's interaction with extraterrestrials has led to the creation of a secret space program, that has already established bases on the moon, Mars, and other celestial bodies.

Fri 29th September

The Naked Terracotta Warriors

This insightful documentary is an in-depth look at the lost burial site of Emperor Jing Dis hidden army. It reveals the lesser-known subterranean army, built to protect the 5th Han Emperor, Jing Di, in his afterlife. Lost for over 2000 years, it was only discovered in the late 1990s. This immense site covers 81 burial pits, each containing various goods for the afterlife, and as many as 100,000 terracotta figures, all with extremely detailed faces and sexual organs. The film takes the viewer to the breathtaking excavation site, where the sheer scale and beauty of the figures is revealed. Graphic realisation shows us how this vast scheme was created, while dramatic reconstruction takes us back 2000 years to a time when one man held together a sprawling empire and planned in exquisite detail the path of his own afterlife.

Fri 29th September

Ancient Aliens

Of the millions of Hindu gods, none is more important than Shiva - the great destroyer. Ancient astronaut theorists suggest this powerful being that possessed flying machines, incredible weapons, and had supernatural abilities may, in fact, have been the leader of an extraterrestrial faction that came to Earth wielding advanced technology. The evidence, they say, comes not just from the incredible stories of the ancient Vedic texts, but is also carved in stone throughout the Hindu world. The megalithic Kailasa Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva is carved from a single rock cliff, and it is said that it took just 18 years to chisel out the estimated 400,000 tonnes of rock excavated in its construction. But how was this accomplished over a thousand years ago, when modern engineers say such a feat is not even possible with today's technology? Could it be connected to the mysterious tunnels that lead beneath the structure and a magical tunnelling device described in the ancient Vedic texts? Or possibly the thousands of Shiva Linga idols found throughout India, which are said to represent Shiva, but are eerily reminiscent of nuclear reactors? Could the strange energy experienced by pilgrims who travel to Mount Kailash in Tibet, the mythical home of Shiva, be connected to an ancient drawing of what looks like a particle accelerator contained within the peak? Perhaps Shiva is more than just a mythical figure, and still resides here on Earth today. But if so, should mankind be concerned that he might perform his dance of destruction once again?

Fri 29th September

Time Team

Five hundred years ago, a major city occupied what is now a large and empty field in the Scottish Borders. Founded by a king as a hub for international trade, Roxburgh was, along with Edinburgh, Stirling and Berwick, one of the four great centres of medieval Scotland. But while the other three became thriving cities, Roxburgh simply vanished. There are plenty of documents but only a ruined castle remains as a clue to the town's layout. It has lain untouched since its final decline in the 16th century, now Tony and the Team have a unique chance to uncover whatever remains under the pasture.

Fri 29th September

39/40: The War Through A Lens

It took Hitler less than 10 months to conquer Europe. The film gives a monthly record, from September 1939 to June 1940, of the inexorable plunge Europe took into chaos. The story is principally inspired by French, English and German newsreels. The story is told from these three nations' point of view, based on the information they gave their nations at the time. An original choice, a most fascinating one that gives us the opportunity to relive this era on a human scale, and watch whilst History unravels.

Fri 29th September

Alexandria: The Greatest City

Bettany Hughes goes to Alexandria, Egypt, to look at one of the great cities of history. Founded by Alexander the Great, Alexandria was once one of the intellectual and cultural hubs of the world.

Fri 29th September

American Ripper

At age 40, California attorney Jeff Mudgett is stunned to learn a gruesome family secret; his great-great-grandfather was Herman H Mudgett, aka Dr HH Holmes, the man considered to be America's first serial killer. Holmes' audacious acts of mass murder have become that of legend, inspiring hundreds of books and even a motion picture by Martin Scorsese entitled The Devil in The White City, starring Leonardo DiCaprio. Obsessed with learning more, Jeff follows a bloody trail of hidden clues and historical facts which will hopefully strengthen his case and prove his theory that Holmes had travelled to England to commit the Jack the Ripper murders. We start on the night Jeff's grandfather revealed the family's dark secret, which then sparked an extraordinary investigation guiding Jeff to infamous sites all around the United States, including the tunnels under a Chicago post office that now stands where Holmes's 'murder castle' once operated. Jeff will team up with a top-notch crime detective who will help link these two sinister historical characters together by connecting century-old clues with modern day methods of investigation. We watch the grisly story of HH Holmes and his 1000 targets unfold through disturbing, detailed recreations that are combined with first-person, doc-style story-telling, leading us all the way to England and back. Jeff is on the hunt to provide solid, never-before-seen, evidence that Holmes was, in fact, Jack the Ripper. In an attempt to finally shut the case on the greatest crime mystery in modern history, the remains of HH Holmes will be exhumed and subjected to a battery of tests to prove that he and The Ripper were truly one and the same. This episode, an investigation into the gruesome details of Holmes' infamous Murder Castle leads to the discovery that he may have been killing victims all over Chicago and beyond; while a report surfaces that the Ripper may have killed in the US.

Fri 29th September

Noon

Forbidden History

We lift the lid on some of history's great mysteries by tunnelling deeper, travelling wider, looking more closely, asking harder questions and searching for evidence with more determination than ever before. We are taken to places far and wide, and will encounter conspiracy theories, cover-ups, strange phenomena, unexplained happenings and mysterious findings - in short, a whole host of unusual goings on that have had a massive bearing on how we view history today. We know that the Vatican archives hold the personal documents of past popes and that they house important historical pieces such as Galileo's trial transcript, King Henry VIII's annulment request - even letters written by Abraham Lincoln. But what else is hidden away in the Vatican library - a place that is out of bounds even to cardinals? Why is this historical treasure trove so shrouded in secrecy?

Fri 29th September

WWI: The First Modern War

The Atlantic became a killing field as German submarines took on the might of the dominant British Navy. The stealth and silent killers were able to sink 5200 ships by war's end, and nearly brought Britain to its knees. But in their frenzy of attacks, the Germans sink the US passenger liner Lusitania, killing nearly 2000 on board. American outrage helped President Wilson get Congress to finally agree to enter the war. In the end, the Allied Atlantic blockade forces Germany to surrender, but the submarine was established as an effective military weapon.

Fri 29th September

Dogfights

In the face of the wholesale destruction of their homeland, young Germans were motivated to destroy American bombers by any means necessary.

Fri 29th September

Tales of the Gun

The most powerful assault rifle ever used in combat, the M-16 became the symbol of the lost war in Vietnam and can easily be called America's most unloved gun. Yet, 30 years after its introduction, it stands as a potent icon of US military strength worldwide. The program will also explain how it almost ended up on the scrap heap!

Fri 29th September

Dead Men's Secrets

At the beginning of WWII, America wasn't yet fighting, but her support for the Allies was clear. The 1941 Lend-Lease Act enabled FDR to ship weapons and essential materials to England. But were US harbours being watched? In 1942, fire broke out on The Normandie, a luxury liner turned troop carrier. Was it Nazi sabotage? Decades later, Lucky Luciano claimed the Mafia had burnt The Normandie, and in the aftermath struck a protection deal with the government to prevent further "Nazi sabotage".

Fri 29th September

39/40: The War Through A Lens

This documentary sees the outbreak of WWII (from the invasion of Poland 1939 till the fall of France 1940) as the contemporaries have perceived it in movie theatres. The news reels, made by the Germans, the French and the British, are presented in the historical context, in a chronological order. Sometimes, the narrator commentates on misleading, propagandistic images, such as pictures of German military exercises which are later presented as real combat footage.

Fri 29th September

Evening

The Unseen Time Team Specials

Tony Robinson and Mick Aston dig out the best bits of over 200 Time Team episodes to tell the story of how our domestic lives have changed over 10 millennia. Until about 10,000 years ago our ancestors moved from site to site setting up house where they could find food and water. Then everything changed. People realised they could control the land, stay put and build more permanent and more comfortable houses. Tony and Mick reveal how those very first houses evolved into what we know today, and find out how settling down changed the way we live.

Fri 29th September

Private Lives of the Pharaohs

The civilisation of Ancient Egypt was the greatest the world has ever seen, continuing for 3000 years with one religion, one language and one evolving history. Egypt created the world's first empire yet much of what we know about ancient Egyptian culture is pieced together from astonishingly little hard information, and many intriguing mysteries remain. New scientific techniques are now enabling historians to uncover many of these hidden secrets. Behind them lie tales of power and intrigue, love and madness, passion and murder.

Fri 29th September

Henry Ford

His car transformed the lives of millions, and re-drew the grid of the United States and much of the world. His assembly line transformed the character of modern industry, and his Five Dollar Day laid the foundation for American prosperity in the twentieth century, planting the seeds for the middle class. A bundle of contradictions, Ford was at once forward and backward looking, innovative and close-minded, generous and mean-spirited. The same man who helped to liberate millions from social isolation with his Model T also trapped thousands of workers in a workplace prison where they were forbidden to sit or talk. The same Ford who welcomed African Americans and disabled people into his factories was a bigot who broadcast to the world his vitriolic hatred of Jews and exhibited devastating cruelty to his own son. This biography draws upon a rich archival record and recent scholarship, to provide a revealing portrait of a complex, pivotal and ultimately flawed figure.

Fri 29th September

The Roosevelts

FDR brings the same optimism and energy to the White House that his cousin Theodore displayed. Aimed at ending the Depression, his sweeping new deal restores the people's self-confidence and transforms the relationship between them and their government. Eleanor rejects the traditional role of first lady, becomes her husband's liberal conscience and a sometimes controversial political force in her own right. As the decade ends, FDR faces two grave questions: whether to run for an unprecedented third term and how to deal with the rise of Hitler.

Fri 29th September

Myth Hunters

The story of real life quests after some of history's greatest legends. From the Nazis' search for the Holy Grail, to the Americans who hunted for pirate treasure in Vietnam; from the true story of the crystal skulls to the mystery of King Solomon's mines - this series uncovers the truth behind some of the most fabulous, romantic and deranged treasure hunts in modern history.

Sat 30th September

Morning

The Man Who Shot Tutankhamun

Margaret Mountford travels to Egypt's Valley of the Kings to discover the story of an unsung hero of British photography - Harry Burton, the man whose images of the Tutankhamun excavation created a global sensation in the 1920s. As she explores the spectacular locations where Burton worked, including Tutankhamun's tomb, she investigates how Burton's photographs inspired a craze for Egyptian designs and made the archaeologist Howard Carter an international celebrity. She discovers why Burton's images are still studied today by Egyptologists around the world. And she works with a present-day photographer, Harry Cory Wright, to find out how Burton pushed the boundaries of photographic art to create his extraordinary and influential pictures of the world's most famous archaeological discovery.

Sat 30th September

Inside Secret Societies

Hitler and the key officers of the Nazi High Command were all members of three main secret societies which had a strong belief in the occult; the Vril Society, the Thule society and the Ahnenerbe. The Vril Society was based on a novel written in 1871 by Edward Bulwer-Lytton called The Power of the Coming Race, which talks of a superior subterranean master race and the energy-form called Vril which powers UFO's from hidden bases beneath the arctic ice. It sounds crazy but Hitler, Himmler and other leading Nazis took it very seriously. The Thule Society was named after a mythical northern country from Greek legend which was the origins of the Aryan Race, also thought to have been the mythical Atlantis. It had about 2000 members, insisting on intense loyalty and secrecy, as well pure white blood, untainted by any other race, or colour. This belief in the Aryan race and its connection to Atlantis led to the foundation of the Ahnenerbe by Heinrich Himmler to research the archaeological and racial heritage of the Aryan race. It conducted experiments and launched expeditions in an attempt to find the lost city of Atlantis, and prove that mythological Aryan populations had once ruled the world. Although the Vril and Thule societies, as well as the Ahnenerbe were officially disbanded at the end of WWll, there are reports that they continued for many decades afterwards through, surviving Nazi officers in Europe, America and South America. Today, it's believed that several Neo-Nazi groups made up of descendants of former German soldiers, politicians and new, younger recruits, keep the flame alive, with regular meetings and the same beliefs.

Sat 30th September

Myth Hunters

Forensic pathologist Dr Philippe Charlier, known to the French as the 'Indiana Jones of the graveyards' faced his biggest challenge yet: to uncover the truth behind the remains of France's most famous daughter: Joan of Arc. Joan of Arc, maid of visions and miracles, had achieved the seemingly impossible when she broke the military back of the English at the Siege of Orleans in 1429, to successfully see the Dauphin finally crowned Charles VII of France at Reims. But her subsequent capture by the English and trial at Rouen for witchcraft and heresy ended in her being sentenced to death by burning at the stake. In modern day France, Dr Philippe Charlier subjected these fragments to the full panoply of 21st-century forensic analysis: mass, infrared and atomic-emission spectrometry; electron microscopy; pollen analysis and DNA analysis. One of the bones was not human but feline. Could it have been a cat burnt along with Joan? Black cats were often burned in the fire of those reputed to be witches. But its origin was not even European. Charlier found nothing in the organic material that matched anything that would have existed in 15th-century Burgundy. In a final, stunning confirmation: carbon dating placed the fragments of bones between the 7th- and 8th-century BC. This was no Joan of Arc, this was an Egyptian mummy! Black tar-like coating on the fragments had nothing to do with burning, but rather embalming. Somehow, an Egyptian mummy had ended up being in an apothecary's jar labelled as the remains of Joan of Arc, yet many hold the belief that the remains of Joan of Arc are still to be found, and returned to a place of honour.

Sat 30th September

Unsealed: Alien Files

In the spring of 1952, UFO sightings go off the charts. For years, the US government has told the post-war public that UFOs do not exist, but behind the scenes, US Air Force officials are divided. Join us as we investigate the 1952 UFO Wave; a spike in sightings so extreme that the US government is forced to confront the UFO phenomena head on.

Sat 30th September

The Roosevelts

FDR brings the same optimism and energy to the White House that his cousin Theodore displayed. Aimed at ending the Depression, his sweeping new deal restores the people's self-confidence and transforms the relationship between them and their government. Eleanor rejects the traditional role of first lady, becomes her husband's liberal conscience and a sometimes controversial political force in her own right. As the decade ends, FDR faces two grave questions: whether to run for an unprecedented third term and how to deal with the rise of Hitler.

Sat 30th September

Myth Hunters

The story of real life quests after some of history's greatest legends. From the Nazis' search for the Holy Grail, to the Americans who hunted for pirate treasure in Vietnam; from the true story of the crystal skulls to the mystery of King Solomon's mines - this series uncovers the truth behind some of the most fabulous, romantic and deranged treasure hunts in modern history.

Sat 30th September

Private Lives of the Pharaohs

The civilisation of Ancient Egypt was the greatest the world has ever seen, continuing for 3000 years with one religion, one language and one evolving history. Egypt created the world's first empire yet much of what we know about ancient Egyptian culture is pieced together from astonishingly little hard information, and many intriguing mysteries remain. New scientific techniques are now enabling historians to uncover many of these hidden secrets. Behind them lie tales of power and intrigue, love and madness, passion and murder.

Sat 30th September

Henry Ford

His car transformed the lives of millions, and re-drew the grid of the United States and much of the world. His assembly line transformed the character of modern industry, and his Five Dollar Day laid the foundation for American prosperity in the twentieth century, planting the seeds for the middle class. A bundle of contradictions, Ford was at once forward and backward looking, innovative and close-minded, generous and mean-spirited. The same man who helped to liberate millions from social isolation with his Model T also trapped thousands of workers in a workplace prison where they were forbidden to sit or talk. The same Ford who welcomed African Americans and disabled people into his factories was a bigot who broadcast to the world his vitriolic hatred of Jews and exhibited devastating cruelty to his own son. This biography draws upon a rich archival record and recent scholarship, to provide a revealing portrait of a complex, pivotal and ultimately flawed figure.

Sat 30th September

Time Team

Tony Robinson and the team visit Chenies Manor which is believed to have been upgraded in time for Henry VIII's visit around 1530. However, while a late-16th century inventory suggests that an additional range of rooms fit for a king once existed, traces of them have vanished since the house fell into disrepair. Can the experts uncover the layout of the building as it appeared in Tudor times?

Sat 30th September

39/40: The War Through A Lens

This documentary sees the outbreak of WWII (from the invasion of Poland 1939 till the fall of France 1940) as the contemporaries have perceived it in movie theatres. The news reels, made by the Germans, the French and the British, are presented in the historical context, in a chronological order. Sometimes, the narrator commentates on misleading, propagandistic images, such as pictures of German military exercises which are later presented as real combat footage.

Sat 30th September

The Unseen Time Team Specials

Tony Robinson and Mick Aston dig out the best bits of over 200 Time Team episodes to tell the story of how our domestic lives have changed over 10 millennia. Until about 10,000 years ago our ancestors moved from site to site setting up house where they could find food and water. Then everything changed. People realised they could control the land, stay put and build more permanent and more comfortable houses. Tony and Mick reveal how those very first houses evolved into what we know today, and find out how settling down changed the way we live.

Sat 30th September

Private Lives of the Pharaohs

The civilisation of Ancient Egypt was the greatest the world has ever seen, continuing for 3000 years with one religion, one language and one evolving history. Egypt created the world's first empire yet much of what we know about ancient Egyptian culture is pieced together from astonishingly little hard information, and many intriguing mysteries remain. New scientific techniques are now enabling historians to uncover many of these hidden secrets. Behind them lie tales of power and intrigue, love and madness, passion and murder.

Sat 30th September

Noon

The War That Changed the World

In June 1942, the Japanese suffered losses from which they would never recover, their final defeat would be hard-won, allowing Moa to bring the years of experiment, the consolidation of power, the development and promotion of policies and philosophies to the fore. Mao Zedong Thought was put into practice.

Sat 30th September

Trump's Divided States Of America

This documentary looks back at events during President Barack Obama's years in office that revealed deep divisions within the United States, and the polarised America that Donald Trump inherits as president. We take an in-depth view of the partisan gridlock in Washington, the rise of populist anger on both sides of the aisle, and the racial tensions that erupted throughout the country.

Sat 30th September

The Adventure of English

Tells the story of how English became the battleground in the fight for men's souls. We visit York to see the medieval mystery plays tell the stories of the Bible in English, and find out why the church establishment kept the Bible in Latin only. In Oxford, we find the beginnings of the Reformation in a movement to secretly translate the Bible into English, and see how the people who possessed those Bibles risked death at the stake. We see the impact of printing on the English language, and how that fixed many of the anomalies of spelling and grammar that still make English so difficult for students to learn. And we visit Hampton Court to see how Henry VIII's marriage problems finally brought the English Bible out of hiding and into every church in the land. And we look at how William Tyndale's translation brought dozens of familiar phrases from Let there be light to Ye of little faith into everyday use, and fixed for centuries our idea of how God speaks.

Sat 30th September

Museum Diaries

This episode follows Rae Ostman, the ROM's Managing Director of the Centre for Ancient Cultures, and Kiron Murkherjee, ROMKids Studio Assistant, as they plan, prep and execute a weekend at the ROM completely centered around Ancient Egypt. Various Curators, Preps, Interns and Conservators are all involved in bringing together dynamic exhibits for this once a year affair. MD also follows Gayle Gibson, Ancient Cultures Educator at the ROM, as she uncovers more details of a CAT Scan that was performed on the beautiful coffin of Djedmaatasankh - a 3000 year old mummy!

Sat 30th September

Pyramids of Death

They are some of the biggest pyramids on the planet - millions of tons of stone and earth towering above the landscape in a massive display of wealth and power. But the pharaohs didn't build these pyramids. This is Mexico - and the truth is, we don't know who built them-or why. Today, they remain as centrepieces of the majestic ancient city of Teotihuacan, the first major metropolis of the Americas. Home to one of the most powerful civilizations of its time, the city rivalled Shakespeare's London in size and outlasted ancient Rome. So why, around 750 AD, did the advanced civilisation that created Teotihuacan suddenly vanish? The identity of its founders, the language they spoke - even the original name of the city - are all unknown. DNA analysis of bodies from Teotihuacan shows they weren't Mayan, Incan or Aztec, but a different civilisation entirely. With none of the macabre murals dedicated to war that are found in other cultures of Mesoamerica, it was assumed to be a peaceful, utopian society. But the latest discoveries are revealing a much darker scenario. In the depths of Teotihuacan's pyramids, experts have uncovered vault after vault filled with curious human remains. Some are filled with women who were buried alive. Others hold the remains of warriors, entombed with their skeletal hands still tied behind their backs, heads missing. And most spectacular of all, in the same vault with ten warriors, two mummies outfitted with all the finery of royalty. With historical recreations and spectacular CGI, Pyramids of Death brings the world of these ancient people to life - from their remarkable feats of construction and engineering to their grisly methods of human sacrifice.

Sat 30th September

Evening

The Weapon Hunter

Meet Paul Shull, rock 'n' roll promoter and expert swordsman. Backed by a crack team of experts with years of experience in tracking down the finest military specimens, he's in pursuit of North America's most collectable artefacts. He's hellbent on finding them and telling their remarkable stories.

Sat 30th September

The New Age Of Terror

The war on terror enters a new phase as home-grown lone wolves begin to strike in the US. The American military apparatus struggles to contain a threat that has moved to a new battlefield: the internet, where ISIS and other terror groups enlist and inspire individuals to commit acts of terror anywhere they can, posting instructions and even hit lists. Tragedies in Boston, San Bernardino and Orlando are stark reminders that despite all the increases in security, the threat lingers. New and unexpected allies join the counter offensive, including hackers and US businesses. But a climate of fear gives rise to more hate, and a new wave of domestic terror emerges, led by white nationalists.

Sat 30th September

Cleopatra's Lost Tomb

Dr Kathleen Martinez, criminal lawyer turned maverick archaeologist is searching for Cleopatra's lost tomb.

Sat 30th September

Ancient Aliens

As ancient astronaut theorists continue to find more and more compelling clues that extraterrestrials have been visiting planet Earth since ancient times, astronomers are also finding an increasing number of planets in our galaxy that are capable of sustaining life. Is it possible that we are on the brink of a reconnection with our alien ancestors? On this season, we uncover more astonishing new evidence of extraterrestrial intervention on Earth than ever before. In 1984, a roll of 35mm film surfaced from an anonymous source that contained pictures of what is now known as the Eisenhower Briefing Document. This document is purported to be a memo sent from the director of the CIA in 1952 to president-elect Dwight Eisenhower, informing him of the existence of a top-secret group within the US government called The Majestic Twelve. Composed of top scientists, government officials, and military elite, this group's mission was to investigate reports of unidentified flying objects - and to examine crashed extraterrestrial craft. And more recently, in 2002, a major computer hack into Pentagon and NASA computers appears to reveal hard evidence that not only are the Majestic Twelve documents real, but that the government's interaction with extraterrestrials has led to the creation of a secret space program, that has already established bases on the moon, Mars, and other celestial bodies.

Sat 30th September

Forbidden History

How much of the vampire legend is based in reality? Learn the truth as Jamie Theakston visits Romania to hear the tales of Elizabeth Bathory and Vlad Dracul.

Sun 1st October

Morning

American Ripper

At age 40, California attorney Jeff Mudgett is stunned to learn a gruesome family secret; his great-great-grandfather was Herman H Mudgett, aka Dr HH Holmes, the man considered to be America's first serial killer. Holmes' audacious acts of mass murder have become that of legend, inspiring hundreds of books and even a motion picture by Martin Scorsese entitled The Devil in The White City, starring Leonardo DiCaprio. Obsessed with learning more, Jeff follows a bloody trail of hidden clues and historical facts which will hopefully strengthen his case and prove his theory that Holmes had travelled to England to commit the Jack the Ripper murders. We start on the night Jeff's grandfather revealed the family's dark secret, which then sparked an extraordinary investigation guiding Jeff to infamous sites all around the United States, including the tunnels under a Chicago post office that now stands where Holmes's 'murder castle' once operated. Jeff will team up with a top-notch crime detective who will help link these two sinister historical characters together by connecting century-old clues with modern day methods of investigation. We watch the grisly story of HH Holmes and his 1000 targets unfold through disturbing, detailed recreations that are combined with first-person, doc-style story-telling, leading us all the way to England and back. Jeff is on the hunt to provide solid, never-before-seen, evidence that Holmes was, in fact, Jack the Ripper. In an attempt to finally shut the case on the greatest crime mystery in modern history, the remains of HH Holmes will be exhumed and subjected to a battery of tests to prove that he and The Ripper were truly one and the same. This episode, an investigation into the gruesome details of Holmes' infamous Murder Castle leads to the discovery that he may have been killing victims all over Chicago and beyond; while a report surfaces that the Ripper may have killed in the US.

Sun 1st October

Unsealed: Alien Files

In the spring of 1952, UFO sightings go off the charts. For years, the US government has told the post-war public that UFOs do not exist, but behind the scenes, US Air Force officials are divided. Join us as we investigate the 1952 UFO Wave; a spike in sightings so extreme that the US government is forced to confront the UFO phenomena head on.

Sun 1st October

UFO Hunters

It's a disturbing pattern that's been going on for the past 40 years: thousands of cows seemingly slaughtered in the same strange, meticulous way, on ranches around the world. This pattern has mystified ranchers, veterinarians, and law enforcement officials. Eyewitnesses report UFOs and black helicopters in the area where cows are turning up dead. Could someone be carrying out a macabre harvest? The team is hot on the trail of a recent mutilation case, analysing the entire phenomenon.

Sun 1st October

The New Age Of Terror

The war on terror enters a new phase as home-grown lone wolves begin to strike in the US. The American military apparatus struggles to contain a threat that has moved to a new battlefield: the internet, where ISIS and other terror groups enlist and inspire individuals to commit acts of terror anywhere they can, posting instructions and even hit lists. Tragedies in Boston, San Bernardino and Orlando are stark reminders that despite all the increases in security, the threat lingers. New and unexpected allies join the counter offensive, including hackers and US businesses. But a climate of fear gives rise to more hate, and a new wave of domestic terror emerges, led by white nationalists.

Sun 1st October

Cleopatra's Lost Tomb

Dr Kathleen Martinez, criminal lawyer turned maverick archaeologist is searching for Cleopatra's lost tomb.

Sun 1st October

Ancient Aliens

As ancient astronaut theorists continue to find more and more compelling clues that extraterrestrials have been visiting planet Earth since ancient times, astronomers are also finding an increasing number of planets in our galaxy that are capable of sustaining life. Is it possible that we are on the brink of a reconnection with our alien ancestors? On this season, we uncover more astonishing new evidence of extraterrestrial intervention on Earth than ever before. In 1984, a roll of 35mm film surfaced from an anonymous source that contained pictures of what is now known as the Eisenhower Briefing Document. This document is purported to be a memo sent from the director of the CIA in 1952 to president-elect Dwight Eisenhower, informing him of the existence of a top-secret group within the US government called The Majestic Twelve. Composed of top scientists, government officials, and military elite, this group's mission was to investigate reports of unidentified flying objects - and to examine crashed extraterrestrial craft. And more recently, in 2002, a major computer hack into Pentagon and NASA computers appears to reveal hard evidence that not only are the Majestic Twelve documents real, but that the government's interaction with extraterrestrials has led to the creation of a secret space program, that has already established bases on the moon, Mars, and other celestial bodies.

Sun 1st October

Forbidden History

How much of the vampire legend is based in reality? Learn the truth as Jamie Theakston visits Romania to hear the tales of Elizabeth Bathory and Vlad Dracul.

Sun 1st October

Time Team

The villagers of Nether Poppleton, near York, join Tony Robinson and the team for some extensive digging as they try to determine the exact age of their village. The current layout follows a typical medieval pattern but a reference to the village in the Domesday Book has the experts thinking that it could date back to Saxon times at least.

Sun 1st October

The New Age Of Terror

The war on terror enters a new phase as home-grown lone wolves begin to strike in the US. The American military apparatus struggles to contain a threat that has moved to a new battlefield: the internet, where ISIS and other terror groups enlist and inspire individuals to commit acts of terror anywhere they can, posting instructions and even hit lists. Tragedies in Boston, San Bernardino and Orlando are stark reminders that despite all the increases in security, the threat lingers. New and unexpected allies join the counter offensive, including hackers and US businesses. But a climate of fear gives rise to more hate, and a new wave of domestic terror emerges, led by white nationalists.

Sun 1st October

Cleopatra's Lost Tomb

Dr Kathleen Martinez, criminal lawyer turned maverick archaeologist is searching for Cleopatra's lost tomb.

Sun 1st October

Noon

Ancient Aliens

As ancient astronaut theorists continue to find more and more compelling clues that extraterrestrials have been visiting planet Earth since ancient times, astronomers are also finding an increasing number of planets in our galaxy that are capable of sustaining life. Is it possible that we are on the brink of a reconnection with our alien ancestors? On this season, we uncover more astonishing new evidence of extraterrestrial intervention on Earth than ever before. In 1984, a roll of 35mm film surfaced from an anonymous source that contained pictures of what is now known as the Eisenhower Briefing Document. This document is purported to be a memo sent from the director of the CIA in 1952 to president-elect Dwight Eisenhower, informing him of the existence of a top-secret group within the US government called The Majestic Twelve. Composed of top scientists, government officials, and military elite, this group's mission was to investigate reports of unidentified flying objects - and to examine crashed extraterrestrial craft. And more recently, in 2002, a major computer hack into Pentagon and NASA computers appears to reveal hard evidence that not only are the Majestic Twelve documents real, but that the government's interaction with extraterrestrials has led to the creation of a secret space program, that has already established bases on the moon, Mars, and other celestial bodies.

Sun 1st October

Forbidden History

How much of the vampire legend is based in reality? Learn the truth as Jamie Theakston visits Romania to hear the tales of Elizabeth Bathory and Vlad Dracul.

Sun 1st October

Road to 9/11

The worst terrorist attack in American history is also the least understood. It was not the action of one man - Osama bin Laden. It was the creation of a network, spanning decades. It began as a New York story, as home-grown as baseball. And while the first blood was shed in the early 1990's, the roots of the violence stretch back decades and even centuries, making the final horrendous act almost inevitable. This series will redefine our understanding of what happened, focusing primarily on the period between the 1993 World Trade Center bombing and the moment of impact on 9/11 itself. Using a tick-tock of tense cat-and-mouse narratives of terrorists and counter-terrorists, friends and foes, we follow the calamitous intersection of war and faith, natural resources and scientific progress, plane and tower. How did this happen? When did this hate begin, and why?

Sun 1st October

Murdered: The Bodies In The Bog

A 2000-year-old CSI. A crack team of archaeologists and forensic anthropologists investigate the slaughter of two ancient Britons. The award winning team at Bearkatt Productions unearth two murder mysteries from a bygone age. When bodies were discovered deep in the peat bogs of Ireland and Worsley, outside Manchester, the police weren't banking on their victims being 2000 years old. Expert examinations reveal horrific injuries including stab wounds, broken bones, blows to the skull and dismembered limbs. Witness the incredible work of forensic scientists as they help detectives to solve these exceptional crimes. With fascinating archaeological revelations, we see how our ancestors' lives were dominated by fear, retribution and savage sacrifices. This gripping film tells the stories of the victims' lives and unravels the secrets of their violent deaths.

Sun 1st October

Lost Kingdoms of Central America

Dr Jago Cooper, Curator of the America's at the British Museum, explores the extraordinary history of Central America . Dr Cooper journeys through Costa Rica, Mexico, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico exploring spectacular sites and investigating the origins of legends, traditions and culture. From the people who met Christopher Columbus to the culture that inspired the Mayans; from the vast temple pyramids to the world's oldest ball-game, Lost Kingdoms Of Central America reveals the true character of a stunning continent through its archaeology, art, people and landscapes.

Sun 1st October

Evening

The Man Who Shot Tutankhamun

Margaret Mountford travels to Egypt's Valley of the Kings to discover the story of an unsung hero of British photography - Harry Burton, the man whose images of the Tutankhamun excavation created a global sensation in the 1920s. As she explores the spectacular locations where Burton worked, including Tutankhamun's tomb, she investigates how Burton's photographs inspired a craze for Egyptian designs and made the archaeologist Howard Carter an international celebrity. She discovers why Burton's images are still studied today by Egyptologists around the world. And she works with a present-day photographer, Harry Cory Wright, to find out how Burton pushed the boundaries of photographic art to create his extraordinary and influential pictures of the world's most famous archaeological discovery.

Sun 1st October

The King Who Threw Away His Crown

Using rare and previously unseen archive and interviews with Edward and Wallis, this is the real story of the man who gave up the throne to pursue his obsession with a twice-divorced American, Wallis Simpson.

Sun 1st October

Engineering Evil: Inside the Holocaust

Travel through the archives of Eastern Europe, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington DC, and the restoration labs of Yad Vashem in Israel to uncover and reveal the story of persecution, theft, and murder through various artefacts, rarely seen photographs, and motion picture footage. Experts from across the globe illuminate what it took to systematically implement the destruction of millions of people, and the remnants of the Holocaust are seen under a new light as the viewer is shown the lengths taken to engineer evil.

Sun 1st October

Forbidden History

We lift the lid on some of history's great mysteries by tunnelling deeper, travelling wider, looking more closely, asking harder questions and searching for evidence with more determination than ever before. We are taken to places far and wide, and will encounter conspiracy theories, cover-ups, strange phenomena, unexplained happenings and mysterious findings - in short, a whole host of unusual goings on that have had a massive bearing on how we view history today. We know that the Vatican archives hold the personal documents of past popes and that they house important historical pieces such as Galileo's trial transcript, King Henry VIII's annulment request - even letters written by Abraham Lincoln. But what else is hidden away in the Vatican library - a place that is out of bounds even to cardinals? Why is this historical treasure trove so shrouded in secrecy?

Sun 1st October

The Restorers

This episode details those who are committed to keeping history alive, in the most literal sense. In the story Tora, Tora, Tora a group of Commemorative Air Force volunteers fly Japanese Zero replicas to recreate the attack on Pearl Harbor. In Bomber Fantasy Camp, ordinary citizens pay to experience training and a mission on board a B-24 bomber - to drop dummy bombs on target. In Paratrooper School, folks travel from far and wide to Frederick, OK to learn how to make WWII-style paratrooper jumps out of a period C-47 cargo plane.

Mon 2nd October

Morning

Top Ten Warfare

Since the dawn of aerial warfare in WWI, air supremacy has been key to winning the war. From the Sopwith Camel bi-plane and the P-51 Mustang, to the hi-tech F22 Raptor and the game-changing Harrier Jump Jet, this program uses dramatic and rarely seen archive footage and expert interviews to identify and rank the most influential aircraft in history.

Mon 2nd October

Dogfights

On November 20, 1944, in the early morning hours off the coast of the island of Ulithi the USS Mississinewa sits at anchor. The massive tanker is filled with oil: a vital supply ship for the American fleet as it continues its attacks on the Japanese empire. At 5:45am, a massive explosion rips apart the Mississinewa. But this is no accident. This is the work of the Kaiten: a terrifying new Kamikaze weapon.

Mon 2nd October

Tales of the Gun

For nearly 400 years following the inception of firearms in the 14th century, hitting a target with a gun was often a matter of luck - until the technological leap of cutting grooves in the barrel permitted the bullet to spin, thus providing gyroscopic stabilisation. This innovation sparked the evolution of the rifle, an evolution that began with the Pennsylvania rifle of the American Revolution. We'll review the rifle's history in the US, as well as contributions made by European designers.

Mon 2nd October

Dead Men's Secrets

On April 18, 1943, the aircraft carrying Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto was shot down by US fighters. Yamamoto - chief architect of the attack on Pearl Harbor - was visiting the forward Japanese bases at Bougainville, some 650 miles from the nearest US base. His clash with US fighters so far from their territory was more than simple bad luck - the pilots must have known where and when to find their target. We talk to the US pilots and find out why the mission had to remain secret until war's end.

Mon 2nd October

The King Who Threw Away His Crown

Using rare and previously unseen archive and interviews with Edward and Wallis, this is the real story of the man who gave up the throne to pursue his obsession with a twice-divorced American, Wallis Simpson.

Mon 2nd October

Engineering Evil: Inside the Holocaust

Travel through the archives of Eastern Europe, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington DC, and the restoration labs of Yad Vashem in Israel to uncover and reveal the story of persecution, theft, and murder through various artefacts, rarely seen photographs, and motion picture footage. Experts from across the globe illuminate what it took to systematically implement the destruction of millions of people, and the remnants of the Holocaust are seen under a new light as the viewer is shown the lengths taken to engineer evil.

Mon 2nd October

Forbidden History

We lift the lid on some of history's great mysteries by tunnelling deeper, travelling wider, looking more closely, asking harder questions and searching for evidence with more determination than ever before. We are taken to places far and wide, and will encounter conspiracy theories, cover-ups, strange phenomena, unexplained happenings and mysterious findings - in short, a whole host of unusual goings on that have had a massive bearing on how we view history today. We know that the Vatican archives hold the personal documents of past popes and that they house important historical pieces such as Galileo's trial transcript, King Henry VIII's annulment request - even letters written by Abraham Lincoln. But what else is hidden away in the Vatican library - a place that is out of bounds even to cardinals? Why is this historical treasure trove so shrouded in secrecy?

Mon 2nd October

The Restorers

This episode details those who are committed to keeping history alive, in the most literal sense. In the story Tora, Tora, Tora a group of Commemorative Air Force volunteers fly Japanese Zero replicas to recreate the attack on Pearl Harbor. In Bomber Fantasy Camp, ordinary citizens pay to experience training and a mission on board a B-24 bomber - to drop dummy bombs on target. In Paratrooper School, folks travel from far and wide to Frederick, OK to learn how to make WWII-style paratrooper jumps out of a period C-47 cargo plane.

Mon 2nd October

Time Team

On 29 November 1944, two Douglas A-26 Invader US bomber planes crashed into Warton Marsh, eight miles from Preston, in Lancashire. Both planes, along with a number of others, had left Warton Airbase in formation, en route to join forces in the preparations for the Battle of the Bulge, which took place from 16 December 1944 to 25 January 1945. Only one minute off the runway and 1,000 feet into the air, the aircraft collided and came to rest in the marsh. All the crew died. Their bodies were recovered from the planes, but an investigation into the causes of the crash was inconclusive. When the planes crashed back in 1944, they landed directly on sand. Since then, however, about two metres of silt has built up over the wrecks. It means that the site is a difficult one to excavate, and an earlier attempt to retrieve the aircraft in the 1980s was unsuccessful. For this programme, Time Team enlisted a veteran air crash investigator, along with the RAF's 'crash and burn' team and other experts to try to find out what caused the crash. Each of the planes, including the engines, was believed to be relatively intact and, it was hoped, would provide the necessary information to determine why these two planes collided. Local eyewitnesses and fellow flyers in the US Air Force were all called upon to help to build up a picture of what happened on that fateful day in 1944.

Mon 2nd October

The King Who Threw Away His Crown

Using rare and previously unseen archive and interviews with Edward and Wallis, this is the real story of the man who gave up the throne to pursue his obsession with a twice-divorced American, Wallis Simpson.

Mon 2nd October

Engineering Evil: Inside the Holocaust

Travel through the archives of Eastern Europe, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington DC, and the restoration labs of Yad Vashem in Israel to uncover and reveal the story of persecution, theft, and murder through various artefacts, rarely seen photographs, and motion picture footage. Experts from across the globe illuminate what it took to systematically implement the destruction of millions of people, and the remnants of the Holocaust are seen under a new light as the viewer is shown the lengths taken to engineer evil.

Mon 2nd October

Noon

Forbidden History

We lift the lid on some of history's great mysteries by tunnelling deeper, travelling wider, looking more closely, asking harder questions and searching for evidence with more determination than ever before. We are taken to places far and wide, and will encounter conspiracy theories, cover-ups, strange phenomena, unexplained happenings and mysterious findings - in short, a whole host of unusual goings on that have had a massive bearing on how we view history today. We know that the Vatican archives hold the personal documents of past popes and that they house important historical pieces such as Galileo's trial transcript, King Henry VIII's annulment request - even letters written by Abraham Lincoln. But what else is hidden away in the Vatican library - a place that is out of bounds even to cardinals? Why is this historical treasure trove so shrouded in secrecy?

Mon 2nd October

Top Ten Warfare

Since the dawn of aerial warfare in WWI, air supremacy has been key to winning the war. From the Sopwith Camel bi-plane and the P-51 Mustang, to the hi-tech F22 Raptor and the game-changing Harrier Jump Jet, this program uses dramatic and rarely seen archive footage and expert interviews to identify and rank the most influential aircraft in history.

Mon 2nd October

Dogfights

On November 20, 1944, in the early morning hours off the coast of the island of Ulithi the USS Mississinewa sits at anchor. The massive tanker is filled with oil: a vital supply ship for the American fleet as it continues its attacks on the Japanese empire. At 5:45am, a massive explosion rips apart the Mississinewa. But this is no accident. This is the work of the Kaiten: a terrifying new Kamikaze weapon.

Mon 2nd October

Tales of the Gun

For nearly 400 years following the inception of firearms in the 14th century, hitting a target with a gun was often a matter of luck - until the technological leap of cutting grooves in the barrel permitted the bullet to spin, thus providing gyroscopic stabilisation. This innovation sparked the evolution of the rifle, an evolution that began with the Pennsylvania rifle of the American Revolution. We'll review the rifle's history in the US, as well as contributions made by European designers.

Mon 2nd October

Dead Men's Secrets

On April 18, 1943, the aircraft carrying Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto was shot down by US fighters. Yamamoto - chief architect of the attack on Pearl Harbor - was visiting the forward Japanese bases at Bougainville, some 650 miles from the nearest US base. His clash with US fighters so far from their territory was more than simple bad luck - the pilots must have known where and when to find their target. We talk to the US pilots and find out why the mission had to remain secret until war's end.

Mon 2nd October

Mysteries At The Museum

The Mutter Museum in Philadelphia PA is home to the Death Cast of Change and Eng, the original Siamese twins. These celebrated brothers desperately wanted to live apart. But would a surgery to separate them cut their lives short? A simple black umbrella is on display at the International Spy Museum in Washington DC. What role did this object play in the bizarre assassination of a BBC journalist? During his sentence at Eastern State Penitentiary, mobster Al Capone suffered unstoppable bouts of anguish. Was the cell of this legendary criminal haunted?

Mon 2nd October

Evening

Digging for Britain

Dr Alice Roberts joins a dig in Somerset which unearths the biggest Roman coin hoard in a single container ever found in Britain. Metal detectorist Dave Crisp made the discovery of a lifetime when he uncovered a hoard of more than 52,000 coins dating from the 3rd century AD. Other finds uncovered by Alice include the mystery of 97 babies murdered by the Thames and a man buried on a layer of dead animals.

Mon 2nd October

The Celts: Blood, Iron & Sacrifice

Anthropologist Prof Alice Roberts and archaeologist Neil Oliver go in search of The Celts - one of the world's most mysterious ancient people. In Britain and Ireland you are never far from the Celtic past, but in this series, Neil and Alice travel much further afield, discovering the origins and beliefs of these Iron Age people in artefacts and human remains right across Europe, from Turkey to Portugal. What emerges is not a wild people on the western fringes of Europe, but a highly sophisticated tribal culture that influenced vast areas of the ancient world - and even Rome. Rich with vivid dramatic reconstructions we create this pivotal time, and meet some of our most famous ancient leaders, from Queen Boudicca to Julius Caesar, and the battles they fought for the heart and soul of Europe. Alice and Neil discover that these key battles between the Celts and the Romans over the best part of 500 years was a fight for two very different forms of civilisation; a fight that came to define the world we live in today. In this episode, we see the origins of the Celts in the Alps of Central Europe, and relive the moment of first contact with the Romans in a pitched battle just north of Rome - a battle that the Celts won and left the Imperial City devastated.

Mon 2nd October

Britain's Ancient Capital

Orkney - seven miles off the coast of Scotland and cut off by the tumultuous Pentland Firth, the fastest flowing tidal race in Europe - is often viewed as being remote. But recent discoveries there are turning the Stone Age map of Britain upside down. Rather than an outpost at the edge of the world, recent finds suggest an extraordinary theory - that Orkney was the cultural capital of our ancient world and the origin of the stone circle cult which culminated in Stonehenge. In this series, Neil Oliver, Chris Packham, Andy Torbet and Dr Shini Somara join hundreds of archaeologists from around the world who have gathered there to investigate at one of Europe's biggest digs. Chris Packham uncovers the secrets revealed by the DNA of Orkney's unique vole, Neil Oliver explores Orkney's tombs and monuments, Dr Shini Somara experiments to discover how the Orcadians could have moved giant blocks of stone over rough ground, and archaeological adventurer Andy Torbet climbs Orkney's most challenging sea-stack to unlock the story of Orkney's unusual geology.

Mon 2nd October

Mysteries at the Castle

A foreboding Transylvanian castle provides the chilling inspiration for an infamous literary villain; a stunning French chateau incites a bitter rivalry between two powerful women; and a mythical monarch steps into the real world at a breathtaking English Abbey.

Mon 2nd October

The Queen Mary

This documentary tells the remarkable true story of cruise liner The Queen Mary and her journey from the shipyards of Glasgow, to Long Beach USA.

Mon 2nd October

Why Are We Here?

The great triumph of modern science is that is that it has been incredibly successful at helping us understand and control the world we live in. But many of us will feel that there is something fundamentally wrong with a view of life that strips it of any true meaning or purpose. Are we really just the living parts of a vast machine that has no meaning? In this first film in the series Ard and David will challenge the core beliefs of scientism and present the beginnings of a different story that science has to tell about the universe we live in.

Tue 3rd October

Morning

Top Ten Warfare

Wars have been lost and won on the battlefield and during the 20th century, battles have changed the course of history. The Battle of the Somme witnessed over 60,000 casualties on the first day alone and changed how wars would be fought. The Battle of Midway was an aerial battle at sea, with aircraft carriers often hundreds of miles apart fighting to turn the tide of the war. And when the Allies landed on the shores of Normandy on 6th June 1944, an iconic battle began which marked the beginning of Hitler's ultimate defeat. With incredible archive from the heart of the action, and interviews with world-leading historians, this action-packed episode counts down the most decisive and game-changing battles of warfare that have been caught on camera, and includes battles from the first Gulf War, the Vietnam War and the Chinese Civil War.

Tue 3rd October

Dogfights

January 1, 1945: a damp, frigid morning in northeast Belgium. American airmen tend to the routine flight operations of Y-29, a forward air base within kilometres of the front-line. A light dusting of snow and ice clings to the pierced steel-plank runway and the pine trees that surround the air base. This will be the site of one of the greatest dogfights in history.

Tue 3rd October

Tales of the Gun

For over 400 years, if a man could afford a gun, he chose a shotgun. First used for sport by British aristocrats, its other incarnations include hunter, protector and warrior.

Tue 3rd October

Dead Men's Secrets

Examine the failed plots to assassinate the Nazi leader - and explore what might have happened had they succeeded.

Tue 3rd October

The Celts: Blood, Iron & Sacrifice

Anthropologist Prof Alice Roberts and archaeologist Neil Oliver go in search of The Celts - one of the world's most mysterious ancient people. In Britain and Ireland you are never far from the Celtic past, but in this series, Neil and Alice travel much further afield, discovering the origins and beliefs of these Iron Age people in artefacts and human remains right across Europe, from Turkey to Portugal. What emerges is not a wild people on the western fringes of Europe, but a highly sophisticated tribal culture that influenced vast areas of the ancient world - and even Rome. Rich with vivid dramatic reconstructions we create this pivotal time, and meet some of our most famous ancient leaders, from Queen Boudicca to Julius Caesar, and the battles they fought for the heart and soul of Europe. Alice and Neil discover that these key battles between the Celts and the Romans over the best part of 500 years was a fight for two very different forms of civilisation; a fight that came to define the world we live in today. In this episode, we see the origins of the Celts in the Alps of Central Europe, and relive the moment of first contact with the Romans in a pitched battle just north of Rome - a battle that the Celts won and left the Imperial City devastated.

Tue 3rd October

Britain's Ancient Capital

Orkney - seven miles off the coast of Scotland and cut off by the tumultuous Pentland Firth, the fastest flowing tidal race in Europe - is often viewed as being remote. But recent discoveries there are turning the Stone Age map of Britain upside down. Rather than an outpost at the edge of the world, recent finds suggest an extraordinary theory - that Orkney was the cultural capital of our ancient world and the origin of the stone circle cult which culminated in Stonehenge. In this series, Neil Oliver, Chris Packham, Andy Torbet and Dr Shini Somara join hundreds of archaeologists from around the world who have gathered there to investigate at one of Europe's biggest digs. Chris Packham uncovers the secrets revealed by the DNA of Orkney's unique vole, Neil Oliver explores Orkney's tombs and monuments, Dr Shini Somara experiments to discover how the Orcadians could have moved giant blocks of stone over rough ground, and archaeological adventurer Andy Torbet climbs Orkney's most challenging sea-stack to unlock the story of Orkney's unusual geology.

Tue 3rd October

Mysteries at the Castle

A foreboding Transylvanian castle provides the chilling inspiration for an infamous literary villain; a stunning French chateau incites a bitter rivalry between two powerful women; and a mythical monarch steps into the real world at a breathtaking English Abbey.

Tue 3rd October

The Queen Mary

This documentary tells the remarkable true story of cruise liner The Queen Mary and her journey from the shipyards of Glasgow, to Long Beach USA.

Tue 3rd October

Why Are We Here?

The great triumph of modern science is that is that it has been incredibly successful at helping us understand and control the world we live in. But many of us will feel that there is something fundamentally wrong with a view of life that strips it of any true meaning or purpose. Are we really just the living parts of a vast machine that has no meaning? In this first film in the series Ard and David will challenge the core beliefs of scientism and present the beginnings of a different story that science has to tell about the universe we live in.

Tue 3rd October

Time Team

Twenty years ago, during a particularly dry summer, parch marks revealed what seemed to be a huge Roman fort a few hundred metres from the Duke of Buccleuch's extraordinarily grand house, Drumlanrig Castle, in Dumfries. The discovery lay untouched until Time Team took on the challenge to investigate it further. The Team sought to answer a number of questions. Was it actually a Roman fort? If so, it was one of the most northerly ever found and therefore of special importance to Scotland's history. So when were the Romans there? No finds made previously had given any hint of the date of the structure. Time Team also wanted to identify the roads leading in and out of the fort. Was there any kind of civilian settlement or other features nearby? And could the Team work out how the Romans made their famous draco, the military standard that made a sound that was said to have struck fear into the hearts of their enemies?

Tue 3rd October

Mysteries At The Museum

The Mutter Museum in Philadelphia PA is home to the Death Cast of Change and Eng, the original Siamese twins. These celebrated brothers desperately wanted to live apart. But would a surgery to separate them cut their lives short? A simple black umbrella is on display at the International Spy Museum in Washington DC. What role did this object play in the bizarre assassination of a BBC journalist? During his sentence at Eastern State Penitentiary, mobster Al Capone suffered unstoppable bouts of anguish. Was the cell of this legendary criminal haunted?

Tue 3rd October

Digging for Britain

Dr Alice Roberts joins a dig in Somerset which unearths the biggest Roman coin hoard in a single container ever found in Britain. Metal detectorist Dave Crisp made the discovery of a lifetime when he uncovered a hoard of more than 52,000 coins dating from the 3rd century AD. Other finds uncovered by Alice include the mystery of 97 babies murdered by the Thames and a man buried on a layer of dead animals.

Tue 3rd October

The Celts: Blood, Iron & Sacrifice

Anthropologist Prof Alice Roberts and archaeologist Neil Oliver go in search of The Celts - one of the world's most mysterious ancient people. In Britain and Ireland you are never far from the Celtic past, but in this series, Neil and Alice travel much further afield, discovering the origins and beliefs of these Iron Age people in artefacts and human remains right across Europe, from Turkey to Portugal. What emerges is not a wild people on the western fringes of Europe, but a highly sophisticated tribal culture that influenced vast areas of the ancient world - and even Rome. Rich with vivid dramatic reconstructions we create this pivotal time, and meet some of our most famous ancient leaders, from Queen Boudicca to Julius Caesar, and the battles they fought for the heart and soul of Europe. Alice and Neil discover that these key battles between the Celts and the Romans over the best part of 500 years was a fight for two very different forms of civilisation; a fight that came to define the world we live in today. In this episode, we see the origins of the Celts in the Alps of Central Europe, and relive the moment of first contact with the Romans in a pitched battle just north of Rome - a battle that the Celts won and left the Imperial City devastated.

Tue 3rd October

Noon

Britain's Ancient Capital

Orkney - seven miles off the coast of Scotland and cut off by the tumultuous Pentland Firth, the fastest flowing tidal race in Europe - is often viewed as being remote. But recent discoveries there are turning the Stone Age map of Britain upside down. Rather than an outpost at the edge of the world, recent finds suggest an extraordinary theory - that Orkney was the cultural capital of our ancient world and the origin of the stone circle cult which culminated in Stonehenge. In this series, Neil Oliver, Chris Packham, Andy Torbet and Dr Shini Somara join hundreds of archaeologists from around the world who have gathered there to investigate at one of Europe's biggest digs. Chris Packham uncovers the secrets revealed by the DNA of Orkney's unique vole, Neil Oliver explores Orkney's tombs and monuments, Dr Shini Somara experiments to discover how the Orcadians could have moved giant blocks of stone over rough ground, and archaeological adventurer Andy Torbet climbs Orkney's most challenging sea-stack to unlock the story of Orkney's unusual geology.

Tue 3rd October

Top Ten Warfare

Wars have been lost and won on the battlefield and during the 20th century, battles have changed the course of history. The Battle of the Somme witnessed over 60,000 casualties on the first day alone and changed how wars would be fought. The Battle of Midway was an aerial battle at sea, with aircraft carriers often hundreds of miles apart fighting to turn the tide of the war. And when the Allies landed on the shores of Normandy on 6th June 1944, an iconic battle began which marked the beginning of Hitler's ultimate defeat. With incredible archive from the heart of the action, and interviews with world-leading historians, this action-packed episode counts down the most decisive and game-changing battles of warfare that have been caught on camera, and includes battles from the first Gulf War, the Vietnam War and the Chinese Civil War.

Tue 3rd October

Dogfights

January 1, 1945: a damp, frigid morning in northeast Belgium. American airmen tend to the routine flight operations of Y-29, a forward air base within kilometres of the front-line. A light dusting of snow and ice clings to the pierced steel-plank runway and the pine trees that surround the air base. This will be the site of one of the greatest dogfights in history.

Tue 3rd October

Tales of the Gun

For over 400 years, if a man could afford a gun, he chose a shotgun. First used for sport by British aristocrats, its other incarnations include hunter, protector and warrior.

Tue 3rd October

Dead Men's Secrets

Examine the failed plots to assassinate the Nazi leader - and explore what might have happened had they succeeded.

Tue 3rd October

Mysteries At The Museum

Locked inside a glass case at the Warren's Occult Museum in Connecticut is what may be its most sinister artifact: a rag doll named Annabelle. The museum's curators say it's linked to a visitor's sudden death. But what is the real story behind this devilish doll? A long-forgotten blueprint is stored in the archives of the Minnesota History Center. Does this 40-year-old plan hold the key to the apocalyptic collapse of the I-35W Bridge? And a leather-bound journal on display at the Nantucket Whaling Museum recounts a legendary story of sacrifice and survival. What classic piece of American literature did this memoir inspire?

Tue 3rd October

Evening

WWII Air Crash Detectives

Garth Barnard has a lifelong passion and unshakeable resolve to investigate how thousands of young airmen from the Second World War died in catastrophic air accidents and training crashes. In WWII Air Crash Investigators, Garth takes viewers on a journey around Britain, Australia, Poland, the US, and Gibraltar to uncover the truth behind these devastating accidents and to ensure the men lost in the air war against Germany and its allies are not forgotten.

Tue 3rd October

Hitler's Circle Of Evil

This is the story of the rise and fall of the Third Reich told like the drama it really was: through the personal relationships of the movers and shakers of the most evil regime in history. They were Hitler's henchmen - the small gaggle of misfits, careerists and fanatical Nazis who had the ear of the Fuhrer - those whose job it was to make his brutal vision a reality. Men like ex-chicken farmer and leader of the SS, Heinrich Himmler; Hitler's adoring but mentally unhinged deputy, Rudolf Hess; fighter ace turned morphine addict, Herman Goering; and sex-crazed propaganda chief, Josef Goebbels. As they scrabble for power, they will turn on each other in a murky atmosphere of intrigue, betrayal and murder. In a regime where all power derives from just one man, they strive to out-do each other in brutality, hatred of the Jews and an unequivocal commitment to the Nazi cause. In the aftermath of WWI, Germany is on its knees. The country is crying out for a saviour and, in the beer halls of Munich, wealthy occultist Dietrich Eckart thinks he's found him - a young soldier named Adolf Hitler. Others soon join them. A dashing fighter pilot ace, Hermann Goering, believes he's found the man to fuel his ambitions, while war hero Captain Ernst Rohm sees the young firebrand as someone he can use. Young student Rudolf Hess falls under Hitler's spell, while unassuming school teacher's son Heinrich Himmler finds his chance to play soldier and fight for his crazy ideals. This small gang of heroes and misfits find each other in the violence and disenchantment of their broken nation and cement their relationship in a daring coup attempt. This is the inside story of the early days of Hitler's inner circle.

Tue 3rd October

The Weapon Hunter

Meet Paul Shull, rock 'n' roll promoter and expert swordsman. Backed by a crack team of experts with years of experience in tracking down the finest military specimens, he's in pursuit of North America's most collectable artefacts. He's hellbent on finding them and telling their remarkable stories.

Tue 3rd October

Inside Hitler's Killing Machine

With the end of the war and the surrender of the Third Reich, the world discovered the full horror of a genocidal system on a scale never before seen in the history of humanity. The elimination of millions of individuals had been meticulously planned by a regime whose organisation and methods were just beginning to be understood. It is a word that sends a chill down the spine: Ahnenerbe. This was the name of the research institute set up to prove the scientific foundation of Nazi ideology. Driven by a scientific megalomania, the race for new discoveries led the institution to carry out countless acts of barbarism. Stored on hundreds of microfilms which are only now available, the reports from this institution reveal the gruesome secrets of science according to Hitler.

Tue 3rd October

V2: Nazi Rocket

When the first V2 strikes, stories from three countries collide. This documentary juggles the narratives of three protagonists, jumping between Germany, England and the United States. From Germany, we follow Wernher von Braun, a rocket scientist whose dreams of space led him to develop the deadly V2. Though von Braun may not have intended to create a weapon initially, his research is now in the hands of the Nazi Party and it is being used to terrorise London and other parts of Europe. Under the control of the SS, things get darker and darker - has von Braun lost his aim for the stars? Meanwhile, in London, Reginald Victor Jones, a scientific analyst at top-secret MI6 must work against the clock to find a way to battle the menacing rockets that are battering his city. Jones, with his reputation as Churchill's 'wizard boy', will need more than magic to beat the V2. He crafts a clever plan, but for this plan to work he'll need to trust a double agent, one who could switch back to the Nazi side at any moment. But with the number of V2 casualties in London increasing by the minute, there's no time for Jones to hesitate. Finally, the Americans - with the end of the war almost within grasp - have their sights set on what will happen to this revolutionary technology when the Nazis have finally been defeated. The V2 is the first ballistic missile that the world has ever seen - and James Hamill is a US soldier who has been sent to hunt for the V2 and bring it back to his country. Hamill needs to snag the German scientists (including von Braun) and send them back to America as a part of Operation Paperclip. The race for the resources is on - but will Hamill get what he needs before the Russians get it first?

Tue 3rd October

The Great Commanders

Horatio Nelson is Britain's greatest naval hero. Though at times insubordinate and reckless, Nelson's professional skills and personal inspiration brought him uncommon successes throughout the Mediterranean and Atlantic as he fought against rival European fleets. At the remarkable Battle of Trafalgar, Nelson secured a mastery of the seals that brought the expansion of the British Empire.

Wed 4th October

Morning

Top Ten Warfare

Warfare has always driven the development of new technology, and technological innovations of warfare have changed the world. From the mass production of life-saving penicillin and pioneering plastic surgery, to the development of the internet and GPS, this program uses rare archive footage and expert interviews to identify and rank the most influential inventions of warfare.

Wed 4th October

Dogfights

At the end of the Vietnam War, the USS Midway's pilots and airmen engaged in some of the most thrilling and intense air combat. Six F4 Phantoms launched from the deck of the USS Midway engage with North Vietnamese MiGs. The Phantoms destroy two MiGs. Watch as American pilots Bartholomay and Arwood down enemy MiG-19s over their home base at Kep. Then flight lead Vic Kovaleski brings down a MiG-17, scoring the last MiG kill of the war. Midway served honourably throughout Vietnam and even in Desert Storm, but time finally caught up with her, and the USS Midway was converted to a museum and now resides in San Diego, California.

Wed 4th October

Tales of the Gun

What are the stories behind the history, technology and design of firearms?

Wed 4th October

Dead Men's Secrets

Reinhard Heydrich was the ideal Nazi - tall, blonde, athletic, and evil. Hitler called him the "man with the iron heart". As head of the Security Police, ehe made even loyal Nazis fear him. In Czechoslovakia, he was known simply as the 'Hangman of Prague' - a mastermind who helped design the mass slaughter of Jews. But on May 27, 1942, Heydrich was shot dead in an ambush in Prague. Using archive footage and detailed maps, the program reveals how the assassins trained and plotted to kill Gestapo chief.

Wed 4th October

Hitler's Circle Of Evil

This is the story of the rise and fall of the Third Reich told like the drama it really was: through the personal relationships of the movers and shakers of the most evil regime in history. They were Hitler's henchmen - the small gaggle of misfits, careerists and fanatical Nazis who had the ear of the Fuhrer - those whose job it was to make his brutal vision a reality. Men like ex-chicken farmer and leader of the SS, Heinrich Himmler; Hitler's adoring but mentally unhinged deputy, Rudolf Hess; fighter ace turned morphine addict, Herman Goering; and sex-crazed propaganda chief, Josef Goebbels. As they scrabble for power, they will turn on each other in a murky atmosphere of intrigue, betrayal and murder. In a regime where all power derives from just one man, they strive to out-do each other in brutality, hatred of the Jews and an unequivocal commitment to the Nazi cause. In the aftermath of WWI, Germany is on its knees. The country is crying out for a saviour and, in the beer halls of Munich, wealthy occultist Dietrich Eckart thinks he's found him - a young soldier named Adolf Hitler. Others soon join them. A dashing fighter pilot ace, Hermann Goering, believes he's found the man to fuel his ambitions, while war hero Captain Ernst Rohm sees the young firebrand as someone he can use. Young student Rudolf Hess falls under Hitler's spell, while unassuming school teacher's son Heinrich Himmler finds his chance to play soldier and fight for his crazy ideals. This small gang of heroes and misfits find each other in the violence and disenchantment of their broken nation and cement their relationship in a daring coup attempt. This is the inside story of the early days of Hitler's inner circle.

Wed 4th October

The Weapon Hunter

Meet Paul Shull, rock 'n' roll promoter and expert swordsman. Backed by a crack team of experts with years of experience in tracking down the finest military specimens, he's in pursuit of North America's most collectable artefacts. He's hellbent on finding them and telling their remarkable stories.

Wed 4th October

Inside Hitler's Killing Machine

With the end of the war and the surrender of the Third Reich, the world discovered the full horror of a genocidal system on a scale never before seen in the history of humanity. The elimination of millions of individuals had been meticulously planned by a regime whose organisation and methods were just beginning to be understood. It is a word that sends a chill down the spine: Ahnenerbe. This was the name of the research institute set up to prove the scientific foundation of Nazi ideology. Driven by a scientific megalomania, the race for new discoveries led the institution to carry out countless acts of barbarism. Stored on hundreds of microfilms which are only now available, the reports from this institution reveal the gruesome secrets of science according to Hitler.

Wed 4th October

V2: Nazi Rocket

When the first V2 strikes, stories from three countries collide. This documentary juggles the narratives of three protagonists, jumping between Germany, England and the United States. From Germany, we follow Wernher von Braun, a rocket scientist whose dreams of space led him to develop the deadly V2. Though von Braun may not have intended to create a weapon initially, his research is now in the hands of the Nazi Party and it is being used to terrorise London and other parts of Europe. Under the control of the SS, things get darker and darker - has von Braun lost his aim for the stars? Meanwhile, in London, Reginald Victor Jones, a scientific analyst at top-secret MI6 must work against the clock to find a way to battle the menacing rockets that are battering his city. Jones, with his reputation as Churchill's 'wizard boy', will need more than magic to beat the V2. He crafts a clever plan, but for this plan to work he'll need to trust a double agent, one who could switch back to the Nazi side at any moment. But with the number of V2 casualties in London increasing by the minute, there's no time for Jones to hesitate. Finally, the Americans - with the end of the war almost within grasp - have their sights set on what will happen to this revolutionary technology when the Nazis have finally been defeated. The V2 is the first ballistic missile that the world has ever seen - and James Hamill is a US soldier who has been sent to hunt for the V2 and bring it back to his country. Hamill needs to snag the German scientists (including von Braun) and send them back to America as a part of Operation Paperclip. The race for the resources is on - but will Hamill get what he needs before the Russians get it first?

Wed 4th October

The Great Commanders

Horatio Nelson is Britain's greatest naval hero. Though at times insubordinate and reckless, Nelson's professional skills and personal inspiration brought him uncommon successes throughout the Mediterranean and Atlantic as he fought against rival European fleets. At the remarkable Battle of Trafalgar, Nelson secured a mastery of the seals that brought the expansion of the British Empire.

Wed 4th October

Time Team

The Time Team is invited to a huge circular crop mark near Peterborough, referred to as a Causewayed Enclosure by archaeologists. Huge ditches mark the area, which date the site at around 6,000 years old. Some believe the ditches to be evidence of farming, others that they are of religious origin. Francis Pryor joins the team to get to the bottom of the mystery in just three days.

Wed 4th October

Mysteries At The Museum

Locked inside a glass case at the Warren's Occult Museum in Connecticut is what may be its most sinister artifact: a rag doll named Annabelle. The museum's curators say it's linked to a visitor's sudden death. But what is the real story behind this devilish doll? A long-forgotten blueprint is stored in the archives of the Minnesota History Center. Does this 40-year-old plan hold the key to the apocalyptic collapse of the I-35W Bridge? And a leather-bound journal on display at the Nantucket Whaling Museum recounts a legendary story of sacrifice and survival. What classic piece of American literature did this memoir inspire?

Wed 4th October

WWII Air Crash Detectives

Garth Barnard has a lifelong passion and unshakeable resolve to investigate how thousands of young airmen from the Second World War died in catastrophic air accidents and training crashes. In WWII Air Crash Investigators, Garth takes viewers on a journey around Britain, Australia, Poland, the US, and Gibraltar to uncover the truth behind these devastating accidents and to ensure the men lost in the air war against Germany and its allies are not forgotten.

Wed 4th October

Hitler's Circle Of Evil

This is the story of the rise and fall of the Third Reich told like the drama it really was: through the personal relationships of the movers and shakers of the most evil regime in history. They were Hitler's henchmen - the small gaggle of misfits, careerists and fanatical Nazis who had the ear of the Fuhrer - those whose job it was to make his brutal vision a reality. Men like ex-chicken farmer and leader of the SS, Heinrich Himmler; Hitler's adoring but mentally unhinged deputy, Rudolf Hess; fighter ace turned morphine addict, Herman Goering; and sex-crazed propaganda chief, Josef Goebbels. As they scrabble for power, they will turn on each other in a murky atmosphere of intrigue, betrayal and murder. In a regime where all power derives from just one man, they strive to out-do each other in brutality, hatred of the Jews and an unequivocal commitment to the Nazi cause. In the aftermath of WWI, Germany is on its knees. The country is crying out for a saviour and, in the beer halls of Munich, wealthy occultist Dietrich Eckart thinks he's found him - a young soldier named Adolf Hitler. Others soon join them. A dashing fighter pilot ace, Hermann Goering, believes he's found the man to fuel his ambitions, while war hero Captain Ernst Rohm sees the young firebrand as someone he can use. Young student Rudolf Hess falls under Hitler's spell, while unassuming school teacher's son Heinrich Himmler finds his chance to play soldier and fight for his crazy ideals. This small gang of heroes and misfits find each other in the violence and disenchantment of their broken nation and cement their relationship in a daring coup attempt. This is the inside story of the early days of Hitler's inner circle.

Wed 4th October

Noon

The Weapon Hunter

Meet Paul Shull, rock 'n' roll promoter and expert swordsman. Backed by a crack team of experts with years of experience in tracking down the finest military specimens, he's in pursuit of North America's most collectable artefacts. He's hellbent on finding them and telling their remarkable stories.

Wed 4th October

Top Ten Warfare

Warfare has always driven the development of new technology, and technological innovations of warfare have changed the world. From the mass production of life-saving penicillin and pioneering plastic surgery, to the development of the internet and GPS, this program uses rare archive footage and expert interviews to identify and rank the most influential inventions of warfare.

Wed 4th October

Dogfights

At the end of the Vietnam War, the USS Midway's pilots and airmen engaged in some of the most thrilling and intense air combat. Six F4 Phantoms launched from the deck of the USS Midway engage with North Vietnamese MiGs. The Phantoms destroy two MiGs. Watch as American pilots Bartholomay and Arwood down enemy MiG-19s over their home base at Kep. Then flight lead Vic Kovaleski brings down a MiG-17, scoring the last MiG kill of the war. Midway served honourably throughout Vietnam and even in Desert Storm, but time finally caught up with her, and the USS Midway was converted to a museum and now resides in San Diego, California.

Wed 4th October

Tales of the Gun

What are the stories behind the history, technology and design of firearms?

Wed 4th October

Dead Men's Secrets

Reinhard Heydrich was the ideal Nazi - tall, blonde, athletic, and evil. Hitler called him the "man with the iron heart". As head of the Security Police, ehe made even loyal Nazis fear him. In Czechoslovakia, he was known simply as the 'Hangman of Prague' - a mastermind who helped design the mass slaughter of Jews. But on May 27, 1942, Heydrich was shot dead in an ambush in Prague. Using archive footage and detailed maps, the program reveals how the assassins trained and plotted to kill Gestapo chief.

Wed 4th October

Mysteries At The Museum

On display at the University of Akron's Center for the History of Psychology is a simple khaki uniform. It played a pivotal role in one of the most controversial science experiments ever conducted. But did a costume really bring out the worst in a group of volunteers? The story of Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid - and how they died in a South American shootout - is one of the most enduring tales of the Wild West. But is it true? The answer may lie in a 200-page manuscript at the American Heritage Center in Wyoming. The tangled remains of two Ice Age mammoths are found locked together in a death grip. But why would these otherwise peaceful creatures, now on display at the Trailside Museum in Nebraska, engage in a fatal battle?

Wed 4th October

Evening

The World Wars

We open in the trenches of battle - revealing the epic scope of warfare in 1916. We find on the battlefield a young soldier caught in the midst of the attack when mustard gas canisters suddenly fill the trench and our soldier in a panic hurries to find and secure his gasmask. But, his large handlebar moustache prevents the mask from sealing properly and the noxious gas fills his lungs. After nearly dying, we watch as the soldier shaves off the obstructing pieces of his moustache, revealing the face of a young Adolf Hitler. We then flashback to 1914 - a time when the world is still a powder keg primed for explosion. We find young Hitler, before the war begins and he is an aloof painter with no direction in life. Then, the powder keg goes with the assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand. A complicated international web of alliances is triggered, and a war of unprecedented scale is started - the first World War. Young men, like Hitler, who will go on to become leaders in the second World War, have no idea how transformative their experiences in these upcoming battles will be, changing their lives forever - and transforming the world.

Wed 4th October

Inside The Tube: Going Underground

Rob Bell uncovers the pioneering history of the London Underground - with special access to its hidden workings, and meeting the staff who know and love it. He explores the construction of the world's first deep Tube line - known today as the Northern Line. The Northern Line runs for 36 miles through London, connecting north and south across the Thames. Seven hundred thousand passengers rely on it every day. But to build it, its Victorian engineers had to overcome unbelievable obstacles. One man, James Greathead, pioneered a new kind of tunnelling machine, that allowed deep tunnels to be built faster and more safely than ever before. But the new Tube line needed newfangled electric trains, lifts and escalators to make it work too. Rob discovers the remains of the first-ever station on the Northern Line, King William Street, just before it is sealed up forever. He gets down on the tracks with the maintenance team at Camden Junction, who toil on this Spaghetti Junction of the Tube every night to keep it working, and opens the sealed tunnels of an abandoned extension of the line in north London. And he meets the station manager at Balham to hear the story of how one of the worst tragedies on the Tube unfolded during the Blitz. Finally he's allowed into the latest tunnelling work, as the Northern Line is extended to Battersea Power Station - where the oldest deep Tube in the world is becoming the newest.

Wed 4th October

Two Degrees: The Point Of No Return

As the Earth's average temperature rises each year, experts warn that we are nearing a fatal tipping point - two degrees Celsius above the norm - which will set into motion a cascade of natural disasters that will devastate America and the world. From raging fires to epic super-storms, volcanic blasts and rising seas; will human existence be pushed to the brink?

Wed 4th October

Genius

As soon as World War II ended, another conflict began. But this war wasn't a battle of bullets: it was a battle of minds. The Americans and Soviets, deadlocked in the Cold War, set their sites on 'the final frontier' in the race to space, only one side could get there first.

Wed 4th October

American Ripper

At age 40, California attorney Jeff Mudgett is stunned to learn a gruesome family secret; his great-great-grandfather was Herman H Mudgett, aka Dr HH Holmes, the man considered to be America's first serial killer. Holmes' audacious acts of mass murder have become that of legend, inspiring hundreds of books and even a motion picture by Martin Scorsese entitled The Devil in The White City, starring Leonardo DiCaprio. Obsessed with learning more, Jeff follows a bloody trail of hidden clues and historical facts which will hopefully strengthen his case and prove his theory that Holmes had travelled to England to commit the Jack the Ripper murders. We start on the night Jeff's grandfather revealed the family's dark secret, which then sparked an extraordinary investigation guiding Jeff to infamous sites all around the United States, including the tunnels under a Chicago post office that now stands where Holmes's 'murder castle' once operated. Jeff will team up with a top-notch crime detective who will help link these two sinister historical characters together by connecting century-old clues with modern day methods of investigation. We watch the grisly story of HH Holmes and his 1000 targets unfold through disturbing, detailed recreations that are combined with first-person, doc-style story-telling, leading us all the way to England and back. Jeff is on the hunt to provide solid, never-before-seen, evidence that Holmes was, in fact, Jack the Ripper. In an attempt to finally shut the case on the greatest crime mystery in modern history, the remains of HH Holmes will be exhumed and subjected to a battery of tests to prove that he and The Ripper were truly one and the same. This episode, an investigation into the gruesome details of Holmes' infamous Murder Castle leads to the discovery that he may have been killing victims all over Chicago and beyond; while a report surfaces that the Ripper may have killed in the US.

Thu 5th October

Morning

Top Ten Warfare

From the super-dreadnought battleships of the First World War to the stealth submarines of the Cold War, maritime vessels have proved decisive in the fight for naval supremacy. This program counts down the 10 most iconic and game-changing ships and submarines of the 20th-century. From the German U-Boat and the Nimitz Aircraft Carriers, from D-Day's Landing Craft to the world's most successful battleship, these vessels have changed the face of warfare. Featuring breath-taking historical archive and contributions from maritime experts, this episode ranks the most iconic vessels of warfare of the last century.

Thu 5th October

Dogfights

In the aerial battleground of World War II, the P-51 Mustang proved itself to be the most famous war bird in history. Take a look at three of its most memorable battles. On November 2, 1944, Capt. Donald Bryan leads a group of P-51s escorting B-24 bombers to their target deep inside of Germany when he runs into a huge gaggle of Me109s on the attack. On June 23, 1945, Second Lieutenant Bob Scamara takes off with a flight of Mustangs from Iwo Jima. His group is jumped by seventeen Zeroes. On April 7, 1945, pilot Richard Candelaria becomes one of the first Americans to face the jet menace.

Thu 5th October

Tales of the Gun

What are the stories behind the history, technology and design of firearms?

Thu 5th October

Dead Men's Secrets

Examines US intelligence gathering-from inception in the 1920s and development during WWII through the Office of Strategic Services and the Allied Intelligence Bureau. We also look at the darker side. Did the CIA strike a deal with Nazi war criminals in return for their help in the Cold War?

Thu 5th October

Inside The Tube: Going Underground

Rob Bell uncovers the pioneering history of the London Underground - with special access to its hidden workings, and meeting the staff who know and love it. He explores the construction of the world's first deep Tube line - known today as the Northern Line. The Northern Line runs for 36 miles through London, connecting north and south across the Thames. Seven hundred thousand passengers rely on it every day. But to build it, its Victorian engineers had to overcome unbelievable obstacles. One man, James Greathead, pioneered a new kind of tunnelling machine, that allowed deep tunnels to be built faster and more safely than ever before. But the new Tube line needed newfangled electric trains, lifts and escalators to make it work too. Rob discovers the remains of the first-ever station on the Northern Line, King William Street, just before it is sealed up forever. He gets down on the tracks with the maintenance team at Camden Junction, who toil on this Spaghetti Junction of the Tube every night to keep it working, and opens the sealed tunnels of an abandoned extension of the line in north London. And he meets the station manager at Balham to hear the story of how one of the worst tragedies on the Tube unfolded during the Blitz. Finally he's allowed into the latest tunnelling work, as the Northern Line is extended to Battersea Power Station - where the oldest deep Tube in the world is becoming the newest.

Thu 5th October

Two Degrees: The Point Of No Return

As the Earth's average temperature rises each year, experts warn that we are nearing a fatal tipping point - two degrees Celsius above the norm - which will set into motion a cascade of natural disasters that will devastate America and the world. From raging fires to epic super-storms, volcanic blasts and rising seas; will human existence be pushed to the brink?

Thu 5th October

Genius

As soon as World War II ended, another conflict began. But this war wasn't a battle of bullets: it was a battle of minds. The Americans and Soviets, deadlocked in the Cold War, set their sites on 'the final frontier' in the race to space, only one side could get there first.

Thu 5th October

American Ripper

At age 40, California attorney Jeff Mudgett is stunned to learn a gruesome family secret; his great-great-grandfather was Herman H Mudgett, aka Dr HH Holmes, the man considered to be America's first serial killer. Holmes' audacious acts of mass murder have become that of legend, inspiring hundreds of books and even a motion picture by Martin Scorsese entitled The Devil in The White City, starring Leonardo DiCaprio. Obsessed with learning more, Jeff follows a bloody trail of hidden clues and historical facts which will hopefully strengthen his case and prove his theory that Holmes had travelled to England to commit the Jack the Ripper murders. We start on the night Jeff's grandfather revealed the family's dark secret, which then sparked an extraordinary investigation guiding Jeff to infamous sites all around the United States, including the tunnels under a Chicago post office that now stands where Holmes's 'murder castle' once operated. Jeff will team up with a top-notch crime detective who will help link these two sinister historical characters together by connecting century-old clues with modern day methods of investigation. We watch the grisly story of HH Holmes and his 1000 targets unfold through disturbing, detailed recreations that are combined with first-person, doc-style story-telling, leading us all the way to England and back. Jeff is on the hunt to provide solid, never-before-seen, evidence that Holmes was, in fact, Jack the Ripper. In an attempt to finally shut the case on the greatest crime mystery in modern history, the remains of HH Holmes will be exhumed and subjected to a battery of tests to prove that he and The Ripper were truly one and the same. This episode, an investigation into the gruesome details of Holmes' infamous Murder Castle leads to the discovery that he may have been killing victims all over Chicago and beyond; while a report surfaces that the Ripper may have killed in the US.

Thu 5th October

Time Team

The team have three days to explore the skeleton of a medieval warship found on the bed of the River Hamble near Southampton. They must prove whether it is the Grace Dieu, Henry V's naval flagship, and also find out how big it was and just why it came to grief.

Thu 5th October

Mysteries At The Museum

On display at the University of Akron's Center for the History of Psychology is a simple khaki uniform. It played a pivotal role in one of the most controversial science experiments ever conducted. But did a costume really bring out the worst in a group of volunteers? The story of Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid - and how they died in a South American shootout - is one of the most enduring tales of the Wild West. But is it true? The answer may lie in a 200-page manuscript at the American Heritage Center in Wyoming. The tangled remains of two Ice Age mammoths are found locked together in a death grip. But why would these otherwise peaceful creatures, now on display at the Trailside Museum in Nebraska, engage in a fatal battle?

Thu 5th October

The World Wars

We open in the trenches of battle - revealing the epic scope of warfare in 1916. We find on the battlefield a young soldier caught in the midst of the attack when mustard gas canisters suddenly fill the trench and our soldier in a panic hurries to find and secure his gasmask. But, his large handlebar moustache prevents the mask from sealing properly and the noxious gas fills his lungs. After nearly dying, we watch as the soldier shaves off the obstructing pieces of his moustache, revealing the face of a young Adolf Hitler. We then flashback to 1914 - a time when the world is still a powder keg primed for explosion. We find young Hitler, before the war begins and he is an aloof painter with no direction in life. Then, the powder keg goes with the assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand. A complicated international web of alliances is triggered, and a war of unprecedented scale is started - the first World War. Young men, like Hitler, who will go on to become leaders in the second World War, have no idea how transformative their experiences in these upcoming battles will be, changing their lives forever - and transforming the world.

Thu 5th October

Two Degrees: The Point Of No Return

As the Earth's average temperature rises each year, experts warn that we are nearing a fatal tipping point - two degrees Celsius above the norm - which will set into motion a cascade of natural disasters that will devastate America and the world. From raging fires to epic super-storms, volcanic blasts and rising seas; will human existence be pushed to the brink?

Thu 5th October

Noon

Top Ten Warfare

From the super-dreadnought battleships of the First World War to the stealth submarines of the Cold War, maritime vessels have proved decisive in the fight for naval supremacy. This program counts down the 10 most iconic and game-changing ships and submarines of the 20th-century. From the German U-Boat and the Nimitz Aircraft Carriers, from D-Day's Landing Craft to the world's most successful battleship, these vessels have changed the face of warfare. Featuring breath-taking historical archive and contributions from maritime experts, this episode ranks the most iconic vessels of warfare of the last century.

Thu 5th October

Dogfights

In the aerial battleground of World War II, the P-51 Mustang proved itself to be the most famous war bird in history. Take a look at three of its most memorable battles. On November 2, 1944, Capt. Donald Bryan leads a group of P-51s escorting B-24 bombers to their target deep inside of Germany when he runs into a huge gaggle of Me109s on the attack. On June 23, 1945, Second Lieutenant Bob Scamara takes off with a flight of Mustangs from Iwo Jima. His group is jumped by seventeen Zeroes. On April 7, 1945, pilot Richard Candelaria becomes one of the first Americans to face the jet menace.

Thu 5th October

Tales of the Gun

What are the stories behind the history, technology and design of firearms?

Thu 5th October

Dead Men's Secrets

Examines US intelligence gathering-from inception in the 1920s and development during WWII through the Office of Strategic Services and the Allied Intelligence Bureau. We also look at the darker side. Did the CIA strike a deal with Nazi war criminals in return for their help in the Cold War?

Thu 5th October

Mysteries At The Museum

In the collection of the Drug Enforcement Agency Museum in Arlington, Virginia, is a dossier of black and white photographs. It comes from the files of the police officers who brought down a powerful drug syndicate known as the French Connection. How did they do it? A gold ingot is on display at the Museum of American Finance in New York. How did it end up on the bottom of the ocean, and how was it recovered? A dusty metal plate lies in the vaults of the Atomic Testing Museum in Las Vegas. It's a fragment from a mysterious aircraft that was the focus of a massive cover-up. What was the government hiding?

Thu 5th October

Evening

Lost Kingdoms of South America

Exploring ancient South America kingdoms that predate the Incas and the Spanish conquistadors by hundreds, sometimes thousands, of years. Archaeologist Dr Jago Cooper reveals the true character of this stunning continent through its culture, people and landscapes. There is a rich and fascinating history that has been forgotten. The Incas and the Spanish interrupted millennia of independent development of important and influential civilisations. Across four episodes, we explore Chimor in Peru, Muisca and Tairona in Colombia, Chachapoya in Peru and Tiwanaku in Bolivia. There are temples hidden deep in the jungle, sprawling mountain citadels and long-forgotten gods and kings carved in stone. The Lost Kingdoms of South America have only just begun to relinquish their secrets.

Thu 5th October

American Ripper

At age 40, California attorney Jeff Mudgett is stunned to learn a gruesome family secret; his great-great-grandfather was Herman H. Mudgett, a.k.a Dr. H. H. Holmes, the man considered to be America's first "serial killer." Holmes' audacious acts of mass murder have become that of legend, inspiring hundreds of books and even an upcoming motion picture by Martin Scorsese entitled "The Devil in The White City," starring Leonardo DiCaprio. Obsessed with learning more, Jeff follows a bloody trail of hidden clues and historical facts which will hopefully strengthen his case and prove his theory that Holmes had traveled to England to commit the "Jack the Ripper" murders. We start on the night Jeff's grandfather revealed the family's dark secret, which then sparked an extraordinary investigation guiding Jeff to infamous sites all around the United States, including the tunnels under a Chicago post-office that now stands where Holmes's "Murder Castle" once operated. Jeff will team up with a top-notch crime detective who will help link these two sinister historical characters together by connecting century-old clues with modern day methods of investigation. We watch the grisly story of H.H. Holmes and his 1000 targets unfold through disturbing, detailed recreations that are combined with first-person, doc-style story-telling, leading us all the way to England and back. Jeff is on the hunt to provide solid, never-before-seen, evidence that Holmes was, in fact, Jack the Ripper. In an attempt to finally shut the case on the greatest crime mystery in modern history, the remains of H.H. Holmes will be exhumed and subjected to a battery of tests to prove that he and The Ripper were truly one and the same. This episode, while investigating the 1893 World's Fair that turned Chicago into H.H. Holmes' killing ground, Jeff and Amaryllis discover an unexpected connection to the Ripper in the city's police archives.

Thu 5th October

Forbidden History

We lift the lid on some of history's great mysteries by tunnelling deeper, travelling wider, looking more closely, asking harder questions and searching for evidence with more determination than ever before. We are taken to places far and wide and will encounter conspiracy theories, cover-ups, strange phenomena, unexplained happenings and mysterious findings - in short, a whole host of unusual goings on that have had a massive bearing on how we view history today. Jamie tells the extraordinary story of a recently discovered secret department called Service 7 - the force behind a series of plots against dissidents in no fewer than nine different foreign countries. Jamie also visits the eerie, abandoned remains of Mount Buzludzha - the Bulgarian Communist Party's former headquarters.

Thu 5th October

Ancient Aliens

As ancient astronaut theorists continue to find more and more compelling clues that extraterrestrials have been visiting planet Earth since ancient times, astronomers are also finding an increasing number of planets in our galaxy that are capable of sustaining life. Is it possible that we are on the brink of a reconnection with our alien ancestors? On this season, we uncover more astonishing new evidence of extraterrestrial intervention on Earth than ever before. Throughout history, prophets and visionaries have claimed to be able to telepathically access knowledge and information that would ultimately steer the course of human history. But if true, where do these individuals get their visions? According to ancient mythologies, there is a universal repository of knowledge known as the Akashic Record. While most mainstream scholars relegate this to the realm of mythology, recent scientific discoveries have opened the possibility that such a repository could actually exist - and is accessible by the human mind. Giorgio A Tsoukalos meets with neuroscientist Dr Dario Nardi to measure the brainwaves of Dr Deepak Chopra as he enters a state of deep meditation to observe the physical changes in the brain as he connects or taps into something beyond ourselves. Could our ability to tap into the Akashic Record lead to the next giant leap in human evolution - and connect us to other intelligent beings throughout the cosmos?

Thu 5th October

Inside Hitler's Killing Machine

With the end of the war and the surrender of the Third Reich, the world discovered the full horror of a genocidal system on a scale never before seen in the history of humanity. The elimination of millions of individuals had been meticulously planned by a regime whose organisation and methods were just beginning to be understood. It is a word that sends a chill down the spine: Ahnenerbe. This was the name of the research institute set up to prove the scientific foundation of Nazi ideology. Driven by a scientific megalomania, the race for new discoveries led the institution to carry out countless acts of barbarism. Stored on hundreds of microfilms which are only now available, the reports from this institution reveal the gruesome secrets of science according to Hitler.

Thu 5th October

The Inca: Masters Of The Clouds

Exploring the origins, achievements and nature of the Inca Empire. Archaeologist and South American specialist Dr Jago Cooper, travels from the highlands of Ecuador to the shores of Lake Titicaca; from the Pacific Coast to the peaks of the Andes. Along the way he builds a picture of how this remarkable empire functioned. How the Inca mastered their landscape to produce food for millions. How they exported their unique architectural style spread across the continent. How they built an astonishing network of roads to connect the cities of the Empire. And how their encounter with the Spanish resulted in disaster. The Inca: Masters of the Clouds presents a rich, comprehensive and engaging history of one of the world's most incredible and beautiful civilisations.

Fri 6th October

Morning

Top Ten Warfare

Weapons win wars. It's been claimed that the human race has spent more time, money and effort in developing weapons than in any other single field of human endeavour. From the mass production of the torpedo and the tank-busting rocket-propelled grenade launcher, to the development of poison gas and the ground-breaking science of the atomic bomb, this program uses awe-inspiring archive footage and expert interviews to identify and rank the most influential and iconic weapons of warfare.

Fri 6th October

Dogfights

In the fighter pilot business, they say speed is life. Speed means the ability to manoeuvre. Speed is the initiative in a dogfight, with the speed advantage you can almost always outperform and out think your opponent. From the era of piston-driven, prop planes like the F4U Corsair to high-performance jets like the F-86 Sabre and the F4 Phantom, the pursuit of greater speed has defined the development of aircraft.

Fri 6th October

Tales of the Gun

Marvels of technology and spectacular in their sheer power, big guns have shaped the nature of warfare for centuries. Though of humble origins, the evolved into some of the biggest and most complicated machines of destruction ever made. Put in your earplugs as we fire the Parrot, Big Bertha, Gustav, and Atomic Annie, among others.

Fri 6th October

Dead Men's Secrets

At the start of WWII, the race had begun between the Nazis and the Allies to be the first to create an atomic weapon. By teaming up with the Japanese, Hitler planned to launch an atomic attack on San Francisco on August 17, 1945. But on August 6, an American Superfortress dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima and the war ended shortly after.

Fri 6th October

American Ripper

At age 40, California attorney Jeff Mudgett is stunned to learn a gruesome family secret; his great-great-grandfather was Herman H. Mudgett, a.k.a Dr. H. H. Holmes, the man considered to be America's first "serial killer." Holmes' audacious acts of mass murder have become that of legend, inspiring hundreds of books and even an upcoming motion picture by Martin Scorsese entitled "The Devil in The White City," starring Leonardo DiCaprio. Obsessed with learning more, Jeff follows a bloody trail of hidden clues and historical facts which will hopefully strengthen his case and prove his theory that Holmes had traveled to England to commit the "Jack the Ripper" murders. We start on the night Jeff's grandfather revealed the family's dark secret, which then sparked an extraordinary investigation guiding Jeff to infamous sites all around the United States, including the tunnels under a Chicago post-office that now stands where Holmes's "Murder Castle" once operated. Jeff will team up with a top-notch crime detective who will help link these two sinister historical characters together by connecting century-old clues with modern day methods of investigation. We watch the grisly story of H.H. Holmes and his 1000 targets unfold through disturbing, detailed recreations that are combined with first-person, doc-style story-telling, leading us all the way to England and back. Jeff is on the hunt to provide solid, never-before-seen, evidence that Holmes was, in fact, Jack the Ripper. In an attempt to finally shut the case on the greatest crime mystery in modern history, the remains of H.H. Holmes will be exhumed and subjected to a battery of tests to prove that he and The Ripper were truly one and the same. This episode, while investigating the 1893 World's Fair that turned Chicago into H.H. Holmes' killing ground, Jeff and Amaryllis discover an unexpected connection to the Ripper in the city's police archives.

Fri 6th October

Forbidden History

We lift the lid on some of history's great mysteries by tunnelling deeper, travelling wider, looking more closely, asking harder questions and searching for evidence with more determination than ever before. We are taken to places far and wide and will encounter conspiracy theories, cover-ups, strange phenomena, unexplained happenings and mysterious findings - in short, a whole host of unusual goings on that have had a massive bearing on how we view history today. Jamie tells the extraordinary story of a recently discovered secret department called Service 7 - the force behind a series of plots against dissidents in no fewer than nine different foreign countries. Jamie also visits the eerie, abandoned remains of Mount Buzludzha - the Bulgarian Communist Party's former headquarters.

Fri 6th October

Ancient Aliens

As ancient astronaut theorists continue to find more and more compelling clues that extraterrestrials have been visiting planet Earth since ancient times, astronomers are also finding an increasing number of planets in our galaxy that are capable of sustaining life. Is it possible that we are on the brink of a reconnection with our alien ancestors? On this season, we uncover more astonishing new evidence of extraterrestrial intervention on Earth than ever before. Throughout history, prophets and visionaries have claimed to be able to telepathically access knowledge and information that would ultimately steer the course of human history. But if true, where do these individuals get their visions? According to ancient mythologies, there is a universal repository of knowledge known as the Akashic Record. While most mainstream scholars relegate this to the realm of mythology, recent scientific discoveries have opened the possibility that such a repository could actually exist - and is accessible by the human mind. Giorgio A Tsoukalos meets with neuroscientist Dr Dario Nardi to measure the brainwaves of Dr Deepak Chopra as he enters a state of deep meditation to observe the physical changes in the brain as he connects or taps into something beyond ourselves. Could our ability to tap into the Akashic Record lead to the next giant leap in human evolution - and connect us to other intelligent beings throughout the cosmos?

Fri 6th October

Inside Hitler's Killing Machine

With the end of the war and the surrender of the Third Reich, the world discovered the full horror of a genocidal system on a scale never before seen in the history of humanity. The elimination of millions of individuals had been meticulously planned by a regime whose organisation and methods were just beginning to be understood. It is a word that sends a chill down the spine: Ahnenerbe. This was the name of the research institute set up to prove the scientific foundation of Nazi ideology. Driven by a scientific megalomania, the race for new discoveries led the institution to carry out countless acts of barbarism. Stored on hundreds of microfilms which are only now available, the reports from this institution reveal the gruesome secrets of science according to Hitler.

Fri 6th October

The Inca: Masters Of The Clouds

Exploring the origins, achievements and nature of the Inca Empire. Archaeologist and South American specialist Dr Jago Cooper, travels from the highlands of Ecuador to the shores of Lake Titicaca; from the Pacific Coast to the peaks of the Andes. Along the way he builds a picture of how this remarkable empire functioned. How the Inca mastered their landscape to produce food for millions. How they exported their unique architectural style spread across the continent. How they built an astonishing network of roads to connect the cities of the Empire. And how their encounter with the Spanish resulted in disaster. The Inca: Masters of the Clouds presents a rich, comprehensive and engaging history of one of the world's most incredible and beautiful civilisations.

Fri 6th October

Time Team

For years, a field near Standish in Gloucestershire has yielded Roman broaches, mosaic tiles and coins. The finds point to a sizeable villa somewhere nearby, but so far none has been found. Tony Robinson and the team have just three days to solve the mystery. There are plenty of signs that people lived in the area from the Iron Age through to the Roman period, but no sign of the villa. But clue by clue the archaeologists piece together the puzzle to reveal an extraordinary picture of several generations of one family living through huge social change and gradually improving their lifestyle as Romanised Britain became more and more prosperous.

Fri 6th October

Mysteries At The Museum

In the collection of the Drug Enforcement Agency Museum in Arlington, Virginia, is a dossier of black and white photographs. It comes from the files of the police officers who brought down a powerful drug syndicate known as the French Connection. How did they do it? A gold ingot is on display at the Museum of American Finance in New York. How did it end up on the bottom of the ocean, and how was it recovered? A dusty metal plate lies in the vaults of the Atomic Testing Museum in Las Vegas. It's a fragment from a mysterious aircraft that was the focus of a massive cover-up. What was the government hiding?

Fri 6th October

Lost Kingdoms of South America

Exploring ancient South America kingdoms that predate the Incas and the Spanish conquistadors by hundreds, sometimes thousands, of years. Archaeologist Dr Jago Cooper reveals the true character of this stunning continent through its culture, people and landscapes. There is a rich and fascinating history that has been forgotten. The Incas and the Spanish interrupted millennia of independent development of important and influential civilisations. Across four episodes, we explore Chimor in Peru, Muisca and Tairona in Colombia, Chachapoya in Peru and Tiwanaku in Bolivia. There are temples hidden deep in the jungle, sprawling mountain citadels and long-forgotten gods and kings carved in stone. The Lost Kingdoms of South America have only just begun to relinquish their secrets.

Fri 6th October

American Ripper

At age 40, California attorney Jeff Mudgett is stunned to learn a gruesome family secret; his great-great-grandfather was Herman H. Mudgett, a.k.a Dr. H. H. Holmes, the man considered to be America's first "serial killer." Holmes' audacious acts of mass murder have become that of legend, inspiring hundreds of books and even an upcoming motion picture by Martin Scorsese entitled "The Devil in The White City," starring Leonardo DiCaprio. Obsessed with learning more, Jeff follows a bloody trail of hidden clues and historical facts which will hopefully strengthen his case and prove his theory that Holmes had traveled to England to commit the "Jack the Ripper" murders. We start on the night Jeff's grandfather revealed the family's dark secret, which then sparked an extraordinary investigation guiding Jeff to infamous sites all around the United States, including the tunnels under a Chicago post-office that now stands where Holmes's "Murder Castle" once operated. Jeff will team up with a top-notch crime detective who will help link these two sinister historical characters together by connecting century-old clues with modern day methods of investigation. We watch the grisly story of H.H. Holmes and his 1000 targets unfold through disturbing, detailed recreations that are combined with first-person, doc-style story-telling, leading us all the way to England and back. Jeff is on the hunt to provide solid, never-before-seen, evidence that Holmes was, in fact, Jack the Ripper. In an attempt to finally shut the case on the greatest crime mystery in modern history, the remains of H.H. Holmes will be exhumed and subjected to a battery of tests to prove that he and The Ripper were truly one and the same. This episode, while investigating the 1893 World's Fair that turned Chicago into H.H. Holmes' killing ground, Jeff and Amaryllis discover an unexpected connection to the Ripper in the city's police archives.

Fri 6th October

Noon

Forbidden History

We lift the lid on some of history's great mysteries by tunnelling deeper, travelling wider, looking more closely, asking harder questions and searching for evidence with more determination than ever before. We are taken to places far and wide and will encounter conspiracy theories, cover-ups, strange phenomena, unexplained happenings and mysterious findings - in short, a whole host of unusual goings on that have had a massive bearing on how we view history today. Jamie tells the extraordinary story of a recently discovered secret department called Service 7 - the force behind a series of plots against dissidents in no fewer than nine different foreign countries. Jamie also visits the eerie, abandoned remains of Mount Buzludzha - the Bulgarian Communist Party's former headquarters.

Fri 6th October

Top Ten Warfare

Weapons win wars. It's been claimed that the human race has spent more time, money and effort in developing weapons than in any other single field of human endeavour. From the mass production of the torpedo and the tank-busting rocket-propelled grenade launcher, to the development of poison gas and the ground-breaking science of the atomic bomb, this program uses awe-inspiring archive footage and expert interviews to identify and rank the most influential and iconic weapons of warfare.

Fri 6th October

Dogfights

In the fighter pilot business, they say speed is life. Speed means the ability to manoeuvre. Speed is the initiative in a dogfight, with the speed advantage you can almost always outperform and out think your opponent. From the era of piston-driven, prop planes like the F4U Corsair to high-performance jets like the F-86 Sabre and the F4 Phantom, the pursuit of greater speed has defined the development of aircraft.

Fri 6th October

Tales of the Gun

Marvels of technology and spectacular in their sheer power, big guns have shaped the nature of warfare for centuries. Though of humble origins, the evolved into some of the biggest and most complicated machines of destruction ever made. Put in your earplugs as we fire the Parrot, Big Bertha, Gustav, and Atomic Annie, among others.

Fri 6th October

Dead Men's Secrets

At the start of WWII, the race had begun between the Nazis and the Allies to be the first to create an atomic weapon. By teaming up with the Japanese, Hitler planned to launch an atomic attack on San Francisco on August 17, 1945. But on August 6, an American Superfortress dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima and the war ended shortly after.

Fri 6th October

Mysteries At The Museum

In the collection of the Chicago Maritime Museum is a life jacket from the SS Eastland. In 1915, the steamship suddenly capsizes in the Chicago River, killing hundreds. But during the catastrophe, the Eastland is still tied to the dock. What causes this deadly disaster? Four stone slabs carved with cryptic symbols are on display at the Superstition Mountain Museum in Apache Junction, AZ. Some believe the markings are actually a map that leads to a legendary gold mine in the rugged mountains of Arizona. Are these stones really a treasure map? An old axe, in the collection of New Hampshire's Portsmouth Athenaeum, is used in the commission of a brutal double murder on a desolate island. Who wielded this deadly weapon? And why?

Fri 6th October

Evening

Ancient Assassins

In 371 BC. the Spartan army, Ancient Greece's military superpower is planning to crush their northern upstart neighbour, Thebes. The Spartans have total confidence in victory. The army's efficiency is legendary and the Spartan commanders are masters of the phalanx fighting formation, an impenetrable shield wall, bristling with spears. No-one has defeated them in open battle for over a hundred years. But Thebes has a trick or two up its sleeve and is preparing a devastating surprise with a shock force of 150 pairs of warrior-lovers, the Sacred Band of Thebes. The Thebans are led by Epaminondas, a brilliant strategist and the Sacred Band by Pelopidas, a hot-headed hero. It's a clash between Sparta's discipline and the unique esprit de corps of the Theban Band. Can these underdogs deliver one of the greatest military upsets in the history of warfare?

Fri 6th October

Mysteries At The Museum

The extraordinary, often bizarre treasures housed in America's museums represent wondrous chapters in history, but a physical display can tell only part of their story. Behind each artefact are amazing tales and secrets to be revealed - tales sometimes brimming with scandal, mystery, murder and intrigue. Host, Don Wildman, visits a wide variety of museums across the United States, taking viewers on a sometimes shocking tour of America's past by re-examining what's been left behind. Interviews, archival footage and re-enactments bring to life the artefacts' enduring mysteries, some that have never been told before on television.

Fri 6th October

Signs Of Evil - The Runes Of The SS

The symbol of the SS, Hitler's Schutzstaffel, stands for terror and the murder of millions. The penniless graphic artist Walter Heck was given the job of designing the jagged, rune-like characters in 1929. The 'sieg' rune was rooted deep in the ideological cosmos of the Nazis and their supporters. They saw themselves as the descendants of the Teutons and declared the runes to be humanity's original Germanic script. The symbol was meant to unite Heinrich Himmler's 'Black Order'. But did it escape their notice that it was originally of Semitic origin? In October 1945, the Allies passed a law banning the Nazi Party and all associated organisations, including the SS. The young Federal Republic even forbade all Nazi symbols. This documentary tells the gripping story of the SS symbol, from the Middle Ages to the present day.

Fri 6th October

1000 Days of Fear

This is the inside-the-barbed-wire story of the brilliant men and women who worked on the Manhattan Project at Los Alamos. The fascinating personalities behind the creation of the world's first atomic bomb were as extraordinary, and often as explosive, as the science they were working in. Through first-hand accounts, never-before-seen interviews, and Los Alamos lore, this documentary looks inside these atomic insiders' hearts and minds, their triumphs and failures, their bravery in the face of paralysing fear and, ultimately, their war-winning and world-changing accomplishments.

Fri 6th October

The Roosevelts

FDR shatters the third-term tradition, struggles to prepare a reluctant country to enter World War II, and after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, helps set the course toward Allied victory. Meanwhile, Eleanor struggles to keep New Deal reforms alive in wartime and travels the Pacific to comfort wounded servicemen. Diagnosed with congestive heart failure in 1943 and with the War still raging, FDR resolves to conceal his condition and run for a fourth term.

Fri 6th October

Myth Hunters

The story of real life quests after some of history's greatest legends. From the Nazis' search for the Holy Grail, to the Americans who hunted for pirate treasure in Vietnam; from the true story of the crystal skulls to the mystery of King Solomon's mines - this series uncovers the truth behind some of the most fabulous, romantic and deranged treasure hunts in modern history.

Sat 7th October

Morning

Forbidden History

We lift the lid on some of history's great mysteries by tunnelling deeper, travelling wider, looking more closely, asking harder questions and searching for evidence with more determination than ever before. We are taken to places far and wide and will encounter conspiracy theories, cover-ups, strange phenomena, unexplained happenings and mysterious findings - in short, a whole host of unusual goings on that have had a massive bearing on how we view history today. Jamie tells the extraordinary story of a recently discovered secret department called Service 7 - the force behind a series of plots against dissidents in no fewer than nine different foreign countries. Jamie also visits the eerie, abandoned remains of Mount Buzludzha - the Bulgarian Communist Party's former headquarters.

Sat 7th October

Inside Secret Societies

Every Easter across France, Spain and much of Europe a secret 'confrerie' or 'brotherhood' marches in silence through the old medieval streets wearing dark, hooded robes, their faces and identities concealed. So who are they? They are members of a little known and extremely secretive Catholic religious society known as the 'The Brotherhoods of the Blood'. The organisation can trace its roots back to the middle ages when they were used as part of the bloody Inquisition across Europe. The passionately Roman Catholic groups used to help hunt down, torture and burn 'heretics' across Europe, working with the local Dominican Inquisitors. They then marched the accused to their execution wearing the same robes as today. Today, the Brotherhood is a part time calling for its members, but when called to do so, they still work with the local Bishops and Cardinals to do the Catholic church's work across Europe, much of which is done behind closed doors. This includes investigations, recruitment, finances and enforcement of Rome's edicts and punishments.

Sat 7th October

Myth Hunters

When a British Spy and adventurer goes on a quest to find the mythical Labyrinth, he uncovers a secret that would rewrite history. Greek Mythology tells of the Labyrinth, an elaborate maze designed and built by the legendary artificer Daealus for King Minos of Crete. Its function was to hold the Minotaur, a mythical creature that was half man and half bull. Daedalus had so cunningly made the Labyrinth that he could barely escape it after he built it. Theseus was aided by Ariadne, who provided him with a skein of thread, so he could find his way out again. But was the Labyrinth the stuff of legend - or could it really have existed? The search for the Labyrinth became an obsession for Sir Arthur Evans. In his early years he was an adventurer, a spy, and a journalist. His adventures took him to the Balkans - where he often travelled packing a sidearm. In the late 1870s he wrote extensively about the region, reporting on the suppression of the Christian insurrectionists by the armed forces of the Ottoman Empire. His passion for antiquities drove him on a quest to find the Labyrinth. Evan's attention was drawn to a site in Crete. Evans believed that Crete was the home of the Labyrinth. When he began to excavate he uncovered a magnificent palace, filled with beautiful artwork - could this be the fabled labyrinth? It appeared to be a complex maze of rooms and corridors. The palace featured pieces of art featuring bulls. Could this be the cradle of the Minoan civilisation? More than that - he uncovered writing that had never been seen before. It pre-dated Phoenician, Greek and Egyptian script. Could Crete in fact, have been the cradle of all western civilisation?

Sat 7th October

Ancient Aliens

As ancient astronaut theorists continue to find more and more compelling clues that extraterrestrials have been visiting planet Earth since ancient times, astronomers are also finding an increasing number of planets in our galaxy that are capable of sustaining life. Is it possible that we are on the brink of a reconnection with our alien ancestors? On this season, we uncover more astonishing new evidence of extraterrestrial intervention on Earth than ever before. Throughout history, prophets and visionaries have claimed to be able to telepathically access knowledge and information that would ultimately steer the course of human history. But if true, where do these individuals get their visions? According to ancient mythologies, there is a universal repository of knowledge known as the Akashic Record. While most mainstream scholars relegate this to the realm of mythology, recent scientific discoveries have opened the possibility that such a repository could actually exist - and is accessible by the human mind. Giorgio A Tsoukalos meets with neuroscientist Dr Dario Nardi to measure the brainwaves of Dr Deepak Chopra as he enters a state of deep meditation to observe the physical changes in the brain as he connects or taps into something beyond ourselves. Could our ability to tap into the Akashic Record lead to the next giant leap in human evolution - and connect us to other intelligent beings throughout the cosmos?

Sat 7th October

The Roosevelts

FDR shatters the third-term tradition, struggles to prepare a reluctant country to enter World War II, and after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, helps set the course toward Allied victory. Meanwhile, Eleanor struggles to keep New Deal reforms alive in wartime and travels the Pacific to comfort wounded servicemen. Diagnosed with congestive heart failure in 1943 and with the War still raging, FDR resolves to conceal his condition and run for a fourth term.

Sat 7th October

Myth Hunters

The story of real life quests after some of history's greatest legends. From the Nazis' search for the Holy Grail, to the Americans who hunted for pirate treasure in Vietnam; from the true story of the crystal skulls to the mystery of King Solomon's mines - this series uncovers the truth behind some of the most fabulous, romantic and deranged treasure hunts in modern history.

Sat 7th October

Mysteries At The Museum

The extraordinary, often bizarre treasures housed in America's museums represent wondrous chapters in history, but a physical display can tell only part of their story. Behind each artefact are amazing tales and secrets to be revealed - tales sometimes brimming with scandal, mystery, murder and intrigue. Host, Don Wildman, visits a wide variety of museums across the United States, taking viewers on a sometimes shocking tour of America's past by re-examining what's been left behind. Interviews, archival footage and re-enactments bring to life the artefacts' enduring mysteries, some that have never been told before on television.

Sat 7th October

Signs Of Evil - The Runes Of The SS

The symbol of the SS, Hitler's Schutzstaffel, stands for terror and the murder of millions. The penniless graphic artist Walter Heck was given the job of designing the jagged, rune-like characters in 1929. The 'sieg' rune was rooted deep in the ideological cosmos of the Nazis and their supporters. They saw themselves as the descendants of the Teutons and declared the runes to be humanity's original Germanic script. The symbol was meant to unite Heinrich Himmler's 'Black Order'. But did it escape their notice that it was originally of Semitic origin? In October 1945, the Allies passed a law banning the Nazi Party and all associated organisations, including the SS. The young Federal Republic even forbade all Nazi symbols. This documentary tells the gripping story of the SS symbol, from the Middle Ages to the present day.

Sat 7th October

1000 Days of Fear

This is the inside-the-barbed-wire story of the brilliant men and women who worked on the Manhattan Project at Los Alamos. The fascinating personalities behind the creation of the world's first atomic bomb were as extraordinary, and often as explosive, as the science they were working in. Through first-hand accounts, never-before-seen interviews, and Los Alamos lore, this documentary looks inside these atomic insiders' hearts and minds, their triumphs and failures, their bravery in the face of paralysing fear and, ultimately, their war-winning and world-changing accomplishments.

Sat 7th October

Time Team

Wemyss Caves, on the shore of the Firth of Forth, have been a famous landmark for centuries. Legend has it that they were occupied by the mysterious Pictish people who scared the Romans into building Hadrian's Wall; that subsequently they were home to medieval Christian hermits and later to Jacobean nobles. Now the caves are under serious threat from erosion; the sea is already lapping at the cliff just below the cave line. But Wemyss Caves have never been properly investigated. How did the enigmatic Pictish carvings on the cave wall get there? And did Picts really live in the caves or were they just passing by? Is there any evidence of hermits or other types of medieval occupation? In an intensive three days, Time Team come up with some remarkable answers, beginning the task of re-writing the history of this atmospheric site.

Sat 7th October

Mysteries At The Museum

In the collection of the Chicago Maritime Museum is a life jacket from the SS Eastland. In 1915, the steamship suddenly capsizes in the Chicago River, killing hundreds. But during the catastrophe, the Eastland is still tied to the dock. What causes this deadly disaster? Four stone slabs carved with cryptic symbols are on display at the Superstition Mountain Museum in Apache Junction, AZ. Some believe the markings are actually a map that leads to a legendary gold mine in the rugged mountains of Arizona. Are these stones really a treasure map? An old axe, in the collection of New Hampshire's Portsmouth Athenaeum, is used in the commission of a brutal double murder on a desolate island. Who wielded this deadly weapon? And why?

Sat 7th October

Ancient Assassins

In 371 BC. the Spartan army, Ancient Greece's military superpower is planning to crush their northern upstart neighbour, Thebes. The Spartans have total confidence in victory. The army's efficiency is legendary and the Spartan commanders are masters of the phalanx fighting formation, an impenetrable shield wall, bristling with spears. No-one has defeated them in open battle for over a hundred years. But Thebes has a trick or two up its sleeve and is preparing a devastating surprise with a shock force of 150 pairs of warrior-lovers, the Sacred Band of Thebes. The Thebans are led by Epaminondas, a brilliant strategist and the Sacred Band by Pelopidas, a hot-headed hero. It's a clash between Sparta's discipline and the unique esprit de corps of the Theban Band. Can these underdogs deliver one of the greatest military upsets in the history of warfare?

Sat 7th October

Mysteries At The Museum

The extraordinary, often bizarre treasures housed in America's museums represent wondrous chapters in history, but a physical display can tell only part of their story. Behind each artefact are amazing tales and secrets to be revealed - tales sometimes brimming with scandal, mystery, murder and intrigue. Host, Don Wildman, visits a wide variety of museums across the United States, taking viewers on a sometimes shocking tour of America's past by re-examining what's been left behind. Interviews, archival footage and re-enactments bring to life the artefacts' enduring mysteries, some that have never been told before on television.

Sat 7th October

Noon

Signs Of Evil - The Runes Of The SS

The symbol of the SS, Hitler's Schutzstaffel, stands for terror and the murder of millions. The penniless graphic artist Walter Heck was given the job of designing the jagged, rune-like characters in 1929. The 'sieg' rune was rooted deep in the ideological cosmos of the Nazis and their supporters. They saw themselves as the descendants of the Teutons and declared the runes to be humanity's original Germanic script. The symbol was meant to unite Heinrich Himmler's 'Black Order'. But did it escape their notice that it was originally of Semitic origin? In October 1945, the Allies passed a law banning the Nazi Party and all associated organisations, including the SS. The young Federal Republic even forbade all Nazi symbols. This documentary tells the gripping story of the SS symbol, from the Middle Ages to the present day.

Sat 7th October

1000 Days of Fear

This is the inside-the-barbed-wire story of the brilliant men and women who worked on the Manhattan Project at Los Alamos. The fascinating personalities behind the creation of the world's first atomic bomb were as extraordinary, and often as explosive, as the science they were working in. Through first-hand accounts, never-before-seen interviews, and Los Alamos lore, this documentary looks inside these atomic insiders' hearts and minds, their triumphs and failures, their bravery in the face of paralysing fear and, ultimately, their war-winning and world-changing accomplishments.

Sat 7th October

Billy Connolly's Route 66

World renowned comedian and motorbike enthusiast, Billy Connolly, drives that road. The iconic Route 66, Chicago to St. Louis, Missouri, USA, was officially decommissioned in 1985, but Billy gets the maps out to prove you can still follow the ultimate Route. Billy arrives by boat across Lake Michigan. What is Route 66, where does it go and what's its significance in American culture? Why does Billy want to do it? What's the appeal of doing the journey? Why does R66 matter? Billy jumps on his bike and rides to the start point of Route 66.

Sat 7th October

The Adventure of English

The fourth program visits the England of Queen Elizabeth the First, and shows how naval enterprise and foreign trade brought scores of new words into the language - anchovy from Spain, ketchup form Malay, and knapsack from Dutch are just three familiar exports from this time. We see how scholars were bringing new Latin terms into the language, and how there was a movement to stop this and keep English pure if it had succeeded, we might now say ungothroughsome instead of impenetrable. We visit Penshurst Place, home of the Sidney family, to see how poetry joined swordplay as a proper attribute of any up-and-coming young man. And we travel to the South Bank of the Thames and to Stratford-upon-Avon to find out how Shakespeare's English really sounded, and how he combined the languages of the common people and the aristocracy to take English to new heights and to invent so many memorable words and phrases that it seems - as a modern spectator said of Hamlet - that his plays are full of quotations.

Sat 7th October

Inside The Tube: Going Underground

Rob Bell uncovers the pioneering history of the London Underground - with special access to its hidden workings, and meeting the staff who know and love it. He explores the construction of the world's first deep Tube line - known today as the Northern Line. The Northern Line runs for 36 miles through London, connecting north and south across the Thames. Seven hundred thousand passengers rely on it every day. But to build it, its Victorian engineers had to overcome unbelievable obstacles. One man, James Greathead, pioneered a new kind of tunnelling machine, that allowed deep tunnels to be built faster and more safely than ever before. But the new Tube line needed newfangled electric trains, lifts and escalators to make it work too. Rob discovers the remains of the first-ever station on the Northern Line, King William Street, just before it is sealed up forever. He gets down on the tracks with the maintenance team at Camden Junction, who toil on this Spaghetti Junction of the Tube every night to keep it working, and opens the sealed tunnels of an abandoned extension of the line in north London. And he meets the station manager at Balham to hear the story of how one of the worst tragedies on the Tube unfolded during the Blitz. Finally he's allowed into the latest tunnelling work, as the Northern Line is extended to Battersea Power Station - where the oldest deep Tube in the world is becoming the newest.

Sat 7th October

Scotland Revealed

This high definition series is a celebration of the landscape of Scotland. Taking to the skies, the series travels by helicopter across Scotland, capturing its beauty, its past and the wildlife that flourishes there. With this program covering the Highlands, the Western Isles, the towns and cities, the Lowlands and Uplands, East Highlands and Grampian and the Far North, the series is a fascinating insight into the country and its natural beauty.

Sat 7th October

Evening

The Weapon Hunter

Meet Paul Shull, rock 'n' roll promoter and expert swordsman. Backed by a crack team of experts with years of experience in tracking down the finest military specimens, he's in pursuit of North America's most collectable artefacts. He's hellbent on finding them and telling their remarkable stories.

Sat 7th October

The Celts: Blood, Iron & Sacrifice

Anthropologist Prof Alice Roberts and archaeologist Neil Oliver go in search of The Celts - one of the world's most mysterious ancient people. In Britain and Ireland you are never far from the Celtic past, but in this series, Neil and Alice travel much further afield, discovering the origins and beliefs of these Iron Age people in artefacts and human remains right across Europe, from Turkey to Portugal. What emerges is not a wild people on the western fringes of Europe, but a highly sophisticated tribal culture that influenced vast areas of the ancient world - and even Rome. Rich with vivid dramatic reconstructions we create this pivotal time, and meet some of our most famous ancient leaders, from Queen Boudicca to Julius Caesar, and the battles they fought for the heart and soul of Europe. Alice and Neil discover that these key battles between the Celts and the Romans over the best part of 500 years was a fight for two very different forms of civilisation; a fight that came to define the world we live in today. In this episode, we see the origins of the Celts in the Alps of Central Europe, and relive the moment of first contact with the Romans in a pitched battle just north of Rome - a battle that the Celts won and left the Imperial City devastated.

Sat 7th October

Machines of War

Just how did the cruise missile become the ultimate surgical attack weapon? This film tracks the flight of a Tomahawk cruise missile on an attack mission. At every key stage of its journey - launch, flight, targeting, impact - we uncover the roots of the technology that make this missile the awe-inspiring weapon it is today.

Sat 7th October

Two Degrees: The Point Of No Return

As the Earth's average temperature rises each year, experts warn that we are nearing a fatal tipping point - two degrees Celsius above the norm - which will set into motion a cascade of natural disasters that will devastate America and the world. From raging fires to epic super-storms, volcanic blasts and rising seas; will human existence be pushed to the brink?

Sat 7th October

Forbidden History

Jamie Theakston ventures beyond the world of orthodox religion as he probes the Church of Satan. Learn more about their philosophy as Jamie goes underground.

Sun 8th October

Morning

American Ripper

At age 40, California attorney Jeff Mudgett is stunned to learn a gruesome family secret; his great-great-grandfather was Herman H. Mudgett, a.k.a Dr. H. H. Holmes, the man considered to be America's first "serial killer." Holmes' audacious acts of mass murder have become that of legend, inspiring hundreds of books and even an upcoming motion picture by Martin Scorsese entitled "The Devil in The White City," starring Leonardo DiCaprio. Obsessed with learning more, Jeff follows a bloody trail of hidden clues and historical facts which will hopefully strengthen his case and prove his theory that Holmes had traveled to England to commit the "Jack the Ripper" murders. We start on the night Jeff's grandfather revealed the family's dark secret, which then sparked an extraordinary investigation guiding Jeff to infamous sites all around the United States, including the tunnels under a Chicago post-office that now stands where Holmes's "Murder Castle" once operated. Jeff will team up with a top-notch crime detective who will help link these two sinister historical characters together by connecting century-old clues with modern day methods of investigation. We watch the grisly story of H.H. Holmes and his 1000 targets unfold through disturbing, detailed recreations that are combined with first-person, doc-style story-telling, leading us all the way to England and back. Jeff is on the hunt to provide solid, never-before-seen, evidence that Holmes was, in fact, Jack the Ripper. In an attempt to finally shut the case on the greatest crime mystery in modern history, the remains of H.H. Holmes will be exhumed and subjected to a battery of tests to prove that he and The Ripper were truly one and the same. This episode, while investigating the 1893 World's Fair that turned Chicago into H.H. Holmes' killing ground, Jeff and Amaryllis discover an unexpected connection to the Ripper in the city's police archives.

Sun 8th October

Two Degrees: The Point Of No Return

As the Earth's average temperature rises each year, experts warn that we are nearing a fatal tipping point - two degrees Celsius above the norm - which will set into motion a cascade of natural disasters that will devastate America and the world. From raging fires to epic super-storms, volcanic blasts and rising seas; will human existence be pushed to the brink?

Sun 8th October

UFO Hunters

It has long been suspected that Nazi leaders had more than a passing interesting in the occult and UFOs. UFO investigators now believe there was a connection between the UFO phenomenon and the Third Reich. Could the technology that grew into our modern-day space program have been passed to the Germans by aliens, as some believe, and then confiscated by the US government after the end of World War II? Now, the team will travel to Germany and Poland to investigate bizarre alien links that go back hundreds of years.

Sun 8th October

The Celts: Blood, Iron & Sacrifice

Anthropologist Prof Alice Roberts and archaeologist Neil Oliver go in search of The Celts - one of the world's most mysterious ancient people. In Britain and Ireland you are never far from the Celtic past, but in this series, Neil and Alice travel much further afield, discovering the origins and beliefs of these Iron Age people in artefacts and human remains right across Europe, from Turkey to Portugal. What emerges is not a wild people on the western fringes of Europe, but a highly sophisticated tribal culture that influenced vast areas of the ancient world - and even Rome. Rich with vivid dramatic reconstructions we create this pivotal time, and meet some of our most famous ancient leaders, from Queen Boudicca to Julius Caesar, and the battles they fought for the heart and soul of Europe. Alice and Neil discover that these key battles between the Celts and the Romans over the best part of 500 years was a fight for two very different forms of civilisation; a fight that came to define the world we live in today. In this episode, we see the origins of the Celts in the Alps of Central Europe, and relive the moment of first contact with the Romans in a pitched battle just north of Rome - a battle that the Celts won and left the Imperial City devastated.

Sun 8th October

Machines of War

Just how did the cruise missile become the ultimate surgical attack weapon? This film tracks the flight of a Tomahawk cruise missile on an attack mission. At every key stage of its journey - launch, flight, targeting, impact - we uncover the roots of the technology that make this missile the awe-inspiring weapon it is today.

Sun 8th October

Two Degrees: The Point Of No Return

As the Earth's average temperature rises each year, experts warn that we are nearing a fatal tipping point - two degrees Celsius above the norm - which will set into motion a cascade of natural disasters that will devastate America and the world. From raging fires to epic super-storms, volcanic blasts and rising seas; will human existence be pushed to the brink?

Sun 8th October

Forbidden History

Jamie Theakston ventures beyond the world of orthodox religion as he probes the Church of Satan. Learn more about their philosophy as Jamie goes underground.

Sun 8th October

Time Team

In the 7th Century Viking pirates sailed up a muddy Essex creek. Legend has it they captured a lonely nun who when offered her modesty or her mortality, chose to die. The nun then carried her severed head up the hill to her church where she collapsed. Where she lay a spring bubbled up. The nun was St Osyth, the wife of the Saxon King of Essex, who chose the veil rather than consummating her marriage. The site of her death became a shrine and a busy settlement grew up. In the 12th Century Richard de Belmais, Bishop of London founded a large Augustinian Priory in the middle of the village. This became a powerful establishment, which by the Dissolution in 1539, was one of the wealthiest Augustinian Monasteries in Europe. A few years ago a local boat builder noticed some decayed timbers sticking out of the mud in St Osyth Creek. The tides gradually revealed more of these timbers, which are on a significant bend in the channel. These timbers could be the remains of a medieval wharf which served the town in its early days, but they could also be the key to a much bigger mystery. The present town seems to date to the 15th century but the famous Priory is much older. There must have been a busy settlement servicing it, so where was the original town of St Osyth? Time Team have three days to redraw the map of this picturesque town on the Essex coast.

Sun 8th October

The Celts: Blood, Iron & Sacrifice

Anthropologist Prof Alice Roberts and archaeologist Neil Oliver go in search of The Celts - one of the world's most mysterious ancient people. In Britain and Ireland you are never far from the Celtic past, but in this series, Neil and Alice travel much further afield, discovering the origins and beliefs of these Iron Age people in artefacts and human remains right across Europe, from Turkey to Portugal. What emerges is not a wild people on the western fringes of Europe, but a highly sophisticated tribal culture that influenced vast areas of the ancient world - and even Rome. Rich with vivid dramatic reconstructions we create this pivotal time, and meet some of our most famous ancient leaders, from Queen Boudicca to Julius Caesar, and the battles they fought for the heart and soul of Europe. Alice and Neil discover that these key battles between the Celts and the Romans over the best part of 500 years was a fight for two very different forms of civilisation; a fight that came to define the world we live in today. In this episode, we see the origins of the Celts in the Alps of Central Europe, and relive the moment of first contact with the Romans in a pitched battle just north of Rome - a battle that the Celts won and left the Imperial City devastated.

Sun 8th October

Machines of War

Just how did the cruise missile become the ultimate surgical attack weapon? This film tracks the flight of a Tomahawk cruise missile on an attack mission. At every key stage of its journey - launch, flight, targeting, impact - we uncover the roots of the technology that make this missile the awe-inspiring weapon it is today.

Sun 8th October

Two Degrees: The Point Of No Return

As the Earth's average temperature rises each year, experts warn that we are nearing a fatal tipping point - two degrees Celsius above the norm - which will set into motion a cascade of natural disasters that will devastate America and the world. From raging fires to epic super-storms, volcanic blasts and rising seas; will human existence be pushed to the brink?

Sun 8th October

Noon

Forbidden History

Jamie Theakston ventures beyond the world of orthodox religion as he probes the Church of Satan. Learn more about their philosophy as Jamie goes underground.

Sun 8th October

True Story: Bridge Over the River Kwai

Along the River Kwai, 16,000 POWs died building a railway for the Japanese. With access to 50 hours of unheard tapes, we will hear their true story.

Sun 8th October

Mysteries at the Castle

A foreboding Transylvanian castle provides the chilling inspiration for an infamous literary villain; a stunning French chateau incites a bitter rivalry between two powerful women; and a mythical monarch steps into the real world at a breathtaking English Abbey.

Sun 8th October

Lost Kingdoms of Central America

Dr Jago Cooper, Curator of the America's at the British Museum, explores the extraordinary history of Central America . Dr Cooper journeys through Costa Rica, Mexico, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico exploring spectacular sites and investigating the origins of legends, traditions and culture. From the people who met Christopher Columbus to the culture that inspired the Mayans; from the vast temple pyramids to the world's oldest ball-game, Lost Kingdoms Of Central America reveals the true character of a stunning continent through its archaeology, art, people and landscapes.

Sun 8th October

Evening

Dead Famous DNA

Adding biology to biographies. Can DNA reveal what made Marilyn so attractive or Einstein so clever? Mark Evans scours the globe for the last relics of history's biggest names. A fascinating quest to carry out DNA profiling on the most famous people of all time. Genetics and biochemistry can tell us a lot about a person's physical, mental and behavioural traits. The tricky part is finding authentic remnants. Is that really "a bit of Elvis"? Meet interesting people who collect personal artefacts and even body parts purported to hail from dead celebrities. From Abraham Lincoln to Adolf Hitler, Marilyn Monroe to Marlon Brando, this show provides astounding insights into the lives and deaths of legendary figures. It also considers the mind-blowing issues surrounding this controversial science. Do we really want a production line of John Lennons?

Sun 8th October

Britain's Ancient Capital

Orkney - seven miles off the coast of Scotland and cut off by the tumultuous Pentland Firth, the fastest flowing tidal race in Europe - is often viewed as being remote. But recent discoveries there are turning the Stone Age map of Britain upside down. Rather than an outpost at the edge of the world, recent finds suggest an extraordinary theory - that Orkney was the cultural capital of our ancient world and the origin of the stone circle cult which culminated in Stonehenge. In this series, Neil Oliver, Chris Packham, Andy Torbet and Dr Shini Somara join hundreds of archaeologists from around the world who have gathered there to investigate at one of Europe's biggest digs. Chris Packham uncovers the secrets revealed by the DNA of Orkney's unique vole, Neil Oliver explores Orkney's tombs and monuments, Dr Shini Somara experiments to discover how the Orcadians could have moved giant blocks of stone over rough ground, and archaeological adventurer Andy Torbet climbs Orkney's most challenging sea-stack to unlock the story of Orkney's unusual geology.

Sun 8th October

Napoleon

From lowly Corsican Army officer to First Consul of France, this episode charts the rise of Napoleon to leader of the French nation in the late 1790s. It tells of Napoleon's military triumphs in Italy, Egypt and on the streets of Paris, his marriage to Josephine Beauharnais and leadership of the military coup that swept him into power. It shares in his ambition as an army officer, his highly progressive modernisation of the country during the early years of his dictatorship, but also his acute sensitivity, a personality trait that in later years would prove to be an Achilles heel to his power.

Sun 8th October

Hitler's Circle Of Evil

This is the story of the rise and fall of the Third Reich told like the drama it really was: through the personal relationships of the movers and shakers of the most evil regime in history. They were Hitler's henchmen - the small gaggle of misfits, careerists and fanatical Nazis who had the ear of the Fuhrer - those whose job it was to make his brutal vision a reality. Men like ex-chicken farmer and leader of the SS, Heinrich Himmler; Hitler's adoring but mentally unhinged deputy, Rudolf Hess; fighter ace turned morphine addict, Herman Goering; and sex-crazed propaganda chief, Josef Goebbels. As they scrabble for power, they will turn on each other in a murky atmosphere of intrigue, betrayal and murder. In a regime where all power derives from just one man, they strive to out-do each other in brutality, hatred of the Jews and an unequivocal commitment to the Nazi cause. In the aftermath of WWI, Germany is on its knees. The country is crying out for a saviour and, in the beer halls of Munich, wealthy occultist Dietrich Eckart thinks he's found him - a young soldier named Adolf Hitler. Others soon join them. A dashing fighter pilot ace, Hermann Goering, believes he's found the man to fuel his ambitions, while war hero Captain Ernst Rohm sees the young firebrand as someone he can use. Young student Rudolf Hess falls under Hitler's spell, while unassuming school teacher's son Heinrich Himmler finds his chance to play soldier and fight for his crazy ideals. This small gang of heroes and misfits find each other in the violence and disenchantment of their broken nation and cement their relationship in a daring coup attempt. This is the inside story of the early days of Hitler's inner circle.

Sun 8th October

Forbidden History

We lift the lid on some of history's great mysteries by tunnelling deeper, travelling wider, looking more closely, asking harder questions and searching for evidence with more determination than ever before. We are taken to places far and wide and will encounter conspiracy theories, cover-ups, strange phenomena, unexplained happenings and mysterious findings - in short, a whole host of unusual goings on that have had a massive bearing on how we view history today. Jamie tells the extraordinary story of a recently discovered secret department called Service 7 - the force behind a series of plots against dissidents in no fewer than nine different foreign countries. Jamie also visits the eerie, abandoned remains of Mount Buzludzha - the Bulgarian Communist Party's former headquarters.

Sun 8th October

The Restorers

This episode tells the story of what it can take to recover vintage aircraft that have been abandoned by time. First we visit a group who excavate captured WWII enemy aircraft out of the ground, where they were buried 70 years ago, in Indiana. We then feature a group of volunteers from Michigan who travel to the Alaskan wilderness to recover a B-25 Firebomber that crash landed in 1969.

Mon 9th October

Morning

Top Ten Warfare

This is the story of warfare in the modern age. From the legendary Spitfire to the stealth bombers of the second Iraq conflict, see stories from the conflicts of the 20th- and 21st-century, ranked by the impact they have had.

Mon 9th October

Dogfights

Machine gun fire rips through the fuselage. Flames fill the cockpit and the aircraft plummets in a wild spin. But time and again the pilot of a P-47 Thunderbolt pulls out and keeps on fighting. Over occupied Europe, the P-47 Thunderbolt blazed a reputation as the most rugged fighter of WWII. Pilot Robert S. Johnson flies with the renowned 56th fighter group. His flight is jumped by 16 deadly Focke-Wulf 190s. As hundreds of enemy rounds impact his fighter, Johnson's life depends on the legendary protection his armoured cockpit affords. In June 1944, Lt. George Sutcliffe enters the fight of his life in an effort to escape 40-plus Me109s looming above him. The Thunderbolt's defensive capabilities inspired confidence in its pilots. But the aircraft was a dog-fighter at heart.

Mon 9th October

Tales of the Gun

Without ammunition, guns are little more than finely machined clubs. From the earliest hand-cast lead shot to the finest factory-made centerfire cartridges, it's ammo that makes a firearm sing. For 500 years, ammo makers have tried to construct bullets so they're easier to carry, quicker to load, and more powerful than the enemy's.

Mon 9th October

Dead Men's Secrets

Wallenberg is thought to have rescued 100,000 people. We follow the trail uncovered by his family and researchers in their hunt for the truth as to his fate.

Mon 9th October

Britain's Ancient Capital

Orkney - seven miles off the coast of Scotland and cut off by the tumultuous Pentland Firth, the fastest flowing tidal race in Europe - is often viewed as being remote. But recent discoveries there are turning the Stone Age map of Britain upside down. Rather than an outpost at the edge of the world, recent finds suggest an extraordinary theory - that Orkney was the cultural capital of our ancient world and the origin of the stone circle cult which culminated in Stonehenge. In this series, Neil Oliver, Chris Packham, Andy Torbet and Dr Shini Somara join hundreds of archaeologists from around the world who have gathered there to investigate at one of Europe's biggest digs. Chris Packham uncovers the secrets revealed by the DNA of Orkney's unique vole, Neil Oliver explores Orkney's tombs and monuments, Dr Shini Somara experiments to discover how the Orcadians could have moved giant blocks of stone over rough ground, and archaeological adventurer Andy Torbet climbs Orkney's most challenging sea-stack to unlock the story of Orkney's unusual geology.

Mon 9th October

Napoleon

From lowly Corsican Army officer to First Consul of France, this episode charts the rise of Napoleon to leader of the French nation in the late 1790s. It tells of Napoleon's military triumphs in Italy, Egypt and on the streets of Paris, his marriage to Josephine Beauharnais and leadership of the military coup that swept him into power. It shares in his ambition as an army officer, his highly progressive modernisation of the country during the early years of his dictatorship, but also his acute sensitivity, a personality trait that in later years would prove to be an Achilles heel to his power.

Mon 9th October

Hitler's Circle Of Evil

This is the story of the rise and fall of the Third Reich told like the drama it really was: through the personal relationships of the movers and shakers of the most evil regime in history. They were Hitler's henchmen - the small gaggle of misfits, careerists and fanatical Nazis who had the ear of the Fuhrer - those whose job it was to make his brutal vision a reality. Men like ex-chicken farmer and leader of the SS, Heinrich Himmler; Hitler's adoring but mentally unhinged deputy, Rudolf Hess; fighter ace turned morphine addict, Herman Goering; and sex-crazed propaganda chief, Josef Goebbels. As they scrabble for power, they will turn on each other in a murky atmosphere of intrigue, betrayal and murder. In a regime where all power derives from just one man, they strive to out-do each other in brutality, hatred of the Jews and an unequivocal commitment to the Nazi cause. In the aftermath of WWI, Germany is on its knees. The country is crying out for a saviour and, in the beer halls of Munich, wealthy occultist Dietrich Eckart thinks he's found him - a young soldier named Adolf Hitler. Others soon join them. A dashing fighter pilot ace, Hermann Goering, believes he's found the man to fuel his ambitions, while war hero Captain Ernst Rohm sees the young firebrand as someone he can use. Young student Rudolf Hess falls under Hitler's spell, while unassuming school teacher's son Heinrich Himmler finds his chance to play soldier and fight for his crazy ideals. This small gang of heroes and misfits find each other in the violence and disenchantment of their broken nation and cement their relationship in a daring coup attempt. This is the inside story of the early days of Hitler's inner circle.

Mon 9th October

Forbidden History

We lift the lid on some of history's great mysteries by tunnelling deeper, travelling wider, looking more closely, asking harder questions and searching for evidence with more determination than ever before. We are taken to places far and wide and will encounter conspiracy theories, cover-ups, strange phenomena, unexplained happenings and mysterious findings - in short, a whole host of unusual goings on that have had a massive bearing on how we view history today. Jamie tells the extraordinary story of a recently discovered secret department called Service 7 - the force behind a series of plots against dissidents in no fewer than nine different foreign countries. Jamie also visits the eerie, abandoned remains of Mount Buzludzha - the Bulgarian Communist Party's former headquarters.

Mon 9th October

The Restorers

This episode tells the story of what it can take to recover vintage aircraft that have been abandoned by time. First we visit a group who excavate captured WWII enemy aircraft out of the ground, where they were buried 70 years ago, in Indiana. We then feature a group of volunteers from Michigan who travel to the Alaskan wilderness to recover a B-25 Firebomber that crash landed in 1969.

Mon 9th October

Time Team

Time Team heads to South Perrott in Dorset, inspired by the intriguing discovery of Roman brooches and coins in a hilltop field. The Team are pretty sure they're going to uncover a Roman Temple, but the search gets off to a bad start when all the pottery turns out to be medieval and there's no sign of any buildings. Something has clearly been going on in this field, but it's not what they thought. The trenches gradually reveal their contents, painting a very different picture from a very different period. Have the Team stumbled across a Stone Age burial site that had, extraordinarily, been honoured for thousands of years right into Roman times?

Mon 9th October

Britain's Ancient Capital

Orkney - seven miles off the coast of Scotland and cut off by the tumultuous Pentland Firth, the fastest flowing tidal race in Europe - is often viewed as being remote. But recent discoveries there are turning the Stone Age map of Britain upside down. Rather than an outpost at the edge of the world, recent finds suggest an extraordinary theory - that Orkney was the cultural capital of our ancient world and the origin of the stone circle cult which culminated in Stonehenge. In this series, Neil Oliver, Chris Packham, Andy Torbet and Dr Shini Somara join hundreds of archaeologists from around the world who have gathered there to investigate at one of Europe's biggest digs. Chris Packham uncovers the secrets revealed by the DNA of Orkney's unique vole, Neil Oliver explores Orkney's tombs and monuments, Dr Shini Somara experiments to discover how the Orcadians could have moved giant blocks of stone over rough ground, and archaeological adventurer Andy Torbet climbs Orkney's most challenging sea-stack to unlock the story of Orkney's unusual geology.

Mon 9th October

Napoleon

From lowly Corsican Army officer to First Consul of France, this episode charts the rise of Napoleon to leader of the French nation in the late 1790s. It tells of Napoleon's military triumphs in Italy, Egypt and on the streets of Paris, his marriage to Josephine Beauharnais and leadership of the military coup that swept him into power. It shares in his ambition as an army officer, his highly progressive modernisation of the country during the early years of his dictatorship, but also his acute sensitivity, a personality trait that in later years would prove to be an Achilles heel to his power.

Mon 9th October

Hitler's Circle Of Evil

This is the story of the rise and fall of the Third Reich told like the drama it really was: through the personal relationships of the movers and shakers of the most evil regime in history. They were Hitler's henchmen - the small gaggle of misfits, careerists and fanatical Nazis who had the ear of the Fuhrer - those whose job it was to make his brutal vision a reality. Men like ex-chicken farmer and leader of the SS, Heinrich Himmler; Hitler's adoring but mentally unhinged deputy, Rudolf Hess; fighter ace turned morphine addict, Herman Goering; and sex-crazed propaganda chief, Josef Goebbels. As they scrabble for power, they will turn on each other in a murky atmosphere of intrigue, betrayal and murder. In a regime where all power derives from just one man, they strive to out-do each other in brutality, hatred of the Jews and an unequivocal commitment to the Nazi cause. In the aftermath of WWI, Germany is on its knees. The country is crying out for a saviour and, in the beer halls of Munich, wealthy occultist Dietrich Eckart thinks he's found him - a young soldier named Adolf Hitler. Others soon join them. A dashing fighter pilot ace, Hermann Goering, believes he's found the man to fuel his ambitions, while war hero Captain Ernst Rohm sees the young firebrand as someone he can use. Young student Rudolf Hess falls under Hitler's spell, while unassuming school teacher's son Heinrich Himmler finds his chance to play soldier and fight for his crazy ideals. This small gang of heroes and misfits find each other in the violence and disenchantment of their broken nation and cement their relationship in a daring coup attempt. This is the inside story of the early days of Hitler's inner circle.

Mon 9th October

Noon

Forbidden History

We lift the lid on some of history's great mysteries by tunnelling deeper, travelling wider, looking more closely, asking harder questions and searching for evidence with more determination than ever before. We are taken to places far and wide and will encounter conspiracy theories, cover-ups, strange phenomena, unexplained happenings and mysterious findings - in short, a whole host of unusual goings on that have had a massive bearing on how we view history today. Jamie tells the extraordinary story of a recently discovered secret department called Service 7 - the force behind a series of plots against dissidents in no fewer than nine different foreign countries. Jamie also visits the eerie, abandoned remains of Mount Buzludzha - the Bulgarian Communist Party's former headquarters.

Mon 9th October

Top Ten Warfare

This is the story of warfare in the modern age. From the legendary Spitfire to the stealth bombers of the second Iraq conflict, see stories from the conflicts of the 20th- and 21st-century, ranked by the impact they have had.

Mon 9th October

Dogfights

Machine gun fire rips through the fuselage. Flames fill the cockpit and the aircraft plummets in a wild spin. But time and again the pilot of a P-47 Thunderbolt pulls out and keeps on fighting. Over occupied Europe, the P-47 Thunderbolt blazed a reputation as the most rugged fighter of WWII. Pilot Robert S. Johnson flies with the renowned 56th fighter group. His flight is jumped by 16 deadly Focke-Wulf 190s. As hundreds of enemy rounds impact his fighter, Johnson's life depends on the legendary protection his armoured cockpit affords. In June 1944, Lt. George Sutcliffe enters the fight of his life in an effort to escape 40-plus Me109s looming above him. The Thunderbolt's defensive capabilities inspired confidence in its pilots. But the aircraft was a dog-fighter at heart.

Mon 9th October

Tales of the Gun

Without ammunition, guns are little more than finely machined clubs. From the earliest hand-cast lead shot to the finest factory-made centerfire cartridges, it's ammo that makes a firearm sing. For 500 years, ammo makers have tried to construct bullets so they're easier to carry, quicker to load, and more powerful than the enemy's.

Mon 9th October

Dead Men's Secrets

Wallenberg is thought to have rescued 100,000 people. We follow the trail uncovered by his family and researchers in their hunt for the truth as to his fate.

Mon 9th October

Mysteries At The Museum

In the collection of the International Spy Museum in Washington, DC, is a standard-issue US Postal Service mailbox. It's tied to one of the biggest spy cases of the Cold War. But how did something so ordinary become a tool of deception? The LaPorte County Historical Society Museum in Indiana is home to an antique wheelbarrow. This battered piece of farm equipment wasn't used to work the land - but to carry out a gruesome crime spree. What grisly secret does it hold? The monstrous head preserved at the Scripts Institution of Oceanography in San Diego once belonged to an enormous creature. But can it really prove the existence of a legendary monster of the deep?

Mon 9th October

Evening

Digging for Britain

Dr Alice Roberts continues her journey with an amazing array of finds from prehistory. In Norfolk, flint tools are unearthed which push the earliest human occupation back by 200,000 years, to around one million years ago. In Orkney an early farm yields glimpses of our ancestors earliest religious beliefs and customs - cattle skulls buried within building walls, and tiny household goddesses. In Devon, we find one of the oldest known shipwrecks. And a bronze age burial holds a mystery, and touching evidence of grief echoing down over 2000 years.

Mon 9th October

The Celts: Blood, Iron & Sacrifice

Anthropologist Prof Alice Roberts and archaeologist Neil Oliver go in search of The Celts - one of the world's most mysterious ancient people. In Britain and Ireland you are never far from the Celtic past, but in this series, Neil and Alice travel much further afield, discovering the origins and beliefs of these Iron Age people in artefacts and human remains right across Europe, from Turkey to Portugal. What emerges is not a wild people on the western fringes of Europe, but a highly sophisticated tribal culture that influenced vast areas of the ancient world - and even Rome. Rich with vivid dramatic reconstructions we create this pivotal time, and meet some of our most famous ancient leaders, from Queen Boudicca to Julius Caesar, and the battles they fought for the heart and soul of Europe. Alice and Neil discover that these key battles between the Celts and the Romans over the best part of 500 years was a fight for two very different forms of civilisation; a fight that came to define the world we live in today. In this episode, we discover the Golden Age of the La Tene Celtic warrior and reveal how their world extended as far as Central Turkey. But by the middle of the first century BC, the Celts were under threat from an expanding Roman Empire, and the Gallic warrior Vercingetorix would challenge Julius Caesar in an epic battle that would shape the future of Europe.

Mon 9th October

Britain's Ancient Capital

Orkney - seven miles off the coast of Scotland, and cut off by the tumultuous Pentland Firth, the fastest-flowing tidal race in Europe - is often viewed as being remote. However it is one of the treasure troves of archaeology in Britain, and recent discoveries there are turning the Stone Age map of Britain upside down. Rather than an outpost at the edge of the world, recent finds suggest an extraordinary theory - that Orkney was the cultural capital of our ancient world and the origin of the stone circle cult which culminated in Stonehenge. In this episode, Andy and some local seafaring volunteers build a boat made of just willow and cow hide and set out to cross the dangerous Pentland Firth as the ancient Orcadians would have done. Neil investigates the extraordinary discovery of some human bones, Chris goes in search of whales, and Shini uncovers the powers of the tides.

Mon 9th October

Mysteries at the Castle

A commanding English palace is the setting for a royal tale of uncontrollable lust and limitless power; an ornate New York arsenal falls victim to a menacing curse; and a stunningly advanced machine makes its debut at a breathtaking Austrian palace.

Mon 9th October

Mysteries At The Museum

The extraordinary, often bizarre treasures housed in America's museums represent wondrous chapters in history, but a physical display can tell only part of their story. Behind each artefact are amazing tales and secrets to be revealed - tales sometimes brimming with scandal, mystery, murder and intrigue. Host, Don Wildman, visits a wide variety of museums across the United States, taking viewers on a sometimes shocking tour of America's past by re-examining what's been left behind. Interviews, archival footage and re-enactments bring to life the artefacts' enduring mysteries, some that have never been told before on television.

Mon 9th October

Why Are We Here?

Is beauty a guide to truth? There is one story told by science which states that the only things that can be classed as true are facts: things that can be measured, quantified and verified. It denies truth to the spiritual, the moral or the aesthetic because these do not fit scientific criteria. They are classed as meaningless, figments of the imagination - the misfirings of neurons. David and Ard challenge this bleak vision, and ask if it is correct, why is it that we are so moved by beauty, and why do so many truths reveal themselves as beautiful? The answers they each reach are very different, but through their journey and discussions they reveal how profoundly our sense of beauty is connected to both our quest for truth, but also our search for meaning.

Tue 10th October

Morning

Top Ten Warfare

This is the story of warfare in the modern age. From the legendary Spitfire to the stealth bombers of the second Iraq conflict, see stories from the conflicts of the 20th- and 21st-century, ranked by the impact they have had.

Tue 10th October

Dogfights

They were told they were racially inferior. They were told they lacked the intelligence to handle modern fighter aircraft. They were not supposed to succeed. But in the face of bigotry and ignorance the Tuskegee Airmen prevailed. With skill and bravery they squadron shattered racist stereotypes and their exploits became the stuff of legend. On July 18, 1944 pilots Wendell Pruitt and Lee Archer, the Gruesome Twosome, soar into battle over the Po river valley in Northern Italy. When German fighters attack the bomber stream they're tasked to protect Pruitt and Archer move to intercept. After a gruelling dogfight Archer manages to shoot down the German, his first victory. Elsewhere in the bomber stream, pilot Lucky Lester moves to engage a flight of four Me109s. After quickly dispatching the first 109 he nearly collides with the debris of the downed aeroplane. Then, he quickly downs two more. At the end of the day, the Tuskegee Airmen score 9 victories, their highest total for a single day yet. On August 24, 1944 pilot Charles McGee cruises towards Czechoslovakia. He and the rest of the Tuskegee Airmen are escorting bombers to an airfield in Pardubice. McGee spots an Fw190 trying to attack the bombers and quickly intercepts it. The 190 leads him on a wild chase across a burning airfield before he finally manages to knock it down. October 12, 1944: The Gruesome Twosome are back in action. While returning to base after an escort mission Pruitt, Archer, and the rest of the Tuskegee Airmen encounter a huge formation of German aircraft. The skies explode, machine guns chatter, engines roar. In the frantic action Archer manages to down 3 aircraft bringing his war total to five. The Tuskegee Airmen now have an ace. March 24, 1945: The Tuskegee Airmen escort a bomber stream to Berlin. Pilot Roscoe Brown is among them. Just south of Berlin the Germans send Me262s- a jet fighter to attack the Americans. The Tuskegee Airmen manage to down 3 of the 262s- an incredible achievement.

Tue 10th October

Tales of the Gun

This program relates the story of the birth and development of rapid fire weapons from the 14th-century until the end of World War I - where on one terrible day the machine gun was responsible for moving down nearly 60,000 men.

Tue 10th October

Dead Men's Secrets

As Allied tanks roared through the flaming ruins of Berlin, the most hated men in history hid in a bunker deep beneath the Reich Chancellery.

Tue 10th October

The Celts: Blood, Iron & Sacrifice

Anthropologist Prof Alice Roberts and archaeologist Neil Oliver go in search of The Celts - one of the world's most mysterious ancient people. In Britain and Ireland you are never far from the Celtic past, but in this series, Neil and Alice travel much further afield, discovering the origins and beliefs of these Iron Age people in artefacts and human remains right across Europe, from Turkey to Portugal. What emerges is not a wild people on the western fringes of Europe, but a highly sophisticated tribal culture that influenced vast areas of the ancient world - and even Rome. Rich with vivid dramatic reconstructions we create this pivotal time, and meet some of our most famous ancient leaders, from Queen Boudicca to Julius Caesar, and the battles they fought for the heart and soul of Europe. Alice and Neil discover that these key battles between the Celts and the Romans over the best part of 500 years was a fight for two very different forms of civilisation; a fight that came to define the world we live in today. In this episode, we discover the Golden Age of the La Tene Celtic warrior and reveal how their world extended as far as Central Turkey. But by the middle of the first century BC, the Celts were under threat from an expanding Roman Empire, and the Gallic warrior Vercingetorix would challenge Julius Caesar in an epic battle that would shape the future of Europe.

Tue 10th October

Britain's Ancient Capital

Orkney - seven miles off the coast of Scotland, and cut off by the tumultuous Pentland Firth, the fastest-flowing tidal race in Europe - is often viewed as being remote. However it is one of the treasure troves of archaeology in Britain, and recent discoveries there are turning the Stone Age map of Britain upside down. Rather than an outpost at the edge of the world, recent finds suggest an extraordinary theory - that Orkney was the cultural capital of our ancient world and the origin of the stone circle cult which culminated in Stonehenge. In this episode, Andy and some local seafaring volunteers build a boat made of just willow and cow hide and set out to cross the dangerous Pentland Firth as the ancient Orcadians would have done. Neil investigates the extraordinary discovery of some human bones, Chris goes in search of whales, and Shini uncovers the powers of the tides.

Tue 10th October

Mysteries at the Castle

A commanding English palace is the setting for a royal tale of uncontrollable lust and limitless power; an ornate New York arsenal falls victim to a menacing curse; and a stunningly advanced machine makes its debut at a breathtaking Austrian palace.

Tue 10th October

Mysteries At The Museum

The extraordinary, often bizarre treasures housed in America's museums represent wondrous chapters in history, but a physical display can tell only part of their story. Behind each artefact are amazing tales and secrets to be revealed - tales sometimes brimming with scandal, mystery, murder and intrigue. Host, Don Wildman, visits a wide variety of museums across the United States, taking viewers on a sometimes shocking tour of America's past by re-examining what's been left behind. Interviews, archival footage and re-enactments bring to life the artefacts' enduring mysteries, some that have never been told before on television.

Tue 10th October

Why Are We Here?

Is beauty a guide to truth? There is one story told by science which states that the only things that can be classed as true are facts: things that can be measured, quantified and verified. It denies truth to the spiritual, the moral or the aesthetic because these do not fit scientific criteria. They are classed as meaningless, figments of the imagination - the misfirings of neurons. David and Ard challenge this bleak vision, and ask if it is correct, why is it that we are so moved by beauty, and why do so many truths reveal themselves as beautiful? The answers they each reach are very different, but through their journey and discussions they reveal how profoundly our sense of beauty is connected to both our quest for truth, but also our search for meaning.

Tue 10th October

Time Team

For years Time Team fan Frances Davies has been collecting finds from the field outside her back door in Skipsea in East Yorkshire. She has uncovered Neolithic, Roman and Saxon items, but her best finds are medieval pots dating from the Norman Conquest. It's clear that there was some habitation in the area 1,000 years ago, but a geophysics plot of the site reveals incredible results, far beyond the team's expectations. Could Frances have had a whole Norman village in her field, a village lost to the records? And could there be a clue in nearby Skipsea Castle, the seat of power of the Norman overlord of the whole area? The Team have three days to find out.

Tue 10th October

Mysteries At The Museum

In the collection of the International Spy Museum in Washington, DC, is a standard-issue US Postal Service mailbox. It's tied to one of the biggest spy cases of the Cold War. But how did something so ordinary become a tool of deception? The LaPorte County Historical Society Museum in Indiana is home to an antique wheelbarrow. This battered piece of farm equipment wasn't used to work the land - but to carry out a gruesome crime spree. What grisly secret does it hold? The monstrous head preserved at the Scripts Institution of Oceanography in San Diego once belonged to an enormous creature. But can it really prove the existence of a legendary monster of the deep?